publisher colophon
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CONTENTS

  1. TITLE PAGE
  2. COPYRIGHT
  3. PREFACE
  4. 1 INTRODUCTION
  5. 1.1 The Speech Community
  6. 1.1.1 Multilingualism
  7. 1.1.2 Mass Media
  8. 1.2 Localized Varieties of Kapampangan
  9. 1.3 Data for the Present Study
  10. 1.4 Acknowledgements
  11. 1.5 Earlier Studies of the Kapampangan Language
  12. 1.6 Kapampangan Literature
  13. 2 PHONOLOGY and ORTHOGRAPHY
  14. 2.1 The Flow of Speech
  15. 2.2 Segmenting the Flow
  16. 2.2.1 The Phonemes
  17. 2.2.11 The Vowels
  18. 2.2.12 The Consonants
  19. 2.2.13 The Semivowels
  20. 2.2.2 Suprasegmental Features
  21. 2.3 Sounds Changed in Word Formation
  22. 2.3.1 Stress Shift
  23. 2.3.2 Vowel Loss
  24. 2.3.3 Regular Alternation between Roots and Derived Forms
  25. 2.3.4 /q/ becomes /y, w/
  26. 2.3.5 Assimilation
  27. 2.3.6 /s/ and /d/ become /y/
  28. 2.3.7 /d/ becomes /r/
  29. 2.3.8 Geminate Consonants at Word Boundaries
  30. 2.4 Writing Systems for Kapampangan
  31. 2.4.1 The Kapampangan Syllabary viii
  32. 2.4.2 The Spanish Orthographies
  33. 2.4.3 The Tagalog-based Orthography
  34. 3 GRAMMAR
  35. 3.1 The Importance of the Particle ing
  36. 3.2 Noun Phrase
  37. 3.2.1 Case-marked Noun Phrases
  38. 3.2.2 Ning Case
  39. 3.2.3 King Case
  40. 3.2.4 Ing Case
  41. 3.3 Pronouns
  42. 3.3.1 Personal Pronouns, ing Case, Short Form
  43. 3.3.2 Personal Pronouns, ing Case, Long Form
  44. 3.3.3 Ning Case Personal Pronouns
  45. 3.3.4 King Case Personal Pronouns
  46. 3.3.5 Special Forms of Personal Pronouns
  47. 3.3.6 Common Pronouns
  48. 3.3.7 The Common Deictic Pronouns
  49. 3.3.8 Special Common Pronouns
  50. 3.3.9 Indefinite Substitutes
  51. 3.4 Referent, Time, and Locative Noun Phrases
  52. 3.5 Attributive Phrases
  53. 3.5.1 Linked Attributive Phrases
  54. 3.5.2 Unlinked Attributive Phrases
  55. 3.5.3 Splitting of Attribute and Head
  56. 3.5.4 Complex Attributive Phrases
  57. 3.6 Verb Phrases
  58. 3.6.1 Two-Verb Phrases
  59. 3.6.2 Three-Verb Phrases
  60. 3.6.3 Noun Complements in Verb Phrases
  61. 3.6.4 Complements of Manner
  62. 3.6.5 Emphasized Verb Phrase ix
  63. 3.6.6 Verb Phrase Substitutes
  64. 4 SENTENCE AND CLAUSE
  65. 4.1 General
  66. 4.2 Non-Verbal Predications
  67. 4.2.1 Existential Predicates
  68. 4.2.2 Identificational Predicates
  69. 4.2.3 Identificational-Descriptive Predicates
  70. 4.2.4 Descriptive Predicates of Quality and Quantity
  71. 4.2.5 Comparative and Superlative Constructions in Descriptive Predication
  72. 4.2.6 Superlative Descriptive Predications
  73. 4.2.7 Emphatic Descriptive Predicates
  74. 4.2.8 Number
  75. 4.3 Verbal Predications
  76. 4.3.1 Action-Actor Predication
  77. 4.3.2 Action-Goal Predication
  78. 4.3.3 Action-Beneficiary Predication
  79. 4.3.4 Other Verbal Predications
  80. 4.4 Stative. Predications with mi- and ka-
  81. 4.5 Ka- Marked Verbs in the Recent-completion Predication
  82. 5 MINOR SENTENCES
  83. 6 SENTENCE EXPANSIONS: Clause Adjuncts and Adjunct Clauses
  84. 6.1 General
  85. 6.2 Lexical Particles
  86. 6.3 Coordinated, Subordinated and Embedded Clauses
  87. 7 CONCLUSION
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Additional Information

ISBN
9780824878986
MARC Record
OCLC
1053886664
Launched on MUSE
2018-09-19
Language
English
Open Access
Yes
Creative Commons
CC-BY-NC-SA
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