publisher colophon


Some works frequently referred to have been abbreviated as follows:
ch. volume or chapter of a Chinese work
Hsü Hsü Ling, Yü-t’ai hsin-yung, New Songs from a Jade Terrace (Wen-hsüeh ed., 1955 rpr. of 1633 Ming ed. based on 1215 Sung ed.)
Kuo Kuo Mao-ch’ien, Yüeh-fu shih chiAnthology of Yüeh-fu Poetry (Chung-hua, 1979, edited and supplemented by the Chung-hua editors, based on the Sung ed.)
Li Shan his commentary on the Wen hsüanAnthology of Literature, comp. Hsiao T’ung et al.‚ incorporated into most subsequent editions (especially Liu-ch’en-chu Wen hsüan, 13th century)
Pan Ku Han shu, History of the Han (Chung-hua ed., 1962)
Shen Shen Yüeh comp. Sung shu, History of the Southern Sung, ch. 19–22, ‘Treatise on Music’(Chung-hua ed., 1974)
Ssu-ma Piao author of independent treatises incorporated into the later history of Fan Yeh, History of the Latter Han (Hou Han shu‚ the treatises sometimes referred to as Hsü Han shu, Continuation of the History of the Han (Chung-hua ed., 1965)
SKCS Ssu-k’u ch’üan shu, Collectanea of Books in the Four Treasure-houses, comp. 1773–1782 by Chi Yün et al., (rpr. Commercial Press, Taipei)
SPPY Ssu-pu pei-yao, Essential Items in the Four Branches of Learning (Chung-hua, 1927–35)
SPTK Ssu-pu ts’ung-k’an, Collected Reprints of the Four Branches of Learning (photo­lithographic rpr. by Commercial Press, 1929–36)
SSC Shih-san Ching, The Thirteen Classics, chu shu, with commentaries (facsimile of 1815 ed., rpr. Chubun, Kyoto, 1974)
TSCC Ts’ung-shu chi-ch’eng, The Complete Collectanea (Commercial Press, 1935–37)
Primary Sources

Ch’en shu (History of the Ch’en Dynasty), Yao Ssu-lien comp. (c. AD 637), 36 ch., Peking, Chung-hua, 1972, in 1 vol.

Chin shu (History of the Chin Dynasty), Fang Hsüan-ling (AD 578–648) et al. comp., commentary by Ho Chao (AD 747), 130 ch., Peking, Chung-hua, 1974, in 3 vols.

Chiu T’ang shu (The Old History of the T’ang Dynasty), Liu Hsü (AD 887–946) et al. comp., 200 ch., Peking, Chung-hua, 1975, in 6 vols.

Ch’u Tz’u (Songs of Ch’u), comprising works by authors of late Chou to Latter Han (c. 300 BC–2nd century AD), commentary by Wang I (d. AD 158) and Hung Hsing-tsu (AD 1090–1155), 17 ch., SPTK (photolith. rpr. of Ming rpr. of Sung ed.). Trans. David Hawkes. 212

Ch’un-ch’iu (Spring and Autumn Annals), one of the Chinese Classics, incorporated with Tso chuanq.v.

Chuang Tzu (Master Chuang), by Chuang Chou (c. 369–c. 286 BC), commentary by Kuo Hsiang (d. AD 312), glosses by Lu Yüan-lang (d. AD 626), 10 ch., SPPY. Trans. Burton Watson 1968, Angus C. Graham 1981.

Han Fei Tzu (Master Han Fei), by Han Fei Tzu et al. (d. 233 BC), commentary anon., 55 ch., SPPY (rpr. from Wu Tzu’s AD 1818 ed. from a Sung c. 1165 ed.). Trans. W. K. Liao.

Han shih wai chuan (Exoteric Commentary on the Han School Text of the Book of Poetry), by Han Ying (fl. 150 BC), Chou T’ing-ts’ai ed., 10 ch., TSCC. Trans. James Robert Hightower 1952.

