publisher colophon


(Maikatallopulo ket Maysa a Leksion)

Review of the past and the progressive form of the -en verb
Linker: uray no ‘even though’, ‘although’

31.1 Dialogue.

Sara:    Apay, ania ti ar-aramidem?    Why, what are you doing?
Belen:   Sapsapulek tay librok. Binasak idi rabii ket awan met ditoyen.   I’m looking for my book. I read it last night and now it isn’t here anymore.
Sara:   Ania kadi ti basbasaem?   What are you reading?
Belen:   Tay Bertoldo ni Voltaire.   Voltaire’s Bertoldo.
Sara:   Binulod mo idiay laybrari?   Did you borrow it from the library?
Belen:   Saan, ginatang ko.   No, I bought it.

31.2 Simple Substitution Drill.

Cue     Response
  Model:    Bulbulodek ti libro na.
gatang     _________________
kartib     _________________
sapul     _________________
basa     _________________
  Model:   Karkartibek ti buok na.
      ‘I am cutting her hair.’
mo     _________________
na     _________________
ta     _________________
tayo     _________________
mi     _________________
yo     _________________
da     _________________
ni Ana     _________________
da Martin     _________________
ti babai     _________________
dagiti ubbing     _________________

25731.3 Sentence Formation Drill. Teacher cues the verb base and object; students form sentences in the progressive form. (Cues may be written on the black­board.)

Cue Cue   Response
digos ubing Example:   Digdigosek daytoy ubing.
gatang manok   ____________________
sapul lapis   ____________________
kartib lupot   ____________________
bulod bolpen   ____________________
basa libro   ____________________
kanta ‘Pamulinawen’   ____________________
luto adobo   ____________________
adal leksion   ____________________

31.4 Question and Answer Drill. S1 asks ania ti ar-aramid-/kukua- questions. S2 answers.

Question Response
Ania ti ar-aramidem? Dadaitek daytoy badok.
Ania ti kukuaen yo? Basbasaan mi ti leksion mi.
________________ _____________________
________________ _____________________

31.5 Chain Drill. S1 gives a statement. S2 asks sino and ania questions; S3 answers.

Example: S1 Dadaiten ni Maria ti bado na.
  S2 Sino ti agdadait?
  S3 Ni Maria.
  S2 Ania ti dadaiten na?
  S3 Bado na.
  S1 Basbasaen da dagiti libro da.
  S2 Sino ti agbasbasa?
  S3 Isuda.
  S2 Ania ti basbasaen da?
  S3 Dagiti libro da.

25831.6 Question and Answer Drill. Students pattern their drill after these models.

(1)   SSaan a basbasaen ni Josefa ti leksion na.
  S2  Ania ngarud ti kukuaen na?
  S1  Dadaiten na ti bado na.

Substitute other bases and nouns for the under­lined words. You may use pronouns instead of some nouns.

(2) Transformation Drill. Convert the -en verbs in (1) to ag- or -um- verbs.
  Pattern: S1  Saan nga agbasbasa ni Josefa iti leksion na.
    S2  Ania ngarud ti kukuaen na?
    S1  Agdadait iti bado na.

31.7 Repetition Drill. Past tense of the -en verb.

basa Binasa daydiay estudiante ti leksion na.
luto Linutok daytoy sida.
digos Dinigos mi daydiay ubing.
sapul Sinapul ko ni Juan.
adal Inadal da daydiay mapa.
dait Dinait na dayta pantalon mo.

31.8 Moving Slot Substitution Drill. 259

Cue   Response
  Model:    Ginatang mi daytoy payong.
bulod   Binulod mi daytoy payong.
tayo   Binulod tayo daytoy payong.
libro   ______________________
basa   ______________________
na   ______________________
ni Jose   ______________________
surat   ______________________

31.9 Sentence Formation Drill. Teacher gives the verb base; students form sentences with past tense verbs.

Cue Response
kanta Kinanta yo ti Manang Biday.
basa Binasa ni Juan ti libro.
bulod __________________
gatang __________________
luto __________________
dait __________________
aramid __________________
inom __________________
sapul __________________
digos __________________

31.10 Expansion Drill. Add time expressions. Teacher cues time in English; students form sentences similar to 31.9 and add time expressions.

Cue Response
yesterday Kinanta da ti Manang Biday idi kalman.
the other day ______________________
last year ______________________
a while ago ______________________
last week ______________________
last month ______________________
three o’clock ______________________
indefinite future time ______________________

31.11 Expansion Drill. Add a locative to the sentences in 31.10. 260

Example: Kinanta da ti Manang idiay eskuela idi kalman.

31.12 Question and Answer Drill. Based on the expanded sentences formed in 31.11, students ask ania ti aramid-/kua-, sino, sadino, and kaano questions.

Example:   Statement Kinanta da ti Pamulinawen idiay eskuela idi kalman.
Q    Ania ti inaramid da?
R   Nagkanta da.
Q   Ania ti kinanta da?
R   Pamulinawen.
Q   Sino ti nagkanta?
R   Isuda.
(You may continue asking questions thus.)
Q   Sinoda?
R   Da Rosa, (____, ____, ____).
Q   Sadino ti nagkantaan da?
R   Idiay eskuela.
Q   Kaano ti panagkanta da?
R   Idi kalman.

31.13 Repetition Drill. The use of uray no ‘even though’, ‘although’.

Binasak ti leksion ko uray no atiddog.    I read my lesson even though it was long.
Dinait na ti bado na uray no rabiin.   She sewed her dress even though it was night already.
Linabaan ni Maria ti blusa no uray no nadalos pay.   Maria washed her blouse even though it was still clean.

31.14 Sentence Formation Drill. Make original sentences using uray no. 261

31.15 Repetition Drill. Past progressive form of the -en verb.

Sinapsapol me isuda idi naminsan nga aldaw.
Dinadait mi dagiti badbado mi idi.
Kinarkartib tayo dagiti magasin idi kalman.
Pinutputed da dagidiay tali idi Lunes.
Kinankanta ni Maria ti kansion idi rabii.

31.16 Sentence Formation Drill. Construct sentences similar to those in 31.15.

31.17 Cumulative Practice. Form smaller groups of threes or fours. Have a conversation centered on your activities of the past few days. Use a variety of verbs; time expressions; locative phrases.


agdigos to take a bath
bado dress
blusa blouse
kartiben to cut (something) with a pair of scissors
daiten to sew (something)
digosen to bathe (somebody)
uray no even though, although

Previous Chapter


Next Chapter


Additional Information

MARC Record
Launched on MUSE
Open Access
Creative Commons
Back To Top

This website uses cookies to ensure you get the best experience on our website. Without cookies your experience may not be seamless.