publisher colophon


(Maikauppat a Pulo ket Maysa a Leksion)

maki-verb: participative activity (actor focus)
paki…an: place for a participative activity

41.1 Dialogue.

Situation:    Ester and Rita talk about a dance to be attended.
Ester:   Intayonto kano makisala intono piesta kuna ni Delia.   Delia says we will go and attend a dance during the fiesta.
Rita:   Sadino ditoy ti pakisalaan tayo?   Where shall we go to attend the dance?
Ester:   Dita oditoryum dita plasa.   At the auditorium in the plaza.
Rita:   Umay kadi makipiesta dagitay kakabsat na?   Are her brothers/sisters coming for the fiesta?
Ester:   Saan sa ta immay da met nakipaskuan.   Maybe not because they came for Christmas.

41.2 Repetition Drill. The infinitive form of maki- verbs.

(1)   Makiinom ak man, Apo. May I please have a drink, sir/ma’am?
  Makilugan ak man, Mr. Cruz. May I ride with you, Mr. Cruz?
  Makipayong ak man, maestra. May I share the shade of your umbrella, teacher?
  Makikuyog ak man kenka. May I go with you?
(2)  Makipiesta kami idiay San Fernando. We will attend the fiesta in San Fernando.
  Makitienda da ditoy. They will do their marketing here.
  Makipaskua tayo idiay Manila. We will spend Christmas in Manila.
  Makisala dagiti babbalasang idiay bodaan. The young ladies will dance at the wedding.

34741.3 Simple Substitution Drill.

Cue   Response
  Model:     Makipiesta kami.
kuyog   _____________
tienda   _____________
paskua   _____________
miting   _____________
sala   _____________
inom   _____________
  Model:     Makipaskua ak.
ka   ____________
ta   ____________
tayo   ____________
kami   ____________
kayo   ____________
da   ____________
ni Rosa   ____________
da Juan   ____________
ti ubing   ____________
dagiti tattao   ____________

41.4 Sentence Formation Drill. Teacher cues verb bases; students form sentences with maki- (infinitive form) plus a locative and a time expression.

Cue Response
tienda Makitienda ak ditoy ita.
sala Makisala da idiay ili.
inom __________________
kuyog __________________
paskua __________________
miting __________________
piesta __________________

34841.5 Question and Answer Drill. S1 gives a sen­tence similar to 41.4; S2asks a sino question; S3 asks a sadino question; S4 asks a kaano question to be answered by other students.1

(1)  Statement    Makitienda ak ditoy itatta.
  Q   Sino ti makitienda?
  R   Ni ______.
  Q   Sadino ti pakitiendaan na?
  R   Ditoy.
  Q   Kaano?
  R   Itatta.

(2) Do the reverse. Students ask sino, sadino, kaano questions. Then a student summarizes the details in one statement.

41.6 Question and Answer Drill. Adda/Awan and the plural nominative pronoun. S1 asks a question; S2 answers.

Question Response
Adda makipiesta kadakayo? Adda./Awan.
Awan makimiting kadakuada? Adda./Awan.
_______________________ __________
_______________________ __________

41.7 Expansion Drill. Add a time expression in the future to the questions in 41.6.

Example: Adda makipiesta kadakayo inton Domingo?
  Awan makimiting kadakuada inton bigat?

41.8 Dialogue Variation. Substitute on the underlined items.

Example 1:    with adda.
  S1 Adda makipiesta kadakayo?
  S2 Adda.
  S1 Sino?
  S2 Dakami. 349
  S1 Inton ano?/Kaano?
  S2 Inton Domingo.
Example 2:    with kayat/mapan.
  S1 Kayat yo ti makisala?
  S2 Wen. Kaano?
    S1 Intono rabii.
  S2 Sadino?
  S1 Idiay munisipio.
  Substitute mapan for kayat.

41.9 Question and Answer Drill with ammo-.

(1) Ammo + ko pronoun + nga- ‘know that’. S1 asks a question; S2answers.

