publisher colophon
549

Index

Note: Numbers in parentheses identify the chapter (in bold type) and note number.

  1. abstract noun, 36, 190, 191, 193f, 342f, 527
  2. accompaniment clause, 308f, 314f, 527
  3. action noun, 195f, 273, 328, 351f, 359, 504 (10:2), 512 (14:40), 515 (17:10), 527
  4. action verb, 30, 44, 45, 112f, 170, 174, 230, 237, 269f, 272, 277, 515 (17:9), 527.
    1. See also intransitive action verb, transitive action verb
  5. active sentence, 141f, 400f, 527
  6. affirmative command, 393f, 432, 527
  7. affirmative expression of existence, 90, 364f, 517 (19:2), 527
  8. affirmative sentence, 362f, 527
  9. affix, 78, 112, 117, 123, 133, 170, 187, 230, 527
  10. affix pronoun, 78f, 94, 527
  11. agent, 105, 110, 135, 142, 170, 180, 297, 355, 362, 363, 400f, 403, 453, 527
  12. allophone, 3, 6, 7, 18, 34, 528
  13. alveolar, 4, 528
  14. alveolar ridge, 11, 15, 528
  15. ambiguity, 283, 358f, 394, 520 (21:2), 528
  16. animate noun, 327, 328, 528
  17. anticipating state suffix, 166, 182f, 185f, 188f, 234, 414, 502 (8:7), 505 (10:6), 528
  18. anticipating state verb, 143, 182f, 188f, 502 (7:12), 502 (8:1), 528
  19. appositional structure, 73f, 457f, 528
  20. archaic, 205, 217, 528
  21. articulator, 3, 11, 528.
    1. See also manner of articulation, point of articulation
  22. aspiration, 7, 9, 528
  23. assimilation, 13, 128, 129, 147, 165, 166, 181, 199, 216, 226, 495 (1:4), 495 (1:5), 500 (5:2), 500 (5:4), 502 (8:5), 503 (8:9), 520 (21:1), 528
  24. auxiliary word, 118f, 124f, 129f, 136, 174, 220, 236, 255f, 271, 328, 329, 334, 360, 365, 368, 369, 379, 385, 500 (5:1), 500 (5:5), 501 (6:4), 508 (13:2), 508 (13:4), 528
  1. back vowel, 18, 160, 161, 500 (5:2), 528
  2. basic form (of complex verb), 151, 397, 508 (13:3)
  3. basic stem, 183f, 198, 528
  4. basic structure, 529
  5. bilabial, 4, 5f, 12, 139, 147, 150, 157, 204, 501 (6:5), 518 (19:10), 529
  6. bound form or stem, 133, 138, 147, 149, 171, 177, 194, 221, 222, 504 (10:2), 529
  7. bracketed sentence, 349f, 372f, 452f, 461f, 519 (20:3), 521 (23:2), 522 (24:1), 529
  1. causative marker, 204, 211, 503 (9:4), 529
  2. causative prefix, 127, 200, 202f, 221, 500 (5:3), 503 (9:3), 529
  3. causative verb, 127, 143, 200f, 220, 221f, 230, 242f, 251, 255, 286, 499 (4:7), 499 (4:9), 503 (9:2), 505 (10:13), 510 (14:21), 511 (14:23), 514 (16:6), 529
  4. cause phrase, 289f, 295, 453, 529
  5. central vowel, 18, 20, 161, 529
  6. change of state (expression), 119, 131, 172, 249, 272f, 329f, 360f, 368, 369, 508 (13:6), 513 (15:7), 529
  7. 550
  8. characterization, 53
  9. characterizational phrase, 71f, 197, 296f, 314, 529
  10. clause, 92, 299f, 383f, 438f, 451, 482.
  11. See also accompaniment clause, conditional clause, consequential clause, dependent clause, indepen­dent clause, instrument clause, main clause, means of transportation clause, object clause, purpose clause, reason clause, relative clause, result clause, specifying clause, time clause
  12. comparison, 296
  13. complex noun, 187f, 529
  14. complex state verb, 194
  15. complex verb form, 187, 529.
