publisher colophon
  • Note: t after a page number indicates a table; f after a page number indicates a figure.
  • 180.com.uy, 274
  • 4shared, 96, 153n53, 236, 249, 265n61
  • A*.org, 26
  • Aaaarg, 1, 180n21, 234
  • Abiad, 91
  • ABRELIVROS, 232, 262n36
  • Academia.edu, 238
  • Academica Project, 164
  • Academic Press, 58t
  • Academy of Science of South Africa (ASSAF), 127–129, 150n26
  • Access
    • Argentina and, 79, 84–92, 95–100, 102n15
    • Brazil and, 223–226, 234, 236, 239–241, 244–246, 249–251, 255–259, 263n8
    • databases and, 1 (see also Databases)
    • flexibility and, 142–143
    • from below, 8–9
    • India and, 184–188, 202–208, 212–214
    • Library Genesis and, 28, 64, 66, 68, 73
    • neoliberalism and, 146–147
    • open, 159 (see also Open access)
    • photocopying and, 246–248 (see also Photocopying)
    • piracy and, 3–5 (see also Piracy)
    • Poland and, 159, 161, 164–170, 173, 178, 179n8, 180n15
    • right to education and, 14, 17, 107, 114–115, 129–130, 136, 213–215
    • Russia and, 1–3, 28
    • sharing and, 5 (see also Sharing)
    • South Africa and, 111–114, 122, 125–126, 129–130, 133–147, 152n48, 153n52
    • universal libraries and, 25, 39, 48, 73, 187–188
    • Uruguay and, 273–276, 277n3
  • ACS, 163
  • Activism, 6, 13, 29
    • boycotts and, 112–113, 133
    • India and, 194, 199
    • protest and, 82, 108, 110, 133, 136, 145–147, 199, 208, 231, 235, 274
    • South Africa and, 110–111, 136, 146
  • Ad Donker Publishers, 112, 120
  • African Copyright and Access to Knowledge (ACA2K), 131, 151n34
  • Africanization, 107, 127
  • African National Congress (ANC), 111–115, 127, 149n7
  • Afrikaans, 109–110, 117–118, 127
  • Aguado, Amelia, 80
  • AIDS, 130
  • AIP, 163
  • Alchemist, The (Coelho), 183–184
  • Aleph, 48n6, 54f, 56f, 189
  • AllofMP3.com, 45
  • Almeida, Elenara Chaves Edler de, 242
  • Almeida, W. M de, 8
  • Altbach, Philip, 217n26
  • Alves, Gama, 242
  • Amaro, Bianca, 243
  • Amazon, 61
    • anonymous gift cards and, 40
    • books and, 40, 61–64, 73n1, 74n5, 203, 205, 215, 219n50, 241
    • Brazil and, 241
    • India and, 205, 215, 219n50
    • Kindle and, 62–66, 74n5, 192
    • Library Genesis and, 40, 62–64, 73n1, 74n5
    • used books and, 203
  • American Mathematical Society, 59
  • Anonymity, 19, 21n17, 25, 37, 40, 46, 48n2, 49n10, 75n7, 88, 152n48
  • Apartheid
    • academic boycott of, 112–113
    • access rights and, 114–115
    • Anti-Apartheid Act and, 112
    • Extension of Universities Act No. 45 and, 108–109
    • higher education and, 108–110, 113–114
    • publishing underground and, 110–112
    • South Africa and, 5, 7, 15–16, 107–121, 125, 127, 131–133, 136, 146, 148n4, 149n10
    • student resistance and, 110–112
  • Apostilas, 251, 260n25
  • Archives, 3. See also specific archive
    • Argentina and, 16, 79, 93–95, 100
    • Brazil and, 18, 234, 236, 239–241, 251–252, 261n31
    • curated, 1
    • databases and, 142 (see also Databases)
    • exceptions for, 21nn12,15
    • FTP, 37–38, 93
    • India and, 185–189, 206–207
    • Library Genesis and, 25–27, 38–39, 42, 44, 47, 53, 55–61, 65–66
    • personal, 26, 188, 251
    • piracy and, 1–2, 21n16, 39, 44, 53, 65, 187, 206, 236
    • Poland and, 176–178
    • prepublication and, 6, 19n1
    • Russia and, 15, 38–39, 42, 44, 47
    • social theory, 1
    • South Africa and, 131, 153n53
    • Uruguay and, 273
  • Argentina
    • access and, 79, 84–92, 95–100, 102n15
    • archives and, 16, 79, 93–95, 100
    • Article 72 and, 17, 90–92, 102n16
    • Bureaucratic Authoritarian State and, 81
    • business models and, 93
    • CADRA and, 92, 96–97, 102n23
    • CEAL and, 83–84, 101nn9,11
    • censorship and, 83–84, 101n8
    • communism and, 84
    • computers and, 96, 102n14
    • copyright and, 89–91, 97, 100
    • copy shops and, 85–88, 91, 98
    • databases and, 88
    • dictatorships and, 16, 78–84, 101n8
    • digital technology and, 79, 87, 89, 92–95, 99–100, 103nn31,39
    • Eudeba and, 8, 16, 79–83, 97–98, 101nn5,9, 102nn18,22, 103n31, 274
    • faculty and, 80–83, 87–92, 97–100
    • forums and, 94–98, 102n15
    • funding and, 108–109, 114–116, 128
    • Golden Age of publishing and, 16, 79–81, 98
    • Hansi Libros and, 1, 92–93, 95
    • intellectual property and, 91
    • Internet and, 88–89, 92–96, 99, 102n15
    • Law 26.899 and, 100
    • Law to Promote Books and Reading and, 91
    • legal issues and, 80–86, 89–92, 97–98, 100
    • librarians and, 93, 100
    • licenses and, 92, 100
    • literacy and, 79
    • Ministry of Culture and, 99
    • music industry and, 92
    • Night of the Long Batons and, 82–83
    • Onganía and, 81–84
    • open access and, 99–100, 103nn35,42
    • periodization of publishing in, 80–81
    • Peronist regimes and, 80–81
    • photocopying and, 79, 85–92, 97–98, 102n22
    • publishers and, 80–81, 84, 90–92, 98–100
    • reform and, 82
    • reintermediation and, 98–100
    • scanning and, 93, 96
    • School of Philosophy and Letters and, 79–80, 85, 90, 92, 94, 96, 102n25, 103n28
    • shadow libraries and, 94, 97–98
    • sharing and, 87–88, 92–94, 96, 98
    • SIDE and, 84
    • students and, 79–100, 102nn15,18,25, 103n31
    • subsidies and, 82, 92
    • takedown requests and, 95, 97–98
    • textbooks and, 81, 87, 90
    • toward online digital libraries in, 92–93
    • United States and, 82
    • University of Buenos Aires and, 11, 16, 79, 85, 99, 100n1
    • University of La Plata and, 93, 99
    • University Reform of 1918 and, 82
  • Argentinian Chamber of Books (CAL), 90–91
  • Armstrong, Chris, 130
  • Article 72, 17, 90–92, 102n16
  • Arunachalam, Subbiah, 186
  • Association of American Publishers (AAP), 112, 260n25
  • Association of American University Presses (AAUP), 112, 260n25
  • Asundi, A. Y., 195
  • Atlas, 239
  • A.U.T.O.R., 275
  • Availability rates, 62, 65, 74n5
  • B (mirror site of LibGen), 65, 73, 75n8
  • Babel, 17, 188, 190
  • Baczykowska, Aleksandra, 172
  • Badat, Saleem, 115–116, 118
  • Balaram, Padmanabhan, 186
  • Bankruptcy, 84, 145
  • Bans, 13, 40, 84, 111–113, 122
  • Baptista, Lourival, 229
  • Basu, Kaushik, 200
  • Battles, M., 25
  • Bazzle, Steph, 183
  • Beltrão, Iwakami, 256, 259n3
  • Benjamin/Cummings Pub Co., 59
  • Berger, Guy, 111
  • Bergstrom, T. C., 8, 20n11
  • Berne Convention, 14, 21n13, 231
  • Bhattacharji, P., 125, 219n52
  • BiblioCEN, 97
  • BiblioFyl, 16, 94–98, 100n, 189, 207
  • BiblioPsi, 97
  • BiblioSoc, 96–97
  • Biblioteca Recargada (Library Reloaded), 95
  • Biko, Steve, 110–111
  • Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, 196
  • Biometric scanning, 1
  • Birkhäuser, 59
  • BitTorrent, 153n53
  • Black Consciousness, 110–111
  • Blackwell Publishers, 6, 59, 163, 200
  • Blogs, 176, 234–236, 250, 263n49
  • Bodó, Balázs, 15–16, 25–51, 53–77, 279
  • Bollywood, 183
  • Bologna Accords, 68
  • Books
    • Amazon and, 40, 61–64, 73n1, 74n5, 203, 205, 215, 219n50, 241
    • boycotts and, 112–113, 120, 133
    • bursary system and, 114, 135–138, 140, 145, 147, 153n50
    • Chomikuj and, 17, 170–172, 175–178, 180n21
    • comic, 34, 48n4, 75n7
    • devices as poor substitute for, 18–19
    • Dewey Decimal Classification (DDC) and, 57f, 59–61, 70, 74n3
    • downloading, 1, 3, 17, 37, 40, 53, 64, 66, 68, 99, 129, 137, 141, 144, 147, 153n53, 164–166, 178, 192, 206–207, 241, 244, 249, 258, 264n58
    • e-books and, 38–40, 45, 49n9, 62–64, 74n5, 126, 144, 164–167, 175, 179nn7,10, 192, 205, 207, 246, 251, 275
    • e-readers and, 48n5, 62–66, 74n5, 153n52, 192, 207, 274
    • fiction, 31, 33–37, 42, 48n4, 61, 64
    • hoarding and, 33–34
    • Kindle and, 62–66, 74n5, 192
    • new, 9, 12, 55, 74n5, 93, 137–138, 140, 142, 180n15, 191, 244, 246, 255
    • nonfiction, 236
    • parallel importation and, 13, 122–125, 130, 144, 147, 149n17
    • piracy and, 1, 3–4, 12–13, 21n16, 38, 45–46, 53, 64, 108, 131, 139, 153n53, 183–184, 191–192, 201–202, 206, 216nn1,3, 235, 237, 249–250, 255, 260n25, 263n49, 264nn57,58, 277n4
    • print media and, 3–4, 18, 21n12, 34, 36, 40, 42–44, 65–66, 68, 73, 89, 99, 126, 131, 140, 144, 164, 175, 186, 188, 207, 215, 223–224, 228, 244, 246–247, 274–276
    • public domain, 16, 25, 91, 102n16
    • scanning of, 1, 36–38, 49n9, 93, 163, 217n19, 219n45, 235, 238, 268n97
    • social/political life of, 191–193, 197–199
    • supply chain problems and, 121–122
    • tablets and, 102n15, 140–141, 153n52, 167, 175, 207, 219n45, 246, 274
    • textbooks and, 126 (see also Textbooks)
    • used, 9, 12, 62–64, 74n5, 85–89, 121, 123, 137–140, 145, 191–192, 197, 203, 245, 255
    • U.S. Wheat Loan program and, 197–199, 217n26
  • BookScan, 217n19, 268n97
  • Bookzz, 234
  • Borges, J. L., 25
  • Boulderstone, R., 9
  • Bragança, Anibal, 242
  • Brazil, 5
    • access and, 223–226, 234, 236, 239–241, 244–246, 249–251, 255–259, 263n8
    • Amazon and, 241
    • apostilas and, 251, 260n25
    • archives and, 18, 234, 236, 239–241, 251–252, 261n31
    • business models and, 223
    • CAPES Journals Portal and, 241–244, 266n7
    • censorship and, 264n59
    • Civil Code and, 229, 259n1
    • Coelho and, 183–184, 235, 263n49
    • collective management and, 231–234
    • computers and, 246
    • copyright and, 11, 223–234, 237–240, 244, 249, 257–258, 259n1, 260n25, 262n39, 263n42,48, 264n59, 265n61
    • Copyright Reform Bill and, 232
    • copy shops and, 224–228, 232, 235, 247, 254
    • cultural flat tax and, 233
    • cyberlockers and, 18, 236–237, 264n58
    • databases and, 239, 241–243, 250–251, 258, 267nn89,96
    • digital technology and, 18, 223–224, 228, 230, 233–241, 244–247, 250–256, 262nn39,41, 263n42
    • faculty and, 224, 229, 240, 250, 254, 258
    • forums and, 235, 254
    • funding and, 240–241, 243, 258, 266nn80,88
    • higher education and, 223, 226, 239, 242, 257–258, 261n31, 267n89
    • intellectual property and, 228, 234
    • Internet and, 230, 233–241, 244–246, 251, 264n58
    • journals and, 237–246, 258, 266n7
    • language and, 18, 19n2, 72, 234–236, 240
    • Law 12853/13 and, 231–233, 262nn33,34
    • Law 9610/98 and, 223, 237
    • legal issues and, 18, 223–226, 229–232, 235–238, 243–244, 248–250, 254, 260n25, 262nn34,41, 263n43, 267nn89,96
    • librarians and, 255, 259n2
    • licenses and, 18, 223–232, 239–244, 258, 261n29, 266n85
    • literacy and, 266n88
    • Lula and, 229–231, 267n89
    • Ministry of Culture and, 230–234, 241, 262n34
    • music industry and, 229–231, 233–234, 237, 263n49, 264n58
    • National Antipiracy Plan and, 226
