Note: For works of which Curt P. Richter was author or coauthor, see the bibliography that follows.
Andrus, E. C., D. W. Bronk, G. A. Carden Jr., C. S. Keefer, J. S. Lockwood, J. T. Wearn, and M. D. Winternitz, eds. 1948. Advances in Military Medicine. Boston: Little, Brown.
Angell, J. R., et al. 1896. Studies from the Psychological Laboratory: The University of Chicago Contributions to Philosophy. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Aschoff, J. 1981. Biological rhythms. Handbook of Behavioral Neurobiology, vol. 4. New York: Plenum Press.
Aschoff, J., and R. Wever. 1965. Circadian rhythms of finches in light dark cycles with interposed twilights. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology 16:507–14.
Aschoff, J., U. Gerecke, and R. Wever. 1967. Desynchronization of human circadian rhythms. Journal of General Physiology 17:450–57.
Barbour, T. 1943. Naturalist at Large. Boston: Little, Brown.
Barnett, S. A. 1956. Behaviour components in the feeding of wild and laboratory rats. Behaviour 9:24–43.
———. 1963. The Rat: A Study in Behaviour. Chicago: Aldine.
Bartoshuk, L. 1974. NaCl thresholds in man: Thresholds for water taste or NaCl taste. Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology 87:310–25.
Bauer, M., A. Heinz, and P. C. Whybrow. 2002. Thyroid hormones, serotonin and mood: Of synergy and significance in the adult brain. Molecular Psychiatry 7:140–56.
Bayliss, W. M., and E. H. Starling. 1902. The mechanisms of pancreatic secretion. Journal of Physiology 28:325–55.
Bazett, H. G., and W. G. Penfield. 1922. A study of the Sherrington decerebrate animal in the chronic as well as the acute condition. Brain 45:185–97.
Beach, F. A. 1955. The descent of instinct. Psychological Review 62:401–10.
Beer, C. G. 1983. Darwin, instinct and ethology. Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences 19:68–80.
Benison, S., A. C. Barger, and E. L. Wolfe. 1987. Walter B. Cannon: The Life and Times of a Young Scientist. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
Berliner, H. S. 1976. A larger perspective on the Flexner Report. International Journal of Health Services 5:573–92.
Bernard, C. 1856/1985. Memoir on the Pancreas. New York: Academic Press.
———. 1865/1957. An Introduction to the Study of Experimental Medicine. New York: Dover Press.
Blass, E. M., ed. 1976. The Psychobiology of Curt Richter. Baltimore: York Press.
Boakes, R. 1984. From Darwin to Behaviourism. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Boice, R. 1973. Domestication. Psychological Bulletin 80:215–30.
Boring, E. G. 1929/1950. History of Experimental Psychology. New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts.
Brendt, J. 1993. C. S. Peirce: A Life. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.
Broca, P. 1861/1960. Remarks on the seat of the faculty of articulate language. In Some Papers of the Cerebral Cortex, edited by G. Von Bonin. Springfield, Ill.: Charles C. Thomas.
Brödel, M. 1941. Medical illustration. JAMA 117:668–72.
———. 1946. Three Unpublished Drawings of the Anatomy of the Human Ear. Philadelphia: W. B. Saunders.
Buckley, K. W. 1989. Mechanical Man: J. B. Watson and the Beginnings of Behaviorism. New York: Guilford Press.
Bump, J. B. 1996. Arts of resistance, myths of reference: Curt Richter’s skin resistance testing and the U.S. Army. Unpublished manuscript.
Bunning, E. 1963. Die Physiologische Uhr, 2nd ed. Berlin: Springer.
Cadwallader, T. C. 1974. Charles S. Peirce (1839–1914): The first American experimental psychologist. Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences 10:291–98.
Cannon, W. B. 1915/1929. Bodily Changes in Pain, Hunger, Fear and Rage. New York: Harper & Row.
———. 1932/1966. The Wisdom of the Body. New York: Norton Press.
