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LESSON TWELVE

(maikasangapulo ket dua a Leksion)

The Progressive Form of the ag- verb1
The Past Form of the ag- vert2
Question Word: kadi

12.1 Dialogue. (a telephone conversation)

Helen:    Hello?    Hello?
Elaine:   Helen, siak ni Elaine.   Helen, I’m Elaine.
    Ania ti ar-aramidem?   What are you doing?
Helen:   Agdadait ak.   I’m sewing.
Elaine:   Kayat mo ti agbuya iti ‘Camelot’?   Do you want to see ‘Camelot’?
Helen:   Saan ta nagbuya akon idi kalman.   No because I went to the movies yesterday.
Elaine:   Sayang. Ala ngarud, babay.   That’s a pity. Well, then, good-bye.

12.2 Repetition Drill, Repeat the following sen­tences after the teacher.

Agbasbasa ak. I’m reading.
Agtugtugaw ka. You’re sitting.
Agtaktakder. He/She is standing.
Agsursurat ta. We (dual) are writing.
Agkankanta tayo. We (incl) are singing.
Agsalsala kami. We (excl) are dancing.
Agtartaray kayo. You’re running.
Agbasbasketbol da. They’re playing basketball
Agsasao ni Juan? Juan is talking/speaking.
Agsangsangit ti ubing. The child is crying.

12.3 Substitution Drill. Repeat the model sen­tence twice. Then, substitute the given cues.97

Cue   Response
  Model:   Ania ti ar-aramidek?
mo   Ania ti ar-aramidem?
na   Ania ti ar-aramiden na?
ta   __________________
mi   __________________
tayo   __________________
yo   __________________
da   __________________
ubing   __________________
babbai   __________________
Pedro   __________________
Pedro ken Juana   __________________

12.4 Repeat exercise 12.3 using kua- instead of aramid-.

Cue   Response
  Model:    Ania ti kukuaek?
mo   Ania ti kukuaem?
na   Ania ti kukuaen na?
kdp.    

12.5 Chain Drill. Ask one another what each is doing. Act out and respond according to the cue given by the teacher.

Cue    
  Sl Ania ti ar-aramidem?
basa S2 reads and says: Agbasbasa ak.
    Ania ti ar-aramidem?
sala S3 dances and says: Agsalsala ak.
    Ania ti ar-aramidem?
takder S4 stands and says: Agtaktakder ak.
    kdp.
tugaw    
kanta    
surat    
taray    
basketbol    

12.6 Question and Answer Drill. Ask and answer ania ti ar-aramiden/kukuaen questions. Use different noun and pronoun subjects. 98

S1 Ania ti ar-aramiden ti maestra?
S2 Agtaktakder.
  Ania ti kukuaen tayo?
S3 Agtugtugaw tayo.
  Ania ti ar-aramiden da Roberto?
S4 Agbasbasa da.
  Kdp.
#1 M1 Ania ti inaramid mo? What did you do?
    Ania ti inaramid ni Juan? What did John do?
    Ania ti inaramid ti  lalaki? What did the boy/man  do?
       
  M2 Nagkanta ak. I sang.
    Nagtakder. He stood.
    Nagsala. He danced.
       
  C1 Ania ti inaramid ni mo?
    Nagkanta ak.  
       
  C2 Ania ti inaramid ni Juan?
    Nagtakder.  
       
  C3 Ania ti inaramid ti lalaki?
    Nagsala.  

12.7 Repetition Drill, Repeat the following sen­tences after the teacher.

Nagkanta ak. I sang.
Nagbasa ka. You read.
Nagsala ta. We danced.
Nagtakder tayo. We stood.
Nagtugaw ni Nena. Nena sat down.
Nagsurat da Nena ken Helen. Nena and Helen wrote.
Nagtaray ti babai. The girl/woman ran.
Nagsao dagiti babbai. The girls/women spoke,

12.8 Substitution Drill. Repeat the model sen­tence twice. Then, substitute the given cues. 99

Cue   Response
  Model:   Ania ti inaramid ko?
    ‘What did I do?’
mo   Ania ti inaramid mo?
na   ________________
ta   ________________
mi   ________________
tayo   ________________
yo   ________________
da   ________________
Ricardo   ________________
lallaki   ________________

12.9 Repetition Drill. Repeat the following sen­tences after the teacher.

Ania ti kinuak? What did I do?
Ania ti kinuam? What did you do?
Ania ti kinua na?  
Ania ti kinua ta?  
Ania ti kinua tayo?  
Ania ti kinua mi?  
Ania ti kinua yo?  
Ania ti kinua da?  
Ania ti kinua ni Ricardo?  
Ania ti kinua dagiti lallaki?  