    • National Textbook Program (PNLD) and, 242, 266n88, 267n89
    • online services and, 236–238
    • open access and, 6, 223–224, 239–241, 243, 246
    • photocopying and, 18, 223–235, 244–248, 251, 254–255, 258, 259n1, 260n25, 261n31, 263n48
    • piracy and, 226, 228, 235, 237, 255, 260n25, 261n29, 263n49
    • publishers and, 223–229, 232, 235, 237–246, 255–258, 259n2, 260n25, 268nn97,105
    • reading habits in, 268n99
    • reform and, 37, 223–224, 229–232, 237, 258, 262n36
    • Rousseff and, 231, 234
    • scanning and, 235, 238, 268n97
    • SciELO and, 6, 27, 128, 150n26, 239–241, 243, 246, 266n80, 267n96
    • shadow libraries and, 18, 223–224, 234–236, 254, 258
    • sharing and, 18, 234–238, 242, 247, 249–254
    • students and, 7, 223–224, 226–228, 234–259, 261n31, 263n48, 266n88, 267n94, 268n102
    • subscriptions and, 239, 242–243, 258
    • subsidies and, 8
    • takedown requests and, 59, 233–238, 264n58, 265n60
    • textbooks and, 238–242, 246, 258, 260n25, 266n88, 267n89
    • United States and, 229
    • University of São Paulo and, 227, 233, 235, 255
    • Wiley and, 241, 243
    • Xerox and, 224, 229, 261n29
  • Brazilian Association for the Protection of Editorial and Authors’ Rights (ABPDEA), 225–226
  • Brazilian Association of Scientific Editors (ABEC), 243
  • Brazilian Collective Licensing Association (ABRALC), 232
  • Brazilian Consumer Defense Institute
  • Brazilian Reprographic Rights Association (ABDR), 49, 225–229, 235–238, 257–258, 260n25, 261n29, 263n48
  • British Copyright Act of 1916, 130
  • Brotchie, Eric Antony, 201
  • Brown, D. J., 9
  • Budapest Declaration, 6, 19n1
  • Budylin, S., 42
  • Bulletin board systems (BBSs), 34, 42
  • Bunting, Ian, 114
  • Bursary system, 114, 135–138, 140, 145, 147, 153n50
  • Bush, V., 25
  • Business models
    • Argentina and, 93
    • Brazil and, 223
    • Library Genesis and, 39
    • licenses and, 4
    • Russia and, 39
    • South Africa and, 128, 144
  • Butterworths, 119
  • CADRA, 92, 96–97, 102n23
  • Caesar, 189
  • Calero, Marcelo, 262n34
  • Camargo, Alexandre, 245
  • Cambridge University Press, 10, 20n10, 58t, 200, 208, 241
  • Canada, 20n9, 234
  • Cândido, Thiago, 235–236
  • CAPES Journals Portal, 241–244, 266n7
  • Cassiano, Célia Cristina de Figueiredo, 258
  • Castilho, José, 226–227
  • Castro, Oona, 241
  • CDs, 3–4, 35, 42–43, 88, 94, 219n52, 226, 273, 277n2
  • CEDRO, 93
  • Cell phones, 152n48, 180n13, 219n45, 254
  • Cengage, 145
  • Censorship
    • Argentina and, 83–84, 101n8
    • Brazil and, 264n59
    • copyright and, 15, 30, 32, 112, 264n59
    • Russia and, 15, 29–34, 36, 48n8
    • SIDE and, 84
    • South Africa and, 110–113, 120
  • Central Office of Collection and Distribution (ECAD), 230
  • Centro Editor de América Latina, el (CEAL), 83–84, 101nn9,11
  • Césaire, Aimé, 111
  • Chand, Prem, 185
  • C. H. Beck, 170
  • Cheap copying, 3, 5, 9, 15, 166
  • Chegg, 138, 203
  • Chetty, Pria, 130–132, 134
  • Children’s Book Trust, 198
  • China, 16, 20n5, 28, 120
  • Chomikuj, 17, 170–172, 175–178, 180n21
  • Church of Scientology, 209
  • City Central Library, 191, 195–196
  • Civil Rights Framework for the Internet
  • Clarke’s Bookshop, 120–121
  • Cloete, Nico, 115, 117
  • Cloud storage, 18, 247
  • Coelho, Paulo, 183–184, 235, 263n49
  • Cold War, 197–198
  • Colibrí, 275
  • Colombia, 20n8
  • Columbia University, 186
  • Comics, 34, 48n4, 75n7
  • Communism
    • Argentina and, 84
    • India and, 198–200
    • Poland and, 7, 159–160, 166
    • Russia and, 15, 17, 29–33, 198, 200
    • South Africa and, 111
  • Competitions Commission, 153n51
  • Computer Fraud and Abuse Act, 20n4
  • Computers
    • Argentina and, 96, 102n15
    • Brazil and, 246
    • cheap copying and, 9
    • digital libraries and, 25–26, 34–35, 44, 57, 73n1
    • India and, 185, 188, 192, 205, 207, 209, 219n51
    • Library Genesis and, 25–26, 34–35, 44, 57, 73n1
    • Online Computer Library Center (OCLC) and, 73n1
    • personal, 9, 34–35, 167
    • Poland and, 167
    • South Africa and, 148, 153n52
  • Computer science, 35, 57–61
  • Copiar Livro É Direito (To Copy Books Is a Right) manifesto, 228–229
  • Copy culture, 11, 19, 112–113, 166, 208–212, 223–224
  • Copynorms, 39–42, 46
  • Copyright
    • Argentina and, 89–91, 97, 100
    • Berne Convention and, 14, 21n13, 231
    • Brazil and, 11, 223–234, 237–240, 244, 249, 257–258, 259n1, 260n25, 262nn39,42, 263n48, 264n59, 265n61
    • censorship and, 15, 30, 32, 112, 264n59
    • Creative Commons and, 19n1, 100, 102n16
    • criminal penalties and, 9–10, 20n8, 45, 89–92, 102n22, 109, 137, 258, 273–275
    • cross-national pricing and, 122–123
    • Delhi University photocopy case and, 208–212
    • DMCA and, 46–47, 237, 264n59
    • enforcement issues and, 13, 19, 26, 44–47, 72, 125, 130–131, 179n8, 214, 223, 226–227, 229, 233, 277n2
    • exceptions and, 9–14, 17–18, 20n8, 21n12, 89, 91, 130–131, 159, 161, 165–166, 169, 172, 179n8, 209, 214–215, 224–226, 230, 259n1, 262n41, 273–275, 281
    • fair use and, 20n8,10, 25, 89, 132, 151n33, 165, 208–209, 212, 226
    • first sale and, 13, 123–124
    • flexibilities in, 6
    • holders of, 13, 21n12, 25–26, 30, 32, 42, 45, 47, 89–90, 123, 131, 134, 159, 161, 212, 230–234, 262n41, 265n61, 277n2
    • India and, 10, 184, 189, 209–215, 219nn48,54, 220n56
    • infringement of, 2, 9, 20n4, 49n13, 53, 90, 123, 125, 130–131, 153n54, 171–172, 210, 212, 219n54, 223, 233, 237–238, 244, 249, 257, 263n48, 264n59, 274–275
    • injunctions and, 2, 26–27, 46–47, 190–191
    • intellectual property and, 14, 21n15, 30, 42, 44, 91, 122, 130, 184, 217n18, 228, 234, 262n41
    • international, 13–15, 30, 41, 44, 107, 122, 124, 130, 132, 134–135, 147, 223, 226, 229
    • Kirtsaeng v. John Wiley & Sons, Inc. and, 13, 123–125, 147
    • Library Genesis and, 25–26, 29–30, 32, 34, 39–48, 49n13, 53, 64, 72
    • orphan works and, 21n12, 25, 64
    • permissions and, 14, 42–43, 45, 89–90, 173, 223
    • personal use and, 9, 173, 209, 214, 228, 275
    • photocopying and, 3 (see also Photocopying)
    • plagiarism and, 153n54, 249
    • Poland and, 159–161, 165–166, 169–173, 179n8
    • policy response and, 13–15
    • public domain and, 16, 25, 91, 102n16
    • raids and, 10, 18, 112, 136, 223, 226–228, 273–276
    • reform and, 10 (see also Reform)
    • right to education and, 14, 17, 107, 114–115, 129–130, 136, 213–215
    • royalties and, 30, 32, 45, 49n13, 134, 149n16, 199, 225–233, 262n33, 275
    • Russia and, 29–30, 32, 34, 39–48, 49n13, 53, 64, 72
    • sharing and, 9 (see also Sharing)
    • South Africa and, 107, 112, 122–125, 129–135, 144, 147, 151n34, 153n554
    • students and, 6, 9–13, 17–20, 89–91, 100, 130, 134, 153n54, 161, 169–173, 179n8, 184, 189, 209–210, 214, 223, 226, 229, 238, 240, 244, 249, 257, 263, 273–276, 280
    • takedown requests and, 26, 41, 43, 59, 95, 97–98, 130, 152n45, 172, 233–238, 264n58, 265n60
    • territorial rights and, 13, 122–123, 149n17, 263n42
    • Uruguay and, 10, 273–276, 277n2
  • Copyright Act No. 98, 130–132
  • Copyright Amendment Bill B-13–2017, 130
  • Copyright Reform Bill, 232
  • Copyright Review Commission, 133–134
  • Copy shops, 2
    • Argentina and, 85–88, 91, 98
    • Brazil and, 224–228, 232, 235, 247, 254
    • enforcement issues and, 9–10, 13, 18, 136, 168, 208, 224, 227
    • increase of, 9–10
    • India and, 202, 208–209
    • Kinkos lawsuit and, 10
    • Poland and, 168
    • raids and, 10, 18, 112, 136, 223, 226–228, 273–276
    • South Africa and, 113, 133, 136–137, 140
    • as stopgaps, 12
    • Uruguay and, 273–276
  • Costa, Eliane, 230
  • Cost of Books Study, 149n16
  • Council on Higher Education (CHE), 142–143
  • Counterfeit Goods Act, 131
  • Courant, N., 20n11
  • Craveiro, Gisele, 255
  • Creative Commons, 19n1, 100, 102n16
  • CREST, 127
  • Crews, Kenneth, 21n14, 89
  • Criminal penalties, 9–10, 20n8, 45, 89–92, 102n22, 109, 137, 258, 273–275
  • Crossick, G., 6, 9
  • Cultural flat tax, 233
  • Cyberlockers, 18, 236–237, 264n58
  • Czapiński, Janusz, 167, 279
  • Czerniewicz, Laura, 16–17, 107–157
  • D++, 153n53
  • DALRO (Dramatic and Literary Rights Organization), 133–134, 136, 151nn37–39
  • Databases
    • Argentina and, 88
    • Brazil and, 239, 241–243, 250–251, 258, 267nn89,96
    • EBSCO, 163, 170, 171f, 176f
    • Facebook, 3, 98, 141, 176–177, 206, 233–234, 252–254, 258
    • Gigapedia, 4, 26–27, 38–39, 54–55, 57, 61, 73n1
    • Hansi Libros, 1, 92–93, 95
    • India and, 185–187, 196, 205–207, 213, 216, 219n52
    • international, 1, 164
    • journal, 1, 8, 12, 185, 187, 258
    • JSTOR, 6, 20, 28, 170–171, 176f, 186, 241
    • legal, 170, 171f, 176f, 206
    • LibGen, 1–4 (see also Library Genesis)
    • licenses and, 8, 12, 14, 73, 163–164, 213, 243
    • Poland and, 162–165, 170–171, 174–178
    • Pradeep’s Eleven and, 185, 187, 189, 207
    • price increases in, 8
    • SciELO, 6, 27, 128, 130, 150n26, 239–241, 243, 246, 266n80, 267n96
    • ScienceDirect, 2, 163
    • Sci-Hub, 1–6, 15, 26
    • South Africa and, 142, 152n48
    • SpringerLink, 163
    • subscriptions to, 1, 5, 12, 163–164, 170, 185–186, 206, 213, 219n52, 239, 242–243, 258
    • Web of Knowledge, 163
    • Wikipedia, 175, 176f, 250
  • David Philip Publishers, 112, 120
  • Dayal, Ravi, 200–201
  • De Beer, Jeremy, 131, 151n34
  • DEC++, 153n53
  • Decolonization, 107–108, 112, 129, 146, 198
  • De Hollanda, Ana, 231
  • De Jager HAUM, 118
  • Dejean, S., 64
  • De Jongh’s Bookshop, 120
  • De Klerk, F. W., 113
  • De la Serna, Héctor Gustavo, 84, 101n10
  • Delhi University, 10, 202–203, 208–210, 213–214, 219nn44,47
  • Derrida, Jacques, 91
  • De Sagástizabal, Leandro, 98
  • Developing Library Network (DELNET), 196
  • Deverakshanam, Betty, 125
  • Dewey Decimal Classification (DDC), 57f, 59–61, 70, 74n3
  • Dewhirst, M., 31, 48
  • Dibbel, 230
  • Dictatorships, 16, 78–84, 101n8
  • Digital access, 14, 17, 87, 100, 205–208, 244
  • Digital Empowerment Foundation (DEF), 196
  • Digital libraries
    • Argentina and, 92–93, 95, 99
    • Brazil and, 236–239
    • India and, 186, 189
    • Internet and, 25–27
    • Poland and, 163, 172, 176f, 180n21
    • Russia and, 27, 34–37, 41, 43–46
    • Uruguay and, 275
  • Digital technology
    • archiving and, 21n16, 55, 79, 187
    • Argentina and, 79, 87, 89, 92–95, 99–100, 103nn31,39
    • Brazil and, 18, 223–224, 228, 230, 233–241, 244–247, 250–256, 262nn39,41, 263n42
    • copyright and, 11 (see also Copyright)
    • delivery methods and, 6, 118, 142, 144, 147–148
