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# LESSON THREE

(Maikatlo a Leksion)

 Deictics:1 daytoy, dayta, daydiay, dagitoy, dagita, dagidiay Question Word: ania
 #1 M1 Ania daytoy? What’s this? Ania dayta? What’s that? Ania daydiay? What’s that (yonder)? M2 Libro daytoy. This is a book. Lapis dayta. That’s a pencil. Lamisaan daydiay. That (yonder) is a table. C1 Ania daytoy?2 Lapis dayta. C2 Ania dayta?2 Libro daytoy. C3 Ania daydiay? Lamisaan daydiay.

3.1 Repetition and Substitution Drill. This exercise is done twice: first as a repetition exercise, next as a substitution drill.

 Model: Lapis daytoy. This is a pencil. Libro _______ _______ book. Papel _______ _______ (piece of) paper. Lamisaan ____ _______ table. Tugaw ______ _______ chair.

3.2 Question and Answer Drill. Respond to the teacher’s question.

 T Ania dayta? (pointing to an object near S1) S1 Lapis daytoy. T Ania dayta? S2 Libro daytoy. T Ania dayta? S3 Papel daytoy. Kdp.

193.3 Chain Drill. Ask ania dayta to one another. Be sure to observe proper distances.

 S1 Ania dayta? S2 Lamisaan daytoy. Ania dayta? S3 Libro daytoy. Ania dayta? S4 Papel daytoy. Kdp.

3.4 Substitution Drill. Repeat the model sentence once or twice. Then, substitute the given cues.

Cue   Response
Model:   Lapis dayta. That’s a pencil.
libro   Libro dayta. _______ book.
lamisaan   _________ _______ table.
tugaw   _________ _______ chair.
pisarra   _________ _______ blackboard.
tisa   _________ _______ (piece of) chalk.
ireyser   _________ _______ an eraser.
papel   _________ _______ (piece of) paper.

3.5 Question and Answer Drill. Respond to the teacher’s question.

 T Ania daytoy? S1 Lamisaan dayta. T Ania daytoy? S2 Tugaw dayta. T Ania daytoy? S3 Pisarra dayta. Kdp.

203.6 Question and Answer Drill. Each student shows or touches an object and asks ania daytoy. The whole class responds.

 S1 Ania daytoy? C1 Libro dayta. S2 Ania daytoy? C1 Papel dayta. S3 Ania daytoy? C1 Tugaw dayta.

3.7 Question and Answer Drill. Distinguish between the use of daytoy and dayta.

 T Ania daytoy? S1 Lapis dayta. T Ania dayta? S2 Papel daytoy. T Ania dayta? S3 Tugaw daytoy. Kdp.

Repeat the above exercise as a chain drill.

 S1 Ania daytoy? S2 Ireyser dayta. Ania dayta? S3 Tugaw daytoy. Ania daytoy? S4 Lapis dayta. Kdp.

3.8 Substitution Drill. Repeat the model sentence once or twice. Then, substitute the given cues. 21

Cue   Response
Model:   Pisarra daydiay. That (yonder) is a blackboard.
tisa   ____________ _______ (piece of) chalk.
ireyser   ____________ _______ an eraser.
tawa   ____________ _______ window.
ruangan   ____________ _______ door.
diding   ____________ _______ wall.

3.9 Question and Answer Drill. Respond to the teacher’s question.

 T Ania daydiay? C1 Tisa daydiay. T Ania daydiay? C1 Ireyser daydiay. T Ania daydiay? C1 Diding daydiay.

Repeat the above exercise as a chain drill.

 S1 Ania daydiay? S2 Diding daydiay. Ania daydiay? S3 Ruangan daydiay. Ania daydiay? S4 Tawa daydiay. Kdp.

 S1 Ania daytoy? S2 Pisarra dayta. Ania dayta? S3 Lapis daytoy. Ania daydiay? S4 Diding daydiay. Ania dayta? Kdp.

22Variation: Students go up front in pairs and ask each other ania daytoy, dayta, daydiay questions.

 #2 M1 Ania dagitoy? Ania dagita? Ania dagidiay? M2 Libro dagitoy. Lapis dagita. Papel dagidiay. C1 Ania dagitoy? Lapis dagita. C2 Ania dagita? Libro dagitoy. C3 Ania dagidiay? Papel dagidiay.

3.11 Substitution Drill. Repeat the model sen­tence once or twice. Then, substitute the given cues.

Cue   Response
Model:   Tugaw dagitoy.
lamisaan   Lamisaan dagitoy.
tisa   ______________
ireyser   ______________
lapis   ______________

3.12 Question and Answer Drill. Respond to the teacher’s question.

 T Ania dagita? S1 Tugaw dagitoy. T Ania dagita? S2 Lamisaan dagitoy. T Ania dagita? S3 Papel dagitoy. Kdp.