Han shu (History of the [Former, or Western] Han [Dynasty]), by Pan Ku (AD 32–92) et al., commentary by Yen Shih-ku (AD 581–645), 100 ch., Peking, Chung-hua, 1962, in 8 vols. Trans. Homer H. Dubs (ch. 1–12, 99), Burton Watson 1974 (ch. 54, 63, 65, 67–8, 71, 74, 78, 92, 97).

Hou Han shu (History of the Latter Han), by Fan Yeh (AD 398–446), commentary by Li Hsien (AD 657–684) et al., 120 ch; 30 of these 130 ch. are treatises known as Hsü Han shu (Continuation of the History of the Han) by Ssu-ma Piao (AD 240–306), commentary by Liu Chao (6th century), Peking, Chung-hua, 1965, in 6 vols. Study of early Latter Han era by Hans H. Bielenstein 1954, 1959, 1967.

Hsi ching tsa chi (Miscellany of the Western Capital), attributed to Liu Hsin (d. AD 23) and to Ko Hung (c. AD 280–340), pseudonym Pao-p’u Tzu (Master Embracing-simplicity), 6 ch., SPTK (photolith. rpr. of Ming 1552 ed.)

Hsin T’ang shu (The New History of the T’ang Dynasty), Ou-yang Hsiu (AD 1007–1072) and Sung Ch’i comp., 225 ch., Peking, Chung-hua, 1975, in 7 vols.

Hsü Han shu, see Hou Han shu, Ssu-ma Piao.

Huai-nan Tzu (Master Huai-nan), Liu An, King of Huai-nan, comp. (d. 122 BC), commentary by Kao Yu (3rd century AD) and Hsü Shen (AD 30–124), 21 ch., SPPY (rpr. of Ch’ing 1788 ed. of Chuang K’uei-chi). Trans. Evan Morgan.

I Ching (Classic of Change), one of the Chinese Classics, anon. c. 800–2nd century BC, commentary by Wang Pi (AD 226–249) and Han K’ang-po, 9 ch., SPPY (Chou I, rpr. from Sung ed. of Yo K’o, AD 1173–1240). Trans. Richard Wilhelm.

Kung-yang chuan (The Kung-yang Commentary), one of the Chinese Classics, anon., commentary by Ho Hsiu (2nd century AD), 12 ch., SPPY (Ch’un-ch’iu Kung-yang chuan, rpr. from Ming 1640 ed. Chin P’an and KoTzu).

Kuo (Discourses of the States), anon., c. 3rd century BC, commentary by Wei Chao (3rd century AD), 21 ch., SPPY (rpr. from Ch’ing 1800 ed. of Shih-li-chü Huang-shih ts’ung-shu).

Li chi (Record of Ritual), one of the Chinese Classics, anon., c. 1st century BC, commentary by Cheng Hsüan (AD 127–200), glosses by Lu Yüan-lang (7th century), 46 ch., SPPY (rpr. of Sung ed. of Yo K’o, 12th–13th centuries), SSC 4. Trans. James Legge 1885, Séraphin Couvreur 1928.

Lieh hsien chuan (Biographies of Immortals), attributed to Liu Hsiang (79–8 BC), 2 ch., Ku-chin i-shih 7 (rpr. of Ming ed. of Wu Kuan c. 1571–76). Trans. Max Kaltenmark.

Lieh chuan (Biographies of [Virtuous] Ladies), attributed to Liu Hsiang (79–8 BC), 8 ch., SPPY (chiao-chu, rpr. from Ch’ing ed. of Wang K’ang-nien, 19th century).

Lü-shih ch’un-ch’iu (Spring and Autumn Annals of Mr. Lü), attributed to Lü Pu-wei (d. 235 BC), commentary by Kao Yu (3rd century AD), 26 ch., SPTK (photolith. rpr. from Ming ed.).