Question Response
Ammom a makitienda danto no bigat? Wen./Saan.
Ammo yo a makipiesta tayo/tono Domingo? Wen./Saan.
Ammo da a makimiting ni Apo Direktor inton alas tres? Wen./Saan.
____________________________ _________
____________________________ _________

(2) Ammo- + no ‘if’.

Question Response
Ammo yo no makikiyug da kadatayo? Wen./Saan.
Ammom no makisala ni Juan intono rabii? Wen./Saan.
____________________________ _________
____________________________ _________

41.10 Repetition Drill. Progressive form of the maki- verb.

Makititienda ak ditoy.    I go marketing here.
Makikuykuyog ka kadakuada.   You are going with them.
Makipipiesta kami idiay Laoag.   We are attending the fiesta in Laoag.
Makipaspaskua da idiay ili tayo.   We are spending Christmas in our home town.
Makipangpangan da.   They are eating (with others).

35041.11 Simple Substitution Drill.

Cue   Response
  Model:     Makikuykuyog da.
piesta   _______________
sala   _______________
miting   _______________
inom   _______________
tienda   _______________
paskua   _______________

41.12 Sentence Formation Drill. Teacher cues the verb bases; students form sentences in the progressive form of the maki- verb.

Cue Response
piesta Makipipiesta ni Jose idiay Narvacan.
sala _____________________________
inom _____________________________
paskua _____________________________
kuyog _____________________________
miting _____________________________

41.13 Expansion Drill. S1 gives a statement in the progressive form; S2 expands it by adding a locative and a time expression.

Statement Expansion
Makipaspaskua da. Makipaspaskua da ditoy a patinayon.
_______________ ________________________
_______________ ________________________
_______________ ________________________

41.14 Question and Answer Drill with apay + di- + ko pronoun + met + the progressive form of maki-. Answer with gapo ta ______. 351

Question Response
Apay dika met makititienda ditoyen? Gapo ta adda klase min.
Apay dida met makimismisa idiayen? Gapo ta adayo ti balay da.
Apay dikayo met makimitmingen? Gapo ta adda ti trabaho mi.
________________________ __________________
________________________ __________________

41.15 Repetition Drill. Past form: naki-.

Nakitienda ak itay bigat dita ili.
Nakipiesta akon idi kalman idiay Laoag.
Nakipaskua da idiay Baguio.
Nakimiting kayo itay.
Nakisala dagiti babbalasang idi rabii.

41.16 Simple Substitution Drill.

Cue   Response
  Model:     Nakipiesta kami idiay Pasay.
tienda   ______________________
paskua   ______________________
miting   ______________________
sala   ______________________
inom   ______________________

41.17 Repetition Drill. Paki…an (place for).2

Question Response
Sadino ti pakipiestaan da? ‘Where do they attend the fiesta?’ Idiay Vigan. ‘In Vigan.’
Sadino ti pakibodaan tayo? ‘Where do we attend the wedding?’ Dita abagatan. ‘In the south.’
Sadino ti pakiay-ayaman dagiti ubbing? ‘Where do the children play?’ Ditoy eskuelaan. ‘Here in school.’

35241.18 Students ask and answer sadino questions with nominalized paki…an verbs similar to those of 41.17.

41.19 Repetition Drill. Naki…an (place for past participative activity).

(1) Contrast the infinitive and past forms of the verbal nouns.

  Paki…an Naki…an
  Ditoy ti pakisalaan mi. Ditoy ti nakisalaan mi idi Domingo.
  Idiay ti pakimitingan tayo. Idiay iti nakimitingan tayo itay bigat.
  Dita ti pakitiendaan ni Maria. Dita ti nakitiendaan ni Maria idi kalman.
(2)  Sadino ti nakipartian da Jose? Idiay ayan da Pedro.
  Sadino ti nakitrabahoan da tatang mo? Idiay kalsada.

41.20 Sentence Formation Drill. Make sentences with the past form plus time expressions.

Example: Nakimiting da idi kalman.
  Nakisala kami idi rabii.
  Naki-inom tayo itay.

41.21 Expansion Drill. Join two clauses with kuma no ‘perhaps if’. First clause has naki-; second has another verb in the past form or adda.

