publisher colophon
366

APPENDIX E

Useful Vocabulary Lists

A.    Days of the Week; Months of the Year
B.   Time Expressions
C.   Important Calendar Events
D.   Directions
E.   Measurements
F.   Officials: School, Public, Church
G.   Kinship Terms
H.   Professions and Occupations
I.   Nationalities
J.   Important Places in Towns and Barrios
K.   Parts of the Body
L.   Parts of the House: In and Around
M.   Things for the House; Things for Cleaning
N.   Utensils and Other Things in the Kitchen; Eating Utensils
O.   Clothes and Accessories: for Men; for Women; for Men and Women
P.   Foods: Vegetables; Fruits; Seafood; Drinks
Q.   Planting Terms; Parts of Plants
R.   Insects and Animals
S.   Topographical Terms
T.   Natural Elements and Occurrences
U.   Modes of Transportation
V.   List of Adjectives: for People; for Objects and Conditions; for Clothes; for Food; for the Weather; Colors; Useful Antonyms; Sample Comparison of Adjectives
W.   List of Verb Bases and the Affixes They Commonly Take 367
A.  Days of the Week  
  Monday Lúnes
  Tuesday Martés
  Wednesday Miyérkoles
  Thursday Huébes
  Friday Byérnes
  Saturday Sábado
  Sunday Domíngo
     
  Months of the Year  
  January Enéro
  February Pebréro
  March Márso
  April Abríl
  May Máyo
  June Húnyo
  July Húlyo
  August Agósto
  September Septyémbre
  October Oktúbre
  November Nobyémbre
  December Disyémbre
     
B. Time Expressions  
  afternoon malém
  later madamdamá
  last Sunday/Monday… idí napán a Domíngo/Lúnes
         week idí napán a láwas/idí láwas na
         month idí napán a búlan
         year idí napán a tawén
         night idí rabií
  morning agsápa
  month búlan
  now itá
  noon aldáw
  next Sunday/Monday intóno Domíngo/Lúnes
          week intóno umáy a láwas
          month intóno umáy a búlan
          year intóno umáy a tawén
          night rabií
  today itá nga aldáw
  tomorrow intóno bigát
  tomorrow morning intóno bigát ti agsápa
                   noon intóno aldáw no bigát
                   afternoon intóno malém no bigát
                   evening/night intóno rabií no bigát 368
  week láwas
  year tawén
  yesterday idí kalmán
     
C.  Important Calendar Events
  All Saints’ Day Fiésta ti natáy
  anniversary anibersáryo/panagtawén
  baptism bunyág
  birth pannakayanák
  birthday kanagánan/kasangáy
  Christmas Paskuá
        novena of Masses before Christmas mísa agináldo
  feast (fiesta) fiésta
  funeral punpón
        novena of prayers after the burial pasiám
  Holy Week semána sánta
        Holy Monday/Tuesday/Wednesday nasantoán a Lúnes/Martés/Miyérkoles or: Lúnes/Martés/Miyérkoles sánto
        Holy Thursday Huwébes sánto
        Good Friday Biérnes sánto
        Holy Saturday Sábado de Glória
        Easter Sunday Paskuá ti panag-úngar/Domíngo de páskua
  Independence Day Aldáw ti waya-wayá
  lent kuarésma
  New Year baró a tawén
  Palm Sunday Domíngo Rámos
  Rizal Day Aldáw ni Rizál
  Three Kings talló nga ári
  town fiesta fiésta ti íli
  wedding kasár
     
D.  Directions  
  straight dirétso
  west/go west láud/agpaláud
  east/go east dáya/agpadáya
  north/go north amiánan/agpa-amiánan
  south/go south abagátan/agpa-abagátan
  right/to the right kanawán/agpakanawán
  left/to the left kanigíd/agpakanigíd 369
E. Measurements  
     
  1. linear measure  
      inch pulgáda
      foot pié
      yard yárda
      mile mília
      centimeter sentimétro
      meter métro
      kilometer kilométro
     
  2. weight measure  
      gram grámo
      kilogram kílo
      pound líbra
      ton toneláda
     
  3. liquid capacity  
      liter litró
      gallon galón
      demijohn dama juána
     
  4. dry capacity (grain, fruit, etc.)
      chupa tsúpa
      ganta gánta/salóp
      cavan kabán (75 liters)
     
F. School Officials  
  head teacher hedtítser
  librarian laybráryan
  principal prinsipál
  school dentist dentísta ti eskwéla
  school physician doktór ti eskwéla
  school nurse nars ti eskwéla
  superintendent superintendénte
  supervisor superbisór
  teacher méstro (male)/méstra (female)
     