Lun (Analects), the teachings of K’ung Fu Tzu (Confucius, 479–551 BC) and his disciples, one of the Chinese Classics, commentary by Ho Yen (d. AD 249), 20 ch., SSC (Ssu shu, The Four Books). Trans. Arthur Waley 1938, D. C. Lau 1979.

Meng Tzu (Master Meng, Mencius), by Meng K’e (?371–289 BC), one of the Chinese Classics, 6 213ch., SSC (Ssu shu, The Four Books). Trans. James Legge 1875, 1985, D.C Lau 1970.

Nan-Ch’i shu (History of the Southern Ch’i Dynasty), Hsiao Tzu-hsien comp. (AD 489–537), 59 ch. (Peking, Chung-hua, 1972, in 1 vol.).

Pao-p’u Tzu (pseudonym, Master Embracing-simplicity), by Ko Hung (AD 254–334), SPPY.

Shang shu (The Ancient History), one of the Chinese Classics, see Shu Ching.

Shih chi (Historical Records), by Ssu-ma Ch’ien (c. 145–c. 86 BC), commentary by P’ei Yin (5th century AD) et al., 130 ch. (Shanghai, Chung-hua, 1964, in 4 vols.) Trans. Edouard Chavannes 1895–1905 (ch. 1–52), Burton Watson 1961 (ch. relating to Han era).

Shih Ching (Classic of Poetry, Book of Poetry), one of the Chinese Classics, anon., c. 800–600 BC, commentary by Mao Heng (2nd century BC) and Cheng Hsüan (AD 127–200), 20 ch., SSC 3–4. Trans. Arthur Waley 1937, Bernhard Karlgren 1950.

Shih-san Ching (The Thirteen Classics), the Chinese Classics (Chu-shu fu chiao-k’an-chi)‚ annotated by Chao Ch’i (d. AD 201) and Sun Shih (AD 962–1033), (Sung ed. rpr. Ch’ing 1815 with critical notes by Juan Yüan, AD 1764–1849, facsimile Chubun, 1974); the 13 classics are: Shu Ching, Shih Ching, Chou li, I li, Li chi, Ch’un-ch’iu Tso chuan, Ch’un-ch’iu Kung-yang chuan, Ch’un-ch’iu Ku-liang chuan, I Ching, Hsiao Ching, Lun yü‚ Erh ya, Meng Tzu.

Shu Ching (Classic of History, or Book of Documents), one of the Chinese Classics, also known as Shang shu (The Ancient History), anon., c. 800–3rd century BC, commentary by K’ung An-kuo (c. 156–74 BC), 13 ch., SSC 1. Trans. Bernhard Karlgren 1950.

Shuo yüan (Garden of Anecdotes), attributed to Liu Hsiang (79–8 BC), 20 ch. SPTK (photolith. rpr. of Ming MS).

Sui shu (History of the Sui Dynasty), Wei Cheng (AD 580–643) et al. comp., 85 ch. (Peking, Chung-hua, 1973, in 2 vols.)

Sung shu (History of the [Southern] Sung), Shen Yüeh comp. AD 488 (AD 441–512), 100 ch. (Peking, Chung-hua, 1974, in 4 vols.)

Tao Te Ching (Classic of the Way and Its Power), attributed to Lao Tzu or Lao Tan (c. 300 BC), also known as the Lao Tzu (Old Master), 81 ch., SPPY (Lao Tzu, rpr. from Ming c. 1573 ed. of Chang Chih-hsiang). Trans. Arthur Waley 1934, D. C. Lau 1963.

Tso chuan (The Tso Commentary), one of the Chinese Classics, attributed to Tso Ch’iu-ming (c. 4th or 3rd century BC), commentary by Tu Yü (AD 222–284). Originally text was an independent chronicle, later rearranged under various chronological entries of the Ch’un-ch’iu; 60 ch., SSC 5. Trans. James Legge 1872, Séraphin Couvreur 1914.