    1. See also basic form (of complex verb)
  16. complex verb phrase, 109f, 377, 405f, 517 (18:12), 529
  17. concrete noun, 35f, 324f, 529
  18. condition, 383f, 530
  19. conditional clause, 356, 383f, 444, 445, 447, 483, 486, 512 (14:37), 517 (19:1), 517 (19:4), 517 (19:7), 520 (20:14), 520 (21:1), 523 (25:3), 530
  20. conditional clause marker a, 356, 530
  21. conditional sentence, 383f, 407, 483, 486, 517 (19:3), 517 (19:4), 517 (19:7), 530
  22. connecting word , 85f, 219, 315, 344, 421f, 427, 439, 444, 449, 482f, 530
  23. consequent, 383f, 530
  24. consequential clause, 384f, 483, 486, 517 (19:3), 517 (19:4), 523 (25:3), 530
  25. consonant, 3f, 530, See also consonant cluster, long consonant, syllabic consonant, unaspirated consonant
  26. consonant cluster, 22, 56, 96, 181, 185, 495 (1:7), 496 (1:9), 498 (3:9), 530
  27. consonant-final (word or stem), 497 (3:3), 530
  28. consonant-initial (word, stem, or suffix), 56, 334, 530
  29. constriction, 8, 11
  30. context, 83, 85, 306f, 446, 499 (4:5), 513 (15:5), 530.
    1. See also contextual restrictions
  31. contextual restrictions, 261f, 530
  32. contrastive emphasis, 80f, 85, 87, 499 (4:15)
  33. contrastive sounds, 2, 530
  34. coordinate noun phrase, 85f, 490f, 494, 499 (4:3), 531
  1. days (of the week or month), 293
  2. demonstrative (word), 26, 28, 46, 173, 278, 464, 465f, 522 (24:5), 522 (24:8), 531
  3. dental, 4, 6f, 12, 22, 137, 531
  4. dependent clause, 270, 294, 299f, 325, 348f, 372f, 438, 451, 455, 463, 511 (14:22), 515 (17:9), 531
  5. dependent clause introducer ȩl, 300f, 348, 429, 512 (23:3), 531
  6. derived plural noun, 44, 531
  7. derived state verb, 176f, 230, 234, 531
  8. directional phrase, 269, 284f, 288, 424, 508 (13:5), 520 (21:3), 531
  9. directional verb, 266f, 284, 302f, 312f, 360f, 384, 396, 429, 508 (13:5), 513 (15:7), 516 (18:9), 531
  10. direct quotation, 428f, 520 (21:2), 521(21:5), 531
  11. dissimilation, 147f, 150, 157f, 204, 503 (9:3), 531
  12. distribution, 34, 36f, 44, 65, 66f, 73, 78, 85, 107f, 112, 119f, 137, 150f, 276f, 451, 465, 491f, 531
  13. doer, 112f, 266, 324, 362, 363, 400f, 453
  1. emphatic pronoun, 30, 53, 79f, 84f, 94, 95, 341, 345, 365, 402, 492, 493, 515 (17:3), 531
  2. emphatic subject, 79f.
  3. English, 1, 13, 32, 33, 35, 69, 74, 80, 92, 125, 134, 232, 255, 270f, 278, 304, 322, 333, 359, 382, 393, 496 (1:10), 507 (12:2), 507 (13:1), 515 (17:6)
  4. environment, 2, 39, 67, 84, 261, 531
  5. equational sentence, 334f, 349, 363, 377f, 389, 393, 412f, 420, 423, 456f, 498 (3:25), 519 (20:3), 522 (24:4), 532
  6. ergative sentence, 135, 142f, 518 (19:11), 532
  7. ergative verb, 124, 129, 131f, 137, 146, 147, 154, 157, 205, 210, 217f, 224, 230, 237f, 245, 247f, 297, 376, 464, 504 (9:7), 506 (11:14), 516 (18:11), 532
  8. 551
  9. existential (state) verb, 116, 278, 279, 307f, 346, 365, 376, 385, 500 (5:5), 532
  10. expanded noun phrase, 451f, 465, 469, 474, 477, 478, 532
  11. expanded verb phrase, 480f
  1. first person plural exlusive, 54, 79, 229, 532
  2. first person plural inclusive, 54, 79, 111, 397, 399, 532
  3. first person pronoun, 41, 53, 78, 273, 274, 403, 532
  4. focus, 142
  5. formal (difference), 47, 532
  6. frequency (of occurrence), 293
  7. fricative, 4, 8, 11, 137, 495 (1:2), 532
  8. front vowel, 18, 160, 500 (5:2), 532
  9. full vowel, 21, 55, 96, 101, 164, 183f, 215, 235, 514 (16:4), 532
  10. future tense or time, 98, 119, 130f, 136, 256, 267, 270f, 290, 291, 292, 303, 328, 360f, 365, 384f, 387f, 390, 446, 532
  1. general question, 256, 259, 353, 382, 387, 517 (19:4), 532
  2. general statement, 47, 124, 257, 350, 353, 517 (19:4), 533
  3. glide, 23, 61f, 533.
