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(Maikasangapulo ket Innem a Leksion)

Numerals (Ilokano numbers)1
Question Words: Mano ‘how many’
  Kapin-ano ‘how … related’
Review of ko pronouns
#1 M1 Mano ti tugaw ditoy? How many chairs are there here?
  M2 Walo ti tugaw ditoy. There are eight chairs here.
  C1 Mano ti tugaw ditoy?  
    Walo ti tugaw ditoy.  

16.1 Repetition Drill. Repeat the following words after the teacher. (Ilokano numbers, zero to twenty, written on the board)

0 awan    
1 maysa 11 sangapulo ket maysa
2 dua 12 sangapulo ket dua
3 tallo 13 sangapulo ket tallo
4 uppat 14 sangapulo ket uppat
5 lima 15 sangapulo ket lima
6 innem 16 sangapulo ket innem
7 pito 17 sangapulo ket pito
8 walo 18 sangapulo ket walo
9 siam 19 sangapulo ket siyam
10 sangapulo 20 duapulo
The rest of the numbers are in Appendix D.

16.2 Substitution Drill. Repeat the model sen­tence twice. Then, substitute the given cues. 126

Cue   Response
  Model:   Mano ti tugaw ditoy?
lamisaan   _________________
pisarra   _________________
silaw   _________________
treyni   _________________
maestra   _________________
lallaki   _________________
babbai   _________________
nars   _________________
doktor   _________________
  Model:   Maysa ti tugaw ditoy.
dua   _________________
tallo   _________________
uppat   _________________
lima   _________________
innem   _________________
treyni   _________________
pito   _________________
walo   _________________
siam   _________________
sangapulo   _________________
awan   _________________

16.3 Chain Drill. Ask and answer mano questions about the people and the objects in different places within the immediate vicinity.

S1 Mano ti nars ditoy eskuela?
S2 Maysa ti nars ditoy eskuela.
  Mano ti kotse dita ruar?
S3 Tallo ti kotse dita ruar.
  Mano ti ubbing idiay pagay-ayaman?
S4 Sangapulo ti ubbing idiay pagay-ayaman.
#2 M1 Mano ti ulom? How many heads do you have?
  M2 Maysa ti ulok. I have one head.
  C1 Mano ti ulom?  
    Maysa ti ulok.  

12716.4 Repetition Drill. Repeat the following words after the teacher. (Parts of the Body. For more items refer to Appendix E, Section K.)

ulo -       head       ima -       hand
mata - eye   ramay - finger
agong - nose   tumeng - knees
ngiwat - mouth   gurong - legs
lapayag - ear   saka - feet
takyat - arm   ramay ti saka - toes
siko - elbow        

16.5 Substitution Drill. Repeat the model sen­tence twice. Then, substitute the given cues.

Cue   Response
ko Model:   Mano ti ulom?
na   Mano ti ulok?
ta   Mano ti ulo na?
tayo   ____________
mi   ____________
yo   ____________
da   ____________
Juan   ____________
lalaki   ____________

16.6 Chain Drill. Ask and answer mano questions regarding the parts of the body.

S1 Mano ti saka ni Juan?
S2 Dua ti saka ni Juan.
  Mano ti ramay ko?
S3 Sangapulo ti ramay mo.

16.7 Command-Question and Answer Drill. S1 gives a command; S2 asks a mano + nominalized verb question; S3 answers. Study the examples.

(1) Command:    S1 Agtugaw ka.
  Question:   S2 Mano ti agtugtugaw?
  Answer:   S3 Maysa ti agtugtugaw. 128
(2) Command:   S4 Agsurat kayo.
  Question:   S5 Mano ti agsursurat?
  Answer:   S6 Tallo ti agsursurat.
#3  M1 Kapin-anom ni Mr. Cruz? How are you related to Mr. Cruz?
  M2 Uliteg ko ni Mr. Cruz. Mr. Cruz is my uncle.
  C1 Kapin-anom ni Mr. Cruz?  
    Uliteg ko ni Mr. Cruz.  

16.8 Repetition Drill. Repeat the following words after the teacher. (The words are written on the board.)

Kinship Terms
tatang -    father lolo -    grandfather
nanang - mother lola - grandmother
kabsat - sibling uliteg - uncle
manong - older brother ikit - aunt
manang - older sister kasinsin - cousin
ading - younger sibling kaanakan - nephew/niece
(For more kinship terms, refer to Appendix E, Section G.)

16.9 Substitution Drill. Repeat the model sen­tence twice. Then, substitute the given cues.2

Cue   Response
  Model:   Kapin-anom ni Mary?
ko   Kapin-anok ni Mary?
na   _________________
ta   _________________
tayo   _________________
mi   _________________
yo   _________________
da   _________________
  Model:   Manang ko ni Mary.
kabsat   ________________
kasinsin   ________________
ading   ________________
ikit   ________________
kaanakan   ________________

12916.10 Chain Drill. Give the person sitting next to you a piece of paper on which are written the names of at least three of your relatives. With these as cues, ask one another kapin-ano questions.

S1 Kapin-anom ni Mabel Smith?
S2 Kasinsin ko ni Mabel Smith.
  Kapin-anom ni Robert Brown?
S3 Tatang ko ni Robert Brown.

16.11 Question and Answer Drill. Ask and answer mano questions using the kinship terms you have just learned.

S1 Mano ti uliteg mo?
S2 Uppat ti uliteg ko.
  Mano ti ikit mo?
S3 Awan ti ikit ko.

16.12 Supplemental Dialogue.

Situation:    John meets the mother of Pedro.
Pedro:   Nanang, ni John Thompson daytoy.
Mother:   Kumusta ka, John?
John:   Nasayaat met, Nana.
Mother:   Taga-ano ka, John?
John:   Taga New York ak, Nana.
Mother:   Mano ti kakabsat mo?
John:   Tallo da, Nana.
Mother:   Ayan da?
John:   Adda da idiay New York, Nana.
Mother:   Mano ti tawen mon?                  How old are you?
John:   Duapulo ket maysa, Nana.


ading younger sibling
agong nose
kaanakan nephew/niece
kabsat sibling
kapin-ano how … related
kasinsin cousin
gurong leg
ikit aunt
ima hand
lapayag ear
lola grandmother
lolo grandfather
manang older sister
manong older brother
mano how many
mata eye
nanang mother
ngiwat mouth
ulo head
uliteg uncle
ramay finger
ramay ti saka toe
saka foot 131
siko elbow
takyag arm
tatang father
tumeng knee


1. Ilokano has two sets of numbers: native Ilokano numbers and Spanish loans. The two sets have their respective uses and should both be learned.

2. Morphophonemic note. When the pronouns ko and mo follow kaanakán, the final n disappears and -k and -m are attached to the preceding word. Thus:

kaanakán + ko -- kaanakák        
mo kaanakám

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