Chiang Kai-shek, February 25, 1927.
… the only purpose of this propaganda is to force out their opponents…. As Chairman of the highest political organization I support the Party’s power even more than the others do…. The only dictator is Hsü Ch’ien himself. He has no basis of authority but has made himself chairman of Hankow’s Joint Council and has thereby disobeyed the regulations of the KMT. He is nothing but a dictator…. I, myself, carry out the decisions of the [Central Executive] Committee. Our Party has its own history, its own purposes, and its own principles. Merely criticizing without careful consideration is action against the revolution and seeks destruction of our Party. A member of this Party should cooperate with his comrades in guarding our Party power. Impulsive, excessive criticism is wounding our Party.
My hope is that Wang Ching-wei will return to his duties. I have strongly proclaimed our friendship, but there have been words that aim to break up our friendship and ruin the chances of Wang Ching-wei’s return…. therefore broadening the power of the Party is not a question of personality but of beliefs. Our Party members now are so confused and distrustful that issuing one order stirs questions. We cannot give too much attention to this!
I have not said that we couldn’t cooperate with the CCP. I was the first to advocate mutual cooperation. Recently it has been said that I disbelieve 298the CCP and want to be rid of them, but this is not the truth. In the past I was asked to especially protect the CCP. Then I answered that we should aid the weak among the revolutionary body in order to strengthen the revolution. At that time CCP members were few in number and loyal to the KMT. I, as with KMT members, was not permitted to suppress the CCP, but I also said that should the CCP in the future become coercive they should be restrained. Now the CCP is quite unruly and wants to damage the KMT organization; thus, we cannot treat them as before.
My function is to focus the power and spirit of the revolution. My attitude is necessarily open and frank. Some say that I am neither Left nor Right and am without ideology. In fact my principles are those of the revolution and must be neither Left nor Right. In the end, if our revolution fails then I will die with the KMT. If we struggle amongst ourselves, we can only lose. I am the leader of the revolutionary party and should consider this basis of both parties. Furthermore, I am not an anti-Communist, I have long sympathized with them, but I must make CCP members take heed not to oppress KMT members. If they do, the two parties will through attacking each other ruin the revolution.
Some denounce me for dictatorial tendencies. I have been given the position of general, and the burden of this responsibility is heavy indeed. In carrying out my duties I must have a certain amount of authority. On the one hand I must bear the heavy responsibilities, while on the other I am for this suspected and envied by others. How can we hope for the revolution’s success? If people are dissatisfied with the way I am conducting affairs I, myself, can resign.
(Kuowen [March 13, 1927], n. p.)