  Public Officials  
  barrio captain kapitán del bárrio
  barrio lieutenant teniénte del bárrio
  chief of police hépe ti pulísya
  councilor konsehál
  governor gobernadór 370
  judge hués
  mayor mayór
  president presidénte
  representative representánte/pannakabagí diputádo
  secretary sekretáryo
  senator senadór
  treasurer tesoréro
  vice governor bise gobernadór
  vice mayor bise mayór
  vice president bise presidénte
     
  Church Officials  
  bishop obíspo
  cardinal kardinál
  minister minístro
  missionary misyonáryo
  mother superior superyóra
  nun madré
  pope pápa
  priest pádi
  rector rektór
     
G. Kinship Terms  
  father tátang
  mother nánang
  sibling kabsát
  brother kabsát a laláki
  sister kabsát a babái
  older brother mánong
  older sister mánang
  younger brother/sister áding
  son/daughter anák
  son anák a laláki
  daughter anák a babái
  first-born/elder brother or sister inauná
  youngest child/younger brother or sister inaúdi
  grandfather lélong/lólo
  grandmother lélang/lóla
  uncle ulitég
  aunt íkit
  brother-in-law káyong
  sister-in-law ípag
  nephew/niece kaanakán
  nephew kaanakán a laláki 371
  niece kaanakán a babái
  grandchild apóko
  grandson apóko a laláki
  granddaughter apóko a babái
  cousin (1st degree) kasinsín
  cousin (2nd degree) kapidúa
  cousin (3rd degree) kapitló
  term of address for  older man (one  generation above) táta
  term of address for  older woman (one  generation above) nána
  term of address for  person (same  generation as  speaker) mánong (male) mánang (female)
  term of address for  younger person  (same generation  as speaker) áding
     
H.  Professions  
  actor/actress artísta
  architect arkitékto
  dancer baylarína
  dentist dentísta
  doctor (physician) doktór (male)/doktóra  (female)
  engineer inhinyéro (male)/inhinyéra  (female)
  judge hués
  lawyer abogádo (male)/abogáda  (female)
  musician músiko
  nurse nars
  painter (artist) pintór
  pharmacist parmasiyotiko (male)/  parmasiyotika (female)
  pianist pyanísta
  professor propesór
  sculptor iskultór
  singer kumakánta
  teacher/instructor maéstro (male)/maéstra  (female)
  violinist biyolinísta
  writer mannúrat 372
  Occupations  
  barber barbéro
  bill collector kobradór
  businessman negosyánte
  butcher agparpartí
  carpenter karpintéro
  chauffeur tsupér
  clerk eskribiénte
  conductor konduktór
  cook kusinéro
  dressmaker/seamstress modísta
  employee empleádo (male)/empleáda  (female)
  farmer mannálon
  fireman bombéro
  fisherman agkalkálap
  foreman kapatás
  garbageman basuréro
  gardener hardinéro
  hairdresser mangulkulót
  health inspector sanidád
  housewife agtagibaláy
  ironing woman plansadóra
  janitor dyánitor
  laborer mangmanggéd
  landlord/landlady kaséro/kaséra
  1aundrywoman labandéra
  mailman kartéro
  mason kantéro
  mechanic mekániko
  messenger mensahéro
  midwife mammáltot
  nursemaid yáya
  painter (of houses…) pintór
  photographer retratísta
  policeman pulis
  porter kargadór
  potter agdamdamíli
  plumber tubéro
  rig-driver kutséro
  salesman aglakláko
  secretary sekretáryo (male)/sekretárya (female)
  servant babaonén
  shoemaker sapatéro
  storekeeper tindéro (male)/tindéra  (female) 373
  street cleaner kaminéro
  student estudiánte
  surveyor agrimensór
  tailor sastré
  tenant (farm) katalónan
  waiter/waitress wéyter/wéytres
     
I.  Nationalities  
  African Aprikáno
  American Amerikáno
  Australian Ostralyáno
  Canadian Kanéydyan
  Chinese Insík/Sangláy
  Dutch Holándes
  English Inglés
  Filipino Pilipíno
  French Pransés
  German Alemán
  Greek Griégo
  Indian (Hindu) Bombáy
  Italian Italiáno
  Japanese Hapón
  Jew Húdyo
  Mexican Meksikáno
  Russian Rúso
  Spaniard Kastíla/Españól
  Turk Túrko
  Vietnamese Byetnamís
     