Wei shu (History of the Wei Dynasty), Wei Shou comp. (AD 506–572), 114 ch. (Peking, Chung-hua, 1974, in 4 vols.).

Yen Tzu Ch’un-ch’iu (Spring and Autumn Annals of Master Yen), by Yen Ying (d. 493 BC), 7 ch., SPTK (photolith. rpr. of Ming movable type print). Trans. Alfred Forke 1923.

Secondary References, Chinese and Japanese

Chang Chih-hsiang comp. (AD 1496–1577), Ku shih lei yüan (Garden of Old Poetic Genres), 130 ch., Yü Hsien-ch’ing et al., ed., Shanghai, c. AD 1602.

Chang Yung (AD 410–475), Yüan-chia cheng-sheng chi lu (Arts Record of the Correct Music of the Era AD 424–454), also known as Yüan-chia chi lu, Chi lu, Chang Yung lu, and Chang lu; not extant, fragments cited in Chih-chiang’s Ku chin yüeh lu.

Ch’en Hang (AD 1785–1826), Shih pi-hsing chien (Notes on Poetic Figures), postface AD 1883, Shanghai, Peking, Chung-hua, 1959.

Ch’en Pen-li (AD 1812), Han yüeh-fu san ko chien chu (Commentary on the Three Song Sets of Han yüeh-fu), Ch’en-shih ts’ung-shu ed. Ch’en Feng-heng in 10 vols., Yang-chou-fu, 214Tu-sao-lou ts’ung-shu, 1811–43. (The song sets are: Lady T’ang-shan’s set of 17 hymns, the 18 Han songs for the nao-bell, and the 19 hymns for suburban sacrifice.)

Cheng Ch’iao (AD 1104–1162), T’ung chih (Comprehensive Survey of Historical Writing), 200 ch.‚ Prince Hung-chou, Te-ling, et al.‚ ed. in AD 1749, [Yü-chih ch’ung-k’o] san-t’ung, in 47 vols.

Ch’iao Chou (AD 201–270), Ch’iao Tzu fa hsün (Master Ch’iao’s Legal Precepts), 1 ch., Yü-han shan-fang chi-i-shu 17, ed. Ma Kuo-han.

Chih-chiang (c. AD 568), Ku chin yüeh lu (Record of Ancient and Modern Music), originally in 13 ch., extant in 1 ch., Han Wei i-shu ch’ao 52, ed. (Ch’ing) Wang Mo.

Chiu Ch’iung-sun, Li-tai yüeh-chih lü-chih chiao shih (Comparative Analysis of Historical Treatises on Music), Vol. 1, Peking, Chung-hua, 1964.

Chu Ch’ien-chih, Chung-kuo yin-yüeh wen-hsüeh shih (A History of Chinese Music in Literature), facsimile of 1935 ed., Shanghai, Hong Kong, Commercial Press.

Chung-kuo yin-yüeh yüan (Dept. of Chinese Music), Chung-kuo ku-tai yin-yüeh shu-mu (A Bibliography of Ancient Chinese Music), Chung-kuo yin-yüeh yen-chiu, Peking, Music Publishers, 1962.

Feng Wei-no (d. AD 1572), Ku shih chi, or Shih chi (Notes on Ancient Poetry, or Notes on Poetry), 156 ch., SKCS 4411–4432, in 22 vols.

Fu Sheng attrib. (2nd century BC), Shang shu ta chuan (Major Commentary on the Ancient History, or Classic of History), commentary by Cheng Hsüan, 5 ch., SPTK (photolith. rpr. of ed. of Ch’en Shou-ch’i, AD 1771–1834).

Fujiwara Sosui, Kanshi kayō gakufu rōei sen (Anthology of Han Poetry, Popular Songs, and Yüeh-fu), 2 vols., Tokyo, Seishin, 1977–78.