———. 1942. Voodoo death. American Anthropologist 44:169–81.
Carlson, A. J. 1916. The Control of Hunger in Health and Disease. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Cetina, K. K. 1999. Epistemic Culture. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
Chapman, F. M. 1938. Life in an Air Castle: Nature Studies in the Tropics. New York: D. Appleton-Century.
Chesney, A. M. 1943–63. The Johns Hopkins Hospital and the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, vols. 1–3. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press.
Collier, G., and D. F. Johnson. 1997. Who is in charge? Animal vs. experimenter control. Appetite 29:159–80.
Contreras, R. J. 1977. Changes in gustatory nerve discharges with sodium deficiency: A single unit analysis. Brain Research 121:343–48.
Critchley, M., and E. A. Critchley. 1998. John Hughlings Jackson: Father of English Neurology. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Crosby, R. W., and J. Cody. 1991. Max Brodel: The Man Who Put Art into Medicine. New York: Springer-Verlag.
Cross, S. J., and W. R. Albury. 1987. Walter B. Cannon, L. J. Henderson, and the organic analogy. ORISIS 3:165–92.
Crowe, S. J. 1957. Halsted of Johns Hopkins. Springfield, Ill.: Charles C. Thomas.
Cullen, T. S. 1945. Max Brodel, 1870–1941, director of the first Department of Art as Applied to Medicine in the world. Bulletin of the Medical Library Association 33: 5–28.
Dalton, T. C. 2002. Becoming John Dewey: Dilemmas of a Philosopher and Naturalist. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.
Darwin, C. 1859/1965. The Origin of Species. New York: Mentor Books.
———. 1868/1892. Variation of Animals and Plants under Domestication, vols. 1 and 2. New York: Appleton.
———. 1871/1874. The Descent of Man and Selection in Relation to Sex. Chicago: Rand McNally.
———. 1872/1998. The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
———. 1873. Inherited instinct. Nature 7:281–85.
da Vinci, L. 1980. The Notebooks, edited by I. A. Richter. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Davis, C. 1928. Self-selection of diets by newly weaned infants: An experimental study. American Journal of Diseases of Children 36:651–79.
———. 1935. Self-selection of food by children. American Journal of Nursing 35:402–10.
———. 1939. Results of the self-selection of diets by young children. Canadian Medical Association Journal 41:257–61.
Denton, D. A. 1972. Instinct, appetites and medicine. Australia and New Zealand Journal of Medicine 2:203–12.
———. 1976. Tribute to Curt Richter. In The Psychobiology of Curt Richter, edited by E. M. Blass. Baltimore: York Press.
———. 1982. The Hunger for Salt. Berlin: Springer-Verlag.
Dethier, V. G. 1976. The Hungry Fly. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
Dewey, J. 1910/1965. The Influence of Darwin on Philosophy. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.
———. 1916. Essays in Experimental Logic. New York: Dover Press.
———. 1925/1989. Experience and Nature. LaSalle, Ill.: Open Court Press.
———. 1934/1958. Art as Experience. New York: Capricorn Books.
Dewsbury, D. A. 1989. Four giants: Frank Beach, Curt Richter, Niko Tinbergen and Konrad Lorenz. Animal Behavioral Society 34:1–3.
———. 1992. William James and instinct theory revisited. In Reinterpreting the Legacy of William James, edited by M. E. Donnelly. Washington, D.C.: American Psychological Association.
Donaldson, H. H. 1915. The rat data and reference tables for the albino and the Norway rat. Memoirs of the Wistar Institute of Anatomy and Biology, no. 6. Philadelphia: Wistar Institute.
Dove, W. F. 1935. A study of individuality in the nutritive instincts and of the causes and effects of variations in the selection of food. American Naturalist 69:469–544.
Dunlap, K. 1914. An Outline of Psychobiology. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press.
———. 1919. Are there any instincts? Journal of Abnormal Psychology 14:307–11.