    • e-books and, 38–40, 45, 49, 62–64, 74n5, 126, 144, 164–167, 175, 179nn7,10, 188, 192, 205, 207, 246, 251–252, 275
    • e-journals and, 219n52
    • era of, 3, 18, 188, 205, 212, 215
    • India and, 184–189, 195–196, 201, 205–208, 212, 215
    • learning platforms and, 6, 11
    • legal issues and, 4 (see also Legal issues)
    • Library Genesis and, 25–28, 34–37, 40–46, 49n13, 55–56, 61, 65–68, 73
    • orphan works and, 21n12, 25, 64
    • piracy and, 1, 3–5, 21, 44–46, 65, 73, 108, 131, 184, 189, 207, 228, 235, 237
    • Poland and, 17, 159, 163–166, 169–176, 179n8, 180n21
    • print media and, 3–4, 18, 21n12, 34, 36, 40, 42–44, 65–68, 73, 89, 99, 126, 131, 140, 144, 164, 175, 186, 188, 207, 215, 223–224, 228, 244, 246–247, 274–276
    • South Africa and, 16, 108, 112, 114, 117–118, 123, 126, 128, 130–148, 151n34
    • unauthorized copying and, 1, 3, 21, 254, 273
    • United States and, 73
    • Uruguay and, 273–276
  • Dimoulis, Dimitri, 238
  • Diodorus Siculus, 189
  • DJVU file format, 37, 49n9
  • Do-it-yourself digital libraries, 34–35
  • Doors of Learning and Culture Shall Be Opened, The (African National Congress), 114
  • Downloading, 16
    • books, 1, 3, 17, 37, 40, 53, 64, 66, 68, 99, 129, 137, 141, 144, 147, 153n53, 164–166, 178, 192, 206–207, 241, 244, 249, 258, 264n58
    • journals, 1, 6, 185, 187
    • music, 3, 68, 137, 141, 166, 174–175, 178, 207, 233, 264n58
    • Pradeep’s Eleven and, 1851, 87, 189, 207
  • Draft National Policy, 132
  • Dramatic and Literary Rights Organization (DALRO), 133–134, 136, 151nn37–39
  • Dropbox, 141, 237, 249, 252, 254
  • Duchiade, Milena, 235, 256, 258
  • DVDs, 3, 26, 37–38, 179n8, 202, 226, 277n2
  • Dynowski, Piotr, 172
  • E (digital library), 40–41
  • Earp, Fábio Sá, 256, 268n97
  • Ebah, 238
  • E-books
    • Brazil and, 246, 251–252
    • digital technology and, 38–40, 45, 49, 62–64, 74n5, 126, 144, 164–167, 175, 179nn7,l0, 188, 192, 205, 207, 246, 251–252, 275
    • India and, 188, 192, 205, 207
    • Poland and, 164–167, 175, 179nn7,10
    • Russia and, 38–40, 45, 49
    • South Africa and, 126, 144
    • Uruguay and, 275
  • EBSCO, 163, 170, 171f, 176f
  • Ecosystems
    • digitally mediated, 144–146
    • higher education and, 4–5, 10, 15, 17, 19, 21n16, 146, 161, 184, 223, 257–258
    • publishers and, 2, 4–5, 9, 11–12, 15, 48, 73, 137, 143–146, 162, 223, 255, 259n2, 276
    • student-made, 85–92, 99
  • Editora Manole, 238–239
  • Editora UNESP, 226
  • Egypt, 16
  • E-journals, 219n52
  • Ekalavya story, 190–191, 216
  • Elbakyan, Aleksandra, 1–3
  • Elsevier, 2, 4, 6, 12, 186–187, 241, 243
  • Elst, M., 30, 33, 42
  • Emerald, 163, 241
  • Encyclopedia Britannica, 206
  • Endlaw, Rajiv, 210–211
  • Enforcement
    • copy shops and, 9–10, 13, 18, 136, 168, 208, 224, 227
    • Department of Trade and Industry and, 131
    • raids and, 10, 18, 112, 136, 223, 226–228, 273–276
  • Enserink, M., 6, 179
  • E-readers, 48n5, 62–66, 74n5, 153n52, 192, 207, 274
  • E-reserves, 11
  • Ernst and Young, 184
  • Escola Superior de Propaganda e Marketing (ESPM), 227
  • Esnips, 96
  • Estante Virtual, 245
  • Estonia, 21n13
  • Eudeba
    • Argentina and, 8, 16, 79–83, 97–98, 101nn5,9, 102nn18,22, 103n31, 274
    • business model of, 82
    • as democratizer of knowledge, 80–83
    • founding of, 81
    • United States and, 82
  • European Union, 6, 11, 68, 160, 162
  • Evans, Nicholas, 112
  • Everyman’s Classics, 188
  • Exercícios de Topografia (Exercises in Topography), 225
  • Extension of Universities Act No. 45, 108–109
  • Facebook, 3, 98, 141, 176–177, 206, 233–234, 252–254, 258
  • Faculty, 2, 15–16
    • academic boycott of apartheid and, 112–113
    • affordable access and, 5, 64
    • Argentina and, 80–83, 87–92, 97–100
    • Brazil and, 224, 229, 240, 250, 254, 258
    • competitive disciplines and, 68
    • copy culture and, 11, 19, 112–113, 166, 223–224
    • curriculum choices and, 4
    • Delhi University photocopy case and, 208–212
    • India and, 187, 195, 202, 206
    • Library Genesis and, 64, 68, 73
    • Night of the Long Batons and, 82–83
    • Poland and, 159–161, 164–165, 174–178, 179n9
    • policy response and, 13–15
    • South Africa and, 110–116, 119, 125–126, 128, 141–142, 148
    • surveillance of, 11, 20n9
    • technology and, 9–10
    • Uruguay and, 273
  • Fair dealing, 132–134, 151n33, 165, 208–210, 213–214, 219n54, 220n56
  • Fair use, 20nn8,10, 25, 89, 132, 151n33, 165, 208–209, 212, 226
  • Fanon, Frantz, 111
  • Fantasy, 28, 34, 42
  • Farlam, Justice, 133
  • Farrell, R., 31
  • Federal Agency for Press and Mass Communications, 45
  • Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), 228
  • Federal University of São Carlos, 225, 228
  • Federation of Books, 82
  • Federation of Digital Libraries, 163
  • Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce (FICCI), 184
  • Federation of Indian Publishers, 196
  • Federation of University Students (FEUU), 274–275
  • Ferreira, Juca, 230, 233, 241, 262n34
  • Fiction, 31, 33–37, 42, 48n4, 61, 64
  • Fidonet, 34–35, 38, 43
  • Filgueiras, Juliana Miranda, 242
  • Filiciak, Mirosław, 17, 159–182, 279–280
  • Fink, C., 64
  • First-sale doctrine, 13, 123–124
  • Fisher, William, 233, 262n39
  • Flipkart, 205, 209n50
  • Fondo de Cultura Económica (FCE), 82
  • ForoFyl, 95–98
  • Forums
    • Argentina and, 94–98, 102n15
    • Brazil and, 235, 254
    • Library Genesis and, 37–38, 40, 48n2, 55, 75n8
    • Russia and, 37–38, 40, 48n2
    • South Africa and, 150n19
  • Fossatti, Mariana, 18, 273–278, 280
  • Foundation of University Culture (FCU), 274–275
  • Francisco, Pedro Augusto P., 230, 262n33
  • Franco, Francisco, 80
  • Freedom Charter, 114, 116, 149n8
  • Freedom of expression, 83, 159
  • Freedom of information, 110, 199
  • Freedom of Information Requests, 20n11
  • Freedom of translation, 30, 32
  • Freshwater, Helen, 48n8
  • Friedberg, M., 30–31
  • FTP de Michel, 93
  • FTP sites, 37–38, 93
  • Fuentes, James, 90
  • Fundação Armando Álvares Penteado (FAAP), 227
  • Fundação Getulio Vargas (FGV), 227–228
  • Fundação Oswaldo Cruz (FIOCruz), 240, 266n83
  • Funding
    • Argentina and, 108–109, 114–116, 128
    • Brazil and, 240–241, 258, 266nn80,88
    • bursary system and, 114, 135–138, 140, 145, 147, 153n50
    • cultural flat tax and, 233
    • donations and, 40, 47, 48n6
    • higher education and, 5
    • India and, 187, 194–196, 200–201, 205, 211, 215–216, 217n13
    • National Student Financial Aid Scheme (NSFAS) and, 114, 135–136, 146–147, 152n43
    • open models for, 11
    • Poland and, 159–163, 178
    • public, 12, 100
    • Public Libraries Act and, 195
    • SciELO and, 6, 128, 240–241, 266n80
    • South Africa and, 129, 132–136, 143, 147, 149n17, 152nn43,48
    • state retreat and, 5, 7–8, 79
    • subsidies and, 3, 8, 64, 82, 92, 108, 116, 122, 160–162, 164, 171, 178, 191, 199–200, 217n26, 218nn27,35
    • third-stream, 116
  • Gaekwad, Sayajirao, III, 193
  • Gemetto, Jorge, 18, 273–278, 280
  • Georgia State University, 11, 20n10
  • German Book Office, 196–197
  • Germany, 16, 68, 75n9, 82
  • Ghosh, Amitav, 202
  • Gigapedia (Library.nu), 26–27, 38–39, 54–55, 57, 61, 73n1, 153n53, 206
  • Gil, Gilberto, 230, 241
  • Gillwald, Alison, 115, 117
  • Golden Age of publishing, 16, 79–81, 98
  • Gold open access, 15, 19n1, 239
  • Golik, Katarzyna, 162–163
  • Gomez, Diego, 20n8
  • Google Books, 25, 74n6, 188
  • Google Docs, 176, 206
  • Google Drive, 253–254
  • Google Play, 241
  • Google Scholar, 240, 267n96
  • Google Search, 17, 141, 172, 175, 233, 236, 249
  • Gouvea, Gilda Portugal, 231
  • Grassmuck, Volker, 233
  • Gray, Eve, 16–17, 107–157, 280
  • Groves, Jack, 160
  • Grupo A, 239
  • Grupo Editorial Gen, 239
  • Grupo Gen, 237–238
  • Guerrilla Open Access Manifesto, 20n4, 28
  • Guibault, L., 9
  • Guimarães, Jorge Almeida, 242
  • Gulag Archipelago 1918–1956, The (Solzhenitsyn), 29
  • Hackers, 2, 29
  • Hallewell, Laurance, 242
  • Halsbury’s Laws of India, 206
  • Hansi Libros, 1, 92–93, 95
  • Haricombe, Lorraine, 112–113
  • Harper & Row, 58t
  • HARRYFAN CD, 43–44
  • Hart, Michael, 48n1
  • Harvard University, 12
  • Hathi Trust, 25
  • Haustein, S., 6
  • Hax, Andres, 91
  • Heald, P. J., 64
  • Heidegger, Martin, 90
  • Heidel, Evelin, 16, 79–105, 280
  • Heinemann, 119
  • HeinOnline, 206
  • Heitzman James, 195
  • Higher education
    • Africanization and, 107, 127
    • boom in, 7–8
    • Brazil and, 223, 226, 239, 242, 257–258, 261n31, 267n89
    • China and, 20n5
    • completion rates and, 117–118
    • copy culture and, 11, 19, 112–113, 166, 223–224
    • copy shop raids and, 10, 18, 112, 136, 223, 226–228, 273–276
    • decolonization and, 107–108, 112, 129, 146
    • democratization of access and, 19
    • ecosystems of, 4–5, 10, 15, 17, 19, 21n16, 146, 161, 184, 223, 257, 257–258
    • Extension of Universities Act No. 45 and, 108–109
    • faculty and, 2 (see also Faculty)
    • growing cost of, 14–15
    • India and, 17, 184, 188, 199–201, 212–213
    • learning management systems (LMSs) and, 11, 88, 176, 206, 254, 273
    • Library Genesis and, 53, 68
    • National Student Financial Aid Scheme (NSFAS) and, 114, 135–136, 146–147, 152n43
    • open education resources (OER) and, 6, 18, 19n1, 143, 145–146, 148, 153n56, 241, 266n85
    • open models and, 3
    • Poland and, 17, 159–163, 179n10
    • post-apartheid, 113–114
    • right to education and, 14, 17, 107, 129–130, 136, 213–215
    • South Africa and, 16–17, 107–120, 125, 127–132, 136, 142–143, 146–148
    • state retreat and, 5, 7–8, 79
    • students and, 14–15 (see also Students)
    • under apartheid, 108–110
  • Hoarding, 33–34
  • Hodder Headline, 119
  • Hofmeyr, Isabel, 111, 124–125
  • Holcombe, A., 15
  • Holy Spirit BBS, 34, 42
  • Horvath, Stephen, 121
  • Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 6, 118, 145
  • Hubbard v. Vosper, 209, 219n54
  • Hugenholtz, P. B., 9
  • Humanities, 28, 31, 99, 120, 127–129, 164, 178, 200, 202, 204–207, 235–236
  • Humanities and Social Science (HSS) Package, 164
  • Human Sciences Research Council Press, 129
  • Hyslop, Jonathan, 111
  • IBICT, 239, 243
  • Ibmec-RJ, 228
  • IBuk, 164, 170
  • IEEE, 163
  • IFilet.it, 27
  • Illia, Arturo, 82
  • Imperial Copyright Act, 130
  • IMPO, 275–276
  • India, 5, 18
    • access and, 184–188, 202–208, 212–214
    • Amazon and, 205, 215, 219n50
    • archives and, 185–189, 206–207
    • Bollywood and, 183
    • City Central Library and, 191, 195–196