    1. See also w-glide, y-glide
  4. glottal stop, 10f, 138, 209, 533
  5. glottis, 10, 533
  6. goal, 114, 269, 284f, 287f, 424, 520 (21:3)
  7. grammatical system, 1, 34f, 533
  1. habitual action or statement, 124, 257, 329, 446f, 533
  2. head noun, 451f, 461, 469, 471, 473, 476, 498 (3:25), 533
  3. high vowel, 17f, 159, 160, 161, 162f, 500 (5:2), 533
  4. homonym, 57, 195, 508 (13:2), 533
  5. hours (of the day), 292
  6. human (noun or pronoun), 35f, 41f, 49, 54, 79, 97, 99f, 104, 220, 288f, 337, 345, 402, 467, 473, 496 (2:3), 515 (17:1), 522 (24:8), 533
  7. hypothetical pronoun, 31, 103f, 106f, 129, 143, 217, 230, 356, 363, 370, 372f, 386, 388, 393, 403, 432, 500 (4:17), 500 (5:4), 517 (18:12), 519 (20:3), 533.
    1. See also reduced variant (of hypothetical pronoun)
  8. hypothetical verb form, 103f, 129, 142, 143, 152f, 168f, 217f, 228, 230, 355f, 363, 371, 372f, 383f, 420, 442f, 453, 500 (4:16), 510 (14:19), 516 (18:7), 516 (18:8), 516 (18:10), 516 (18:11), 517 (18:12), 517 (19:7) 518 (19:8), 523 (25:3), 533
  1. identity (condition), 350f, 452f, 486f, 489, 512 (15:2)
  2. imminent action or event, 97, 98, 258, 533
  3. imperative, 110f, 229, 275, 393f, 432, 443, 444, 485, 510 (14:19), 533
  4. imperfective marker, 137f, 146, 148, 156f, 178f, 181, 186, 204f, 210, 221, 224f, 230, 239f, 253, 499 (4:13), 503 (9:4), 507 (12:1), 533
  5. imperfective verb, 50f, 95f, 103f, 107, 110, 126, 133, 136f, 146, 148, 178f, 195, 202f, 215, 216, 230, 239, 245, 248f, 253f, 275, 375, 394, 397, 398, 402, 416, 464, 502 (7:12), 513 (15:4), 513 (15:5), 533
  6. inanimate noun, 99, 305, 327, 328, 514 (17:1), 534
  7. inchoative suffix -a or inchoative verb, 144, 230, 245f, 274, 323, 507 (11:18), 507 (11:19), 507 (11:22), 507 (11:23), 507 (11:24), 534
  8. indefinite, 459f
  9. independent clause, 301f, 445, 451, 463, 482f, 534
  10. independent form (of a noun), 55, 57f, 63, 75, 534
  11. independent pronoun, 78f, 534
  12. indirect quotation, 428f, 442, 520 (21:2), 521 (21:5), 534
  13. infix, 117f, 127, 132, 140, 149f, 154, 180, 209, 268, 369, 495 (1:4), 496 (1:8), 534.