Epstein, A. N. 1982. Instinct and motivation as explanations for complex behavior. In The Physiological Mechanisms of Motivation, edited by D. Pfaff, 25–55. New York: Springer-Verlag.
Epstein, A. N., and E. Stellar. 1955. The control of salt preference in the adrenal-ectomized rat. Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology 48:167–72.
Evvard, J. M. 1915. Is the appetite of swine a reliable indication of physiological need? Proceedings of the Iowa Academy of Science 22:375–402.
Finger, S. 1994. Origins of Neuroscience. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Fitzsimons, J. T. 1979. The Physiology of Thirst and Sodium Appetite. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Flexner, A. 1910/1978. Medical Education in the United States and Canada. Boston: D. B. Updike, The Merrymount Press.
Freud, S. 1920/1975. Beyond the Pleasure Principle. New York: W. W. Norton.
Friedman, M. I., I. Ramirez, N. K. Edens, and J. Granneman. 1985. Food intake in diabetic rats: isolation of primary metabolic effects of fat feeding. American Journal of Physiology 249:R44–51.
Frumovitz, M. M. 2002. Thomas Eakins’ Agnew Clinic: A study of medicine through art. Obstetrics and Gynecology 100:1296–300.
Galef, B. G., Jr. 1991. A contrarian view of the wisdom of the body as it relates to dietary self-selection. Psychological Review 98:218–23.
Galef, B. G., Jr. and E. E. Whiskin. 2001. Effects of caloric, protein and sodium deprivation on the affiliative behavior of Norway rats. Journal of Comparative Physiology 115:192–95.
Galison, P. 1987. How Experiments End. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
———. 1988. History, philosophy and the central metaphor. Science in Context 3:197–212.
Garcia, J., W. G. Hankins, and K. W. Rusiniak. 1974. Behavioral regulation of the milieu interne in man and rat. Science 185:824–31.
Gilman, D. C. 1906. The Launching of a University and Other Papers. New York: Dodd Mead.
Gould, S. J. 2002. The Structure of Evolutionary Theory. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
Grasse, P. P., ed. 1956. L’instinct dans le comportement des animaux et de l’homme. Paris: Masson et Cie Editeurs.
Green, H. H. 1925. Perverted appetites. Physiology Review 5:336–48.
Grifiths, W. J. 1960. Responses of wild and domestic rats to forced swimming. Psychological Reports 6:39–49.
Grill, H. J., and R. Norgren. 1978. The taste reactivity test II: Mimetic responses to gusta-tory stimuli in chronic thalamic and chronic decerebrate rats. Brain Research 100: 536–43.
Hall, C. V. 1941. Temperament: A survey of animal studies. Psychological Bulletin 38:909–43.
Hanson, N. R. 1971. Observation and Explanation. New York: Harper Torchbooks.
Harrington, A. 1996. Re-enchanted Science: Holism in German Culture from Wilhelm II to Hitler. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press.
Harris, L. J., J. Clay, F. Hargreaves, and A. Ward. 1933. Appetite and choice of diet: The ability of the vitamin B deficient rat to discriminate between diets containing and lacking the vitamin. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, series B, 113:161–90.
Harvey, A. M., G. H. Brieger, S. L. Abrams, and V. A. McKusick. 1989. A Centennial History of Medicine at Johns Hopkins, vol. 1. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.
Hawkins, H. 1960. Pioneer: A History of the Johns Hopkins University, 1874–1889. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press.
Hebb, D. O. 1949. The Organization of Behavior. New York: John Wiley & Sons.
Helmholtz, H. 1867/1963. Handbook of Physiological Optics. New York: Dover Press.
Henderson, L. J. 1935. The relation of medicine to the fundamental sciences. Science 82:477–81.
———. 1970. Selected Writings, edited by B. Barber. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Herrnstein, R. J. 1972. Nature as nurture: Behaviorism and the instinct doctrine. Behaviorism 1:23–52.
Hess, E. H. 1973. Imprinting. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold.
Hilgard, E. R. 1987. Psychology in America. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich.