    • communism and, 198–200
    • computers and, 185, 188, 192, 205, 207, 209, 219n51
    • copyright and, 10, 184, 189, 209–215, 219nn48,54, 220n56
    • copy shops and, 202, 208–209
    • databases and, 185–187, 196, 205–207, 213, 216, 219n52
    • Delhi University and, 202–203, 208–214, 219nn44,47
    • Developing Library Network (DELNET) and, 196
    • Digital Empowerment Foundation (DEF) and, 196
    • digital technology and, 184–189, 195–196, 201, 205–208, 212, 215
    • download popularity in, 16
    • Ekalavya story and, 190–191, 216
    • faculty and, 187, 195, 202, 206
    • Federation of Indian Publishers and, 196
    • FICCI and, 184
    • funding and, 187, 194–196, 200–201, 205, 211, 215–216, 217n13
    • higher education and, 17, 184, 188, 199–201, 212–213
    • Hindi and, 183, 191, 196–197
    • independence and, 193–194, 197–198, 200, 205
    • intellectual property and, 184, 217n18
    • Internet and, 196, 201, 205
    • journals and, 184–187, 196, 201, 215, 219n52
    • Kothari Commission and, 195
    • Kumaria Surya Shukla and Anr. v. State of U.P. and Ors. and, 220n60
    • language and, 183, 191, 196–199
    • legal issues and, 17, 184, 189, 202, 205–216, 219n48
    • librarians and, 188, 193–194, 197, 206, 216, 220n56
    • licenses and, 11, 200, 208, 210, 213
    • literacy and, 184, 194, 199
    • Mahabharata and, 190–191
    • Maharashtra Public Libraries Act and, 215
    • Ministry of Culture and, 217n16
    • Ministry of Education and, 198
    • Model Library Bill and, 193
    • Model Public Library Bill and, 193
    • Mohini Jain (Miss) v. State of Karnataka & Others and, 213–214
    • music industry and, 207, 211, 214–215, 219n54
    • National Knowledge Commission (NKC) and, 196, 217n18
    • National Mission on Libraries and, 196
    • open access and, 201, 213, 215–216
    • photocopying and, 17, 203–214, 216n1, 220nn56,58
    • piracy and, 183–185, 189, 201–202, 216nn1,3, 218n43
    • Pradeep’s Eleven and, 185, 187, 189, 207
    • Public Libraries Act and, 195
    • publishers and, 184–185, 187, 192, 196–201, 208, 210–211, 214, 217nn19,26, 218nn29,35, 219n47, 220nn57,58
    • Ranganathan and, 8, 193–195, 215, 217n13
    • reform and, 10, 193, 195, 214, 217n18
    • scanning and, 188, 217n19, 219nn45,52
    • shadow libraries and, 188–190, 205–206, 216
    • sharing and, 17, 184–185, 203, 205–207
    • South Africa and, 124–125
    • Special 301 Watch lists and, 125
    • Standard Textbook Program and, 200
    • students and, 7, 184–190, 193, 195, 200–214, 219n45, 220n60
    • subscriptions and, 185–187, 193, 206, 213, 219n52
    • subsidies and, 191, 199–200, 217n26, 218nn27,35
    • textbooks and, 124–125, 184, 197–200, 203–204, 207–208, 211
    • unfulfilled public library and, 193–196
    • Union Library Bill and, 194–195
    • United Kingdom and, 187, 195, 197, 209, 219n54
    • United States and, 195, 197–198, 203, 218n35
    • universal library and, 187–188
    • U.S. Wheat Loan program and, 197–199, 217n26
  • Indian Constitution, 213
  • Indian Copyright Act, 209, 211, 214–215, 220n56
  • Indian Council of Social Science Research (ICSSR), 198
  • Indian Institute of Science (IISc), 186
  • Indian National Digital Library in Engineering Sciences and Technology (INDEST), 186
  • Indonesia, 16, 68
  • INFLIBNET, 53, 185–186, 219n51
  • Institute of Mathematical Sciences (IMSc), 186–187
  • Intellectual property
    • Argentina and, 91
    • Brazil and, 228, 234
    • copyright and, 14, 21n15, 30, 42, 44, 91, 122, 130, 184, 217n18, 228, 234, 262n41
    • cross-national pricing and, 122–123
    • IIPA and, 228, 237, 260n25
    • India and, 184, 217n18
    • Library Genesis and, 30, 44–46
    • Russia and, 30, 44–46
    • South Africa and, 122, 130, 132, 134
    • Special 301 Watch lists and, 125
    • Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) and, 122, 130, 263n42, 277n2
    • United States and, 44
    • World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) and, 14, 21n15, 42, 234, 262n41
  • Intellectual Rights Directorship, 231
  • International Intellectual Property Alliance (IIPA), 228, 237, 260n25
  • International Monetary Fund (IMF), 115
  • International Student Editions (ISEs), 123, 125
  • Internet
    • anonymity and, 19
    • Argentina and, 88–89, 92–96, 99, 102n15
    • Brazil and, 230, 233–241, 244–246, 251, 264n58
    • cheap copying and, 5, 9
    • digital libraries and, 25–27
    • DMCA and, 46–47, 237, 264n59
    • Fidonet and, 34–35, 38, 43
    • Google and, 17, 25, 74n6, 141, 172, 175–177, 188, 206, 233, 236, 240–241, 249, 254, 267n96
    • India and, 196, 201, 205
    • legal issues and, 2 (see also Legal issues)
    • Library Genesis and, 25–29, 34–39, 42–45, 49nn11,13, 72–73
    • pirate libraries on, 25–27 (see also Piracy)
    • Poland and, 166–167, 171–172, 177
    • privacy and, 19
    • RuNet and, 34, 36, 46
    • Russia and, 25–29, 34–39, 42–45, 49nn11,13
    • South Africa and, 139, 144, 152n48, 153nn52,53
  • Intranets, 1, 133, 144, 206, 219n52, 227
  • IOP, 163
  • Iran, 16, 28, 68
  • IRC channels, 26, 93, 95
  • ISBN agency, 58t, 70, 196
  • ITunes, 45, 207
  • Iyengar, Prashant, 215
  • Jagiellonian University, 163, 179n3
  • Jansen, Jonathan, 108, 110, 114–115
  • Japan, 7, 20n7, 82
  • Jáuregui de Canedo, Maria de las Mercedes, 90
  • Jaysinghe, Peter, 217n26
  • John Benjamins Publishing Company, 59
  • Johns Hopkins University, 186
  • John Wiley & Sons, 4
    • Brazil and, 241, 243
    • dominance of, 6, 58t, 119
    • injunction by, 27
    • Kirtsaeng v. John Wiley & Sons, Inc. and, 13, 123–125, 147
    • Poland and, 163
    • South Africa and, 119, 123–124, 144–145, 147
  • Journals. See also Databases
    • archives and, 6 (see also Archives)
    • Brazil and, 237–246, 258, 266n7
    • CAPES Journals Portal and, 241–244, 266n7
    • downloading, 1, 6, 185, 187
    • gold open access and, 15, 19n1
    • India and, 184–187, 196, 201, 215, 219n52
    • international, 128, 162, 241
    • licenses and, 8, 12
    • monographs and, 4–5, 8–9, 12, 15, 21n16, 33, 37, 128, 162–164, 174, 178, 184, 197, 201, 239, 246, 258
    • open access and, 15
    • Open Journal Systems Software and
    • Poland and, 162–164, 170
    • revenues from, 8
    • Russia and, 31
    • scanning and, 163, 219n52
    • South Africa and, 113, 128, 133, 150n25, 151n39
    • subscriptions and, 5, 12, 113, 163, 170, 185–187, 219n52, 242, 258
    • traditional, 6, 15, 19n1
  • JSTOR, 6, 20, 28, 170–171, 176f, 186, 241
  • Jus Brasil, 250
  • Jus Navigandi, 250
  • Juta Academic Publishers, 119–120, 137, 142, 144, 149n13
  • Kalahari.com, 153n51
  • Kalia, D. A., 193
  • Karaganis, Joe, 1–24, 42, 45–46, 64, 281
  • Kazakhstan University, 1
  • Keeling, R., 68
  • Kell, Catherine, 111
  • Kępka, Maciej, 171
  • Kerala Books and Publications Society (KBPS), 199
  • Kindle, 62–66, 74n5, 192
  • Kinkos, 10
  • Kirtsaeng v. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 13, 123–125, 147
  • Kleopatra, 94–95
  • KM Online, 45, 49n13
  • Knowledge diets, 70–72
  • Kobo Books, 241
  • Kolkhoz collection, 37–38
  • Koogan, Mauro, 239, 257–258
  • Kopinor, 232
  • Kornis, George, 256, 268n97
  • Kothari Commission, 195
  • Krawczyk, M., 64
  • Krishna, D. K., 183
  • Kulesza-Mietkowski, E., 68
  • Kumaria Surya Shukla and Anr. v. State of U.P. and Ors., 220n60
  • Kwiek, Marek, 161
  • Ladkowski, Carlos, 90
  • Lahiri, Jhumpa, 202
  • Lakatos, Z., 64
  • Lalit Kala Akademi, 198
  • Lancaster, F. W., 112–113
  • Language
    • Afrikaans, 109–110, 117–118, 127
    • English, 16–17, 26, 38, 55–61, 72, 74n5, 109–111, 115–118, 127, 152n48, 160–162, 178, 183, 191, 196–198, 201, 204, 209, 234, 260n25, 267n96
    • Hindi, 183, 191, 196–197
    • Kannada, 191
    • Library Genesis and, 31–32, 55–57, 61, 71
    • linguistics and, 31–32, 55–57, 61, 71, 94, 114–115, 117, 127, 159–160, 172, 178
    • Malayalam, 191
    • Polish, 17, 160–163, 172, 178
    • Portuguese, 18, 19n2, 72, 234–236, 240
    • Russian, 1, 27, 48n2, 55, 68, 70, 72, 75n7, 161
    • Sepedi, 114
    • Spanish, 16, 55–56, 92–93
    • Tamil, 191
    • Telegu, 191
    • Zulu, 115
  • Larivère, V., 6
  • Larsen, P. O., 15
  • Laskow, S., 64
  • Law 12853/12, 231–233, 262nn33,34
  • Law 26.899, 100
  • Law 9610/98, 223, 237
  • Law to Promote Books and Reading, 91
  • Learning management systems (LMSs), 11, 88, 176, 206, 254, 273
  • Legalis, 170
  • Legal issues, 4, 16n21, 19
    • Argentina and, 80–86, 89–92, 97–98, 100
    • Article 72 and, 17, 90–92, 102n16
    • Berne Convention and, 14, 21n13, 231
    • Brazil and, 18, 223–226, 229–232, 235, 238, 243–244, 248–250, 254, 260n25, 262nn34,41, 263n43, 267nn89,96
    • Computer Fraud and Abuse Act and, 20n4
    • constitutions and, 14, 17, 107, 114, 116, 129, 136, 149n9, 213–214, 228, 262nn33,34
    • Copyright Act No. 98 and, 130–132
    • Copyright Amendment Bill B-13–2017 and, 130
    • copyright and, 2, 9, 25 (see also Copyright)
    • Copyright Reform Bill and, 232
    • Delhi University photocopy case and, 208–212
    • DMCA and, 46–47, 237, 264n59
    • Extension of Universities Act No. 45 and, 108–109
    • fair dealing and, 132–134, 151n33, 165, 208–210, 213–214, 219n54, 220n56
    • fair use and, 20nn8,10, 25, 89, 132, 151n33, 165, 208–209, 212, 226
    • first sale and, 13, 123–124
    • Freedom Charter and, 114, 116, 149n8
    • freedom of expression and, 83, 159
    • freedom of information and, 199
    • freedom of translation and, 30, 32
    • Georgia State University case and, 11, 20n10
    • Google Books and, 25
    • Hubbard v. Vosper and, 209, 219n54
    • Imperial Copyright Act and, 130
    • India and, 17, 184, 189, 202, 205–216, 219n48
    • injunctions and, 2, 26–27, 46–47, 190–191
    • intellectual property and, 14, 21n15, 30, 42, 44–46, 91, 122, 130, 184, 217n18, 228, 234, 262n41
    • international, 13–15, 30, 41, 44, 107, 122, 124, 130, 132, 134–135, 147, 223, 226, 229
    • Kinkos suit and, 10
    • Kirtsaeng v. John Wiley & Sons, Inc. and, 13, 123–125, 147
    • Kumaria Surya Shukla and Anr. v. State of U.P. and Ors. and, 220n60
    • Law 12853/13 and, 231–233, 262nn33,34
    • Law 26.899 and, 100
    • Law 9610/98 and, 223, 237
    • law librarians and, 220n56
    • lawsuits, 5, 10–11, 20n8, 25–28, 45, 49n13, 89–92, 172, 225–227, 235, 238, 263nn47,48
    • Law to Promote Books and Reading, 91
    • Library Genesis and, 25–26, 29, 40–48, 49n13, 53, 55, 61–68, 72–73, 75n10
    • Mohini Jain (Miss) v. State of Karnataka & Others and, 213–214
    • parallel importation and, 13, 122–125, 130, 144, 147, 149n17