12.10 Command-Question and Answer Drill. S1 gives a command; S2 asks a question in the past; S3 answers.

Example:

(1) Command: S1 to S3 Agtaray ka.
  Question: S2 Ania ti inaramid mo? or Ania ti kinuam?
  Response: S3 Nagtaray ak.
       
(2)  Command: S4 Agsala kayo.
  Question: S5 Ania ti inaramid tayo? or Ania ti kinua tayo?
  Response: S6 Nagsala tayo.

12.11 Conversation Exercise. Have a short con­versation with one of your classmates following this model. 100

Sl Nagbasa ka?
S2 Saan.
S1 Ania ti inaramid mo?
S2 Nagsurat ak.

Use other verb bases, nouns, and pronouns for the under­lined elements.

# 2 M1 Nagsurat ka kadi? Did you write? (kadi, question word)
    Nagsala kadi da Pedro? Did Peter (and others) dance?
       
  M2 Wen, nagsurat ak.  
    Wen, nagsala da.  
       
  M3 Saan, saan ak a nagsurat.  
    Saan, saan da a nagsala.  
       
  C1 Nagsurat ka kadi?  
    Wen, nagsurat ak.  
    Saan, saan ak a nagsurat.  
       
  C2 Nagsala kadi da Pedro?  
    Wen, nagsala da.  
    Saan, saan da a nagsala.  

12.12 Substitution Drill. Repeat the model sen­tence twice. Then, substitute the given cues.

Cue   Response
  Model:   Nagsurat ka kadi?
basa   Nagbasa ka kadi?
sangit   _______________
sala   _______________
kanta   _______________
surat   _______________
     
  Model:   Nagsurat kadi ni Bob?
tugaw   Nagtugaw kadi ni Bob?
takder   ___________________
taray   ___________________
basketbol   ___________________

10112.13 Substitution Drill. Repeat the model sen­tence twice. Then, substitute the given cues.

Cue   Response
  Model:   Nagsurat kadi ti ubing?
ka   Nagsurat ka kadi?
tayo   Nagsurat tayo kadi?
sala   Nagsala tayo kadi?
ubbing   Nagsala kadi dagiti ubbing?
babbalasang   Nagsala kadi dagiti babbalasang?
Norma   Nagsala kadi ni Norma?

12.14 Question and Answer Drill. Ask one another kadi questions with past tense verbs. Answer affirma­tively or negatively.

S1 Nagtaray ka kadi?
S2 Wen, nagtaray ak.
  Nagsala kadi ti estudiante?
S3 Saan, saan a nagsala.
  Kdp.

12.15 Activity.

(1) Tell the class five things that happened yesterday: what you did, what others did, etc. You may con­sult Appendix E, Section W for more ag- verbs.

(2) Do a picture study. Get a picture with lots of activities going on. Relate to the class what’s happening in the picture. Use the progressive form of the verb.

VOCABULARY

agbuya to watch (a movie, a game, etc.)
agdait to sew
agsangit to cry 102
agsao to speak/talk
kadi a question word

NOTES

1. The progressive form of the verb consists of the affix plus a partial reduplication of the verb base.

e.g. agbasa --   agbasbasa
  ‘to read’   ‘is reading’
       
  agadal -- agad-adal
  ‘to study’   ‘is studying’

2. The past form consists of the affix nag- plus the verb base.

e.g. agbasa --   nagbasa
  ‘to read’   ‘read (past)’
       
  agadal -- nagadal
  ‘to study’   ‘studied‘

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Additional Information

ISBN
9780824879006
MARC Record
OCLC
1053883192
Launched on MUSE
2018-09-19
Language
English
Open Access
Yes
Creative Commons
CC-BY-NC-SA
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