Hollinger, D. A. 1994. The knower and the artificer. In Modernist Impulses in the Human Sciences, 1870–1930, edited by D. Ross. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.
Holmes, F. L. 1974. Claude Bernard and Animal Chemistry. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
———. 1993. Hans Krebs: Architect of Intermediary Metabolism, vol. 2. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Holt, E. B. 1915. The Freudian Wish and Its Place in Ethics. New York: Henry Holt.
———. 1931/1976. Animal Drive and the Learning Process: An Essay toward Radical Empiricism. New York: Octagon Books.
———. 1937. Materialism and the criterion of the psychic. Psychological Review 44: 35–53.
Hudson, R. P. 1972. Abraham Flexner in perspective. Bulletin of the History of Medicine 46:545–61.
Hughes, C. W., and J. J. Lynch. 1978. A reconsideration of psychological precursors of sudden death in infrahuman animals. American Psychologist May, 419–29.
Hull, C. L. 1943. Principles of Behavior. New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts.
Jackson, H. 1884/1958. Evolution and dissolution of the nervous system. In Selected Writings of John Hughlings Jackson, edited by J. Taylor. London: Staples Press.
James, W. 1887. What is an instinct? Scribners Magazine 1:355–65.
———. 1890/1952. The Principles of Psychology. New York: Dover Press.
———. 1907/1958. Pragmatism. New York: Meridian Books.
———. 1907/1968. The energies of men. In The Writings of William James. New York: Modern Library.
Jennings, H. S. 1907. The interpretation of the behavior of lower organisms. Science 27:698–710.
Johnson, M. S. 1926. Activity and distribution of certain mice in relation to biotic communities. Journal of Mammalogy 245–77.
Kagan, J. 1989. Unstable Ideas. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
Kant, I. 1790/1951. Critique of Judgment. New York: Bobbs-Merrill.
Kare, M. R., M. J. K. Fregly, and R. A. Bernard, eds. 1980. Biological and Behavioral Aspects of Salt Intake. New York: Academic Press.
Keiner, C. M. 1996. Social and scientific organization in the Psychobiology Laboratory, 1935–1978. First International Conference on the Psychobiology of Curt P. Richter.
Kinder, E. F. 1927. A study of the nest building activity of the albino rat. Journal of Experimental Zoology 47:117–61.
King, H. D. 1930. Life processes in gray Norway rats during fourteen years in captivity. American Anatomical Memoirs 17:1–72.
King, H. D., and H. H. Donaldson. 1929. Life processes and size of the body and organs of the gray Norway rat during ten generations in captivity. American Anatomical Memoirs 14:1–106.
Kissileff, H. R., and A. N. Epstein. 1969. Exaggerated prandial drinking in the recovered lateral rat with saliva. Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology 67: 301–8.
Klerman, G. 1979. The psychology of affective states: The legacy of Adolf Meyer. In Research in the Psychobiology of Human Behavior, edited by E. Meyer III and J. V. Brady. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.
Kohler, R. E. 1991. Partners in Science. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
———. 2002. Landscapes and Laboratories. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Kon, S. K. 1931. The self-selection of food constituents by the rat. Biochemical Journal 25:473–81.
Kuhn, T. S. 1962. The Structure of Scientific Revolution. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Lamberg, L. 1996. Cyber-conference helps archivists manage trove of scientific papers. JAMA 276:1935–37.
Lashley, K. S. 1938/1960. Experimental analysis of instinctive behavior. In The Neuropsychology of Lashley, edited by F. A. Beach, D. O. Hebb, C. L. Morgan, and H. W. Nissen, chap. 23. New York: McGraw Hill.
Lashley, K. S., and J. B. Watson. 1913. Notes on the development of a young monkey. Journal of Animal Behavior 3:114–39.
Lat, J. 1967. Self-selection of dietary components. In Handbook of Physiology, sect. 6, Alimentary Canal, vol. 1, Control of Food and Water Intake, edited by C. F. Code, 367–86. Washington, D.C.: American Physiological Society.