Hsiao T’ung (AD 501–531) et al., comp. Wen hsüan (Anthology of Literature), 60 ch., commentary by Li Shan (d. AD 689) et al., Liu-ch’en-chu Wen hsüan, SPTK (photolith. rpr. of late Southern Sung ed.); SPPY (rpr. from AD 1181 ed.) with Li Shan’s commentary, ed. Hu K’e-chia (AD 1757–1816) in AD 1809. Trans. David R. Knechtges, Vol. 1 of 8 projected vols.

Hsü Chien (AD 659–729) et al. comp., Ch’u hsüeh chi (Notes for Beginning Students), 30 ch., Peking, Chung-hua, 1962.

Hsü Ling (AD 507–583) comp., Yü-t’ai hsin-yung (New Songs from a Jade Terrace), 10 ch., Peking, Wen-hsüeh ku chi, 1955 (photolith. rpr. from Ming 1633 ed. of Chao Chün from the 1215 Sung ed. of Ch’en Yü-fu). Trans. Anne Birrell.

Hsün Hsü (d. AD 289), Hsün shih lu (Hsün’s Poetry Notes); not extant, fragments cited in Chih-chiang’s Ku chin yüeh lu.

Huang Chieh (AD 1874–1935), Han Wei yüeh-fu feng-chien (Notes on the Style of Han and Wei Yüeh-fu)‚ 1923, rpr. Hong Kong, Commercial Press, 1961.

Jang Chü (or Jang T’ien, or Ssu-ma Jang Chü, fl. c. 377–331 BC), Ssu-ma fa (The Marshal’s Methods), 3 ch., SPTK (photolith. rpr. of rpr. of Sung MS).

Ko lu (Record of Songs), anon., pre-T’ang, 1 ch., originally 10 ch., Han Wei i-shu ch’ao 57. (14 notes on yüeh-fu gleaned from Wen hsüan commentaries.)

Kuo Mao-ch’ien (fl. AD 1084–1126) comp., Yüeh-fu shih chi (Anthology of Yüeh-fu Poetry), 100 ch., Sung ed., rpr. Shanghai, Wen-hsüeh ku-chi, 1955, in 4 vols.; SPTK ed., based on Yüan (13th century) eds., transmitted by Mao Chin; Yüeh-fu shih chi, ed. amended and supplemented, based on Sung eds., by Peking, Chung-hua, 1979, in 4 vols., Chung-kuo ku-tien wen-hsüeh chi-pen ts’ung-shu.

Li Fang (AD 925–996) et al. comp., T’ai-p’ing yü-lan (Imperial Survey of the T’ai-p’ing Era [AD 976–984]), 1‚000 ch., SPTK.

Li Fang, id., Wen-yüan ying-hua (Prize Blooms from the Garden of Literature), 1,000 ch., facsimile of Ming 1567 ed., Peking, Chung-hua, 1966, in 6 vols.

Liu Hsieh (d. c. AD 523), Wen-hsin tiao-lung (The Literary Mind and the Carving of Dragons), SPTK, photolith. rpr. of Ming ed. Trans. Vincent Y. Shih. 215

Liu Hsien (AD 434–489), Ting chün li (Procedures for Controlling the Army), also known as Ssu-ma ping fa (The Marshal’s Military Methods); not extant, cited by Kuo Mao-ch’ien.

Liu I-ch’ing (AD 403–444), Shih-shuo hsin-yü (A New Account of Tales of the World), commentary by Liu Chün (AD 462–521), 3 ch.SPTK (photolith. rpr. of Ming 1535 ed.). Trans. Richard B. Mather.

Lo Ken-tse, Yüeh-fu wen-hsüeh shih (A History of Yüeh-fu Literature), 1931, rpr. Taipei, Wen-shih che, 1972.

