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APPENDIX H

Glossary

This glossary is a compilation of all the vocab­ulary items introduced in the different lessons. The entries are alphabetized according to the following scheme:

    A B K D E G H I L M
                     
  N NG O P R S T U W Y

Each item is entered in the following manner: Ilokano word; part of speech; meaning; lesson number where it first appears.

  e.g. abagatan N south 13

This means that abagatan is a noun which means ‘south’ and it first appears in lesson 13.

The parts of speech and the abbreviations used are:

    N noun
  V verb
  Adj adjective
  Adv adverb
  Prep preposition
  Conj conjunction
  Pron pronoun
  Part particle
  Int interjection
  QW question word
  D deictic
420
a Part    variant of nga 1
abagátan N   south 13
ábay Prep   beside 26
abokádo N   avocado 27
abogádo N   lawyer 7
Abríl N   April 18
ak Pron   I 5
akín Pron   whose 19
addaytóy   contraction of Adda ditoy. ‘Here it is.’ 25
áding N   younger sibling 6
adó Adj   plenty 17
adóbo N   a Philippine meat dish usually of pork and/or chicken cooked in soy sauce, vinegar and spices 34
agángin V   to blow (said of the wind) 29
agapóy V   to steam rice 35
agarbís V   to drizzle, to shower 29
ágas N   medicine 35
agáwid V   to go home 28
agbása V   to read 11
agbásketbol V   to play basketball 11
agbóling V   to play bowling 35
agbúya V   to watch (a movie, a game, etc.) 12
agkalkálap N   fisherman 10 421
agkantá V   to sing 11
agkimát V   to give out flashes of lightning 29
agdáit V   to sew 12
agdamá Adv   current 34
agdígos V   to take a bath 20
agdrówing V   to draw 35
agdyíp V   to ride in a jeep 30
aggurrúod V   to thunder 29
aginnáw V   to wash dishes 36
aginggána Adv   until 35
agláko V   to sell 30
aglangóy V   to swim 21
agmakinílya V   to type 30
agmaného V   to drive (a vehicle) 35
agóng N   nose 16
Agósto N   August 18
agpakuná V   to go in an indefinite direction 35
agpasyár V   to take a walk 20
agpíngpong V   to play pingpong 35
agsála V   to dance 11
agsaludsód V   to ask/inquire 13
agsángit V   to cry 12
agsaó V   to speak/talk 12 422
agsápa N   morning 18
agsardéng V   to stop 29
agsigarílyo V   to smoke (cigarettes) 11
agsúrat V   to write 11
agtakdér V   to stand 11
agtagibaláy N   housewife 10
agtaráy V   to run 11
agtelépono V   to phone 30
agténis V   to play tennis 35
agtrabáho V   to work 20
agtúdo V   to rain 29
agtugáw V   to sit down 5
agtúno V   to broil 30
agúray V   to wait 14
ála V   get 36
aláen V   to get/take something 23
aldáw N   day, noon 1
Alemán N   German 8
almosár N   breakfast 18
amarílyo Adj   yellow 24
Amerikána N   American (female) 7
Amerikáno N   American (male) 7
amiánan N   north 13
ammó V   know 29 423
anák N   child 34
ángin N   wind 29
angóten V   to smell 23
aniá Pron   what 3
ápo N   title of respect for older people or strangers 2
Aprikáno N   African (male); the female form is Aprikana 8
aramíden V   to do/make 11
arasáwen V   to wash (vegetables, fruits, uncooked rice) 35
ári N   king 9
arína N   flour 27
arítos N   earrings 37
artísta N   actor/actress 10
asáwa N   husband/wife 19
asidég Prep   near, close by 26
asín N   salt 25
asúkar N   sugar 27
asúl Adj   blue 24
atádo N   a lot, a portion 27
atiddóg Adj   long (singular) 17
atitiddóg Adj   long (plural) 17
awán Adj   none 26
ayáb V   call 37
ayán Pron   a question word, ‘where’ 13 424
babá Prep   down, below 26
babái N   girl, female 7
babassít Adj   small, tiny (plural) 17
babbái N   girls, females 7
babbalásang N   ladies, unmarried women 10
báboy N   pig 15
bákir N   forest 33
bádo N   dress, shirt 4
bagás N   uncooked rice 27
balásang N   lady, unmarried woman 10
balátong N   mongo beans 27
baláy N   house 17
balbaláy N   houses 17
balkón N   porch 26
balóta N   ballots 38
balút N   duck’s egg with partially developed embryo 27
bánga N   clay pot 35
bangús N   milkfish 27
barbáreng Adv   hopefully 40
barbéro N   barber 35
barberyá N   barber shop 30
baróng N   man’s Philippine formal shirt 23
baryó N   barrio 13 425
basáen V   to read (something) 23
bási N   rice wine 23
báso N   glass, tumbler 20
bassít Adj   small, tiny (singular) 17
basúra N   garbage, trash 32
bayábas N   guava 30
belléng V   throw 32
bérde Adj   green 24
biáhe N   trip 33
Biérnes N   Friday 18
bigát N   morning 1
binigát Adv   every morning 29
binúlan Adv   every month 29
biolín N   violin 23
bisíta N   visitor, guest 32
bistík N   beef steak 35
blúsa N   blouse 31
bóbeda N   ceiling 3
bóda N   wedding 41
bodéga N   storehouse 26
bóla N   ball 34
búlan N   month 18
bulóden V   to borrow (something) 23
bulóng N   leaf 4 426
bumakét Adj   getting old (said of women); the masculine counterpart is lumakay 34
bumúlod V   to borrow 14
bunéng N   bolo, machete 36
bunót N   coconut husk 36
bus N   bus 33
     