Latour, B., and S. Woolgar. 1979/1986. Laboratory Life. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press.
Lehrman, D. S. 1953. A critique of Konrad Lorenz’s theory of instinctive behavior. Quarterly Review of Biology 28(4):337–63.
———. 1954. Parental behavior in birds and the problem of “instinct.” Acta Psychologica 11:96–97.
———. 1956. On the organization of maternal behavior and the problem of instinct. In L’instinct dans le comportement des animaux et de l’homme, edited by P. P. Grasse, chap. 13. Paris: Masson et Cie Editeurs.
Leigh, E. G. 1999. Tropical Forest Ecology. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Leshem, M., S. Delcancho, and J. Schulkin. 1999. Ontogeny of calcium preference in the parathyroidectomized rat. Developmental Psychobiology 34:293–301.
Leys, R. 1984. Meyer, Watson, and the dangers of behaviorism. Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences 20:128–49.
Leys, R., and R. B. Evans. 1990. Defining American Psychology: The Correspondence between Adolf Meyer and Edward Titchener. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.
Liddell, E. G. T., and C. Sherrington. 1924. Reflexes in response to stretch (myostatic reflexes). Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, series B, 90:212–43.
Lidz, T. 1966. Adolf Meyer and the development of American psychiatry. American Journal of Psychiatry 123(3):320–32.
Loeb, J. 1918/1973. Forced Movements, Tropisms and Animal Conduct. New York: Dover Press.
Lorenz, K. 1956. The objectivistic theory of instinct. In L’instinct dans le comportement des animaux et de l’homme, edited by P. P. Grasse, chap. 3. Paris: Masson et Cie Editeurs.
———. 1981. The Foundations of Ethology. New York: Simon & Schuster.
Lynch, M. 1985. Art and Artifact in Laboratory Science. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.
McCall, N. 1996. A brief history of the psychobiology laboratory. First International Cyberconference on the Psychobiology of Curt P. Richter.
McCollum, E. V. 1964. From Kansas Farm Boy to Scientist. Lawrence: University of Kansas Press.
McCollum, E. V., N. Simmonds, M. Kinney, P. G. Shipley, and E. A. Park. 1922. Studies on experimental rickets, XVII. American Journal of Hygiene 2(2):280–89.
McDougall, W. 1910. An Introduction to Social Psychology, 3rd ed. Boston: J. W. Luce.
McEachron, D. L., and J. Schull. 1993. Hormones, rhythms and the blues. In Hormonally Induced Changes in Mind and Brain, edited by J. Schulkin. New York: Academic Press.
McHugh, P. R. 1989. Curt Richter and Johns Hopkins: A union of assets. American Journal of Physiology 256:169–70.
McHugh, P. R., and P. R. Slavney. 1998. The Perspectives of Psychiatry, 2nd ed. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.
Meyer, A. 1915. Objective psychology or psychobiology with subordination of the medically useless contrast of mental and physical. JAMA 65:860–63.
———. 1931/1957. Psychobiology. Springfield, Ill.: Charles C. Thomas.
———. 1935. Scope and teaching of psychobiology. JAMA 10:93–98.
———. 1951. The Collected Papers of Adolf Meyer, edited by E. E. Winters. 4 vols. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press.
Miller, H. 1966. Fifty years after Flexner. Lancet 11:647–54.
Miller, N. E. 1979. Psychosomatic effects of learning. In Research in the Psychobiology of Human Behavior, edited by E. Meyer III and J. V. Brady. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.
Moore, R. Y., and V. B. Eichler. 1972. Loss of a circadian adrenal corticosterone rhythm following suprachiasmatic lesions in the rat. Brain Research 42:201–6.
Moran, T. H., and J. Schulkin. 2000. Curt Richter and regulatory physiology. American Journal of Physiology 279:R357–63.
Morgan, C. L. 1910. Instinct and intelligence. British Journal of Psychology 3:219–29.
Morgan, C. T. 1943. Physiological Psychology. New York: McGraw Hill.