    • permissions and, 14, 42–43, 45, 89–90, 173, 223
    • personal use and, 9, 173, 209, 214, 228, 275
    • photocopying and, 3, 9–11, 17–18, 86, 89, 97, 140, 147, 165, 169, 206, 208, 210, 223–224, 226, 244, 260n25, 275
    • piracy and, 3 (see also Piracy)
    • Poland and, 159, 165–166, 169–178
    • policy response and, 13–15
    • Publications and Entertainment Act and, 111
    • raids and, 10, 18, 112, 136, 223, 226–228, 273–276
    • right to education and, 14, 17, 107, 114–115, 129–130, 136, 213–215
    • Russia and, 2, 29, 40–48, 49n13
    • sharing and, 9 (see also Sharing)
    • South Africa and, 119, 122, 124, 127, 129, 131–132, 140–142, 147–148, 149n13, 153nn53,54
    • students and, 6, 9–11, 13, 17–18, 20, 89–91, 100, 130, 134, 153n54, 161, 169–173, 179n8, 184, 189, 209–210, 214, 223, 226, 229, 238, 240, 244, 249, 257, 263, 273–276, 280
    • takedown requests and, 26, 41, 43, 59, 95, 97–98, 130, 152n45, 172, 233–238, 264n58, 265n60
    • territorial rights and, 13, 122–123, 149n17, 263n42
    • uncertainty in, 2, 11, 14, 42, 45, 141, 165
    • Uruguay and, 273–276
  • Lê Livros, 236
  • Leonardo da Vinci bookstore, 235
  • Les Éditions de Minuit, 91
  • Lexicon Publishers, 113
  • LexisNexis, 206
  • Liang, Lawrence, 17–18, 183–222, 281
  • LibGen. See Library Genesis
  • Librarians, 5
    • Argentina and, 93, 100
    • Brazil and, 255, 259n2
    • copyright and, 13–14 (see also Copyright)
    • Dewey Decimal Classification (DDC) and, 57f, 59–61, 70, 74n3
    • digital, 36–37
    • India and, 188, 193–194, 197, 206, 216, 220n56
    • law, 220n56
    • piracy and, 25
    • Poland and, 165, 179n9
    • policy response and, 13–15
    • preservation of collections and, 26
    • Russia and, 27, 29, 34–40, 43–44, 46–47, 49n13
  • Library Genesis
    • age of works in, 61
    • Amazon and, 40, 62–64, 73n1, 74n5
    • archives and, 25–27, 38–39, 42, 44, 47, 53, 55–61, 65–66
    • availability rates and, 62, 65, 74n5
    • B and, 65, 73, 75n8
    • business models and, 39
    • canonical tests and, 38–39
    • closure of legal regime and, 46–48
    • computers and, 25–26, 34–35, 44, 57, 73n1
    • copynorms and, 39–42, 46
    • copyright and, 25–26, 29–30, 32, 34, 39–48, 49n13, 53, 64, 72
    • country-level knowledge diets and, 70–72
    • databases and, 26–27, 37–39, 47, 54–55, 73
    • demand by country and, 66–69
    • demand side and, 64–66, 75n7
    • Dewey Decimal Classification (DDC) and, 57f, 59–61, 70, 74n3
    • digital technology and, 25–28, 34–37, 40–46, 49n13, 55–56, 61, 65–68, 73
    • E and, 40–41
    • Elsevier injunction and, 2
    • enduring nature of, 72–73
    • faculty and, 64, 68, 73
    • Fidonet and, 34–35, 38, 43
    • forums and, 37–38, 40, 48n2, 55, 75n8
    • higher education and, 53, 68
    • intellectual property and, 30, 44–46
    • Internet and, 25–29, 34–39, 42–45, 49nn11,13, 72–73
    • Kirtsaeng v. John Wiley & Sons, Inc. and, 13, 123–125, 147
    • Kolkhoz collection and, 37–38
    • language expansion of, 55–57
    • legal issues and, 25–26, 29, 40–48, 49n13, 53, 55, 61–68, 72–73, 75n10
    • licenses and, 45
    • mexmat collection and, 38
    • mirknig collection and, 38
    • mission of, 25, 27–29, 38–39
    • open access and, 27–28
    • peer-produced commons and, 54–55, 73
    • photocopying and, 15, 34, 72
    • piracy and, 4, 15, 18, 26–29, 33, 37–41, 45–48, 53–62, 65–66, 70–75, 93, 234
    • preexisting collections and, 54–55
    • proxy relayed traffic and, 75n9
    • publishers and, 25–30, 36, 39, 42–43, 46–48, 49n12, 53, 55, 58–61, 64, 66, 73, 74nn5,6
    • scientists and, 27–28, 33
    • Sci-Hub and, 1–2
    • shadow libraries and, 15–16, 25–27, 29, 33–34, 36, 40–41, 46–48, 54–56, 61–64, 68, 72–73, 234
    • sharing and, 26–27, 29, 34, 37–42, 47, 54, 64, 73n1, 76n11
    • shortage strategies and, 33
    • students and, 28, 64, 66, 68, 73
    • subsidies and, 64
    • supply of documents in, 53–54
    • takedown requests and, 41, 43
    • thematic expansion of, 55–57
    • toward a million-book scientific library by, 37–39
    • underground tactics and, 29, 32–34
    • as virtual private network, 1–2
    • WorldCat.org and, 62, 70, 73n1, 74n6
  • Library.nu. See Gigapedias (Library.nu)
  • Library of Alexandria, 17, 188–190
  • Library science, 8, 102n15, 163, 194, 215
  • Libros Gratis, 95
  • Lib.ru, 35–38, 43–47, 49nn11,13
  • Licenses
    • Argentina and, 92, 100
    • blanket system for, 92, 113–114, 136, 140, 151n39
    • Brazil and, 18, 223–232, 239–244, 258, 261n29, 266n85
    • business models and, 4
    • Canada and, 20n9
    • collective, 12–13, 20n9, 133–134, 225, 232, 258
    • compulsory, 14, 21n13
    • consortium, 163–164
    • Creative Commons and, 19n1, 100, 102n16
    • DALRO and, 133–134, 136, 151nn37–39
    • databases and, 8, 12, 14, 73, 163–164, 213, 243
    • gold access and, 15, 19n1, 239
    • India and, 11, 200, 208, 210, 213
    • Library Genesis and, 45, 73
    • open, 15, 19n1, 143, 230, 239–241, 244, 266n85
    • Poland and, 163–164
    • publishers and, 8, 10–14, 18, 73, 92, 100, 122, 133–134, 136, 151n39, 163, 200, 210, 223–225, 227, 232, 275–276
    • Russia and, 45
    • South Africa and, 110, 122–123, 133–134, 136, 140, 143, 151nn38,39
    • territorial rights and, 13, 122–123, 149n17, 263n42
    • Uruguay and, 273, 275–276
  • Lincoln, Abraham, 200
  • Literacy rates, 79, 184, 194, 199, 266n8
  • Livros de Humanas (Humanities Books) website, 235–236, 238, 263n48
  • Longman, 119
  • Lula da Silva, Luiz Inácio, 229–231, 267n89
  • LWW, 163
  • Machado, Jorge, 233, 255
  • Machado, Murilo Bansi, 231
  • Mackenzie University, 225, 227–228
  • Macmillan, 58t, 119, 145
  • Mahabharata, 190–191
  • Maharashtra Public Libraries Act, 215
  • Maia, 251
  • Mandela, Nelson, 109, 113
  • Mangosuthu University of Technology, 136
  • Manguel, Alberto, 189–190
  • Mani, Arul, 191–193
  • Manupatra, 206
  • Maron, N., 15
  • Marx, Karl, 119
  • Maskus, K., 64
  • Mathematical Association of America, 59
  • Maulana Azad Medical College, 202, 219n44
  • Mbeki government, 115
  • McGraw-Hill, 6, 58t, 112, 118–119, 145
  • Media Piracy in Emerging Economies (Karaganis), 3, 19
  • Megapanel/PBI Gemius, 171
  • Megaupload, 153n53
  • Metada, 27, 38, 55, 73n1, 234
  • Mexico, 7, 81–82, 100n1
  • Mexmat collection, 38
  • Mimeographs, 90
  • Minha Biblioteca (My Library), 227–228, 239
  • Minhateca, 236–237
  • Ministry of Culture, 99, 217n16, 230–234, 241, 262n34
  • Ministry of Education and Social Welfare, 198
  • Ministry of Science and Higher Education, 160–161, 163
  • Minolta, 20n7
  • Mirknig collection, 38
  • Mizukami, Pedro, 18, 223–271, 281
  • Mogus, Juan, 91
  • Mohini Jain (Miss) v. State of Karnataka & Others, 213–214
  • Mongeon, P., 6
  • Monographs
    • Brazil and, 239, 246, 258
    • ecosystem of, 4–5
    • India and, 184, 197, 201
    • Library Genesis and, 33, 37
    • Poland and, 162–164, 174, 178
    • rising costs of, 8–9, 12, 15, 21n16
    • South Africa and, 128
  • Monoskop, 26
  • Morato, Dalton, 257
  • Moscow State University, 35, 38
  • Moshkov, Maxim, 35–38, 43–45, 47, 49nn11,13
  • Moss, Glenn, 111
  • Mpe, Phaswane, 118
  • Museion, 189
  • Music industry
    • Argentina and, 92
    • Brazil and, 229–231, 233–234, 237, 263n49, 264n58
    • downloading and, 3, 68, 137, 141, 166, 174–175, 178, 207, 233, 264n58
    • file sharing services and, 26, 92
    • India and, 207, 211, 214–215, 219n54
    • monoculture of, 4
    • piracy and, 3–4, 19, 33–34, 45, 64, 264n58
    • Poland and, 166, 174–175, 178
    • South Africa and, 132–133, 137, 141, 144–145, 151n37
  • Muthu, Madhan, 186
  • Nakamoto, N., 30–31
  • Nandywere, Ashis, 200
  • Napster, 4, 153n53
  • Nasionale Pers, (Naspers), 118–120
  • National Antipiracy Plan, 226
  • National Book Development Board, 198
  • National Book Trust (NBT), 198
  • National Commission on Higher Education, 115
  • National Copyright Council (CNDA), 230
  • National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT), 198
  • National Council on Combating Piracy (CNCP), 226
  • National Institute of the Book, 242
  • National Knowledge Commission (NKC), 196, 213, 215–216, 217n18
  • National Law School, 206
  • National Mission on Libraries, 196
  • National Party, 108
  • National Plan for Higher Education, 115, 117
  • National Student Financial Aid Scheme (NSFAS), 114, 135–136, 146–147, 152n43
  • National Syndicate of Book Publishers, 232
  • National Textbook Program (PNLD), 242, 266n88, 267n89
  • National Union of South African Students (NUSAS), 110
  • National University Press Network, 99
  • Nature, 241
  • Ncube, Caroline, 130–132, 134
  • Negritude, 111
  • Neoliberalism, 146–147
  • Nidimoru, Raj, 183
  • Nietzsche, Friedrich, 91
  • Nixon, Richard, 200
  • Nobre, T., 11, 21
  • Nonfiction, 236
  • Norway, 232
  • Notice-and-notice system, 234
  • Ocean’s Eleven (film), 185
  • OCR software, 35–36, 93
  • Onganía, Juan Carlos, 81–84
  • Online Computer Library Center (OCLC), 73n1
  • Online services, 20n8, 224, 234, 236–238. See also specific service
  • Open access
    • Argentina and, 99–100, 103nn35,42
    • Brazil and, 6, 223–224, 239–241, 243, 246
    • Budapest Declaration and, 6, 19n1
    • concept of, 19n1
    • European Union and, 6
    • funding and, 12
    • gold, 15, 19n1, 239
    • India and, 201, 213, 215–216
    • journals and, 15
    • Library Genesis and, 27–28, 73
    • open publication models and, 3, 5–6, 11–13, 19n1, 48, 73, 100, 129, 165, 201, 215, 223, 239–241, 258, 276
    • Poland and, 17, 159, 161, 163, 165–166, 178, 179nn2,9
    • South Africa and, 128–129, 143
    • United States and, 6, 28–29
    • Uruguay and, 275, 277n3
  • Open Access movement, 6, 19n1, 20n4, 28, 100, 103nn35,42
  • Open Courseware, 143
  • Open education resources (OER), 6, 18, 19n1, 143, 145–146, 148, 153n56, 241, 266n85
  • Open Journal Systems Software, 239
  • Open licenses, 19n1, 143, 230, 239–241, 244, 266n85
  • Orifila-Reynal, Antonio, 100n1
  • Orphan works, 21n12, 25, 64
  • Ortellado, Pablo, 255
  • Osipova, Y., 42
  • Ostrom, Elinor, 110
  • Oxford-India Book House, 200
  • Oxford Scholarship Online, 74n6
  • Oxford University Press, 10, 20n10, 58t, 119, 126–127, 150n22, 200–201, 208, 213, 219n55, 241
  • Packer, Abel, 240–241
  • Pact for Academia, 161
  • Palgrave, 58t, 129
  • Pandor, Naledi, 129
  • Panek, Tomasz, 167
  • Parallel importation, 13, 122–125, 130, 144, 147, 149n17
  • Parsons, J., 4
  • Passei Direto, 238, 249
  • Passwords, 29, 39, 206