ka Pron   you (singular) 2
kaanakán N   nephew/niece 16
kabsát N   sibling 16
kadakamí Pron   to/for us (exclusive) 15
kadakayó Pron   to/for you (plural) 15
kadakuáda Pron   to/for them 15
kadagidiáy Pron   of/among those yonder 19
kadagitá Pron   of/among those 19
kadagitóy Pron   of/among these 19
kadatá Pron   to/for us (dual) 15
kadatayó Pron   to/for us (inclusive) 15
kadí Part   a question word 12
kahón N   box 20
kalésa N   rig 30
káli V   dig 36
kalmán N   yesterday 18
kalpasán Adv   afterwards 35
káma N   bed 33
kamátis N   tomato 27 427
kamí Pron   we (exclusive) 5
kamisadéntro N   man’s shirt 39
kamiséta N   T-shirt 39
kanawán N   right (hand) 35
kanáyon Adv   always 36
kankanén N   native delicacy 30
kanén N   food 21
kanigid N   left (hand) 35
kanó Part   a quotative marker meaning ‘It is said.’ 25
kantáen V   to sing (something) 23
kánto N   corner 35
kapé N   coffee 14
kapeteryá N   cafeteria 14
kapin-anó QW   how … related 16
kappó N   clam 27
kárne N   meat 27
kárne ti báboy   pork 27
kárne ti báka   beef 27
karpintéro N   carpenter 7
kartíb N   scissors 30
kartíben V   to cut (something) with a pair of scissors 31
kasangáy N   birthday 37
kasdiáy Adv   that (yonder) 35
kasinsín N   cousin 16 428
kastá Adv   that way 35
kastá met   a greeting response: ‘Same to you.’ 2
Kastíla N   Spaniard 8
kastóy Adv   this way 35
kastóy lattá   a greeting response: ‘Just fine.’ 2
kawés N   clothes 35
kayát V   like, want 21
káyo N   tree 4
kayó Pron   you (plural) 2
keddél V   pinch 21
ken Part   and 5
kénka Pron   to/for you (singular) 2
kenkuána Pron   to/for him/her 15
ket Part   and 2
kílo N   kilogram 27
kimát N   lightning 29
kíta V   see 29
kitáen V   to see, to look at 23
ko Pron   my 10
komedór N   dining room 26
kontribusión N   contribution 38
kosína N   kitchen 26
kuadérno N   notebook 38 429
kuáen V    to do/make 11
kuartá N   money 32
kuartó N   room 17
kuentás N   necklace 37
kumá Part   subjunctive expression meaning ‘wish’ or ‘hope’ 14
kumustá (ka) QW   a greeting: how (are you) 2
kuná V   say 32
kúyog V   go with 41
da Pron   they, their 5, 10
dakamí Pron   we (exclusive) 5
dakayó Pron   you (plural) 2
dakkél Adj   large (singular) 17
dadakkél Adj   large (plural) 17
dagidí D   plural marker indicating remote past 34
dagidiáy D   those (yonder) 3
dagitá D   those 3
dagitáy D   plural marker indicating recent past 34
dagitóy D   these 3
dágom N   needle 36
dagós N   temporary lodging place 40
dáing N   dried fish 38
daíten V   to sew (something) 23 430
dámag N   news 32
dániw N   poem 33
danúm N   water 14
danumán V   to put water (on something) 35
datá Pron   we, dual (you and I) 5
datayó Pron   we (inclusive)
dáya N   east 13
daydí D   singular marker indicating remote past 34
daydiáy D   that (yonder) 3
daytá D   that 3
daytáy D   singular marker indicating recent past 34
daytóy D   this 3
denggén (dengngegen)   to listen to 23
derósas Adj   pink 24
didíng N   wall 3
digósen V   to bathe (somebody) 31
dinomíngo Adv   every week 29
Dios ti agngína   thank you 5
Disiémbre N   December 18
ditá D   there 13
ditóy D   here 13
doktór (Dr.) N   doctor 2
domíngo N   week 29 431
Domíngo N   Sunday 18
dormitóryo N   dormitory 13
dumánon V   to arrive at (a place) 33
dumáwat V   to ask for 14
     