Morgan, C. T., and E. Stellar. 1950. Physiological Psychology, 2nd ed. New York: McGraw Hill.
Morin, L. P., K. M. Fitzgerald, and I. Zucker. 1977. Estradiol shortens the period of hamster circadian rhythms. Science 196:305–7.
Nachman, M. 1962. Taste preferences for sodium salts by adrenalectomized rats. Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology 55:1124–29.
Nelson, R. J. 1995. An Introduction to Behavioral Endocrinology. Sunderland, Mass.: Sinauer Associates.
Numbers, R. L., and C. E. Rosenberg, eds. 1996. The Scientific Enterprise in America. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
O’Donnell, J. M. 1985. The Origins of Behaviorism. New York: New York University Press.
Olmsted, J. M. D. 1944. Francois Magendie, Pioneer in Experimental Physiology and Scientific Medicine in XIX Century France. New York: Schuman’s.
Olmsted, J. M. D., and E. H. Olmsted. 1952. Claude Bernard and the Experimental Method in Medicine. New York: Henry Schuman.
Ormsbee, R. A. 1948. The development of new rodenticides. In Advances in Military Medicine. Boston: Little, Brown.
Osborne, T. B., and L. B. Mendel. 1918. The choice between adequate and inadequate diets, as made by rats. Journal of Biological Chemistry 35:19–27.
Pauly, P. J. 1979. Psychology at Hopkins. Johns Hopkins Magazine 30:36–41.
———. 1987. Controlling Life: Jacques Loeb and the Engineering Ideal in Biology. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Pavlov, I. P. 1897/1902. Lectures on the Work of the Digestive Glands, translated by W. H. Thompson. London: Charles Griffin.
———. 1941/1967. Lectures on Conditioned Reflexes, vol. 2, Conditioned Reflexes and Psychiatry, translated and edited by W. H. Gantt. New York: International.
Peirce, C. S. 1877. The fixation of belief. Popular Scientific Monthly 12:1–15.
———. 1878. How to make our ideas clear. Popular Scientific Monthly 18:286–302.
———. 1898/1992. Reasoning and the Logic of Things. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
Perry, R. B. 1935. The Thought and Character of William James. Boston: Little, Brown.
Pfaffmann, C. 1967. The sense of taste. In Handbook of Physiology, sect. 6, Alimentary Canal, vol. 1, Control of Food and Water Intake, edited by C. F. Code. Washington, D.C.: American Physiological Society.
Pinker, S. 1994. The Language Instinct. New York: William Morrow.
Pittendrigh, C. S. 1974. Circadian oscillations in cells and the circadian organization of multicellular systems. In The Neurosciences: Third Study Program, edited by F. O. Schmitt and F. G. Worden, 437–58. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press.
Prendergast, B. J., R. J. Nelson, and I. Zucker. 2002. Mammalian seasonal rhythms: Behavior and neuroendocrine substrates. In Hormones, Brain and Behavior, vol. 2., edited by D. W. Pfaff, A. P. Arnold, A. M. Etgen, S. E. Fahrbach, and R. T. Rubin. New York: Academic Press.
Price, E. O. 1984. Animal domestication. Quarterly Review of Biology 59:1–32.
———. 2002. Animal Domestication and Behavior. Oxford: CABI/Oxford University Press.
Rescorla, R. A. 1988. Pavlovian conditioning: It’s not what you think it is. American Psychologist 45:151–60.
Roe, A. 1953. The Making of a Scientist. New York: Dodd Mead.
Roland, N. E., and M. J. Fregly. 1988. Sodium appetite: species and strain differences in the induction of sodium appetite: role of rennin-angiotensin-aldosterone system. Appetite 11:143–78.
Rosenberg, C. E. 1976/1997. No Other Gods. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Rosenblatt, J. S. 1995. Daniel Sanford Lehrman, June 1, 1919–August 27, 1972. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press.
