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(Maikaduapulo ket Maysa a Leksion)

The verbs kayat and gusto1
Particle:   ngem ‘than’
Alternative Marker:   wenno ‘or’

21.1 Dialogue.

Situation:    Two friends are at the cafeteria for a snack.
Edna:   Ania ti kayat mo?    What do you like?
Lu:   Kayat ko ti ‘apple pie’. Sika, ania ti kayat mo?   I want (a piece of) ‘apple pie’. You, what do you like?
Edna:   Kayat ko ti uminom iti tsa.   I want to drink tea.
Lu:   Ania ti kayat mo, napudot wenno nalamiis?   What do you want, hot (tea) or iced* (tea)?
Edna:   Kaykayat ko ti nalamiis.   I prefer iced* (tea). (*literally, nalamiis means ‘cold’)

21.2 Repetition Drill. Kayat + {ko pronoun / ni/ti ____} + ti ____.

Kayat ko ti tsokolate. I like chocolate.
Kayat mo ti inapoy. You like steamed rice.
Kayat ni Pedro ti aglangoy. Pedro likes to swim.
Kayat mi ti agbasa. We (excl) like to read.
Kayat da ti gumatang ti tsokolate. They like to buy chocolate.
Kayat dagiti mamaestra ti nadalus. The teachers like that which is clean.
Kayat yo ti napintas. You like the beautiful one.

21.3 Simple Substitution Drill.168

Cue   Response
  Model:   Kayat ko ti inapoy.
kape   ______________
tsokolate   ______________
prutas   ______________
ikan   ______________
karne   ______________
  Model:   Kayat ko ti gumatang iti libro.
bulod   ______________________
dawat   ______________________
basa   ______________________
  Model:   Kayat ko ti agbasa.
langoy   ______________
surat   ______________
napintas   ______________
dakkel   ______________
  Model:   Kayat ko ti tsokolate.
mo   _________________
na   _________________
ta   _________________
tayo   _________________
mi   _________________
yo   _________________
  Model:   Kayat ni Rosa ti tsokolate.
da Cely   ____________________
ti ubing   ____________________
dagiti ubbing   ____________________

21.4 Repeat exercise 21.3 using gusto instead of kayat. Gusto and kayat are synonyms.

21.5 Sentence Formation Drill. Teacher cues nouns or verb bases; students form sentences with kayat + ko pronoun or ni/ti ______ + ______.169

Cue   Response
serbesa Pattern: Kayat ni Tomas ti serbesa.
kape   Kayat ko ti kape.
basa   ____________________
surat   ____________________
Miss Santos   ____________________
tsokolate   ____________________
langoy   ____________________
inapoy   ____________________
nadalos   ____________________
Maria   ____________________
maestra   ____________________
puraw   ____________________

21.6 Substitution Drill. Ania or sino + kayat.

Cue   Response
  Model:   Sino ti kayat mo a maestra?
gayyem   ______________________
PCV   ______________________
estudiante   ______________________
  Model:   Ania ti kayat na a sida?
prutas   __________________
bado   __________________
sapatos   __________________
  Model:   Ania ti kayat na nga aramiden?
kuaen   ________________________
kanen   ________________________
inomen   ________________________

21.7 Question and Answer Drill. Ask and answer ania or sino + kayat questions. Give short responses.

S1 Sino ti kayat mo a presidente?
S2 Ni Kennedy.
  Ania ti kayat mo nga aramiden?
S3 Agbasa.
  Ania ti kayat mo a sabong?
S4 Rosas.

21.8 Question and Answer Drill. S1 asks an affirmative or a negative question using kayat or gusto. S2 answers in the negative using saan, di-.170

Question Response
Kayat mo ti kape? Saan, diak kayat.
Saan yo a kayat ti aglangoy? Saan, dimi kayat.
Kayat ni Juan ti keddel? Saan, dina kayat.
_____________________ _____________
_____________________ _____________

21.9 Dialogue Variation. Use the pattern below and substitute other words for the underlined ones.

S1 Kayat mo ti serbesa?
S2 Saan.
S1 Ania ngarud ti kayat mo?
S2 Gatas.

21.10 Question and Answer Drill. Kayat + ko + ti mapan _____; S1 asks a question; S2 answers either in the negative or affirmative.

Question Response
Kayat mo ti mapan idiay Manila? Wen, kayat ko.
Kayat yo ti mapan agpasyar? Saan, dimi kayat.
Kayat da ti mapan aglangoy? Wen, kayat da.
_______________________ ____________
_______________________ ____________
#1    M    Ania ti kaykayat mo, inapoy wenno patatas?      Which do you prefer, rice or potatoes?
    M2   Kaykayat ko ti inapoy ngem patatas.   I prefer rice to potatoes.
    C   Ania ti kaykayat mo, inapoy wenno patatas?
        Kaykayat ko ti inapoy ngem patatas.

21.11 Substitution Drill. 171

Cue Response
  Model:   Ania ti kaykayat mo, nalabaga wenno puraw?
kape - serbesa   ________________________
aglangoy - agbasa   ________________________
bumulod - gumatang   ________________________
nalukmeg - nakuttong    
  Model:    Kaykayat ko ti nalabaga ngem puraw.
kape - serbesa   Kaykayat ko ti kape ngem serbesa.
aglangoy - agbasa   ________________________
gumatang - bumulod   ________________________
nakuttong - nalukmeg   ________________________

21.12 Chain Drill. Ask one another ania ti kaykayat questions. Give short responses as illustrated below.

S1 Ania ti kaykayat mo, lapis wenno bolpen?
S2 Kaykayat ko ti bolpen.
  Ania ti kaykayat mo, agtakder wenno agtugaw?
S3 Kaykayat ko ti agtugaw.

21.13 Chain Drill.

Pattern: S1 Sino ti kaykayat mo ni Nixon wenno ni Humphrey?
  S2 Kaykayat ko ni Nixon.

21.14 Substitution Drill.

Model: Kayat ko ti kape ngem kaykayat ko ti tsa.
  _________ asul ________________  derosas.
  ________ ni Fe ________________  ni Gloria.
  ______ ti maestro _____________ ti prinsipal.
  ______ dagiti lallaki _________ dagiti babbai.

21.15 Sentence Formation Exercise. State two of your preferences according to the model in exercise 21.14.

21.16 Cumulative Activity.

(1) You are an architect commissioned to design a 172house for a client. You confer with your client to find out his likes, dislikes, and preferences. (Instead of an architect you may be some other professional interviewing a client.)

(2) Talk to the class about your, or some other person’s likes, dislikes, and preferences in colors, foods, games, friends, politicians, etc.


aglangoy to swim
bado dress
kayat like, want
kanen food
keddel pinch
gusto love to
nakuttong thin
nalamiis cold
napudot hot
patatas potatoes
rosas rose (flower)
sapatos shoes
serbesa beer
tsa tea
tsokolate chocolate


1. Gusto and kayat are substitutable for each other. However, the two words are slightly different in meaning. Kayat usually means ‘want’ or ‘like’; gusto means ‘love to’.

Kayat ko ti agsala. I want to dance.
Gustok ti agsala. I love to dance.

2. The marker ti nominalizes an adjective or a verb. For example:

(a) adjective    
    -- ti ababa
  ababa   ‘a/the short one’
  Kayat ko ti ababa.
  ‘I want a short one.’
(b) verb    
  uminom --     ti uminom
  ‘to drink’   ‘a drink’ (used as a noun)
  Kayat ko ti uminom.
  ‘I want a drink.’

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