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(Maikatallopulo ket Tallo a Leksion)

Review of ag-, um-, -en, and i- verbs
The recently completed past: ka + partial reduplication

33.1 Dialogue.

Situation:    At the bus station.
Jane:   Manong, pagparparadaan ti bus a para Manila?    Manong (Older Brother), where does the bus for Manila park?
Man:   Dita abay ti dakkel a poste.   (There) beside the big post.
Jane:   Pimmanawen ti umuna a biahe?   Has the first trip left yet?
Man:   Wen, kapanpanaw na laeng.   Yes, it has just left.
Jane:   Ay, sayang. Naudi ak.   Oh, what a pity. I’m late.

33.2 Substitution Drill.

Cue   Response
  Model:     Kakankanta ti ubing.
kasalsala   ________________
kabasbasa   ________________
kain-inom   ________________
kaul-uli   ________________
  Model:     Kagatgatang ko ti libro.
kabulbulod   __________________
kaal-ala   __________________
kasapsapol   __________________
the poem.’ Model:     Kaisursurat ko ti daniw.
‘I have just written
kait-ited   __________________
kaidul-dulin   __________________
kaisur-suro   __________________
kaisasao   __________________

33.3 Repetition-Transformation 274Drill. Forms of the verb.

Base Form Past Recently Completed
agkanta nagkanta kakankanta
agsala nagsala kasalsala
gumatang gimmatang kagatgatang
dumawat dimmawat kadawdawat
linisen lininis kalinlinis
puteden pinuted kaputputed
isurat insurat kaisursurat
ibaga imbaga kaibagbaga
ibelleng imbelleng kaibelbelleng
iyawat inyawat kaiyaw-awat

33.4 Sentence Formation Drill. Teacher gives the infinitive form of a verb; student gives a statement with the verb in the recently completed form.

Cue Response
bumulod Kabulbulod ko iti libro.
iddepen Kaid-iddep ko ti silaw.
agtaray __________________
alaen __________________
rummuar __________________
isuro __________________
ibati __________________
aglagto __________________
irikep __________________

33.5 Transformation Drill. Teacher gives a series of sentences with verbs in the past tense; students repeat the sentences, changing the verbs to the recently completed past.  275

New Vocabulary
bákir -      forest
káma -      bed
dumánon -      to arrive at (a place)
dimmánon -      past form of dumanon
lúgaw -      porridge, gruel
óso -      bear
tugáw -      chair
Teacher Students
Nagna ni Goldilocks iti bakir. Kapagpagna ni Goldilocks iti bakir.
Dimmanon iti balay ti tallo nga oso. ____________________
Simrek iti balay. ____________________
Nagtugaw iti tugaw. ____________________
Kinnan na ti lugaw. ____________________
Nagidda iti kama. ____________________
Simmangpet ti tallo nga oso. ____________________
Nagtaray ni Goldilocks. ____________________

33.6 Question and Answer Drill. Teacher cues a verb; S1 asks a question with a past tense verb; S2 answers with a verb in the recently completed form.

Pattern: T linisen
  S1 Lininis ni Benen ti sapatos ko?
  S2 Wen, kalinlinis na.
Cue Response 1 Response 2
agmakinilya _____________ _____________
pumanaw _____________ _____________
gatangen _____________ _____________
ibato _____________ _____________
agbayad _____________ _____________
tumulong _____________ _____________
patayen _____________ _____________
idulin _____________ _____________
#1  M Katugtugaw dagiti bisita? Have the guests just sat down?
  M2 Wen, katugtugaw da. Yes, they have just sat down. 276
    Saan, nabayagen. No, for a long time now. (meaning: No, they sat down a long time ago.)
  C1 Katugtugaw dagiti bisita?
    Wen, katugtugaw da.
  C2 Katugtugaw dagiti bisita?
    Saan, nabayagen.

33.7 Substitution Drill.

Cue   Response
  Model:     Katugtugaw dagiti bisita?
takder   ___________________
sangpet   ___________________
sala   ___________________
inom   ___________________
kanta Model:     Saan, nabayagen.
itattay pay   Saan, itattay pay.
idi pay la Lunes   Saan, idi pay la Lunes.
Martes   Saan, idi pay la Martes.
lawas na   Saan, idi pay la lawas na.
napan a bulas   Saan, idi pay la napan a bulan.
tawen   Saan, idi pay la napan a tawen.

33.8 Question and Answer Drill. Ask wen/saan questions with verbs in the recently completed past. Give negative answers.

S1 Kapanpanaw ni Lolo?
S2 Saan, nabayagen.
  Kasangsangpet ni Lola?
S3 Saan, itattay pay.

33.9 Question and Answer Drill. Ask wen/saan questions similar to those in 33.8. Give affirmative answers.277

S1 Kain-inom dagiti bisita ti basi?
S2 Wen, kain-inom da.
  Kairikrikep mo ti ruangan?
S3 Wen, kairikrikep ko.

33.10 Combination Exercise. Join the teacher’s two short sentences into one long one using ta (short for gapo ta).

Example: T (1) Kasangsangpet ko.
    (2) Naladaw ti bus.
  S   Kasangsangpet ko ta naladaw ti bus.
(1) Kaibelbelleng da ti basura.
(2) Nag-adal da.
(1) Kaid-iddep na ti silaw.
(2) Dinait na ti badok.
(1) Kalinlinis ko ti kosina.
(2) Kabutlutok.
(1) Kasursurat tayo kenkuana.
(2) Kagatgatang tayo iti papel.
(1) Kalamlampaso ni Ben ti datar.
Ben has just husked the floor.’
(2) Kasangsangpet na.

33.11 Sentence Formation Drill. Make sentences of your own similar to those in 33.10.

33.12 Cumulative Activity. Pretend that you are a radio announcer. You are watching a series of events and you relate it to your audience in the recently com­pleted past. You may be “watching”:

(1) a familiar fairy tale

(2) a baseball or football game

(3) a senate discussion etc.


bakir forest
biahe trip
bus bus
kama bed
daniw poem
dumanon to arrive at (a place)
lugaw gruel, porridge
naudi late, last
oso bear
pagparadaan parking place
poste post
sayang expression of regret equivalent to ‘what a pity!’


The recently completed past is composed of ka + partial reduplication. For ag-, -um-, and -en verbs, partial reduplication is with the verb base and the verbal affix is dropped.

e.g. agtugaw --     katugtugaw
  ‘to sit down’   ‘has just sat down’
  bumulod -- kabulbulod
  ‘to borrow’   ‘has just borrowed’
  inomen -- kain-inom
  ‘to drink (something)’   ‘has just drunk (something)’ 279

With i- verbs, the verbal affix is retained and partial reduplication is with the verb base or, in the case of some exceptions, with the affix and part of the base.

e.g.  ibaga --     kaibagbaga
  ‘to tell (something)’   ‘has just told (something)’
  idulin -- ‘to keep (something)’
  kaiduldulin   ‘has just kept (something)’
  ipan -- ‘to take (something) somewhere’
  kaip-ipan   ‘has just taken (something) somewhere’
  ited -- ‘to give (something)’
  kait-ited   ‘has just given (something)’

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