J. Important Places in Towns and Barrios  
  bakery panaderyá
  bank bángko
  barber shop barbérya
  beauty parlor pagkulkulután
  cemetery kamposánto
  chapel kapílya
  church simbáan
  cockpit galyéra/pagpapallótan
  drugstore botíka
  gambling den sugalán
  hospital ospitál
  hotel otél
  library librería
  market tiendáan/merkádo
  moviehouse/theatre pagipabuyáan/síne
  municipal building  (townhall) munisípyo 374
  playground pag-ay-ayáman
  plaza plása
  post office posópis
  periculture center perikultyúr
  restaurant restawrán
  school eskwéla
  store tiendáan
  station estasyón
      bus station     estasyón ti bus
      train station     estasyón ti tren
     
K.  Parts of the Body  
  abdomen buksít, tián
  arm takyág
  armpit kilíkilí
  back likód
  body bagí
  bone tuláng
  breast súso
  cheek pingpíng
  chest/breast barúkong
  chin tímid
  ear lapáyag
  elbow síko
  eye matá
  eyebrow kíday
  eyelashes kurimatmát
  face rúpa
  finger rámay
  foot sáka
  forehead múging
  gums gugút
  hair buók
  hand íma
  head úlo
  heart púso
  heel múkod
  hip pátong
  knee túmeng
  leg gúrong
  lips bibíg
  lungs bará
  mouth ngíwat
  nail kukó
  nape teltél
  neck tengngéd
  nose agóng 375
  palm dakúlap
  rib paragpág
  shoulder abága
  skin kúdil
  skull bángabánga
  sole dapán
  thigh luppó
  tongue díla
  tooth ngípen
  waist síket
L.  Parts of the House  
  balcony/porch balkón
  bathroom banyó
  bedroom kuartó
  ceiling bóbeda
  dining room komedór
  door ruángan/rídaw
  floor básar/datár
  garage garáhe
  ground space under­ neath the house sírok
  kitchen kusína
  living room sálas
  post adígi
  rails réhas/barandílyas
  roof atép
  room kuartó
  stairs agdán
  storeroom sagumbí/bodéga
  toilet kasílyas
  wall didíng
  window táwa
  window sill pasamáno
     
  Around the House  
  garden hardín
  granary kamálig
  outhouse kasílyas
  pig pen úbong ti báboy
  playground pagay-ayáman
  poultry póltri
  washing place paglabaán
  yard paraángan 376
     
M. Things for the House  
  bamboo bed pápag/balítang
  bed káma/katré
  bedspread kóbrekáma
  bench/stool bangkó
  blanket/sheet ulés
  cabinet aparadór
  calendar kalendáryo
  chair tugáw
  clock reló
  curtain kurtína
  dresser tokadór
  flower vase pluréra
  hammock dúyan/indáyon
  mat ikamén
  mirror sarmíng
  mosquito net moskitéro
  piano piyáno
  pillow pungán
  pillow case súpot ti pungán
  radio rádyo
  refrigerator repridyeréytor
  rocking chair kulumpyó
  shelf istánte
  sofa/couch sopá
  stove dalikán
  table lamisáan
      low dining room table     dúlang
  telephone telépono
  television telebisyón
  transistor radio transistór
  trunk baól
     
  Things for Cleaning  
  basin palanggána
  broom ságad
  coconut husk lampáso
  floor wax plórwáks
  mop/rag pagnasnás
  pail timbá
  rake karaykáy
  soap sabón
  soft broom ságad nga buybúy
  stick broom ságad nga i-ít 377
   
N. Utensils and other Things in the Kitchen
  basin palanggána
  big pot dungdúng
  blowpipe anguyób
  bolo/machete bunéng
  broiler parílya
  can láta
  can opener ábreláta
  casserole/pan kaseróla
  cooking vat silyási
  cup tása
  dining table lamisáan
  dipper tábo
  drinking glass báso
  faucet grípo
  frying pan paryók
  grater igádan
  jar (earthen) burnáy
  kettle kaldéro
  knife kutsílyo
  ladle akló
  oven órno
  pail timbá
  pitcher pitsér
  plate pláto/pinggán
  platter bandehádo
  pot bánga
  pot-lifter made of rattan silóng
  pot ring sagapá
  shredder gadgádan
  sink labábo
  spatula syansí
  stove dalikán
  strainer sagátan
  table cloth mantél
  trash can basúra
  winnowing basket bigáo
     
  Eating Utensils  
  bowl malukóng
  cup tása
  drinking glass báso
  fork tinidór
  knife kutsílyo
  napkin serbilyéta
  plate pláto 378
  platter/china tray bandehádo
  saucer platíto
  spoon kutsára
  teaspoon kutsaríta
  wine glass kupíta
O. Clothes and Accessories for Men
  cane bastón
  hat kallugóng
  necktie korbáta
  pants pantalón
  polo shirt pólo sért
  Filipino formal shirt bárong Tagálog
  socks médyas
  suit térno/amerikána
  undershirt kamiséta
  undershorts karsonsílyo
  wallet pitáka
   