Example: Nakimiting kami kuma no imbaga da.
  Nakitienda kayo kuma no adda tiendaan.
  Nakisala da kuma no kinayat da.
  Naki-inom tayo kuma no adda mainom.

35341.22 Dialogue Variation. Substitute other bases and words for the underlined ones.

Example: S1 Nakimiting ka idi kalman?
  S2 Saan.
  S1 Apay?
  S2 Nakikuyog ak kada Juan.
  S1 Nakipiesta kami (idiay Sta. Cruz).

41.23 Repetition Drill. Paki + R + -an (place for habitual participative activity).

Idiay Laoag ti pakipipiestaan mi.    Laoag is the place where we attend fiestas regularly.
Ditoy ti pakititiendaan ni Nanang.   This is where Mother goes to market regularly.
Ditoy ti pakipangpanganan da.   This is where they eat with others regularly.
Idiay ti pakipaspaskua an dagiti ubbing.   That (a place yonder) is where the children go for Christmas habitually.

41.24 Simple Substitution Drill.

Cue   Response
  Model:     Idiay ti pakiturturogan mi.
tienda   ____________________
piesta   ____________________
paskua   ____________________
inom   ____________________
dagos   ____________________
digos   ____________________
kuyog   ____________________

41.25 Sentence Formation Drill. Form sentences similar to those in 41.24.

41.26 Question and Answer Drill. Ask and answer sadino questions.354

Example: Sadino ti pakiin-inoman yo? Idiay daya.
  Sadino ti pakititiendaan da? Ditoy ili.
  _____________________ ________
  _____________________ ________

41.27 Transformation Drill. Change the in­finitive form in the preceding sentences to past and add a time expression.

Example: Sadino ti nakiin-inoman yo idi napan a tawen? Idiay daya.
  ________________________ _________
  ________________________ _________

41.28 Cumulative Practice.

(1) Tell the class what activities you want to participate in when you get to the Philippines.

(2) Tell your family about activities you are participating in.

41.29 Supplemental Dialogue.

Dolores:    (to some friends)  Papanan yo?    (to some friends) Where  are you going?
Ana:   Mapan kami makimisa  idiay ili.   We’re going to attend  Mass in town.
Dolores:   Ania ti pagluganan  yo ngay?   Where will you ride?
Ana:   Makilugan kami kada  Juan.   We’ll ride with John  (and company).
Dolores:   Saan kadi a  makimismisa ni  Rosa?   Doesn’t Rose go to  Mass?
Ana:   Saan man ngem  nakitienda ita.   Yes, she does, but she  went to market today.
Dolores:   Makikuyog ak man  ngarud kadakayo?3   May I join you, then?
Ana:   Wen, umaykan.   Yes, come along.


boda wedding
kuyog go with
dagos temporary lodging place
Laoag capital city of Ilocos Norte
misa Holy Mass (Catholic Church service)
Narvacan a town in Ilocos Sur
paskua Christmas
piesta fiesta
plasa town plaza


1. The important point in this lesson is the use of the prefixes denoting participative action and the place for such participation.

2. There are generally three senses in which the paki…an construction is used.

(a) place for the participative activity.

e-g    Sadino ti pakikuyogam kenkuana? Where do you go with him?

(b)  ‘reason for’ when used with ania.

e-g    Ania ti pakikuyogam kenkuana? Why do you go with him? (Literally: What’s the reason for your going with him?)

(c) person or party with whom the activity is performed. 356

e.g. Sino ti pakikuyogam? Whom do you go with?

Construction (c) above is less often used than Sino ti kakuyog mo? ‘Whom do you go with?’. Only sense (a) is taken up in this lesson.

3. There are certain maki- verbs that are virtual requests and which, therefore, almost obligatorily require the request marker man.

e.g. maki-+ inom ‘drink’ -- makiinom ‘to drink (with others)’
  Makiinom ak man. ‘May I drink with you.’

Most maki- verbs, however, do not belong to this category.

Previous Chapter


Next Chapter


Additional Information

MARC Record
Launched on MUSE
Open Access
Creative Commons
Back To Top

This website uses cookies to ensure you get the best experience on our website. Without cookies your experience may not be seamless.