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7

LESSON 2

  Structural Content: Greetings: variation
          Particle: [lang]
         
Setting: A PCV has gone to
his friend’s house.
     Niadto ang PCV sa balay
sa iyang amigo.
 I. DIALOGUE
      Hello! A:   Maayo!
  Come in./ (Come up.)
Have a seat.
B:   Dayon lang.
Lingkod usa.
  Thank you. A:   Salamat.
         
II. DIALOGUE BREAKDOWN
  Hello! A:   Maayo!
      

good (morning afternoon, etc)

        maayo
  Come in. B:   Dayon lang.
  Have a seat.     Lingkod usa.
      enter
sit
for a while
      dayon [lang]
lingkod
usa
  Thank you. A:   Salamat.
               
III. RELATED UTTERANCES
  Come in. Sulod lang.
  Please stand up. Palihog, tindog.
  Stand up for a while. Tindog usa.
  Take a drink first. Inom usa.
  Let’s have a drink
first./Let’s have
some refreshments.
Inom usa ’ta.
  You’re welcome. Walay sapayan.8
                  
IV. VOCABULARY LIST
 
      dayon enter, come in/up
      Ginang Mrs.
      Gining Miss
      Ginoo Mr.
      inom drink
      lingkod sit
      pungko squat
      sulod enter, proceed
      tindog stand
      usa for a while, first
      way sapayan Don’t mention it./You’re welcome.
         
V. DRILLS
  A.   Repetition
    Dayon lang, Ruben.
    Dayon lang, Isabel.
    Dayon lang, Rosa.
    Dayon lang, Pedro.
    Dayon lang, Ernesto.
    Lingkod usa, ‘Dong.
    Lingkod usa, ‘Nong.
    Lingkod usa, ‘Nang.
    Lingkod usa, Undo.
    Lingkod usa, Inday.
    Palihog, lingkod, Ginoo Reyes.
    Palihog, lingkod, Ginoo Burns.9
    Palihog, lingkod, Ginoo Stewart.
    Palihog, lingkod, Ginoo Cruz.
    Inom usa ’ta, Ginang Ramos.
    Inom usa ’ta, Ginang Bernabe.
    Inom usa ’ta, Ginang de Guzman.
    Inom usa ’ta, Ginang Stewart.
    Inom usa ’ta, Ginang Smith.
    Tindog usa, Gining Santos.
    Tindog usa, Gining Rivera.
    Tindog usa, Gining Gracia.
    Tindog usa, Gining Pamintuan.
    Tindog usa, Gining Faustino.
       
B. Cumulative Dialogue;
  1. A: Maayo!
    B:  Dayon lang.
    A: Maayong buntag, Pedro.
    B: Maayong buntag sab, Juan. Lingkod usa.
    A: Salamat.
       
  2. A: Maayo!
    B: Sulod lang. Pungko usa.
    A: Salamat.
    B: Kumusta ka?
    A: Maayo man, salamat. Ug ikaw?1
    B: Maayo pod.
       
  3. A: Maayong hapon.
    B: Uy Pedro, maayong hapon sab. Dayon lang.
    A: Salamat, kumusta ka?
    B: Maayo man. Inom usa ’ta.2
    A: O sige3, salamat.10
VI. LEXICAL/GRAMMAR NOTES    
       
     Maayo! - A call to announce one’s arrival at another person’s home, used in place of knocking at the door. Equivalent to the English ‘Company coming!’ This is actual­ly the short form of
          buntag
        Maayong       hapon
          gabii.
  [lang] - Dayon lang.    
      In this sentence, [lang] is used in an exhortative manner, as in the English ‘Do come in.’
           
  Terms of Address: Role and/or Status
  A person’s role and status suggested by
    1.   social position    
    2. economic standard of living
    3. age, or    
    4. kinship    
  is recognized by certain forms of address, such as the following:

A. Relationship among equals (peers)

(a) Man : Man
Bay : Bay
     
(b) Man : Woman
Nonoy (Noy) : Inday (Day)
     
(c) Woman : Woman
Inday (Day) : Inday (Day)

B. Non-equal relationship

(a) (Older) Man : (Younger) Man
Manoy (Noy)
Manong (Nong)
:
:
Undo (Do)
Dodong (Dong)
     
(b) (Older) Man : (Younger) Woman
Manoy (Noy)
Manong (Nong)
:
:
Inday (Day)
     
(c) (Older) Woman : (Younger) Woman
Manang (Nang) : Inday (Day)11

Footnotes:

1 Ug ikaw ‘and you’

2 ’ta ‘us’ (the two of us, or us two); short form of kita

3 sige ‘okay’, ‘all right’

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LESSON 3

Additional Information

ISBN
9780824879761
MARC Record
OCLC
1053885891
Launched on MUSE
2018-09-19
Language
English
Open Access
Yes
Creative Commons
CC-BY-NC-SA
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