    1. See also resulting state infix, verb marker (infix)
  14. initial state, 272f, 534
  15. instrument clause, 300, 304f, 326, 438, 512 (14:39), 534
  16. instrument noun, 195f, 304f, 502 (8:19), 504 (10:2), 534
  17. intensifier, 255
  18. intentional causation, 212f, 534
  19. internal structure (of a word), 52, 170f, 187f, 253, 534
  20. intervocalic, 6, 9, 107, 534
  21. intonation, 90, 409f, 521 (21:5), 534
  22. intransitive action verb, 113f, 127, 146, 149f, 153, 196, 200, 202f, 208f, 212, 228, 233, 236f, 245, 266, 269f, 275, 285, 288, 327, 342f, 352, 376, 396, 407, 464, 499 (4:7), 499 (4:9), 502 (7:7), 503 (8:19), 511 (14:23), 534
  23. 552
  24. intransitive movement verb, 312
  25. intransitive sentence, 201f, 363, 461, 534
  26. intransitive state verb, 115f, 146, 149f, 153, 190f, 202f, 206, 212, 221, 225, 233, 342f, 369, 375, 407, 485, 499 (4:9), 516 (18:8), 535
  1. Japanese, 13, 32, 69, 125, 496 (1:10)
  1. liquid, 4, 14f, 16, 34, 137, 535
  2. locational phrase, 39, 278f, 285, 288, 294, 295, 307, 313, 364, 365, 424, 455, 468, 508 (14:1), 509 (14:10), 511 (14:22), 516 (18:4), 518 (19:9), 535
  3. long consonant, 15, 535
  4. long vowel, 23f, 59, 99, 164, 535
  5. low vowel, 17, 20, 159, 162, 535
  1. main clause, 301f, 445, 451, 482, 535
  2. manner, 320f
  3. manner of articulation, 4, 6, 535
  4. marked form, 124, 535
  5. meaning-bearing unit, 52, 112, 132, 187
  6. means of communication, 298
  7. means of transportation (clause), 279, 306f, 535
  8. metathesis, 149f, 154, 156f, 171, 196, 201, 206, 253, 370, 518 (19:10), 535
  9. mid vowel, 17, 18f, 159, 160, 161, 162, 500 (5:2), 535
  10. minimal pair, 2, 6, 20, 535
  11. modifier, 29, 421, 461f, 535
  12. months (of the year), 293
  13. morpheme, 52, 112, 132, 170, 187, 204, 210, 467f, 487, 503 (9:4), 536
  14. morphology, 112, 536
  1. nasal sound, 4, 11f, 14, 16, 34, 536
  2. negation, 362f
  3. negative command, 397f, 432, 536
  4. negative expression of existence, 90, 366f, 379, 536
  5. negative sentence, 362f, 407, 518 (20:3), 536
  6. negative verb, 88, 346, 357, 359, 362f, 369f, 383, 384, 385f, 397f, 442, 508 (13:6), 515 (17:12), 519 (20:3), 536
  7. neutral vowel, 21, 55, 106, 215, 536
  8. new information, 82, 89, 364, 369
  9. non-contrastive sounds, 2, 6, 536
  10. non-emphatic pronoun, 30, 79f, 88f, 97, 336f, 367, 409, 493, 515 (17:3), 520 (21:1), 536
  11. non-emphatic subject, 79f
  12. non-human noun or pronoun, 35f, 41f, 49, 54, 97, 104, 345, 394f, 402, 496 (2:3), 522 (24:8), 536
  13. non-intentional causation, 213, 536
  14. non-nasal sound, 14
  15. non-specific noun, 46f, 347, 497 (2:6), 536
  16. noun, 26, 34f, 52f, 108, 109, 112, 132, 185f, 188f, 207, 277, 297, 308, 344, 536.
    1. See also abstract noun, action noun, animate noun, complex noun, concrete noun, derived plural noun, head noun, human noun, inanimate noun, independent form (of a noun), instrument noun, non-human noun, non-specific noun, noun derivation, noun of communication, noun phrase, noun stem, object noun, obligatorily possessed noun, option­ally possessed noun, possessed noun, simple noun, specific noun, un- possessible noun
  17. noun derivation, 187f, 304, 305
  18. noun of communication, 436f
  19. noun phrase, 46, 65f, 67, 73, 75, 85f, 119, 120f, 274, 277, 307, 325, 334, 338, 344, 414, 450, 477, 491, 517 (19:1), 519 (20:3), 536.
    1. See also coordinate noun phrase, expanded noun phrase, noun phrase of charac­terization, noun phrase of pos­session, object noun (phrase), simple noun (phrase), subject noun (phrase)
  20. noun phrase of characterization, 68f, 309, 314, 515 (17:2), 537
  21. noun phrase of possession, 64f, 67, 68f, 89, 120, 193, 280f, 303f, 338f, 411, 417, 423, 457, 499 (4:3), 537
  22. noun stem, 52, 189, 537
  23. number, 53f, 94, 104, 309, 363
  24. number morpheme, 471f, 537
  25. number word, 28, 29, 43, 315, 464, 470f, 522 (24:9), 537.
    1. See also ordinal number
553
  1. object clause, 324f, 455, 463, 514 (16:2), 521 (23:3), 537
  2. object noun (phrase), 37, 67, 93, 133, 175, 207, 220, 222, 227, 266, 298, 318, 352, 400f, 450f, 485.