Enéro N   January 18
eskuéla N   school 13
estasyón N   station 13
estudiánte N   student 4
     
gánta N   ganta (a grain measure) 27
gatángen V   to buy (something) 23
gátas N   milk 14
gawgáwan V   to rinse (clothes and the like) 35
gáyam Part   a particle meaning ‘so’ as in Ay, ni Juan gayam. ‘Oh, so it’s John! 14
gayyém N   friend 2
gelgelén V   to rub (clothes and the like) 35
gitára N   guitar 24
gumátang V   to buy 14
gúrong N   leg 16
gurrúod N   thunder 29
gustó V   love to 21 432
Hapón N   Japanese (male); the female form is Haponesa 7
Huébes N   Thursday 18
Húlio N   July 18
Húnio N   June 18
     
ibagá V   to tell (something) 25
ibáti V   to leave (something) behind 25
ibató V   to hurl (something) 25
ibelléng V   to throw (something) away 25
ikábil V   to put (something) (somewhere) 25
ikán N   fish 23
ikkán V   to give (something or somebody) 38
íkit N   aunt 16
iddepén V   to turn off (the light, etc.) 23
idí Adv   before; indicator of past time 29
idiáy D   there (yonder) 13
idúlin V   to keep (something) 25
iláko V   to sell (something) 25
íli N   town 13
Ilokáno N   a person from the Ilocos region; the female form is Ilokana 7
íma N   hand 16 433
inaldáw Adv   every day 29
inapóy N   steamed rice 23
inhinyéro N   engineer 7
ínit N   sun 29
innáw V   wash dishes 36
inóras Adv   every hour 29
Insík N   Chinese 8
intóno Part   future time marker 18
ipán V   to take (something) to a place 25
ipisók V   to put into the pot preparatory to cooking 35
iréyser N   eraser 3
irikép V   to close (something like a door or a window) 25
isalapáy V   to hang in order to dry (clothes, etc.) 35
isú Pron   he, she 5
isúbli V   to return (something) 25
isúda Pron   they 5
isúrat V   to write (something) 25
isúro V   to teach (something or someone) 25
itá Adv   now, today 18
Italiáno N   Italian (male); the female form is Italiana 8
itattá Adv   right now 29
itáy Adv   recent past 29 434
itéd V   to give (something) 25
itík-itík N   a Philippine folk dance imitating the movements of a duckling 24
itinnág V   to drop; to mail (letter) 32
itlóg N   egg 27
iyáwat V   to hand (something) over 25
     
lakáy N   old man 37
láko N, V   merchandise, wares 27; to sell 27
láeng Part   a grammatical element meaning ‘only, just’ 2
laláki N   boy, male 7
lalláki N   boys, males 7
lamisáan N   table 3
lamlamisáan N   tables 17
lampáso V   polish (the floor) with a coconut husk 36
langóy V   swim 29
Laoág N   capital city of Ilocos Norte 40
lapáyag N   ear 16
lápis N   pencil 3
laplápis N   pencils 17
láud N   west 13
láwas N   week 28
láybrari N   library 29 435
layós N    flood, deluge 34
leys N   lace 27
libró N   book 3
likód Prep   in back of, behind 26
lináwas Adv   every week 29
lináyen V   to cook well and evenly (usually said of rice) 35
lipátan V   to forget 38
lóla N   grandmother 16
lólo N   grandfather 16
lugár N   place 17
lúgaw N   gruel, porridge 33
lumagtó V   to jump 14
Lúnes N   Monday 18
Lunéta N   a park in Manila 20
lutúen V   to cook (something) 23
     