  • Pasta do Professor, 227–228, 239
  • Paxhia, S., 4
  • Paywalls, 2, 66
  • PDF files, 49n9, 74n6, 141, 173
  • Pearson, 6, 118–119, 124, 126–127, 143, 145, 150n22, 239
  • Peer-produced commons, 54–55, 73
  • Peer-to-peer distribution, 34, 141, 153n53, 175f, 207, 233
  • Pegasus, 243
  • Pennsylvania State University, 186
  • Peres, Eliane, 242
  • Pérez, Casas, X., 273
  • Peronist regimes, 80–81
  • Perskor, 118
  • Personal computers, 9, 167, 209
  • Philip, David, 112
  • Photocopying
    • Argentina and, 79, 85–92, 97–98, 102n22
    • Brazil and, 18, 223–235, 244–248, 251, 254–255, 258, 259n1, 260n25, 261n31, 263n48
    • collective management and, 231–232
    • Copyright Reform Bill and, 232
    • falling prices in, 9–10
    • increase of, 9, 20n7
    • India and, 17, 203–214, 216n1, 220nn56,58
    • legal issues and, 9–11, 17–18, 86, 89, 97, 140, 147, 165, 169, 206, 208, 210, 223–224, 226, 244, 260n25, 275
    • Library Genesis and, 15, 34, 72
    • Poland and, 165–169, 180n16
    • publishers and, 5, 9–12, 18, 90, 92, 108, 112, 121, 133, 136–137, 165, 208, 210, 214, 220, 223, 232, 246, 260n25, 274–275
    • South Africa and, 108, 110, 112–113, 121–122, 130, 133, 136–141, 147
    • technology and, 4–5, 9, 18, 98, 137, 210–211
    • ubiquitous nature of, 3
    • underground, 15
    • Uruguay and, 273–275, 277n4
    • Xerox and, 20n7, 33–34, 37, 202, 224, 229, 261n29
  • PICC Report, 131
  • Piracy
    • Aaarg and, 1, 180n21, 234
    • archivists and, 1–2, 21n16, 39, 44, 53, 65, 187, 206, 236
    • books and, 1–4, 12–13, 21n16, 38, 45–46, 53, 64, 108, 131, 139, 153n53, 183–184, 191–192, 201–202, 206, 216nn1,3, 235, 237, 249–250, 255, 260n25, 263n49, 264nn57,58, 277n4
    • Bookzz and, 234
    • Brazil and, 226, 228, 235, 237, 255, 260n25, 261n29, 263n49
    • collaborative, 40
    • copy culture and, 19
    • copynorms and, 39–42, 46
    • Delhi University photocopy case and, 208–212
    • digital technology and, 1, 3–4, 21, 44–46, 65, 73, 108, 131, 184, 189, 207, 228, 235, 237
    • film and, 3–4, 19, 45–46, 183–185, 216n3
    • Gigapedia and, 4, 26–27, 38–39, 54–55, 57, 61, 73n1
    • India and, 183–185, 189, 201–202, 216nn1,3, 218n43
    • librarians and, 25
    • Library Genesis and, 4, 15, 18, 26–29, 33, 37–41, 45–48, 53–62, 65–66, 70–75, 93, 234
    • music and, 3–4, 19, 33–34, 45, 64, 264n58
    • Poland and, 159, 177
    • policy response and, 13–15
    • RuNet and, 34, 36, 46
    • Russia and, 29, 33, 40, 45
    • samizdat publishing and, 15, 33–34, 37, 166
    • Sci-Hub and, 1–6, 15, 26
    • social theory and, 1
    • software and, 3, 13, 45
    • South Africa and, 131, 137, 139–141
    • as stealing, 29
    • Uruguay and, 277nn2,4
  • Pirate Bay, The, 76n11, 153n53, 249
  • Pityana, Barney, 111
  • Plagiarism, 153n54, 249
  • Pogue, D., 64
  • Poland, 5
    • Academica project and, 164
    • access and, 159, 161, 164–170, 173, 178, 179n8, 180n15
    • archives and, 176–178
    • Chomikuj and, 17, 170–172, 175–178, 180n21
    • communism and, 7, 159–160, 166
    • computers and, 167
    • copyright and, 159–161, 165–166, 169–173, 179n8
    • copy shops and, 168
    • databases and, 163–165, 170–171, 174–178
    • digital technology and, 17, 159, 163–166, 169–176, 179n8, 180n21
    • expansion of public system in, 160
    • faculty and, 159–161, 164–165, 174–178, 179n9
    • Federation of Digital Libraries and, 163
    • funding and, 159–163, 178
    • higher education and, 17, 159–163, 179n10
    • iBuk and, 164, 170
    • Internet and, 166–167, 171–172, 177
    • Jagiellonian University and, 163, 179n3
    • journals and, 162–164, 170
    • language and, 27, 160–163, 172, 278
    • law/communications differences and, 173–174
    • legal issues and, 159, 165–166, 169–178
    • librarians and, 165, 179n9
    • licenses and, 163–164
    • master’s degrees in, 160
    • Ministry of Science and Higher Education and, 160–161, 163
    • music industry and, 166, 174–175, 178
    • open access and, 17, 159, 161, 163, 165–166, 178, 179nn2,9
    • Pact for Academia and, 161
    • photocopying and, 165–169, 180n16
    • piracy and, 159, 177
    • publishers and, 162–166, 170–172, 174, 177, 179n8
    • reading habits of, 179n10
    • reform and, 159–162, 165, 179n3
    • samizdat publishing and, 166
    • scanning and, 163–164, 179n8
    • scholarly publishing and, 161–162
    • shadow libraries and, 17, 159
    • sharing and, 17, 166, 170, 172–173, 176–179, 180n21
    • students and, 7, 159–161, 164, 166–178, 180n21
    • subscriptions and, 163–164, 170
    • subsidies and, 160–162, 164, 171, 178
    • takedown requests and, 172
    • textbooks and, 178
    • United Kingdom and, 165
    • United States and, 165
    • Virtual Science Library and, 163
    • Warsaw University and, 163, 170, 180n18
    • Wiley and, 163
  • Polish Book Chamber, 172
  • Polish Book Publishers Chamber, 165–166
  • Polish Filmmakers Association, 172
  • Polish National Library, 164
  • Polity Press, 59
  • Polskie Wydawnictwo Naukowe, 164
  • Pontifical Catholic University of São Paulo, 224, 227–228
  • Portal for Argentine University Books, 99
  • Potel, Horacio, 90–92
  • Poverty, 108, 110, 135, 213
  • Pradeep’s Eleven, 185, 187, 189, 207
  • Primlani, Mohan, 200
  • Printing press, 84, 111, 201
  • Print media
    • adaptable ecosystem of, 4
    • digital technology and, 3–4, 18, 21n12, 34, 36, 40, 42–44, 65–68, 73, 89, 99, 126, 131, 140, 144, 164, 175, 186, 188, 207, 215, 223–224, 228, 244, 246–247, 274–276
    • market durability of, 4
  • Privacy, 19, 75n9
  • Programa Livro-Texto, 227
  • Project Gutenberg, 25, 48n1
  • Project MUSE, 241
  • Protea, 120
  • Protest, 82, 108, 110, 133, 136, 145–147, 199, 208, 231, 235, 274
  • Proxy relayed traffic, 75n9
  • Ptolemy I, 188–189
  • Publication and Information Directorate, 198
  • Publications and Entertainment Act, 111
  • Public domain, 25, 102n16, 291
  • Public Libraries Act, 195
  • Publishers. See also specific company
    • Argentina and, 80–81, 84, 90–92, 98–100
    • Brazil and, 223–229, 232, 235, 237–246, 255–258, 259n2, 260n25, 268nn97,105
    • closed models of, 5–6
    • control and, 4, 11, 42, 118, 145–146, 164, 166, 227, 241, 243
    • cross-national pricing and, 122–123
    • e-books and, 38–40, 45, 49, 62–64, 74n5, 126, 144, 164–167, 175, 179nn7,10, 188, 192, 205, 207, 246, 251–252, 275
    • ecosystems of, 2, 4–5, 9, 11–12, 15, 48, 73, 137, 143–146, 162, 223, 255, 259n2, 276
    • e-journals and, 219n52
    • importation prohibition and, 122–123
    • India and, 184–185, 187, 192, 196–201, 208, 210–211, 214, 217nn19,26, 218nn29,35, 219n47, 220nn57,58
    • infringement issues and, 5, 9–10, 20nn8,10, 46, 53, 123–125, 131, 172, 223, 238, 257, 275
    • international student editions and, 123
    • Kirtsaeng v. John Wiley & Sons, Inc. and, 13, 123–125, 147
    • lawsuits and, 5, 10–11, 20n8, 25, 27, 172, 225, 235, 238, 263n47
    • Library Genesis and, 25–30, 36, 39, 42–43, 46–48, 49n12, 53, 55, 58–61, 64, 66, 73, 74nn5,6
    • licenses and, 8, 10–14, 18, 73, 92, 100, 122, 133–134, 136, 151n39, 163, 200, 210, 223–225, 227, 232, 275–276
    • market consolidation and, 120
    • monographs and, 4–5, 8–9, 12, 15, 21n16, 33, 37, 128, 162–164, 174, 178, 184, 197, 201, 239, 246, 258
    • music industry and, 26
    • National University Press Network and, 99
    • open publication models and, 3, 5–6, 11–13, 19n1, 48, 73, 100, 129, 165, 201, 215, 223, 239–241, 258, 276
    • orphan works and, 21n12, 25, 64
    • paywalls and, 2, 66
    • photocopying and, 5, 9–12, 18, 90, 92, 108, 112, 121, 133, 136–137, 165, 208, 210, 214, 220, 223, 232, 246, 260n25, 274–275
    • piracy and, 12 (see also Piracy)
    • platforms of, 239
    • Poland and, 162–166, 170–172, 174, 177, 179n8
    • politics and, 18, 47, 80–81, 101n3, 159, 186, 196–199
    • Pradeep’s Eleven and, 185, 187, 189, 207
    • prices and, 8–13, 20n11, 43, 64, 74n5, 113, 121–129, 144, 147, 164, 198–200, 208, 274–275
    • print media and, 4, 68 (see also Print media)
    • radical, 111–112, 120–121
    • revenues and, 8, 15, 129, 134, 136, 150n23, 197, 214, 257
    • Russia and, 25–30, 36, 39, 42–43, 46–48, 49n12
    • scholarly, 6, 15, 48n8, 127–129, 150n26, 161–162, 201, 223, 243, 258 (see also University presses)
    • South Africa and, 108, 111–115, 118–137, 142–147, 150nn22,23,25, 151n39, 152n45
    • supply chain problems and, 121–122
    • textbooks and, 5–9, 12–13, 19n3, 66, 90, 108, 112–113, 118–127, 136–137, 142–145, 150n25, 152n45, 197–200, 208, 239, 241, 260n25, 276
    • three-step test and, 14
    • Uruguay and, 274–276
  • Publishers Association of South Africa (PASA), 116, 122, 126–127, 150n23
  • PubMed, 250
  • Qian, Y., 64
  • Rameshware Photocopiers, 208
  • Ranganathan, S. R., 8, 193–195, 215, 217n13
  • Rapidshare, 171, 176
  • Ravan Press, 112, 120
  • Reed-Elsevier, 187
  • Reform
    • Argentina and, 82
    • Brazil and, 37, 223–224, 229–232, 237, 258, 262n36
    • India and, 10, 193, 195, 214, 217n18
    • Poland and, 159–162, 165, 179n3
    • Russia and, 44
    • South Africa and, 107, 115, 130, 132, 142–143, 147
    • student-led, 10, 18
    • Uruguay and, 18, 274–275
  • Reia, Jhessica, 18, 223–271, 281
  • Reimers, I., 64
  • Reinalda, B., 68
  • ResearchGate, 238
  • Ricoh, 20n7
  • Rieusset-Lemariè, I., 25
  • #RhodesMustFall protests, 146
  • Right to education, 14, 17, 107, 114–115, 129–130, 136, 213–215
  • Riots, 110, 199, 208
  • Rod, A., 6
  • ROMS (Russian Society for Multimedia and Internet), 45
  • Rosa, 224, 267n89
  • Rosen, R. J., 64
  • Rosés, V., 273
  • Rossini, Carolina, 241
  • ROTOR (International Union of Internet Professionals in Russia), 49n11
  • Rousseff, Dilma, 231, 234
  • Routledge, 58t, 129
  • Roy, Nilanjana, 202
  • Royalties, 30, 32, 45, 49n13, 134, 149n16, 199, 225–233, 262n33, 275
  • RuNet, 34, 36, 46
  • Russia
    • archives and, 15, 38–39, 42, 44, 47
    • bourgeois publications and, 31–32
    • business models and, 39
    • censorship and, 15, 29–34, 36, 48n8
    • closure of legal regime and, 46–48
    • Cold War and, 197–198
    • communism and, 15, 17, 29–33, 198, 200
    • copynorms and, 39–42, 46
    • copyright and, 29–30, 32, 34, 39–48, 49n13, 53, 64, 72
    • digital libraries and, 27, 34–37, 41, 43–46
    • do-it-yourself libraries and, 34–35
    • E and, 40–41
    • Fidonet and, 34–35, 38, 43
    • forums and, 37–38, 40, 48n2
    • freedom of translation and, 30, 32
    • hoarding and, 33–34
    • intellectual property and, 30, 44–46
    • Internet and, 25–29, 34–39, 42–45, 49nn11,13