    1. See also sentence object
  3. object pronoun (suffix), 30, 94f, 100f, 140, 154, 156, 165, 215, 230, 244, 253, 260, 316f, 331, 348, 394f, 496 (2:3), 499 (4:8), 510 (14:19), 514 (16:5), 515 (17:5), 537.
    1. See also zero object pronoun
  4. obligatorily possessed noun, 63f, 66, 283, 309, 333f, 422, 509 (14:6), 510 (14:14), 510 (14:15), 510 (14:16), 537
  5. old information, 82, 364, 519 (20:8)
  6. optionally possessed noun, 63, 66, 72, 75, 537
  7. order (of words), 35, 91, 346f
  8. ordinal number, 477f, 511 (14:35), 523 (24:15), 537
  9. ownership, 148, 222
  1. paradigm, 97, 537
  2. particle, 255
  3. part of speech, 34, 538
  4. passive sentence or verb form, 88, 105, 135, 141f, 346, 400f, 416, 420, 453f, 461, 518 (19:11), 519 (20:5), 519 (20:12), 538
  5. past experience, 130, 256, 271, 371
  6. past tense (or time), 37, 87, 88, 98, 105f, 117f, 124f, 149, 151, 152, 163, 170, 172, 174f, 215, 216, 220, 236, 254f, 268, 270, 291, 292, 300, 306f, 309, 360, 369, 385, 390, 438, 445, 451, 487f, 505 (10:4), 508, (13:2), 513 (15:7), 538.
    1. See also recent past (time), remote past (time)
  7. past tense marker, 106, 117f, 125f, 163, 215, 230, 236, 268, 328, 500 (5:2), 500 (5:4), 504 (9:14), 538
  8. perfective verb, 50f, 95f, 97f, 107f, 110, 111, 126, 128, 136f, 139f, 146f, 151, 154f, 164f, 175, 205f, 210, 213f, 230, 253f, 316f, 331, 347, 376, 394, 398, 402, 405, 443, 444, 492, 499 (4:10), 499 (4:11), 504 (9:12), 504 (9:13), 508 (13:7), 510 (14:19), 510 (14:21), 511 (14:23), 513 (15:4), 513 (15:5), 516 (18:10), 521 (21:4), 538
  9. permutation, 386f, 393, 538
  10. person, 53f, 94, 104, 309, 363.
    1. See also first person plural exclusive, first person plural inclusive, second person, third person
  11. personal names, 32
  12. phoneme, 2, 20, 24, 34, 538
  13. phonetic symbol, 3f, 538
  14. phonetic transcription, 2f, 538
  15. phrase, 120, 538.
    1. See also cause phrase, characterizational phrase, directional phrase, locational phrase, possessor phrase, relational phrase, source phrase, temporal phrase
  16. physical space, 271, 273
  17. pitch, 90, 409f
  18. place names, 32
  19. plural, 28, 40, 42f, 79, 88, 92, 96, 104, 172f, 218, 315, 317, 344f, 347, 402f, 410, 466, 492, 522 (24:8), 538.
    1. See also derived plural noun
  20. plural prefix, 28, 42f, 49, 52, 78, 220, 314, 394, 497 (3:4), 523 (24:12), 538
  21. point of articulation, 3, 4, 6, 11, 538
  22. possessed noun, 20, 21, 52f, 164, 227, 232f, 257, 259, 273, 280f, 303, 333f, 354f, 357f, 391, 502 (8:1), 506 (11:5), 516 (18:5), 519 (20:6), 538.
    1. See also obligatorily possessed noun, optionally possessed noun
  23. possession, 52f, 68, 539
  24. possessor phrase, 70f, 85, 296f, 341, 505 (10:12), 539
  25. possessor pronoun, 31, 497 (3:1)
  26. possessor suffix, 52f, 78, 188f, 193, 227, 280f, 303f, 309, 334, 346, 348, 354f, 391, 497 (3:3), 509 (14:6), 539
  27. precautionary suggestion, 98, 124, 134, 136, 258
  28. predictive suffix -u, 144, 230, 245f, 366, 507 (11:19), 539
  29. predictive word ku, 251f, 520 (20:13)
  30. prefix, 42, 78, 83, 103, 117, 176, 177f, 268, 467, 470f, 530.