maatianán V   to dry up (said of something being cooked) 35
mabalín Adj   possible, can be 13
mabií1 Adv   short time, a little while 29
makaám- ammó V   to get adquainted with 5
makabángon V   to be able to rise from bed 39
makapagná V   to be able to walk 39
makapán V   to be able to go 39 436
makinílya N   typewriter 25
madámdamá Adv   later 28
maéstra N   teacher (female) 1
maéstro N   teacher (male) 2
maikalimá Adj   fifth 35
maís N   corn 27
malagíp V   to remember 34
malém N   afternoon 1
maléta N   suitcase 32
maminsán Adv   once 29
mánang N   term of respect for older girl/woman belonging to the same generation as the speaker, older sister 13, 16
mannálon N   farmer 10
mannúrat N   writer 10
manó QW   how many 16
manók N   chicken 32
mánong N   term of respect for older male belonging to the same generation as the speaker, older brother 15, 16
mansanas N   apple 30
manggá N   mango 20
mangtéd V   to give 38
maragsákan Adj   to be glad, to be happy 5
Marsó N   March 18 437
Martés N   Tuesday 18
masápol Adj   necessary 40
matá N   eye 16
matimátiks N   mathematics 34
Máyo N   May 18
mayór N   mayor 6
Meksikáno N   Mexican (male); the female form is Meksikana 8
médias N   socks, stockings 4
met Part   also, too 1
mi Pron   our (exclusive) 10
Miérkoles N   Wednesday 18
minalém Adv   every afternoon 29
mísa N   Holy Mass 41
mísis (Mrs.) Adj   madam (Mrs.) 2
mistér (Mr.) Adj   mister (Mr.) 2
míting N   meeting 29
mo Pron   you (singular), your 1, 10
múla N   plant 36
munisípio N   municipal hall 35
     
na Pron   his, hers 10
naalás Adj   ugly (for females) 8
naános Adj   kind, patient 8
nabayág Adj   long time 18 438
nakapsót Adj   weak 17
nakuttóng Adj   thin 8
nadadáel Adj   destroyed, broken 36
nadalós Adj   clean 17
nagagét Adj   hard-working, industrious
nágan N   name 10
naguápo Adj   handsome 8
nailét Adj   tight 17
naímas Adj   delicious 22
naimbág Adj   good, fine 1
nalabága Adj   red 24
nalagdá Adj   durable 22
nalaíng Adj   intelligent, smart 8
nalamíis Adj   cold, cool 21
nalóko Adj   naughty, mischievous 8
nalukmég Adj   stout 8
namúno Adj   stupid 8
nánang N   mother 16
nangína Adj   expensive 25
napan a tawen Adv   last year 29
napigsá Adj   strong 17
napintás Adj   beautiful, pretty 8
napúdot Adj   hot 21
napuskól Adj   thick 36
nárra N   narra tree 37 439
nars N   nurse 7
narugít N   dirty 36
Narvacán N   a town in Ilocos Sur 41
nasadút Adj   lazy 8
nasayáat Adj   fine 2
nasingpét Adj   well-behaved 8
natáyag Adj   tall (used for people) 8
naténg N   vegetable 20
naúdi Adj   late, last 33
naungét Adj   cranky 8
negosyánte N   businessman 10
ni Part   proper noun marker 5
nisnís N   rag for wiping 36
no Part   if; future time marker 29
Nobiémbre N   November 18
no daddúma Adv   sometimes, once in a while 30
nuáng N   water buffalo 26
     
nga Part   a grammatical element (ligature) joining two content words such as an adjective and a noun 1
ngarúd Part   then (as in ‘Whose is it, then?’) 19
ngatá Part   perhaps, maybe 28
ngem Part   but 17
ngíwat N   mouth 16 440
Oktúbre N   October 18
óso N   bear 33
ospitál N   hospital 13
     
pádi N   priest 29
pagkaseroán N   boarding house 35
pagparadáan N   parking place 33
Pámulinawén N   title of a popular Ilokano song 29
panagáwid N   one’s going home 28
panagrikná N   feeling 39
panagriíng N   reveille 18
panagtúrog N   bedtime 18
panáit N   thread 36
pandék Adj   short 8
pantalón N   pants 4
pangngaldáw N   lunch 18
pangrabií N   dinner/supper 18
papáya N   papaya 27
papél N   paper 3
paryá N   bitter melon 27
pasaráy Adv   occasionally, sometimes 36
pasáýan N   shrimps 27
paskuá N   Christmas 41
pastór N   minister 29 441
patátas N   potatoes 21
patayén V   to kill (someone or something) 23
patís N   salted fish sauce 38
páto N   duck 27
pay Part   a particle meaning ‘too’ 8
páyong N   umbrella 3
Pebréro N   February 18
pekkelén V   to squeeze (something) 35
pétsa N   date 18
piésta N   fiesta 41
píli V   choose 37
Pilipína N   Filipino woman 7
Pilipíno N   Filipino 7
pinakbét N   a popular Ilokano vegetable dish 34
pisárra N   blackboard 3
Pis Kor N   Peace Corps Volunteer 7
pitáka N   wallet 26
plantsá V   press, iron 35
plása N   town plaza 41
pos ópis N   post office 13
póste N   post 33
Pransés N   French 8
prinsipál N   principal 2
prográma N   program 24 442
propesór N   professor 8
prútas N   fruits 15
púkis V   to cut hair 35
pulís N   policeman 10
puráw Adj   white 17
púsa N   cat 26
putéden V   to cut 23
pyanísta N   pianist 10
pyáno N   piano 23
     
