publisher colophon

237Index

Abécassis, Armand, 53

Abraham, story of. See Abram, story of

Abram, story of, 38–39, 196

Adrien Deume (character), 141–42, 157, 160, 161, 178, 184, 185

Adrienne de Valdonne (character), 22, 23, 35, 42, 44, 67, 84, 164, 217–18n. 15

À l’ombre des jeunes filles en fleurs (Proust), 5

Alter, Robert, 217n. 7

Altmann, Georges, 88

anti-Semitism: and Ariane, 178–82

of Cohen, 106, 150–54

Cohen’s obsession with, 31–34

Ézéchiel and, 6, 201, 205

in modern France, xiii

of Solal, 20–21, 23–24, 150–54, 181, 182

Solal’s responses to, 32, 71

street hawker’s attack on Cohen as child, 5, 15–16, 25, 28–31

anti-Zionism, xiii

Apostrophes interview, 8, 214n. 13

Ariane (character), 12, 13, 84, 125, 155–60

and anti-Semitism, 178–82

as Diana, 165, 177

erotic ideal of, 172–73

escape phantasms/fantasies of, 171–72, 223n. 11

escape to villa with Solal, 174–76

as Europa, 163–65

and German orchestra conductor, 167–69

hatred of phallic order, 157, 162–63, 165

lesbianism of, 156–57, 165

love for Solal, 177–89

and male sexuality, 160–67

and mother figure, 100–101, 169, 170

and Rachel the dwarf, 141–45, 170, 181

and romanticism, 100–101, 160–62, 174–76

and Solal, 13, 84, 92, 155–89, 223n. 14

Solal as Christlike savior of, 182–87

as Solal’s double, 13, 143–45, 153, 154, 155, 165, 173–77, 223n. 14

Solal’s feminine love for, 121–22, 174–76

Solal’s love for, 121–22, 153, 169–71

Solal’s misunderstanding of, 157–58, 159–60, 162, 163–65

and Solal’s pariahization, 95–96, 145, 146–47

Solal’s seduction of, 12, 141–45, 160

stream-of-consciousness monologues, 160–73, 177–79, 183–87, 223n. 20

suicidality/suicide of, 42, 158, 159, 172, 183, 187–89

torture of Solal, 178–83

Aude (character), 18, 42, 67, 70–73, 83–84, 85, 164

and Jews in cellar of Château Saint-Germain, 74–85

view of Jews, 74–76, 81–82

augment (leavening) motif, 45, 52, 66

Auroy, Carole, 214n. 17, 217n. 12, 221n. 18

avaricious Jew: in Ézéchiel, 49, 193–94, 198–99, 200

Solal as, 49

Bakhtin, Mikhail, 135, 136

Balzac, Honoré de, 26

bar mitzvah, 15

Gamaliel’s charge to Solal as, 15–25

as metaphysical calling-reminding, 15–25

street hawker’s assault on Cohen as, 15–16, 25–34

as violent calling-reminding, 25–34

beauty, 18–19, 21, 38, 143

Belle du Seigneur (Cohen), 1, 7, 9, 10, 124–89

Ariane-Solal relationship in, 13, 84, 92, 95–96, 121–22, 143–45, 146–47, 153, 154, 155–89

Ariane’s streams of consciousness in, 160–73, 177–79, 183–87, 223n. 20

“belle(s)” of, 135, 173–77

Berlin underground episode, 3, 124–54

on deformity of Jews, 20

dissonance in, 12–13, 145, 154

essential themes/formula of, 3, 11, 13, 84

misreadings of, x, 3, 11, 159–60, 206–7

pariahization of Albert Cohen and Louise Coen as compared to that of Solal and Ariane in, 96

pariahization of Solal in, 32, 55–56, 145–54

Purim of Rachel and Solal in, 135–41, 153

Rachel-Ariane relationship in, 141–45, 170, 181

Rachel the dwarf in, 106, 119, 124–45, 153, 154, 170, 181, 188–89, 221n. 3

Rachel as vampire in, 132–35

romance in, 100101, 174–76

seduction of Ariane in, 12, 92, 121, 141–45

Solal’s identity dilemmas in, 67, 125–26, 154

Solal’s tour of underground with Rachel, 126–32

suicide in, 10, 11, 13, 141, 143, 154, 158–59, 187–89

writing and publication of, 7, 8, 86, 206.

See also Ariane; Rachel the dwarf

belonging, longing for (en être): of Cohen, 25, 26–28, 30, 33, 95, 96–98

of Solal, 22, 95–96, 147–49

Benhaïm, André, 219n. 8

Bensoussan, Albert, 216n. 13, 225n. 27

Berkowich, Bella. See Cohen, Bella Berkowich

Berlin underground episode (Belle du Seigneur), 3, 124–54

and pariahization of Solal, 145–54

Purim play in, 135–41, 153

setting of, 126–28

and Solal’s seduction of Ariane, 141–45

tour of underground in, 126–32.

See also Rachel the dwarf

bestiality, of male sexuality, 162–65, 167–69

biblical narratives, 36–56

in Cohen’s writings, 36–38

concealment in, 38–39, 45–46

story of Sarai, 37, 38–39.