Lu Ch’in-li (1911–1973), comp., Hsien Ch’in Han Wei Chin Nan-Pei-ch’ao shih (Poetry of the Ch’in, Han, Wei, Chin, and Northern and Southern Dynasties), 135 ch., Peking, Chung-hua, 1982, in 3 vols.

Lu K’an-ju, Yüeh-fu ku-tz’u k’ao (A Study of Old Yüeh-fu Texts), Shanghai, Commercial Press, 1926, in the series Kuo-hsüeh hsiao-ts’ung-shu.

Lu K’an-ju and Feng Yüan-chün, Chung-kuo shih shih (The History of Chinese Poetry), 3 vols., Peking, Tso-chia, 1956, Vol. 1, ‘Yüeh-fu’; pp. 157–252.

Ma Tuan-lin (late 13th century), Wen hsien t’ung-k’ao (Critical Survey of Written Knowledge), 348 ch., Prince Hung-chou, Te-ling et al., ed. in AD 1748 [Yü-chih ch’ung-k’o] san-t’ung, in 38 vols.

Masuda Kiyohide, Gafu (or Le-fu) no rekishiteki kenkyū (Research on the History of Yüeh-fu), Tōyōgaku sōsho 9, Tokyo, Sōbunsha, 1975.

Mei Ting-tso (Ming), Ku yüeh yüan (A Garden of Ancient Music), 52+3 ch.‚ Ssu-k’u ch’üan-shu chen-pen pa-chi 170 (preface dated AD 1781), vols. 3649–3656.

Nakatsuhama Wataru, Gafu shishū no kenkyū soin (Research on and Concordance to the Yüeh-fu shih chi) Tokyo, Kyūko shoin, 1970.

Ou-yang Hsün (AD 557–641), Ling-hu Te-fen (AD 583–666) et al. comp., I-wen lei-chü (Compendium of Literature), 100 ch.‚ Wang Shao-ying ed., Peking, Shanghai, Chung-hua, 1965, in 2 vols.

Peking University, Dept. of Chinese Literature, comp., Liang Han wen-hsüeh shih ts’an-k’ao tzu-liao (Reference Materials for Han Literary History), 1959, rpr. Peking, Chung-hua, 1962.

P’eng Li-t’ien, ‘Yüeh-fu shih Han Wu-ti pien’ (‘A Discussion of Whether the Bureau of Music Arose in the Reign of the Han Emperor Wu’), in Yü-yen yü wen-hsüeh (Language and Literature), ed. by Tsinghua University, Dept. of Chinese Literature, Shanghai, Chung-hua, 1937, p. 180f.

San-fu huang-t’u (The Yellow Chart of the Three Metropolitan Districts), anon. (? 3rd century AD), 6 ch., annotated by Chang Yüan-chi SPTK (rpr. of a Yüan ed.).

Sawaguchi Takeo, Gafu (or Le-fu) (Yüeh-fu)‚ Chūgoku koten shinsho 15, Tokyo, Meitoku, 1973.

Shen Chien (Northern Sung), Yüeh-fu kuang t’i (Elaborations on Yüeh-fu Titles), not extant, fragments cited by Kuo Mao-ch’ien.

Shen Te-ch’ien (AD 1673–1769), comp., Ku shih yüan (Sources of Ancient Poetry), 14 ch.SPPY (rpr. from original Ch’ing 1725 ed.).

Shimizu Shigeru, ‘Kō no hongi’ (The Meaning of Hsing), in Nihon Chūgoku gakkaihō, 36, 1984, pp. 1–11.

Suzuki Shūji, Kan Gi shi no kenkyū (Research on Han and Wei Poetry), Tokyo, Daishūkan, 1967.

Ting Fu-pao (1874–1952), comp., Ch’üan Han San-kuo Chin Nan-Pei-ch’ao shih (Complete Poetry of the Han, Three Kingdoms, Chin, and Northern and Southern Dynasties), 6 ch., preface dated 1916, rpr. Peking, 1959.