Rosenwasser, A. M., and N. T. Adler. 1986. Structure and function in circadian timing systems: Evidence for multiple coupled circadian oscillators. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews 10:431–48.
Rosenzweig, M. R., and E. L. Bennett. 1996. Psychobiology of plasticity: Effects of training and experience on brain and behavior. Behavioral Brain Research 78:57–65.
Rozin, P. 1967. Thiamine specific hunger. In Handbook of Physiology, sect. 6, Alimentary Canal, vol. 1, Control of Food and Water Intake, edited by C. F. Code, 411–32. Washington, D.C.: American Physiological Society.
———. 1976a. The compleat psychobiologist. In The Psychobiology of Curt Richter, edited by E. M. Blass. Baltimore: York Press.
———. 1976b. The selection of foods by rats, humans, and other animals. In Advances in the Study of Behavior, vol. 6, edited by J. Rosenblatt, R. A. Hinde, C. Beer, and E. Shaw, 21–76. New York: Academic Press.
Rozin, P., and J. W. Kalat. 1971. Specific hungers and poison avoidance as adaptive specialization of learning. Psychological Review 78:459–86.
Rozin, P., and J. Schulkin. 1990. Food selection. In Handbook of Behavioral Neurobiology, edited by E. M. Stricker. New York: Plenum Press.
Rusak, B. 2000. Chronobiology and mood disorders: background and introduction. Journal of Psychiatry and Neuroscience 25(5):443–44.
Rusak, B., and I. Zucker. 1979. Neural regulation of circadian rhythms. Physiological Reviews 59:449–526.
Sadovnikova-Koltzova, M. P. 1926. Genetic analysis of temperament of rats. Journal of Experimental Zoology 45:301–18.
Schneider, H. W. 1946/1963. A History of American Philosophy. New York: Columbia University Press.
Schneirla, T. C. 1956. Interrelationships of the “innate” and the “acquired” in instinctive behavior. In L’instinct dans le comportment des animaux, edited by P. P. Grasse, 387–452. Paris: Masson et Cie Editeurs.
———. 1989. In honor of a great inquirer: Curt Richter. Psychobiology 17:113–14.
———. 1991. Sodium Hunger. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Schulkin, J., P. Rozin, and E. Stellar. 1994. Curt Richter: Biographical Memoirs. Washington, D.C.: National Academy of Sciences Press 65:311–20.
Schultheiss, D., and U. Jonas. 1999. Max Brodel and Howard A. Kelley: Urogynecology and the birth of modern medical illustration. European Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology and Reproductive Biology 86:113–15.
Scott, E. M. 1946. Self selection of diet. 1. Selection of purified components. Journal of Nutrition 31:497–405.
Scott, E. M., and E. L. Verney. 1949. Self selection of diet: The appetite for thiamine. Journal of Nutrition 37:81–91.
Seligman, M. E. P. 1972. Learned helplessness. Annual Review of Medicine 23:407–11.
Selye, H. 1946. The general adaptation syndrome and the diseases of adaptation. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology 6:117–46.
Shapin, S. 1989. The invisible technician. American Scientist 77:534–63.
Shapin, S., and S. Schaffer. 1985. Leviathan and the Air-Pump. Princeton, N. J.: Princeton University Press.
Shettleworth, S. J. 1972. Constraints on learning. In Advances in the Study of Behavior, vol. 4, edited by D. S. Lehrman, R. A. Hinde, and F. Shaw, 1–68. New York: Academic Press.
Smith, G. P. 1989. Remarks at a Memorial Meeting for Curt Richter at the Department of Psychiatry, Johns Hopkins Medical School.
———. 1997. Eating and the American Zeitgeist. Appetite 29:191–200.
———. 2000. Pavlov and integrative physiology. American Journal of Physiology 279: 743–55.
Smith, J. E. 1978. Purpose and Thought: The Meaning of American Pragmatism. New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press.
Spector, A. C. 2000. Linking gustatory neurobiology to behavior in vertebrates. Neuro-science and Biobehavioral Reviews 24:391–416.