  Clothes and Accessories for Women
  blouse blúsa
      native blouse of fine-textured material     kimóna
  bra bra
  brooch barpín
  cape/shawl kagáy
  chemise/slip kamisón
  clothes kawés
  comb sagaysáy
  dress bádo/bestída
  earrings arítos
  fan páid/abaníko
  girdle girdél
  hair pin hérpin
  half-slip náguas
  handbag bag
  necklace kuwentás
  nightgown báta
  panties (underpants) kalsón/sapín
  skirt (knee-length) pálda
     long skirt worn by old women pandilíng
  slippers (for house use) tsinélas
  slippers (for dress use) sapatílya 379
  stockings/socks médyas
  umbrella páyong
  veil bélo
  wooden shoes bakyá
     
  Common to Men and Women  
  belt sinturón
  handkerchief panyó
  pajamas padyáma
  raincoat kapóte
  ring singsíng
  shoes sapátos
  slippers tsinélas
  sweater swéter
  wrist watch reló
     
  Parts of Clothes  
  button botónes
  collar kuwélyo
  pleat plits/pliéges
  pocket bólsa
  sleeve manggás
  zipper síper
     
P. Foods  
     
  Vegetables  
  asparagus bean palláng
  bitter melon paryá
  cabbage repólyo
  carrot károt
  cassava kamóteng káhoy
  Chinese cabbage petsáy
  Chinese celery kutsáy
  corn maís
  cucumber pipíno
  eggplant taróng
  ginger layá
  green pepper síli
  horseradish tree marunggáy
  lettuce letsúgas
  mongo beans balátong
  mushroom u-úng
  mustard mustása
  okra ókra
  onion sibúyas 380
  peas sitsaró
  potato patátas
  radish rábanos
  spinach kulítis
  squash/pumpkin karabása
  string beans utóng
  swamp cabbage kangkóng
  sweet potato/yam kamóte
  taro gábi
  tomato kamátis
  turnip singkamás
  white squash tabúngaw
  yam (violet in color) úbe
     
  Fruits  
  apple mansánas
  avocado abokádo
  banana sabá
      cooking variety     dippíg
  breadfruit rímas
  cantaloupe melón
  cashew kasúy
  coconut niyóg
  corn maís
  grapes úbas
  guava bayábas
  jackfruit anángka/langká
  lichee litsiyás
  lime daláyap
  mango manggá
  mountain apple makópa
  papaya papáya
  peanuts maní
  pear péras
  pineapple pínya
  plum sarguélas
      Java plum     lungbóy
  pomelo suá
  sour sop guayabáno
  star apple kaimíto
  starfruit dalígan
  tamarind salamági
  tangerine kahél
  watermelon sandyá 381
     
  Seafood  
  clam kappó
  crab (big) rasá
  crab (small) kappí
  fish ikán
      catfish     paltát
      milkfish     bangús
      mudfish     dalág
  oyster tírem
  prawn padáw
  sardines sardínas
  shrimp pasáyan
  smoked fish tinapá
  snail bisokól
  squid pusít
  tuna tulingán
     
  Drinks *
  beer bir/serbésa
  chocolate tsokoláte
  coffee kapé
  ginger tea tahú
  juice tubbóg/dyus
  milk gátas
  soda pop sop dringks
  tea tsa
  wine árak
     
Q.  Planting Terms  
  harvest áni
  plant múla
  plow arádo
  seed bukél
  seedbed pagbonobónan
  seedling bunúbon
  to dig agkáli/kalién
  to harvest agáni
  to plant agmúla
  to plow agarádo
  to transplant rice seedlings agraép
  to water agsibúg
     
  Parts of Plants  
  bark ukís ti káyo
  branch sangá 382
  bud búsel
  bulb ramót (nagbukél a ramót)
  flower sábong
  fruit búnga
  leaf bulóng
  root ramót
  seed bukél
  shoot uggót
  stem ungkáy
  thorn siít
  trunk puón
  twig bassít a sangá
R. Insects and Animals  
  ant kutón
  bee uyúkan
  bird billít
  butterfly kulibangbáng
  carabao (water buffalo) nuáng
  cat púsa
  chicken manók
  cockroach ípes, sípet
  cow báka
  crocodile buáya
  deer ugsá
  dog áso
  dove kalapáti
  fish ikán
  frog tukák
  goat kaldíng
  hen upa, dumalága
  horse kabályo
  monkey bákes or sónggo
  Pig báboy
  rat utót, baó
  rooster kawítan
  sheep karnéro
  snake úleg
  spider lawálawá
  turtle pag-óng/pawíkan
  boar (wild pig) alíngo
     