    1. See also causative prefix, plural prefix, re­ciprocal prefix, verb marker (pre­fix)
  31. preposing of possessor, 90, 123, 339f, 368, 412, 516 (18:6), 539
  32. preposition, 304, 530
  33. present tense (or time), 37, 97, 98, 123f, 134, 172, 257, 270f, 291f, 300, 306f, 384f, 389f, 438, 451, 487f, 539
  34. 554
  35. productive, 179, 230, 235, 539
  36. progressive (suffix), 255, 270f, 507 (12:1), 539
  37. pronominalization, 92f, 515 (17:12), 539
  38. pronominal trace, 88f, 122, 336f, 349, 367f, 402, 410f, 431, 456, 493, 515 (17:3), 519 (20:3), 523 (25:4), 539
  39. pronoun, 26, 30f, 40f, 45, 78f, 278, 496 (2:3), 539.
    1. See also affix pro­noun, emphatic pronoun, first person pronoun, human (noun or) pro­noun, hypothetical pronoun, inde­pendent pronoun, non-emphatic pronoun, non-human (noun or) pronoun, object pronoun (suffix), possessor pronoun, pronominaliza­tion, pronominal trace, second person pronoun, third person pro­noun
  40. propositive verb form, 111, 399f, 444, 539
  41. purpose clause, 299, 301f, 326, 438, 519 (20:10), 540
  1. qualifying word, 120, 370, 480f, 523 (24:17), 523 (24:18), 540
  2. question, 90, 106, 279, 286, 289, 290, 294, 302, 305, 310, 346, 380f, 408f, 433f, 540.
    1. See also general question, question word, yes-no question
  3. question word, 44, 279, 289, 290, 294, 310, 408, 412f, 434f, 440f, 465, 492, 512 (14:38), 519 (20:4), 540
  1. reason clause, 439f, 483, 540
  2. receiver, 112f, 266, 324, 400f
  3. recent past (time), 129f, 255, 271, 272, 328, 540
  4. reciprocal prefix, 192, 219, 221f, 231, 505 (10:11), 540
  5. reciprocal verb, 143, 192, 219f, 230, 231, 243f, 251, 314, 344f, 505 (10:7), 505 (10:8), 505 (10:13), 506 (11:12), 508 (13:6), 540
  6. reduced variant (of hypothetical pronoun), 106f, 363
  7. redundant, 51, 260, 398, 406, 518 (20:2), 522 (24:8), 540
  8. reduplicated syllable, 173, 225, 231f, 540
  9. reduplication, 144, 173, 176, 179, 225, 230f, 499 (4:12), 501 (6:1), 505 (10:5), 505 (10:7), 540
  10. relational phrase, 70, 82, 85, 90, 114, 116, 120f, 135, 172, 197, 269, 276f, 313, 354, 365, 406f, 421, 424, 465, 469f, 477, 493, 519 (20:12), 540
  11. relational word ȩr, 26f, 30, 39, 42, 65, 70, 84f, 94, 114, 193, 269, 277f, 307, 341, 365, 406f, 416f, 449, 453, 455, 464, 505 (10:12), 519 (20:4), 540
  12. relative clause, 73, 106, 450f, 461f, 463, 500 (4:16), 518 (20:2), 522 (24:1), 541
  13. relative clause introducer ȩl, 29, 452f, 462, 498 (3:25), 518 (20:2), 541
  14. remote past (time), 130, 272
  15. result clause, 433, 439f, 482, 484, 523 (25:1), 541
  16. resulting sentence, 336f, 541
  17. resulting state, 272f, 541
  18. resulting state infix, 181, 189, 234, 414, 502 (8:5), 505 (10:6), 505 (11:2), 541
  19. resulting state verb, 143, 167, 180f, 188f, 441, 495 (1:4), 496 (1:8), 541
  20. rounded vowel, 18, 19, 148, 150, 541
  1. schwa, 18, 19, 20f, 55, 80, 96, 106, 215, 235, 496 (1:8), 496 (1:9), 541
  2. schwa release, 22, 495 (1:7), 496 (1:9), 541
  3. second person pronoun, 41, 53, 78, 104, 110, 394, 402, 541
  4. sentence object, 36f, 65, 84f, 86, 113, 200f, 284, 324, 415f, 419, 465, 469f, 477, 491, 541
  5. sentence subject, 36f, 65, 79f, 85, 113, 200f, 284, 363, 465, 469f, 477, 490f, 541
  6. sentence type, 120, 277, 295f, 541.
