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(Maikawalo a Leksion)

     Equational Sentence:    noun + ak pronouns /  ni/da _____

New Material
     Equational Sentence:   adjective + ak pronouns / ni/da _____

8.1 Substitution Drill. Repeat the model sen­tence twice. Then, substitute the given cues.

Cue   Response
  Model:   Treyni ak.
ka   Treyni ka.
ta   _________
tayo   _________
kami   _________
kayo   _________
da   _________
Ben   _________
Bob ken Bert   _________
  Model:   Estudiante ak?
ka   Estudiante ka?
ta   ____________
tayo   ____________
kami   ____________
kayo   ____________
da   ____________
Ben   ____________
Bob ken Bert   ____________

8. 2 Pronunciation Drill. Repeat the following words after the teacher. (see Appendix E, section 9, Nationalities) 63

Alemán German
Aprikáno/a African
Kastíla Spaniard
Hapón/Haponésa Japanese
Insík Chinese
Italiáno/a Italian
Meksikáno/a Mexican
Pransés French

8.3 Chain Drill. Teacher distributes flash cards on which are written the words in exercise 8.2. With these as aids, students ask and answer questions answerable by wen ‘yes’.

S1 Aprikano ka?
S2 Wen, Aprikano ak.
  Meksikana ni Elena?
S3 Wen, Meksikana.
  Italiano ak?
S4 Wen, Italiano ka.

8.4 Chain Drill. Using the same cards used in exercise 8.3, ask and answer questions that call for a saan ‘no’ response.

S1 Pranses ak?
S2 Saan, Kastila ka.
  Insik ka?
S3 Saan, Hapon ak.
  Kastila ni Noel?
S4 Saan, Pranses.

8.5 Dialogue.

Ana:    Naggapuam?    Where have you been?
Ben:   Dita opisina ni Mr. Reyes.   (There at) Mr. Reyes’ office.
Ana:   Inhinyero ni Mr. Reyes?   Is Mr. Reyes an engineer?
Ben:   Saan, propesor.   No, he’s a professor.
Ana:   Nalaing?   Is he smart?
Ben:    Wen, nalaing. Nagaget pay.   Yes, he’s smart. He’s hard-working, too.

648.6 Repetition Drill. Repeat the following sen­tences after the teacher.1

Natayag ak. I’m tall.
Pandek ka. You’re short.
Nagaget. He/She is industrious.
Nasadut ta. We’re lazy.
Nalumeg tayo. We’re stout.
Nakuttong kayo. You’re thin.
Nalaing kami. We’re smart.
Namuno da. They’re stupid.
Naanos ni David. David is kind/patient.
Naunget da Bob ken Jim. Bob and Jim are cranky.

8.7 Substitution Drill. Repeat the model sen­tence twice. Then, substitute the given cues.

Cue   Response
  Model:   Natayag ak.
ka   Natayag ka.
nagaget   Nagaget ka.
ta   __________
nalukmeg   __________
Juan   __________
naanos   __________
kayo   __________
Cindy ken Ruth   __________
nalaing   __________
Linda   __________
Helen ken Bob   __________

8.8 Sentence Formation Drill. Using the adjec­tive cues written on the board, give one sentence about somebody or some people in the classroom.

Cue   Response
natayag ‘tall’ S1 Naunget ni Pedro.
pandek ‘short’ S2 Nakuttong ak.
nagaget ‘industrious’   _______________
nasadut ‘lazy’   _______________
nalukmeg ‘stout’   _______________
nakuttong ‘thin’   _______________
nalaing ‘intelligent’   _______________
namuno ‘stupid’   _______________
naanos ‘kind’   _______________
naunget ‘cranky’   _______________

658.9 Transformation Drill. Each student gives a statement using one of the adjectives in exercise 8.8. The class echoes the statement as a question.

S1 Nagaget ni Bob Johnson.
C1 Nagaget ni Bob Johnson?
S2 Nalaing tayo.
C1 Nalaing tayo?
S3 Naanos ka.
C1 Naanos ka?

8.10 Chain Drill. Using adjectives, ask wen/saan questions of one another.

S1 Natayag ni Miss Cruz?
S2 Wen, natayag.
  Namuno ka?
S3 Saan, nalaing ak.
  Nagaget tayo?
S4 Wen, nagaget tayo.

8.11 Transformation Drill. Change the teacher’s affirmative statement to its negative form.

Teacher Student
Natayag ak. Saan ak a natayag.
Pandek da Mr. Reyes ken Mr. Santos. Saan a pandek da Mr. Reyes ken Mr. Santos.
Nagaget ka. ______________________
Nasadut ni Juan. ______________________
Nalukmeg ni Esteban. ______________________
Nakuttong tayo. ______________________
Nalaing da. ______________________
Namuno da Alfredo ken Charlie. ______________________
Naanos kami. ______________________
Naunget kayo. ______________________

668.12 Sentence Formation Drill. Give two sen­tences, one affirmative and one negative, descriptive of yourself or somebody else. Use sets of adjective antonyms.

S1 Nagaget ak.
  Saan ak a nasadut.
S2 Naanos ni Carlos.
  Saan a nauyong.
S3 Namuno tayo.
  Saan tayo a nalaing.
Additional Vocabulary
nasingpet well-behaved
naloko naughty, mischievous
napintas beautiful
naalas ugly (for females)
naguapo handsome
saan a naguapo ugly (for males)
#1 M1 Napintas ka?
    Nasadut ni Maria?
    Naloko da Ben ken Edy?
  M2 Saan, saan ak a napintas.
    Saan, saan a nasadut.
    Saan, saan da a naloko.
  C1 Napintas ka?
    Saan, saan ak a napintas.
  C2 Nasadut ni Maria?
    Saan, saan a nasadut.
  C3 Naloko da Ben ken Edy?
    Saan, saan da a naloko.

678.13 Substitution Drill. Repeat the model neg­ative response once or twice. Then, substitute the given cues.

Cue   Response
  Model:   Saan, saan ka a naloko.
da   __________________
Rosa   __________________
tayo   __________________
da Tony ken Marcia   __________________
kayo   __________________

8.14 Chain Drill. Ask one another wen/saan questions using adjectives and give negative answers similar to those in exercise 8.13.

S1 Naguapo ni Henry?
S2 Saan, saan a naguapo.
  Natayag ka?
S3 Saan, saan ak a natayag.
  Naunget ni Miss Cruz?
S4 Saan, saan a naunget.

8.15 Writing Activity. Give a one-sentence description for each of ten famous personalities. You may consult Appendix E, Section V for additional adjectives.


Alemán German
Aprikano African (male); the female form is Aprikana
Kastila Spaniard
Insik Chinese
Italiano Italian (male); the female form is Italiana
Meksikano Mexican (male); the female form is Meksikana
naalas ugly (for females)
naanos kind, patient
nakuttong thin
nagaget hard-working, industrious
naguapo handsome
nalaing intelligent, smart
naloko naughty, mischievous
nalukmeg stout
namuno stupid
napintas beautiful
nasadut lazy
nasingpet well-behaved
natayag tall (used for people)
naunget cranky
pandek short
pay an enclitic meaning ‘too’
Pranses French
propesor professor


1. Ilokano has two kinds of adjectives: affixed adjectives consisting of the affix na + base; and base adjectives.

e.g. (1) affixed adjective    
                 na + pintas -- napintas
    adjectival      ‘beauty’   ‘beautiful’
  (2) base adjective    
    pandek    --    short    
    dakkel    --    big    

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