S. Topographical Terms  
  brook/creek wáig
  cave kuéba
  cliff teppáng 383
  desert/waste/wilderness let-áng
  farm (not a rice field) bangkág
  forest bákir
  grassland karuútan
  hill túrod
  island púro
  lake/pond dánaw
  meadow taltálon, karoótan
  mountain bantáy
  ocean taáw
  peak (of a mountain, etc.) tuktók
  plain/level land tanáp (especially, flat top of mountain, hill, mesa)
  port/wharf pyer, pantalán
  precipice/ravine derráas
  rice field tálon
  river karayán
  road/street kalsáda/lansángan
  sandy place kadarátan
  sea baybáy/taáw
  seashore/beach ígid ti baybáy
  spring ubbóg
  stream áyus
  village purók/báryo
  volcano bulkán
  waterfall buráyok
     
T. Natural Elements and Occurrences  
  air/wind ángin
  breeze pul-óy
  cloud úlep
  dawn/sunrise bannáwag/ag1awág
  dew linnáaw
  drizzle/rain shower arbís
  drought kalgáw
  dust tápuk
  earthquake ginginéd
  fog/mist angép
  lightning kimát
  moon búlan
  mud pítak
  rain túdo
  rainy days nepnép
  rainbow bul-laláyaw 384
  sand dárat
  sky/heavens lángit
  smoke asúk
  soil dagá
  star bitwén
  stone bató
  sun ínit
  thunder gurrú-ud
  twilight/sunset sumipngét
  typhoon/storm bagyó
  water danúm
  wave dallúyon, allón
  whirlpool alinonó
     
U. Modes of Transportation  
  airplane eropláno
  bicycle bisikléta
  boat barangáy
  buggy/rig kalésa/karetéla
  bus bus
  canoe bángka
  car/automobile kótse
  cart karisón
  jeep/jeepney dyip/dyípni
  raft rákit/bálsa
  sailboat bilóg
  sled pasagád
  ship bapór
  tricycle traysikél
  truck trak
  wagon bagón
     
V.  List of Adjectives  
     
  For People  
  absent-minded mananglilípat
  active nasiglát
  adolescent bumaró (male)/bumalásang (female)
  angry naungét
  bad dákes
  beautiful/pretty napintás/nalapsát
  big dakkél
  brave/courageous naturéd
  cautious/careful naannád
  clean nadalós
  conceited, boastful napangás/natangsít 385
  cowardly natakrót
  crafty/sly nasíkap
  cranky naungét
  crazy agbagtít/agmaúyong
  cruel naúyong
  dark-complexioned nangísit/napugót
  delightful/likeable nakaay-ayát
  diligent/hard-working/industrious nagagét
  dirty narugít
  disorderly/rowdy naríri
  drunk nabarték
  fair-complexioned napúdaw
  fast napardás
  fickle agbáliw-báliw
  fine/good/well-behaved nasingpét/naimbág/nasayáat
  funny/comical naangáy
  flirtatious garampáng/maragampáng
  gossipy/tattletale tarabítab
  handsome/dashing nataráki
  happy/cheerful/gay naragsák
  honest nalintég
  humble naémma, napakumbabá
  ignorant nanengnéng
  industrious nagagét
  intelligent/wise nalaíng/nasírib
  kind/good naimbág
  lazy nasadót
  liar ulbód, salawásaw
  merciful naási
  mischievous/naughty nalóko
  modest naemmá
  noisy naringgór
  old lakáy/bakét
  patient naános
  pitiful kaási
  polite/courteous nadáyaw
  poor nanomó
  quiet natalná
  restless/wriggly nakutí
  rich nabaknáng
  rough/coarse/uncouth nagubál/bastós
  sad naladíngit
  short pandék/bassít
  short-tempered na-ungét
  shy managbábain
  slow nabuntóg
  small/tiny bassít 386
  snobbish/haughty natangsít
  stingy naímot
  stout/fat nalukmég
  strong napigsá
  stupid/dumb tórpe/namúno
  tall natáyag
  talkative tarawítaw/nasaó
  thin/slim nakuttóng
  ugly naalás
  vain-glorious napasindáyaw
  weak nakapsút/nakápuy
     