    1. See also active sentence, affirmative sentence, conditional sentence, equational sentence, ergative sen­tence, intransitive sentence, nega­tive sentence, passive sentence, transitive sentence
  7. sequential time relationship, 488f, 541
  8. shortening, 59f, 99, 541
  9. significant sounds, 2, 20, 34, 542
  10. simple noun, 187, 542
  11. simple noun phrase, 67, 75, 542
  12. simple state verb, 170f, 186, 187, 190, 191, 194, 203, 231f, 244, 542
  13. 555
  14. simultaneous time relationship, 489, 542
  15. singular, 40, 79, 88, 92, 96, 104, 260, 317, 347, 394, 402f, 410, 420, 466, 492, 522 (24:8), 542
  16. sound system, 1, 34, 542
  17. source phrase, 288f, 295, 312, 511 (14:22), 518 (19:9), 542
  18. source sentence, 336f, 367f, 412f, 519 (20:3), 521 (23:2), 542
  19. spatial relationship, 51, 280f, 285, 447, 542
  20. specific noun, 46f, 141, 257, 259, 260, 275, 347, 497 (2:6), 542
  21. specific statement, 47, 350
  22. specifying clause, 307, 310f, 359f, 429, 436, 479f, 508 (13:7), 508 (14:1), 510 (14:16), 513 (15:7), 542
  23. specifying word ȩr, 46f, 49, 51, 84, 94, 141, 257, 260, 275, 325, 347, 402, 407, 416, 519 (20:4), 542
  24. statement, 408, 543.
    1. See also general statement, habitual (action or) statement, specific statement
  25. state verb, 44, 45, 108, 115f, 149, 170f, 174, 188f, 220, 230, 233f, 237, 244, 245, 249f, 271, 272f, 277f, 320, 322, 380, 458f, 461f, 479, 508 (13:2), 508 (13:4), 508 (13:6), 513 (15:7), 514 (16:2), 515 (17:9), 543.
    1. See also anticipating state verb, complex state verb, derived state verb, existential (state) verb, intransitive state verb, resulting state verb, simple state verb, transitive state verb
  26. stop, 4f, 543.
    1. See also glottal stop
  27. stressed syllable, 19, 24, 25, 55, 79, 95, 156, 183f, 198, 215f, 245, 495 (1:2), 543
  28. stress mark, 19, 543
  29. subject noun (phrase), 37f, 67, 93, 133, 197, 207, 219f, 300f, 318, 334, 336f, 352, 400f, 450f, 462, 485, 497 (2:6), 519 (20:12).
    1. See also emphatic subject, non-emphatic subject, sentence subject, subject shifting
  30. subject shifting, 88f, 122, 197, 335f, 367f, 372f, 385, 388, 392, 410f, 493, 515 (17:3), 516 (18:5), 519 (20:3), 519 (20:11), 523 (25:4), 543
  31. suffix, 52, 78, 117, 181, 230, 470, 476, 502 (7:12), 543.
    1. See also anticipat­ing state suffix, inchoative suffix, object pronoun (suffix), possessor suffix, predictive suffix
  32. syllabic consonant, 16, 58, 111, 394, 495 (1:5), 498 (3:10), 522 (24:6), 543
  33. syllable, 13, 16, 19, 543.
    1. See also reduplicated syllable, stressed syl­lable, unstressed syllable.
  1. tapped r, 15, 543
  2. temporal phrase, 123, 125, 131, 267, 270, 282, 290f, 294f, 320, 326, 393, 425f, 446, 448, 449, 464, 478, 507 (12:3), 514 (16:1), 521 (22:1), 523 (24:16), 543
  3. temporal relationship (or sense), 51, 282f, 444
  4. tense, 97, 120, 123f, 254, 360f, 375f, 439, 451, 543.
    1. See also future tense, past experience, past tense, present tense, recent past (time), remote past (time)
  5. third person pronoun, 41, 53, 79, 104, 274, 403, 543
  6. time clause, 262, 306, 346, 444f, 483f, 511 (14:29), 543
  7. time word, 109, 393, 448f, 471, 484, 543
  8. tongue advancement, 16f, 543
  9. tongue height, 16f, 544
  10. transitive action verb, 112f, 180, 181, 188, 189, 196, 200, 202, 206f, 221, 224, 237f, 245, 254, 269f, 275, 285f, 288, 324f, 352, 394, 464, 485, 544
  11. transitive movement verb, 312f
  12. transitive sentence, 201f, 227, 362, 400f, 453, 461, 544
  13. transitive state verb, 116, 170, 175f, 221, 225, 329f, 392f, 404, 518 (20:1), 521 (21:4), 544
  14. trilled r, 15, 544
  1. unaspirated consonant, 7, 9, 544
  2. unmarked form, 123, 544
  3. unpossessible noun, 69f, 75, 193, 281, 341, 505 (10:12), 509 (14:11), 544
  4. unrounded vowel, 18, 19, 544
  5. unstressed syllable, 19, 55, 96, 152, 156, 159, 161, 164, 183f, 198, 215f, 498 (3:9), 544
  1. velar, 4, 9, 12, 13, 137, 138, 203, 207, 209, 520 (21:1), 544
  2. 556
  3. velum, 9, 12, 17, 544
  4. verb, 26, 44, 112f, 308, 544.