3.13 Chain Drill. Repeat exercise 3.12 as a chain drill. 23

 S1 Ania dagita? S2 Tugaw dagitoy. Ania dagita? S3 Papel dagitoy. Ania dagita? S4 Diding dagitoy. Kdp.

3.14 Substitution Drill. Repeat the model sen­tence once or twice. Then, substitute the given cues.

Cue   Response
Model:   Pisarra dagita.
tawa   Tawa dagita.
ruangan   _____________
diding   _____________
lapis   _____________
libro   _____________

3.15 Question and Answer Drill. Respond to the teacher’s question.

 T Ania dagitoy? C1 Pisarra dagita. T Ania dagitoy? C1 Tawa dagita. T Ania dagitoy? C1 Ruangan dagita. Kdp.

Variation. The above exercise can be done as a chain drill, or a student can act as teacher and ask questions of the class.

3.16 Substitution Drill. Repeat the model sen­tence once or twice. Then, substitute the given cues.

Cue   Response
Model:   Diding dagidiay.
ireyser   Ireyser dagidiay.
tawa   _____________
ruangan   _____________
pisarra   _____________
Kdp.

243.17 Chain Drill. Ask ania dagidiay to one another.

 S1 Ania dagidiay? S2 Lapis dagidiay. Ania dagidiay? S3 Ireyser dagidiay. Ania dagidiay? S4 Pisarra dagidiay. Kdp.

 T Ania daytoy? S1 Lapis dayta. T Ania dayta? S2 Papel daytoy. T Ania daydiay? S3 Ireyser daydiay. T Ania dagitoy? S4 Libro dagita. T Ania dagita? S5 Tugaw dagitoy. T Ania dagidiay? S6 Lamisaan dagidiay.

3.19 Chain Drill. Do exercise 3.18 as a chain drill. Use different deictics. 25

 #3 (Supplementary Cycle) M1 Ania ti Ilokano ti ‘cigarette’? What’s ‘cigarette’ in Ilokano? M2 Sigarilyo. ‘Sigarilyo.’ C Ania ti Ilokano ti ‘cigarette’? Sigarilyo.

3.20 Repetition Drill. Repeat the following sentences after the teacher.

 Ania ti Ilokano ti ‘cigarette’? _____________ ‘shoes’? _____________ ‘umbrella’? _____________ ‘ceiling’? _____________ ‘floor’?

3.21 Question and Answer Drill. A student asks an ania ti ____ question; the teacher answers it; the class repeats the answer in unison.

 S1 Ania ti Ilokano ti ‘umbrella’? T Payong. C1 Payong. S2 Ania ti Ilokano ti ‘ceiling’? T Bobeda. C1 Bobeda. Kdp.

3.22 Chain Drill. Ask one another ania ti ___ questions. Use the vocabulary items you have learned so far.

 S1 Ania ti Ilokano ti ‘blackboard’? S2 Pisarra. Ania ti Ilokano ti ‘chalk’? S3 Tisa. Ania ti Ilokano ti ‘shoes’? S4 Sapatos. Kdp.

263.23 Cumulative Activity.

(1) Go around the classroom and identify a few objects. Use daytoy, dayta, daydiay, dagitoy, dagita, and dagidiay at least once each.

(2) Make a classroom tour with one or two classmates. Ask ania + deictic questions and let your class­mate(s) answer. Use daytoy, dayta, daydiay, dagitoy, dagita, and dagidiay at least once each.

## VOCABULARY

 ania what bobeda ceiling dagidiay those (yonder) dagita those dagitoy these daydiay that (yonder) dayta that daytoy this diding wall ireyser eraser lamisaan table lapis pencil libro book papel paper payong umbrella pisarra blackboard ruangan door sigarilyo cigarette tawa window tisa chalk tugaw chair
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#### NOTES

1. The Ilokano deictics (also called demonstra­tives) are:

 Singular Plural daytoy dagitoy (near speaker) dayta dagita (near hearer, far from speaker) daydiay dagidiay (away from both speaker and hearer–yonder)

2. Notice the deictic switch between daytoy and dayta in questions and answers where daytoy refers to something near the speaker (ordinarily within his reach) and dayta refers to something away from the speaker but near the hearer. In some instances dayta may be used to point out that which is not within reach of either the speaker or the hearer, but somewhere not too far from either one or the other.

 e.g. Q Ania daytoy? R Pisarra dayta. Q Ania dayta? R Lapis daytoy. Q Ania dayta? R Lapis dayta.

LESSON TWO

LESSON FOUR

ISBN
9780824879006
MARC Record
OCLC
1053883192
Launched on MUSE
2018-09-19
Language
English
Open Access
Yes
Creative Commons
CC-BY-NC-SA