    • journals and, 31
    • Kolkhoz collection and, 37–38
    • legal issues and, 2, 29, 40–48, 49n13
    • librarians and, 27, 29, 34–40, 43–44, 46–47, 49n13
    • Library Genesis and, 1, 25 (see also Library Genesis)
    • licenses and, 45
    • literary and scientific underground of, 32–34
    • mexmat collection and, 38
    • mirknig collection and, 38
    • Moscow State University and, 35, 38
    • Moshkov and, 35–38, 43–45, 47, 49nn11,13
    • piracy and, 29, 33, 40, 45
    • publishers and, 25–30, 36, 39, 42–43, 46–48, 49n12
    • reading culture of, 29–30
    • reform and, 44
    • samizdat publishing and, 15, 33–34, 37, 166
    • scanning and, 35–38
    • shadow libraries and, 15, 48, 54–56, 61–64, 68, 72–73
    • Solzhenitsyn and, 29
    • Soviet Union and, 8, 15, 19n3, 28–37, 41–42, 48n8, 49n13, 63f, 68, 70, 72, 198
    • spetskhrans and, 31–32
    • takedown requests and, 41, 43
    • toward a million-book scientific library and, 37–39
    • United States and, 44, 198
  • Russian Academy of Sciences, 35
  • Russian State Library, 32
  • Rutracker.ru, 38
  • Ryzhak, N., 32
  • SA Booksellers’ Association, 124
  • Sage Publishing, 6, 20n10, 164, 179n6, 185, 187, 189, 206, 241
  • Sahitya Akademi, 198
  • Samizdat publishing, 15, 33–34, 37, 166
  • Sanchez, José Luis, 91
  • Sanctions, 11, 91, 113
  • Santos, 251
  • Saraiva, 237–239
  • Scanning, 61. See also Photocopying
    • Argentina and, 93, 96
    • books and, 1, 36–38, 49n9, 93, 163, 217n19, 219n45, 235, 238, 268n97
    • BookScan and, 217n19, 268n97
    • Brazil and, 235, 238, 268n97
    • DJVU file format and, 37, 49n9
    • Gigapedia and, 26
    • improved technology for, 35–36
    • India and, 188, 217n19, 219nn45,52
    • journals and, 163, 219n52
    • OCR software and, 35–36, 93
    • PDF file format and, 49n9
    • personal collections and, 1, 73
    • Poland and, 163–164, 179n8
    • Russia and, 35–38
    • South Africa and, 151n34
  • Schirru, Luca, 237
  • Schonfeld, R., 6
  • Schonwetter, Tobias, 130–132, 134
  • School of Philosophy and Letters, 79–80, 85, 90, 92, 94, 96, 102n25, 103n28
  • Schultz, M. F., 40
  • Schwitzgebel, E., 61
  • SciELO (Scientific Electronic Library Online), 6, 27, 128, 150n26, 230, 239–241, 243, 246, 266n80, 267n96
  • ScienceDirect, 2, 163
  • Science fiction, 31, 34, 36, 42
  • Sci-Hub, 1–6, 15, 26
  • Scribd, 20n8, 176, 237–238
  • SEDICI, 99
  • Seeber, Monica, 112, 118, 130–131
  • Segregation. See Apartheid
  • Sen, Amartya, 110, 213
  • Senghor, Léopold, 111
  • Sepedi, 114–115
  • Server, El, 97
  • Seth, Vikram, 202
  • Sezneva, O., 42, 45–46
  • Shadow libraries, 3, 19
    • Argentina and, 94, 97–98
    • Brazil and, 18, 223–224, 234–236, 254, 258
    • copy shops and, 12 (see also Copy shops)
    • India and, 188–190, 205–206, 216
    • learning management systems (LMSs) and, 11, 88, 176, 206, 254, 273
    • Library Genesis and, 15–16, 25–27, 29, 33–34, 36, 40–41, 46–48, 54–56, 61–64, 68, 72–73, 234
    • Poland and, 17, 159
    • Russia and, 15, 48, 54–56, 61–64, 68, 72–73
  • South Africa and, 108, 112
  • Sharing, 21n16
    • apostilas and, 251, 260n25
    • Argentina and, 87–88, 92–94, 96, 98
    • Brazil and, 18, 234–238, 242, 247, 249–254
    • cyberlockers and, 18, 236–237, 264n58
    • faculty and, 176–177
    • forums and, 37 (see also Forums)
    • India and, 17, 184–185, 203, 205–207
    • Library Genesis and, 26–27, 29, 34, 37–42, 47, 54, 64, 73n1, 76n11
    • peer-produced commons and, 54–55, 73
    • personal use and, 9, 173, 209, 214, 228, 275
    • piracy and, 1 (see also Piracy)
    • Poland and, 17, 166, 170, 172–173, 176–179, 180n21
    • services for, 26, 64
    • South Africa and, 121, 138–141, 145, 147, 153n53
    • student networks for, 138–139, 176–177
    • takedown requests and, 26, 41, 43, 59, 95, 97–98, 130, 152n45, 172, 233–238, 264n58, 265n60
    • torrent sites and, 26, 37–38, 152n45, 153n53, 264n57
  • Shor in the City (film), 183–184, 201
  • Siege of Alexandria, 189
  • Silveira, Sergio Amadeu da, 231
  • Silveiras, Raphael, 231
  • SINAES, 251
  • Sindicato Nacional dos Editores de Livros (SNEL), 232
  • Skotaville Publishers, 112
  • Smith, M. D., 64
  • Social Diagnosis 2103 report, 167, 180n13
  • Social media, 1, 11, 18, 236. See also specific platform
  • Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics, 59
  • Software, 277n1
    • e-books and, 192
    • file sharing communities and 92, 153n53, 166
    • high-quality reproduction and, 219n45
    • international copyright and, 229
    • OCR, 35–36, 93
    • online enforcement campaigns and, 46
    • open, 74n4, 230, 239
    • piracy and, 3, 13, 45
    • publishers and, 145
  • Solzhenitsyn, Aleksandr, 29
  • Soudien, Crain, 110, 114–115
  • South Africa
    • academic publishing sector and, 118–119
    • access and, 111–114, 122, 125–126, 129–130, 133–147, 152n48, 153n52
    • Africanization and, 107, 127
    • Afrikaans AND, 109–110, 117–118, 127
    • AIDS medications and, 130
    • Anti-Apartheid Act and, 112
    • apartheid and, 5, 7, 15–16, 107–121, 125, 127, 131–133, 136, 146, 148n4, 149n10
    • archives and, 131, 153n53
    • boycotts and, 112–113, 120, 133
    • bursary system and, 114, 135–138, 140, 145, 147, 153n50
    • business models and, 128, 144
    • censorship and, 110–113, 120
    • communism and, 111
    • completion rates in, 117–118
    • computers and, 148, 153n52
    • Copyright Act No. 98 and, 130–132
    • Copyright Amendment Bill B-13–2017 and, 130
    • copyright and, 107, 112, 122–125, 129–135, 144, 147, 151n34, 153n554
    • copy shops and, 113, 133, 136–137, 140
    • Cost of Books Study and, 149n16
    • cross-national pricing and, 122–123
    • DALRO and, 133–134, 136, 151nn37–39
    • databases and, 142, 152n48
    • decolonization and, 107–108, 112, 129, 146
    • de Klerk and, 113
    • Department of Higher Education and Training and, 128
    • digitally mediated ecosystems and, 144–146
    • digital technology and, 16, 108, 112, 114, 117–118, 123, 126, 128, 130–148, 151n34
    • Extension of Universities Act No. 45 and, 108–109
    • faculty and, 110–116, 119, 125–126, 128, 141–142, 148
    • forums and, 150n19
    • Freedom Charter and, 114, 116, 149n8
    • funding and, 129, 132–136, 143, 147, 149n17, 152nn43,48
    • higher education and, 16–17, 107–120, 125, 127–132, 136, 142–143, 146–148
    • importation prohibition and, 122–123
    • India and, 124–125
    • intellectual property and, 122, 130, 132, 134
    • international mega-textbooks and, 121
    • International Student Editions (ISEs) and, 123, 125
    • Internet and, 139, 144, 152n48, 153nn52,53
    • journals and, 113, 128, 133, 150n25, 151n39
    • Kirtsaeng v. John Wiley & Sons, Inc. and, 13, 123–125, 147
    • legal issues and, 119, 122, 124, 127, 129, 131–132, 140–142, 147–148, 149n13, 153nn53,54
    • licenses and, 110, 122–123, 133–134, 136, 140, 143, 151nn38,39
    • Mandela and, 109, 113
    • Mbeki government and, 115
    • music industry and, 132–133, 137, 141, 144–145, 151n37
    • National Commission on Higher Education and, 115
    • National Party and, 108
    • National Plan for Higher Education and, 115, 117
    • National Student Financial Aid Scheme (NSFAS) and, 114, 135–136, 146–147, 152n43
    • neoliberalism and, 146–147
    • open access and, 128–129, 143
    • open educational resources (OER) and, 143, 145–146, 148, 153n56
    • parallel importation and, 13, 122–125, 130, 144, 147, 149n17
    • photocopying and, 108–113, 121–122, 130, 133, 136–141, 147
    • piracy and, 131, 137, 139–141
    • Publications and Entertainment Act and, 111
    • publishers and, 108, 111–115, 118–137, 142–147, 150nn22,23,25, 151n39, 152n45
    • publishing underground and, 110–112
    • reform and, 107, 115, 130, 132, 142–143, 147
    • #RhodesMustFall protests and, 146
    • right to education and, 14, 107, 114–115, 129–130, 136
    • scanning and, 151n34
    • SciELO and, 128
    • segregation and, 108–109, 148n1
    • shadow libraries and, 108, 112
    • sharing and, 121, 138–141, 145, 147, 153n53
    • students and, 7, 107–130, 133–148, 152nn43,48, 153nn50,52,54
    • subscriptions and, 113
    • subsidies and, 108, 116, 122
    • supply chain problems and, 121–122
    • Suppression of Communism Act and, 111
    • takedown requests and, 130, 152n45
    • textbooks and, 107–128, 131, 135–148, 149n16, 150n25, 152n45, 153n51
    • underground publishing and, 110–112
    • UNISA and, 109, 116–119, 143–144, 149n15
    • United Kingdom and, 111, 118, 122–125, 128, 133, 147
    • United States and, 111–112, 121–123, 125, 128, 130, 144–145, 147
    • university presses and, 111–112, 119, 126–129, 147, 150n22
    • Wiley and, 119, 123–124, 144–145, 147
  • South African Music Rights Organisation (SAMRO), 133
  • South African Native College, 109
  • South African Patents, Designs, Trade Marks and Copyright Act, 130
  • South African Students Organization (SASO), 110–111
  • South-South trade, 124–125
  • Souza, Marcos, 230–231, 237
  • Spain, 21n14, 80, 82
  • Special 301 Watch Lists, 125
  • Spetskhrans, 31–32
  • Spivacow, Boris, 81–84, 101nn2,9
  • Springer, 6, 58t, 163, 186–187, 243
  • Srinivas, M. N., 200
  • Staffrider magazine, 112
  • Standard Textbook Program, 200
  • State Intelligence Service (SIDE), 84
  • State Trading Corporation (STC), 199–200
  • State University of Rio de Janeiro, 224, 268n102
  • Stelmakh, V. D., 29–32
  • Strycharz, Jan, 162–163
  • Student2book, 137
  • Student centers, 85–90, 93–94, 96–98, 224, 238, 273–275
  • Students
    • access and, 103 (see also Access)
    • Argentina and, 79–100, 102nn15,18,25, 103n31
    • Brazil and, 223–224, 226–228, 234–259, 261n31, 263n48, 266n88, 267n94, 268n102
    • bursary system and, 114, 135–138, 140, 145, 147, 153n50
    • competitive disciplines and, 68
    • completion rates and, 117–118
    • copy culture and, 11, 19, 112–113, 166, 223–224
    • copy shops and, 10 (see also Copy shops)
    • Delhi University photocopy case and, 208–212
    • externalized ecosystem and, 12
    • higher education boom and, 7–8
    • India and, 184–190, 193, 195, 200–214, 219n45, 220n60
    • international student editions and, 123
    • law, 21n16, 142, 167, 173–175, 179n12, 203–204, 206–207, 210, 244, 246–248, 250, 274
    • Library Genesis and, 28, 64, 66, 68, 73
    • loans and, 20n6, 114, 130, 135–136, 146–147, 152n43, 268n102
    • medical, 13, 21n16, 142, 202, 204, 207, 249, 251–252
    • National Student Financial Aid Scheme (NSFAS) and, 114, 135–136, 146–147, 152n43