  For Objects and Conditions  
  big dakkél
  cheap/inexpensive nalaká
  clean nadalús
  clear nalawág/nalitnáw
  crooked nakilló
  deep adálem
  destroyed nadadáel
      broken nabúong, nabúrak, natókkol
  dirty narugít
  dull namudél
  durable/sturdy nalagdá
  empty awán nagyán
  expensive nangína
  few sumagmamanó
      little bassit
  foul-smelling nabangsít
  fragile/delicate delikádo
      weak/brittle/easily torn or snapped/rather of poor quality narukóp
  fragrant nabangló
  full/filled napnó, napusék
  hard natangkén
  hazy/vague nalábo
  heavy nadagsén
  high nangáto
  light (of weight) nalag-án
  long atiddóg
  loose naláwa
  low nababá
  many/plenty adú
  narrow akíkid, nailét
  new baró 387
  nice/good-looking/pretty napintás
  old dáan
  rectangular rektángguló
  rough/coarse nakersáng
  round/circular nagbukél/sírkulo
  rugged lasonglasóngan
  shallow abábaw
  sharp natadém
  short ababá
  small bassít
  smooth/fine nalamúyot
  smooth/levelled nasimpá/nalínis/napalánas
  soft, tender naluknéng
  square kuadrádo
  straight derétso
  thick napuskól
  triangular trayánggulo
  twisted nagsallapíd
  ugly naalás
  upside- down/inside-out baliktád
  wet nabasá
  wide naláwa
     
  For Clothes  
  bright-colored narangráng
  faded immuspák, naguspák, nagkúpas
  light-colored/pale nakusnáw
  long atiddóg
  loose naláwa
  new baró
  old dáan
  pressed/ironed plantsádo
  shiny nasiléng
  short nakitíng
  snug/tight nailét
  thick napuskól
  thin naingpís
  transparent nasaragásag
  wrinkled/creased nalunés, nalodlúd
  wide akába
  narrow akíkid
     
  For Food  
  bitter napaít
  bland natamnáy
  bruised/squashed naluló 388
  chewy/resilient nakilnét
  cold nalamíis
  cooked nalúto
  crisp narasí
  dead natáy
  decayed/spoiled/rotten nabungsót
  delicious/good naímas
  dry namagá
  fishy nalangsí
  fresh nasadíwa
  hard natangkén
  hot/warm napúdot
  mature natangkenán
  nutritious nasustánsya
  oily namantéka
  peppery-hot nagásang
  rancid nabanglíg
  raw; unripe naáta
  ripe (particularly fruits) naluóm
  salty naapgád
  soft/tender naluknéng
  soggy nabasá
  sour naalsém
  sweet nasam-ít
  tasty nanánam
  tough (e.g., meat) nakulbét
  wilted nalayláy
  young naganús
     
  For the Weather  
  bad dákes
  bright/clear nalawág, naranyág
  cloudy naúlep
  cool, cold, chilly nalam-ék
  dark nasipngét
  dim nalidém
  dusty natápuk
  early nasápa
  good naimbág
  hot, humid, warm napúdot
  late naládaw
  muddy napítak
  quiet/calm natalná
  rainy natúdo
  windy naangní 389
Colors  
black nangísit
blue asúl
brown tsokoláte/kapé/kayumanggí
green bérde
grey senísa
orange naranghádo
pink derósas
violet líla
white puráw
yellow amarílyo
 
Useful Antonyms (adjectives)
beautiful - ugly napintás - naalás
big - small dakkél - bassít
bright - dark nalawág - nasipngét
bright - dim naraniág nalidém
clean - dirty nadalús - narugít
cheap - expensive nalaká - nangína
dry - wet namagá - nabasá
durable - weak (of poor quality) nalagdá - narukóp
far - near adayó - asidég
fast - slow nadarás - nabayág
fragrant - odorous nabangló - nabangsít
hard - soft natangkén - naluknéng
high - low nangáto - nababá
hot - cold napúdot - nalamíis
industrious - lazy nagagét - nasadót
intelligent - stupid nalaíng - tórpe or namúno
loose - tight naláwa - nailét
long - short atiddóg - ababá
new - old baró - dáan
noisy - quiet naringgór - naulímek
patient - cranky naános - naungét
stout - thin nalukmég - nakuttóng
strong - weak napigsá - nakapsút
sweet - sour nasam- ít - naalsém
tall - short natáyag - pandék
well- behaved - naughty nasingpét - nalóko
wide - narrow akába - akíkid 390
Sample Comparison of Adjectiver
     