Ts’ai Yung (AD 133–192), ?comp., Li yüeh chih (Treatise on Ritual and Music), not extant, cited by miscellaneous authors.

Tso K’o-ming (14th century AD), Ku yüeh-fu (Ancient Yüeh-fu)‚ 2 ch., preface dated AD 1346, SKCS 4930. 216

Ts’ui Pao (fl. AD 290–306), Ku chin chu (Record of Things Ancient and Modern), 3 ch., SPTK (san pien, ed. Chang Yüan-chi, rpr. of Sung 1220 ed.).

Tu Wen-lan (AD 1815–1881) and Liu Yü-sung comp., Ku yao-yen (Old Popular Songs), rev. by Chou Shao-liang, AD 1892, Peking, Chung-hua, 1958.

Tu Yu (AD 735–812), T’ung tien (Comprehensive Survey of Classical Learning), 200 ch., ed. by Prince Hung-chou, Te-ling et al. in AD 1747 [Yü-chih ch’ung-k’o] san-t’ung, in 13 vols.

Tu Yü (AD 222–284), commentary on Tso chuan, q.v.

Tuan An-chieh (fl.c. AD 894), Yüeh-fu tsa lu (Miscellaneous Records of Yüeh-fu), 1 ch., Ku chin i-shih 29. Trans. Martin Gimm.

Wang Hsien-ch’ien, Han nao-ko shih wen chien-cheng (A Critical Survey of Commentaries on Han Songs for the Nao-bell), facsimile of AD 1872 ed. of the Hsiu-shou-t’ang, Taipei, Wen-ch’ieh, ?1966.

Wang Seng-ch’ien (AD 426–485) comp., Ta-ming san-nien yen-yüeh chi lu (Arts Record of Banquet Music of the Year AD 459), also known as Yen-yüeh chi lu; not extant, fragments cited in Chih-chiang, Ku chin yüeh lu.

Wang Tzu-nien (Wang Chia, d. AD 390), Shih i chi (Record of Neglected Data), originally in 10 ch., fragments reconstituted by Hsiao Ch’i (6th century AD) in 1 ch., Ku chin i-shih 2, Wu Kuan ed. c. 1571–76, Shanghai, Commercial Press, 1937.

Wang Yün-hsi Yüeh-fu shih lun-ts’ung (A General Discussion of Yüeh-fu Poetry), Shanghai, Ku-tien wen-hsüeh, 1958.

Wen I-to (1899–1946), ‘Yüeh-fu chien’(Notes on Yüeh-fu), appendix to (Sung-pen) Yüeh-fu shih chi, Shanghai, 1955, see Kuo Mao-ch’ien.

Wu Ching (AD 670–749), Yüeh-fu ku t’i yao-chieh (Explanations of the Old Titles of Yüeh-fu)‚ also known as Yüeh-fu chieh t’i, 2 ch., Chin-tai pi-shu 34, Shanghai, 1922.

Yen Yü (fl. AD 1180–1235), Ts’ang-lang shih hua (Remarks on Poetry from Ts’ang-lang), facsimile, preface dated AD 1881, ed. Hu Chien, Taipei, Kuang-wen, 1972. Trans. Günther Debon.

Yü Kuan-ying, Han Wei Liu-ch’ao shih hsüan (Anthology of the Poetry of the Han, Wei, and Six Dynasties), Peking, Jen-min wen-hsüeh, 1958.

Yü, id., Han Wei Liu-ch’ao shih lun-ts’ung (A Discussion of the Poetry of the Han, Wei, and Six Dynasties), Chung-kuo ku-tien wen-hsüeh yen-chiu ts’ung-k’an, Shanghai, T’ang-ti, 1953. Chapter 10 constitutes an appendix, pp. 108–126, providing corrections to authors’ names and attributions in Kuo Mao-ch’ien, Yüeh-fu shih chi

Yü, id., Yüeh-fu shih hsüan (Anthology of Yüeh-fu Poetry), 1950, rev. ed., Hong Kong, Shih-chieh, 1954.