    • open education resources (OER) and, 6, 18, 19n1, 143, 145–146, 148, 153n56, 241, 266n85
    • photocopying and, 9 (see also Photocopying)
    • Poland and, 159–161, 164, 166–178, 180n21
    • policy response and, 13–15
    • Pradeep’s Eleven and, 185, 187, 189, 207
    • publishing underground and, 110–112
    • reform and, 10, 18
    • resistance under apartheid by, 110–112
    • #RhodesMustFall protests and, 146
    • right to education and, 14, 17, 107, 114–115, 129–130, 136, 213–215
    • sharing networks and, 138–139, 176–177 (see also Sharing)
    • South Africa and, 107–130, 133–148, 152nn43,48, 153nn50,52,54
    • surveillance of, 11
    • technology and, 5, 8–10, 15, 18, 95, 98, 107, 136–137, 145, 148, 152n48, 166, 210–211, 254
    • torture of, 110–111
    • underground publishing and, 166
    • UNISA and, 109, 116–119, 143–144, 149n15
    • Uruguay and, 273–276, 277n3
  • Student unions, 2, 224–225, 228
  • Subscriptions
    • Brazil and, 239, 242–243, 258
    • databases and, 1, 12, 163–164, 170, 185–186, 206, 213, 219n52, 239, 242–243, 258
    • India and, 185–187, 193, 206, 213, 219n52
    • institutional, 62–64, 164, 239
    • journals and, 5, 12, 113, 163, 170, 185–187, 219n52, 242, 258
    • Poland and, 163–164, 170
    • private libraries and, 40
    • South Africa and, 113
  • Subsidies
    • Argentina and, 82, 92
    • funding and, 3, 8, 64, 82, 92, 108, 116, 122, 160–162, 164, 171, 178, 191, 199–200, 217n26, 218nn27,35
    • India and, 191, 199–200, 217n26, 218nn27,35
    • Library Genesis and, 64
    • Poland and, 160–162, 164, 171, 178
    • South Africa and, 108, 116, 122
  • Sunder, V. S., 187
  • Suplicy, Marta, 231
  • Suppression of Communism Act, 111
  • Swartz, A., 6, 20, 28–29, 191
  • Swilling, Mark, 111
  • Tablets, 102n15, 140–141, 153n52, 167, 175, 207, 219n45, 246, 274
  • Takealot, 153n51
  • Takedown requests
    • Argentina and, 95, 97–98
    • Brazil and, 59, 233–238, 264n58, 265n60
    • copyright and, 26, 41, 43, 59, 95, 97–98, 130, 152n45, 172, 233–238, 264n58, 265n60
    • Library Genesis and, 41, 43
    • Poland and, 172
    • Russia and, 41, 43
    • South Africa and, 130, 152n45
  • Tarchiani, Rodrigo, 231
  • Tarkowski, Alek, 17, 159–182, 281
  • Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, 187
  • Taurus Publishers, 112
  • Tavares, Mariana Rodrigues, 242
  • Taylor & Francis, 6, 208, 241, 243
  • TechnikonSA, 119
  • Technology
    • cell phones, 152n48, 180n13, 219n45, 254
    • cheap copying, 3, 5, 9, 15, 166
    • communication, 10, 95, 145, 152n48, 254
    • computers, 9 (see also Computers)
    • digital, 1 (see also Digital technology)
    • e-readers, 48n5, 62–66, 74n5, 153n52, 192, 207, 274
    • faculty and, 9–10
    • Internet, 2 (see also Internet)
    • mimeographs, 90
    • OCR, 35–36, 93
    • photocopiers, 4–5, 9, 18, 98, 137, 210–211
    • printing press, 84, 111, 201
    • scanning and, 35–36
    • social media and, 1, 11, 18, 236
    • software, 3, 13, 35, 45–46, 74n4, 92–93, 145, 153n53, 166, 192, 219n45, 229–230, 239, 277n1
    • students and, 5, 8–10, 15, 18, 95, 98, 107, 136–137, 145, 148, 152n48, 166, 210–211, 254
    • tablets and, 102n15, 140–141, 153n52, 167, 175, 207, 219n45, 246, 274
    • tsars and, 30
    • typewriters, 34, 93
  • Telang, R., 64
  • Tencent, 120
  • Territorial rights, 13, 122–123, 149n17, 263n42
  • Textbooks
    • affordability of, 125–126
    • Argentina and, 81, 87, 90
    • Brazil and, 238–242, 246, 258, 260n25, 266n88, 267n89
    • bursary system and, 114, 135–138, 140, 145, 147, 153n50
    • Cost of Books Study and, 149n16
    • e-textbooks and, 126, 144
    • India and, 124–125, 184, 197–200, 203–204, 207–208, 211
    • international mega-textbooks and, 121
    • nationalized market for, 197
    • National Student Financial Aid Scheme (NSFAS) and, 114, 135–136, 146–147, 152n43
    • National Textbook Program (PNLD) and, 242, 266n88, 267n89
    • Poland and, 178
    • publishers and, 5–9, 12–13, 19n3, 66, 90, 108, 112–113, 118–127, 136–137, 142–145, 150n25, 152n45, 197–200, 208, 239, 241, 260n25, 276
    • South Africa and, 107–128, 131, 135–148, 149n16, 150n25, 152n45, 153n51
    • South-South trade and, 124–125
    • Standard Textbook Program and, 200
    • UNISA and, 109, 116–119, 143–144, 149n15
    • United States and, 8–9, 12, 19n3, 112, 121, 123, 144–145, 197, 203, 215
    • Uruguay and, 275–276
  • Textz.org, 26
  • Thapar, Romila, 200
  • Thompson, J. B., 9, 19
  • Thomson, 243
  • Thorold’s, 121
  • Three-step test, 14
  • Torrent sites, 26, 37–38, 152n45, 153n53, 264n57
  • Torture, 110–111
  • Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS), 122, 130, 263n42, 277n2
  • Tshwane University of Technology, 136
  • Twitter, 235
  • Typewriters, 34, 93
  • Tyrowicz, J., 64
  • Ukraine, 16
  • UNESCO, 19, 32, 71
  • Union Library Bill, 194–195
  • UNISA, 109, 116–119, 143–144, 149n15
  • United Kingdom
    • cross-national pricing and, 122–123
    • developed print market of, 68
    • downloading use in, 16
    • Imperial Copyright Act and, 130
    • India and, 187, 195, 197, 209, 219n54
    • International Student Editions (ISEs) and, 123
    • Poland and, 165
    • South Africa and, 111, 118, 122–125, 128, 133, 147
    • Special 301 Watch lists and, 125
    • university presses and, 111, 128–129
  • United States, 5
    • AIDS medications and, 130
    • Amazon and, 40, 61–64, 73n1, 74n5, 203, 205, 215, 219n50, 241
    • annual new titles in, 48
    • Anti-Apartheid Act and, 112
    • Argentina and, 82
    • Brazil and, 229
    • Cold War and, 197–198
    • cross-national pricing and, 122–123
    • database price increases in, 8
    • developed print market of, 68
    • differential pricing and, 12
    • downloading use in, 16
    • Eudeba and, 82
    • exceptions in, 165
    • Georgia State University case and, 11, 20n10
    • India and, 195, 197–198, 203, 218n35
    • intellectual property and, 44
    • International Student Editions (ISEs) and, 123
    • Kinkos lawsuit and, 10
    • Kirtsaeng v. John Wiley & Sons, Inc. and, 13, 123–125, 147
    • open access and, 6, 28
    • pace of digitization in, 73
    • Poland and, 165
    • price discrimination and, 20n11
    • public system strength of, 8
    • publisher surveys and, 4
    • radical publishers and, 111
    • resale of used books and, 9
    • Russia and, 44, 198
    • South Africa and, 111–112, 121–123, 125, 128, 130, 144–145, 147
    • Special 301 Watch lists and, 125
    • student boom in, 7
    • textbooks and, 8–9, 12, 19n3, 112, 121, 123, 144–145, 197, 200, 203, 215
    • university presses and, 128–129
    • used books and, 203
    • Wheat Loan program and, 197–199, 217n26
  • United States Trade Representative (USTR), 49n12, 228, 236
  • Universal Copyright Convention (UCC), 32
  • Universal libraries, 25, 39, 48, 73, 187–188
  • Universidade Paulista (Unip), 227
  • Universidade São Judas Tadeu, 228
  • Universidades Metropolitanas Unidas (UniFMU), 227
  • Universities. See Higher education
  • Universities Commission, 193
  • University Grants, 185
  • University of Buenos Aires, 11, 16, 79, 85, 99, 100n1
  • University of Cape Town, 12, 134, 146
  • University of Chicago Press, 200
  • University of Córdoba, 99
  • University of Delaware, 186
  • University of Fort Hare, 109, 136, 152n43
  • University of Good Hope, 119
  • University of Kwa-Zulu Natal, 115
  • University of La Plata, 93, 99
  • University of Limpopo, 114, 136
  • University of Mendoza, 99
  • University of Natal, 148n4
  • University of São Paulo, 227–228, 233, 235, 255
  • University of Stellenbosch, 127
  • University of the Republic, 273–274, 277nn1,3
  • University of Warsaw, 163, 170, 179nn3,9, 180n18
  • University of Witwatersrand, 111, 120, 132, 148n4, 151n35
  • University presses, 10. See also Higher education; and specific press
    • Argentina and, 79–83, 98–99
    • Association of American University Presses (AAUP) and, 112, 260n25
    • Brazil and, 226, 241, 246, 258, 266n83
    • as democratizer of knowledge, 80–83
    • digital strategy for, 99
    • India and, 200–201, 208, 213
    • marginal contributions of, 98
    • National University Press Network and, 99
    • Poland and, 162
    • radical publishers and, 111–112
    • South Africa and, 111–112, 119, 126–129, 147, 150n22
    • United Kingdom and, 111, 128–129
    • United States and, 128–129
  • University Press of Buenos Aires. See Eudeba
  • University Reform of 1918, 82
  • Uruguay, 5
    • archives and, 273
    • copyright and, 10, 273–276, 277n2
    • copy shops and, 273–276
    • digital technology and, 273–276
    • faculty and, 273
    • legal issues and, 273–276
    • licenses and, 273, 275–276
    • open access and, 275, 277n3
    • photocopying and, 273–275, 277n4
    • piracy and, 277nn2,4
    • publishers and, 274–276
    • reform and, 18, 274–275
    • students and, 273–276, 277n3
    • textbooks and, 275–276
  • Uruguayan Book Association, 274–275
  • U.S. Copyright Clearance Center, 232
  • U.S. Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA), 46–47, 237, 264n59
  • Usenet, 34
  • U.S. Information Service, 200
  • U.S. Supreme Court, 13, 123
  • Vaal University of Technology, 137
  • Vahl, Monica Maciel, 242
  • Valente, Mariana Giorgetti, 230, 262n33
  • Van Geffen, S., 9
  • Van Noorden, R., 6, 15
  • Van Schaik, 119, 144
  • Venturini, Jamila, 241
  • Verwoerd, 118
  • Vietcong, 200
  • Violence, 16, 46, 79, 108, 111, 136, 190–191, 199
  • Virtual Science Library, 163
  • Vital Source, 144
  • Von Ins, M., 15
  • Walter Kluwer Online, 206
  • Warsaw University, 163, 170, 180n18
  • Watanabe, M., 30–31
  • Web of Knowledge, 163
  • Westlaw, 206
  • White Paper on Higher Education, 143
  • Wikipedia, 175, 176f, 250
  • Wiley. See John Wiley & Sons
  • Wirten, E. H., 14
  • Wolff, C., 6
  • Workers’ Party, 230
  • World Bank, 115
  • WorldCat.org, 62, 70, 73n1, 74n6
  • World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), 14, 21n15, 42, 234, 262n41
  • World Internet Project, 166
  • World Trade Organization (WTO), 42, 44, 46, 115, 263n42
  • Worth, Robert R., 118, 121
  • Xerox, 20n7, 33–34, 37, 202, 224, 229, 261n29
  • Yahoo Groups, 95
  • Yale, 109
  • Yu, S., 141
  • Zagumenov, Igor, 42–43
  • Zulu, 115

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Contributors

Additional Information

ISBN
9780262345699
Related ISBN
9780262535014
MARC Record
OCLC
1045087489
Launched on MUSE
2018-09-19
Language
English
Open Access
Yes
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