Positive Comparative Superlative
ababá ab-ababá kaababaán
akába ak-akába kaakabáan
akíkid ak-akíkid kaakikídan
amarílyo naam-amarílyo kaamarilyóan
asúl naas-asúl kaasulán
atiddóg at-atiddóg kaatiddogán
baró barbaró kabaroán
bassít basbassít kabassitán
bérde naberberdé kaberdeán
dáan nadadáan kadaánan
dakkél dakdakkél kadakkelán
naalás naal-alás kaalasán
naános naan-ános kaanósan
naási naas-ási kaasián
nabangló nabangbangló kabangloán
nabangsít nabangbangsít kabangsitán
nabasá nabasbasá kabasaán
nadalós nadaldalós kadalusán
nagagét nagaggagét kagagetán
nagásang nagasgásang kagasángan
naímas naim-ímas kaimásan
naimbág naim-imbág kaimbagán
naímot naim-ímot kaimútan
nakapsút nakapkapsút kakapsútan
nakuttóng nakutkuttóng kakuttongán
nalagdá nalaglagdá kalagdáan
nalaká nalaklaká kalakaán
nalamíis nalamlamíis kalamiísan
nalawág nalawlawág kalawagán
nalidém nalidlidém kalidemán
nailét nail-ilét kailetán
nalabága nalablabága kalabagáan
naláwa nalawláwa kalawáan
nalóko naloklóko kalukoán
nalukmég naluklukmég kalukmegán
naluknéng nalukluknéng kaluknengán
namagá namagmagá kamagaán
nangína nanginngína kangináan
nangísit nangisngísit kangisítan
napigsá napigpigsá kapigsáan
napintás napinpintás kapintásan
napúdot napudpúdot kapudútan
naraniág naranraniág karaniágan
naringgór naringringgór karinggúran 391
narugít narugrugít karugitán
narukóp narukrukop karukupán
nasadót nasadsadót kasadután
nasam-ít nasamsam-ít kasam-ítan
nasayáat nasaysayáat kasayaátan
nasiléng nasilsiléng kasilengán
nasingpét nasingsingpét kasingpetán
nasipngét nasipsipngét kasipngetán
natangkén natangtangkén katangkenán
natáyag nataytáyag katayágan
naulímek naul-ulímek kaulímkan
naungét naung-ungét kaungetán
pandék napanpandék kapandekán
présko naprespreskó kapreskoán
puráw napurpuráw kapurawán
tórpe natortorpé katorpeán
W.    List of Useful Verb Bases and the Affixes They Commonly Take
     
    adal study
        ag- to study
        -en to study (something)
       
    agas treat/cure
        ag- to treat (oneself)
        -an to treat (somebody)
       
    ala get
        ag- to get
        -en to get (something)
       
    angin wind
        ag- to blow (said of the wind)
        -en to be blown by the wind
       
    aramid make/do
        ag- to make/do
        -en to make/do (something)
       
    awat receive
        i- /iyawat/ to hand (something)
        -en to receive (something)
       
    ayab call, summon
        ag- to call
        -an to summon (somebody)
       
    ayat love
        ag- to love
        -en to love (someone) 392
       
    ay-ayam toy/game
        ag- to play
        -en to toy with (something)
       
    aywan take care of
        ag- to take care of
        -an to take care of (somebody or something)
       
    bagkat lift
        ag- to carry/lift
        -en to carry/lift (something)
       
    bantay watch
        ag- to watch
        -an to watch (somebody or something)
       
    bangon get up
        -um- to get up
        -en to pull somebody up
       
    basa read
        ag- to read
        -en to read (something)
       
    bati remain
        ag- to remain
        i- to leave (someone or something)
       
    bato throw/stone
        ag- to stone
        -en to stone (somebody or something)
        i- to throw (something)
       
    bayad pay/payment
        ag- to pay
        -an to pay for (something)
       
    bulod borrow
        -um- to borrow
        -en to borrow (something)
       
    buteng fear
        ag- to fear
       
    buya view/watch
        ag- to view/watch
        -en to watch (something) 393
       
    kagat bite
        ag- to bite
        -en to bite (something)
       
    kanta sing
        ag- to sing
        -en to sing (a song)
       
    katawa laugh
        ag- to laugh
        -an to laugh at (somebody)
       
    kita see
        ag- to see (each other)
        -en to look at (somebody or something)
       
    kuyog go with/accompany
        ag- to go together
        -en to accompany
       
    dait sew
        ag- to sew
        -en to sew (something)
       
    dalos clean
        ag- to clean
        -an to clean (something)
       
    danon reach
        -en to reach
        i- to bring some information to somebody’s attention
       
    digos bath/bathe
        ag- to bathe
        -en to bathe (somebody)
       
    diram-os wash the face
        ag- to wash the face
        -an to wash somebody’s face
       
    gatang buy
        -um- to buy
        -en to buy (something)
       
    gurigor fever
        ag- to have fever
       
    idda lie down
        ag- to lie down
        -an to lie down on (something) 394
       
    innaw wash dishes
        ag- to wash dishes (actor-focus)
        -an to wash dishes (goal-focus)
       
