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5 MINOR SENTENCES

The minor sentence types may be divided into the following subtypes: weather, greetings, simple ques­tions, curses, and other exclamations. Generally they are single words or phrases and do not have the bipartite subject-predicate construction of the major sentence types.

 

Weather

Dúduldúl ya. ‘It’s thundering.’

Múmurán ya. ‘It’s raining.’

Lílintík ya. ‘It’s showering.’ 127

 

Greetings

Dios púq. (literally: God, sir. a greeting used to announce one’s presence at the door or gate of someone’s home)

Máyap ayábak. ‘Good morning.’

Máyap a béngi puq. ‘Good evening, sir/ma’am.’

Máyap a gatpanápun puq. ‘Good afternoon, sir.’

Kumustá abé? ‘How are you, friend?’

 

Simple questions

Bákit? ‘Why?’

Kapilán man? ‘Then when?’

Nínu? ‘Who?’

Magkánu? ‘How much?’

 

Curses

Dipáningaltí. ‘May lightning strike you.’

Púta. ‘Whore.’

 

Other exclamations

Súsmariyosép. ‘Jesus, Mary and Joseph.’

Nakú. ‘Mother of mine.’

Aráy. ‘Ouch.’

Arú. ‘Wow/hey.’

 

Perhaps the simple existential sentences belong here also. 128

Atín. ‘There is.’

Aláq. ‘There’s none.’

Alíq. ‘It’s not.’

 

And the affirmations

Wá. ‘Yes.’

Ópúq. ‘Yes, sir.’

Additional Information

ISBN
9780824878986
MARC Record
OCLC
1053886664
Launched on MUSE
2018-09-19
Language
English
Open Access
Yes
Creative Commons
CC-BY-NC-SA
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