Secondary References, Western

Allen, Joseph R., In the Voice of Others: Chinese Music Bureau Poetry, Michigan Monographs in Chinese Studies 63, Ann Arbor, Center for Chinese Studies, University of Michi­gan, 1992.

Bielenstein, Hans H., ‘An Interpretation of the Portents in the Ts’ien-Han-shu’, in Bulletin of tht Museum of Far Eastern Antiquities, 22, 1950, pp. 127–43.

Bielenstein, Hans H., The Bureaucracy of Han Times, Cambridge Studies in Chinese History, Literature and Institutions, Cambridge, Cambridge Univ. Press, 1980.

Bielenstein, Hans H., ‘Loyang in Later Han Times’, in Bulletin of the Museum of Far Eastern Antiquities, 48, 1976, pp. 1–142.

Bielenstein, Hans H., ‘The Restoration of the Han Dynasty’, Vol. 1, ‘Prolegomena on the Historiography of the Hou Han shu’; Vol. 2; ‘The Civil War’; Vol. 3, ‘The People’, in Bulletin of the Museum of Far Eastern Antiquities, 26, 1954, pp. 1–209, 31, 1959, pp. 1–287, 39, 1967, pp. 1–198.

Birrell, Anne, ‘Erotic Decor: A Study of Love Imagery in the Sixth Century AD 217Anthology Yü-t’ai hsin-yung (New Poems from a Jade Terrace),’ Columbia University dissertation, 1979.

Birrell, Anne, ‘Mythmaking and Yüeh-fu: Popular Songs and Ballads of Early Imperial China‚’ in Journal of the American Oriental Society, 109.2, 1989, pp. 223–35.

Birrell, Anne, trans., New Songs from a Jade Terrace, London, George Allen & Unwin, 1982.

Bishop, John L., ed., Studies in Chinese Literature, Harvard-Yenching Institute Studies 21, Cambridge, Harvard Univ. Press, 1966.

Bodde, Derk, China’s First Unifier, A Study of the Ch’in Dynasty as Seen in the Life of Li Ssu, 1938, rpr. Hong Kong, Hong Kong Univ. Press, 1967.

Bodde, Derk, Festivals in Classical China, New Year and Other Annual Observances during the Han Dynasty, 206 BC–AD 220, Princeton, Princeton Univ. Press, 1975.

Bold, Alan, The Ballad, The Critical Idiom, 41, London, Methuen, 1979.

Bray, Francesca, Agriculture, Joseph Needham ed., Science and Civilisation in China, Cambridge, Cambridge Univ. Press, 1984.

Bronson, Bertrand Harris, The Ballad as Song, Berkeley, Univ. of California Press, 1969.

Bronson, Bertrand Harris, The Traditional Tunes of the Child Ballads [English and Scottish Popular Ballads] with their texts, according to the extant records of Great Britain and America, 4 vols., Princeton, Princeton Univ. Press, 1959–72.

Chan, Wing-tsit, trans., A Source Book in Chinese Philosophy, Princeton, Princeton Univ. Press, 1963.

Chavannes, Edouard, Le T’ai chan: Essai de monographie d’un culte chinois, Annales du Musée Guimet, Bibliothèque d’études, 21, Paris, Leroux, 1910.

Chavannes, Edouard, trans., Les mémoires historiques de Se-ma Ts’ien, 6 vols., 1895–1905, rpr. Paris, Adrien-Maisonneuve, 1967.

Child, Francis James, ed., The English and Scottish Popular Ballads, 5 vols., 1882–98, New York, The Folklore Press and Pageant Book Co., 1957.

Ch’ü T’ung-tzu, Han Social Structure, Han Dynasty China, 1, Seattle, Univ. of Washington Press, 1982.

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