    inom drink
        -um- to drink
        -en to drink (something)
       
    isem smile
        -um- to smile
        -an to smile at (someone)
       
    iwa slice
        ag- to slice
        -en to slice/cut up (something)
       
    laba wash clothes
        ag- to wash clothes (actor- focus)
        -an to wash clothes (goal-focus)
       
    lagto jump
        ag- to jump
        -um- to jump
        -en to jump over (something)
       
    lampaso scrub/husk
        ag- to husk
        -en to husk (the floor)
       
    langoy swim
        ag- to swim
        -en to swim (a certain length)
       
    lualo pray
        ag- to pray
        -en to pray (a particular prayer)
       
    lukat open
        ag- to open
        -an to open (something)
       
    lugan ride
        ag- to ride
        -um- to ride (a vehicle, etc.)
        -an to ride on (something)
       
    luto cook
        ag- to cook
        -en to cook (something) 395
       
    makinilya type
        ag- to type
        -en to type (something)
       
    maneho drive
        ag- to drive
        -en to drive (a car)/to operate  (a machine)
       
    ngalngal chew
        ag- to chew
        -en to chew (something)
       
    panaw leave
        -um- to leave
        -an to leave (somebody)
       
    payong umbrella
        ag- to use an umbrella
        -an to shade (someone) with an  umbrella
       
    pigerger tremble
        ag- to tremble
       
    pulbos powder
        ag- to powder
        -an to powder (somebody)
       
    punas wipe
        ag- to wipe
        -an to wipe (somebody or  something)
       
    puor burn/fire
        ag- to burn
        -an to burn (something)
        i- to throw something into the  fire
       
    rikep close
        ag- to close
        -an to close (something)
        i- to close (something)
       
    sakit sickness
        ag- to ache
        ma- to be sick
       
    sagad sweep
        ag- to sweep
        -an to sweep (something) 396
       
    sagana prepare
        ag- to prepare
        i- to prepare (something)
        -an to prepare for (something,  someone)
       
    sagaysay comb
        ag- to comb (one’s own hair)
        -en to comb (one’s own hair or  somebody else’s)
       
    sala dance
        ag- to dance
        -um- to dance
       
    salog go downhill
        ag- to go downhill
        -um- to go downhill
       
    sang-at go uphill
        ag- to go uphill
        -um- to go uphill
       
    sangit cry
        ag- to cry
        -an to cry over (somebody or  something)
       
    sangpet arrive
        -um- to arrive
        ag- to arrive
       
    sao talk
        ag- to talk
        -en to say (something)
       
    saplid broom/sweep
        ag- to sweep
        -an to sweep (something)
       
    sapul look for/search
        ag- to look for
        -en to look for (something)
       
    sarita talk/story
        ag- to talk
        -en to relate
       
    sarming mirror
        ag- to use a mirror
        -an to see the reflection of  (something) in a mirror 397
       
    sepilyo toothbrush
        ag- to brush one’s teeth
        -en to brush (something)
       
    serrek enter
        -um- to enter
        -en to enter (a place)/invade  (something)
        i- to bring in (something)
       
    sindi light
        ag- to light (one’s cigarette)
        -an to light (a lamp)
       
    sungbat answer
        -an to answer (somebody)
        i- to give as an answer
       
    surat write
        ag- to write
        -an to write (somebody or on  something)
        i- to write something
       
    suro learn/teach
        i- to teach
        -en to learn
       
    surot follow/go with
        -um- to follow
        i- to take along
       
    takder stand
        ag- to stand
        -um- to stand
       
    taray run
        ag- to run
        -um- to run
        i- to run with/elope
       
    tarimaan fix
        ag- to fix
        -en to fix (something)
       
    tawar haggle
        -um- to haggle
       
    tugaw chair/sit down
        ag- to sit down
        -an to sit on (something) 398
       
    tulad imitate
        ag- to imitate
        -en to imitate (somebody)
       
    tulong help
        -um- to help
        -an to help (somebody)
       
    turog sleep
        ma- to sleep
       
    uli ascend/climb
        -um- to ascend
        -en to climb up (something)
       
    ulog descend/go down
        -um- to go down
       
    unget anger
        ag- to scold/be angry
        -an /ungtan/ to scold (somebody)
       
    utang owe/debt
        -um- to owe/borrow money
        -en to borrow (money)

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APPENDIX D

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APPENDIX F

Additional Information

ISBN
9780824879006
MARC Record
OCLC
1053883192
Launched on MUSE
2018-09-19
Language
English
Open Access
Yes
Creative Commons
CC-BY-NC-SA
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