rabii N   night 1
radio N   radio 32
rámay N   finger 16
rámay ti sáka N   toe 16
reló N   clock, wristwatch 4
repólyo N   cabbage 27
repórt N   report 32
reppét N   bundle 27
restaurán N   restaurant 13
retráto N   picture 32
réyna N   queen 9
ríbon N   ribbon 27
rígis N   rag 36
rinabií Adv   every night 29
rosál N   gardenia 22 443
rósas N   rose (flower) 21
ruángan N   door 3
ruár Prep   outside 26
rukudén V   to measure 35
rú-ut N   grass 4
     
sa Part   expression of doubt: ‘I think’ as in ‘I think it’s red.’ 28
saán Adv   no 7
saanto man   yes, indeed (future) 28
Sábado N   Saturday 18
sábong N   flower 4
sáka N   foot 16
sadíno QW   where 10
sagána V   prepare 37
sagaysáy N   comb 29
sagmamanó QW   how much each, how many each 27
sagpaminsán Adv   once in a while, sometimes 30
sálas N   living room 26
sandályas N   sandals 39
sángo Prep   in front of 26
sapátos N   shoes 4
sapólen V   to look for/seek (something) 23
sapúlen V   to look for, to seek 14 444
saríta V   talk 38
sáyang Int   expression of regret equivalent to ‘What a pity!’ 33
senadór N   senator 7
sepílyo N   toothbrush 29
Septiémbre N   September 18
serbésa N   beer 14
siak Pron   I 5
siká Pron   you (singular) 2
síko N   elbow 16
sidá N   fish, viand 24
sigarílyo N   cigarette 3
sílaw N   light 4
simbáan N   church 13
síno Pron   who 17
síngko N   five, nickel 28
singsíng N   ring 4
sírok Prep   under 26
sublí V   return 28
sukáten V   to measure 35
sumarunó Adj   next 28
sumrék V   to enter 5
súpot N   paper bag 27
súrat N   letter 14 445
ta Pron   we, dual (you and I) 5
takyág N   arm 16
tagá Prep   from 10
tagá-anó QW   from where 10
tagiláko N   merchandise, wares 40
talí N   rope, string 27
tángo N   the Argentine dance, tango 40
taó N   person 17
tapnó Conj   so that 38
taróng N   eggplant 27
tátang N   father 16
tattáo N   persons 17
táwa N   window 3
tawén N   year 28
tayó Pron   we (inclusive) 5
téla N   cloth, textile 27
tengugá Prep   center, middle 26
tiendáan N   market, store 14
tinápay N   bread 23
Tiniklíng N   the Philippine folk dance popularly known as the bamboo dance 14
tinnág V   drop, mail (letter) 32
tísa N   chalk 3
tokarén V   to play (an instrument) 23 446
trabáho N   job, work 10
tréyni N   trainee 4
tsa N   tea 21
tsinélas N   slippers 36
tsokoláte N   chocolate 21
tuália N   towel 36
túdo N   rain 29
tugáw N   chair 3
tumakdér V   to stand 14
tumáwar V   to haggle 30
túmeng N   knee 16
tumúlong V   to help 14
tunggál Adv   every 30
tungó N   firewood 36
     
ubbíng N   children 11
ubbóg N   spring 20
ubíng N   child 11
ulitég N   uncle 16
úlo N   head 16
umáy V   to come 14
umayáb V   to call 37
uminóm V   to drink 14
umú1i V   to ascend 14
umútang V   to borrow (money); to buy on credit 30 447
únay Adv   an intensifier meaning ‘very’ 40
unég Prep   inside 26
upprán V   to soak 35
uray no Conj   even though, although 31
utóng N   string beans 27
     
wen Adv   yes 7
     
yárda N   yard 27
yo Pron   you (plural), your 1, 10 448

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APPENDIX G

Additional Information

ISBN
9780824879006
MARC Record
OCLC
1053883192
Launched on MUSE
2018-09-19
Language
English
Open Access
Yes
Creative Commons
CC-BY-NC-SA
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