    1. See also action verb, causative verb, com­plex verb form, directional verb, ergative verb, existential (state) verb, hypothetical verb form, im­perfective verb, inchoative verb, intransitive action verb, intransitive movement verb, intransitive state verb, negative verb, passive (sen­tence or) verb form, perfective verb, propositive verb form, re­ciprocal verb, state verb, transitive action verb, transitive movement verb, transitive state verb, verb of communication, verb of mental activity, verb phrase, verb stem
  5. verb marker (infix), 127f, 150f, 162f, 201, 203, 209, 233, 236, 245f, 275, 395, 501 (6:5), 502 (7:7), 503 (8:19), 518 (19:10)
  6. verb marker (prefix), 104, 117f, 123, 127, 131f, 137f, 146f, 170f, 186, 194, 195, 203, 204, 210, 221, 230, 233, 241, 253, 268, 363, 394, 395, 500 (5:2), 500 (5:3), 503 (9:4), 504 (9:14), 505 (10:9), 516 (18:7), 516 (18:8), 516 (18:11), 544
  7. verb of communication, 430f, 544
  8. verb of mental activity, 430f, 544
  9. verb phrase, 46, 83, 120f, 338, 414, 517 (19:1), 519 (20:3), 544.
    1. See also complex verb phrase, expanded verb phrase
  10. verb stem, 95, 112, 129, 132f, 137f, 146, 170, 181, 187, 204, 230, 233, 253, 396, 499 (4:13), 505 (10:6), 506 (11:12), 544
  11. voiced sound, 4, 9, 17, 545
  12. voiceless sound, 4, 6, 545
  13. voicing, 4, 545.
    1. See also voiced sound, voiceless sound
  14. vowel, 16f, 545.
    1. See also back vowel. central vowel, front vowel, full vowel, high vowel, long vowel, low vowel, mid vowel, neutral vowel, rounded vowel, unrounded vowel, vowel blending, vowel cluster, vowel deletion, vowel quality, vowel re­duction, vowel triangle
  15. vowel blending, 158f, 245f, 507 (11:25), 545
  16. vowel cluster, 24f, 59f, 163f, 199, 235, 499 (3:26), 503 (8:13), 503 (8:15), 545.
    1. See also vowel cluster reduction
  17. vowel cluster reduction, 215f, 235, 507 (11:25), 545
  18. vowel deletion, 58f, 164f, 184, 198, 248, 354, 545
  19. vowel-final (word or stem), 497 (3:3), 502 (7:12), 545
  20. vowel-initial (word, stem, or suffix), 56, 79, 500 (4:17), 545
  21. vowel quality, 17, 545
  22. vowel reduction, 20f, 55, 56f, 62, 95, 96, 99, 106, 108, 164f, 184, 198, 215f, 235, 245, 268, 354, 499 (4:6), 501 (6:7), 502 (8:6), 545
  23. vowel triangle, 21, 159, 160, 246, 545
  1. warning, 98, 124, 134, 136, 258
  2. w-glide, 23, 25
  3. whole-part relationship, 53
  4. word, 34
  5. word-final, 6, 166, 167, 545
  6. word-initial, 6, 128, 518 (19:10), 545
  7. word-internal, 7, 545
  1. yes-no question, 90f, 408f, 434f, 500 (5:6), 546
  2. y-glide, 23, 25
  1. zero object pronoun (suffix), 96f, 156, 216, 317, 499 (4:6), 501 (6:6), 546

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Additional Information

ISBN
9780824879075
MARC Record
OCLC
1053883872
Pages
549-556
Launched on MUSE
2018-09-19
Language
English
Open Access
Yes
Creative Commons
CC-BY-NC-ND
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