Spinoza, B. 1668/1955. On the Improvement of the Understanding. New York: Dover Press.
Starling, E. H. 1923. The Wisdom of the Body. London: H. K. Lewis.
Stellar, E. 1954. The physiology of motivation. Psychological Review 61:5–22.
———. 1989. Curt P. Richter. In American Philosophical Society Biographical Memoirs, 297–93. Philadelphia: American Philosophical Society.
Stephan, F. K., and I. Zucker. 1972. Circadian rhythms in behavior and locomotor activity of rats are eliminated by hypothalamic lesions. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 69:1583–86.
Stewart, C. S. 1898. Variations in daily activity produced by alcohol and by changes in barometric pressure and diet with a description of recording methods. American Journal of Physiology 1:40–56.
Thiels, E., J. G. Verbalis, and E. M. Stricker. 1990. Sodium appetite in lactating rats. Behavioral Neuroscience 104:742–50.
Thorpe, W. H. 1948. The modern concept of instinctive behaviour. Bulletin of Animal Behaviour 7:12–48.
Tinbergen, N. 1951/1969. The Study of Instinct. New York: Oxford University Press.
Titchener, E. B. 1929/1972. Systemic Psychology. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press.
Todes, D. P. 2002. Pavlov’s Physiology Factory. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.
Tolman, E. C. 1949. Purposive Behavior in Animals and Men. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Tordoff, M. G. 2001. Calcium: Taste, intake, and appetite. Physiological Reviews 81: 1567–97.
———. 2002. Obesity by choice: The powerful influence of nutrient availability on nutrient intake. American Journal of Physiology 282:R1536–39.
Von Frisch, K. 1956. Lernvermogen und erbgebundene Tradition Im Leben der Bienen. In L’instinct dans le comportement des animaux et de l’homme, edited by P. P. Grasse, chap. 10. Paris: Masson et Cie Editeurs.
Wada, T. 1922. An experimental study of hunger in its relation to activity. Archives of Psychology.
Watson, J. B. 1912. Instinctive activity in animals. Harper’s Magazine 124:376–82.
———. 1919. Psychology from the Standpoint of the Behaviorist. Philadelphia: Lippincott.
———. 1924. Behaviorism. New York: W. W. Norton.
———. 1930/1961. Autobiography. In A History of Psychology in Autobiography. New York: Russell & Russell.
Wehr, T. A., D. E. Moul, G. Barbato, H. A. Giesen, J. A. Seidel, C. Barker, and C. Bender. 1993. Conservation of photoperiod-responsive mechanisms in humans. American Journal of Physiology 265:R846–57.
Weidman, N. M. 1999. Constructing Scientific Psychology: Karl Lashley Mind-Brain Debates. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Weisinger, R. S., and S. C. Woods. 1971. Aldosterone-elicited sodium appetite. Endocrinology 89:538–44.
Wirth, J. B. 1989. Richter and Magendie. Talk given in celebration of Curt Richter at the Johns Hopkins University.
Wirth, J. B., and P. R. McHugh. 1983. Gastric distension and short term satiety in the rhesus monkey. American Journal of Physiology 245:174–80.
Wolf, G. 1964. Sodium appetite elicited by aldosterone. Psychonomic Science 1:211–12.
———. 1969. Innate mechanisms for regulation of sodium intake. In Olfaction and Taste, edited by C. Pfaffman, 548–53. New York: Rockefeller University Press.
Woodside, B., and L. Millelire. 1987. Self-selection of calcium during pregnancy and lactation in rats. Physiology and Behavior 39:391–97.
Yerkes, R. M. 1903. The associative processes of the green frog. Psychological Review 17:579–638.
———. 1913. The heredity of savageness and wildness in rats. Journal of Animal Behavior 2:286–96.
———. 1921. The relations of psychology to medicine. Science 53:106–11.
———. 1930. Autobiography of Robert Mearns Yerkes. In History of Psychology in Autobiography, edited by C. Murchison. Worcester, Mass.: Clark University Press.