See also Esther, story of; Joseph, story of

Blanchot, Maurice, 211

blood, drawing of: in Ariane-Solal relationship, 177, 181

association with Jews, 77, 220n. 14

and Rachel as vampire, 132–35

Bloom, Harold, 44, 216n. 7

Blot, Jean, 13, 36, 206, 215n.1, 216n.12, 217n. 5, 218n. 43, 223n. 17

Blum, Léon, 23, 204, 216n. 11

Book of My Mother (Cohen). See Le Livre de ma mère

Brocher, Elisabeth. See Cohen, Elisabeth Brocher

Brooks, Peter, 14, 66

buildings, Christian-Jewish relations reflected in, 72–74

bull, as metaphor, 163–65, 168

Calasso, Roberto, 164, 165

calling-reminding (appel-rappel), 16

Cohen’s ambivalence toward, 24–25

metaphysical, Gamaliel’s bar mitzvah charge as, 15–25

violent, street hawker’s assault on Cohen as, 25–34

Carnets 1978 (Notebooks 1978) (Cohen), 8–9, 36, 91–92, 112

carnival: as aesthetic in Cohen’s writings, 11, 37–38, 44

and Purim, 51, 135

cathedral, 73

Celan, Paul, 216n. 16

Céline, Louis-Ferdinand, ix, 2, 87, 149, 211

“Chant de mort” (Cohen), 86, 106, 108, 112, 222n. 8

Char, René, ix

charity, in Gamaliel’s bar mitzvah charge, 19–20

château, 72–74

Château Saint-Germain: as counterpart to Berlin underground, 141

Solal’s family in cellar of, 72–85

as symbol, 72–74, 85

childhood, Cohen’s, 4–5, 93–94

estrangement and isolation in, 25, 27, 29–34, 94–98

France during, 25–26

relationship to France in, 25–34

relationship with mother in, 91, 93–98

Shabbath in, 98–101

street hawker’s assault in, 15–16, 25, 27, 28–34, 147–49, 180

Christian-Jewish relationship: architecture reflecting, 72–74

and resistance to Cohen’s works, xii–xiii

Christian motifs. See Jesus Christ; the Passion

Christian woman. See European woman

chronotope, Château Saint-Germain as, 72–74

classical mythology, and Ariane-Solal relationship, 163–66

Coen, Louise (mother), 7, 86, 90, 91–94, 125

and Ariane, 100–101, 169–70

and Ariane-Varvara relationship, 157

Cohen’s adult relationship with, 102–12

Cohen’s childhood relationship with, 91, 93–98

Cohen’s mourning of, 112–23

and Rachel the dwarf, 139–40

and Shabbath, 98–101

Coen, Marc (father), 91–92, 93, 98, 99, 102, 104, 169–70

Cohen, Abraham Albert: childhood, 4–5, 25–34, 91, 93–101

compared to Hitler, 191, 204

diplomatic career, 5–6, 7–8, 56

and Ézéchiel’s reception, 206, 207

and father, 91–92, 99

feelings toward Jews and Judaism, xii–xiv, 21–22, 103–4, 106, 112, 147

identity dilemmas of, 33, 102–6, 112

life of, ix–x, 4–9, 10, 91–94, 101–2, 224n. 12

literary career, 6–9, 86–88, 115–16

longing to belong, 147–49

love of France, 26–28, 33, 203–4

and misreading of his texts, 4, 8, 11, 36

and mother, 91, 93–98, 102–12, 112–23

old age, 9

paradox of, 1–4, 12, 190

pariahization of, through street hawker’s assault, 15–16, 25–34

self-mythologizing by, 9, 86, 103–4, 209

and Solal, 10

Cohen, Abraham Albert, writings of, 6–7, 8–9

biblical narratives in, 36–37

Cohen’s life and, 10

core themes and formulae, 3–4, 6, 13, 34, 209–10

dialogical relationship of, 10, 34

disgrace in, 84–85

dissonance in, 11–13, 56, 190

identity montage in, 10, 13, 14, 22, 34

ignoring of/resistance to, ix–xiv, 1–4, 12, 33, 190, 207–11

“Jewish catastrophe” as theme of, xi–xii, xiv, 2–4, 11, 24–25, 209–10, 213n. 3

mother/maternal figure in, 4, 106–9

romantic readings of, 2–3, 35, 36, 206–7, 217n. 2

street hawker’s assault and, 31–34

style and aesthetics of, 2, 4, 9–13, 176–77, 214n. 17

suicide in, 4, 10, 11, 13, 209–10

synchrony/intratextuality of, 9–10

women in, xiii, 12–13, 84, 155

Cohen, Albert. See Cohen, Abraham Albert

Cohen, Bella Berkowich, 8, 86, 214n. 19

Cohen, Elisabeth Brocher, 5, 101

Cohen, Louise. See Coen, Louise

Cohen, Marc. See Coen, Marc

Cohen, Marianne Goss, 7

Cohen, Myriam Judith, 5, 101, 223n. 16

Cohn, Dorit, 13–14, 223n. 5

concealment. See masking

Corfu, Jews of, 4–5, 216n. 12

Coward, David, 13, 188, 213, 222n. 14

creation/matter: in Gamaliel’s Judaism, 19, 215n. 3

in Hebrew Bible, 21

Solal on, 71

cruelty, 111–12, 167, 178

of Ariane to Solal, 178–83

of Ariane to Varvara, 157

of Cohen to his mother, 104–6.

See also masochism; misogyny

crypto-Jew (term), 215n. 30. See also Marrano (crypto-Jew)/Marranism

deformity/deformation, of Jews, 20–21, 81–82, 193

dwarf Rachel, 130–31, 138–39, 221n. 3

in Ézéchiel, 193, 198–99

Descartes, René, 69

destiny, 69. See also providence

Diana(s), 104, 109, 110, 111, 165, 177

diplomatic career, Cohen’s, 5–6, 7–8, 56

disgrace, 84–85

dissonance: in Belle du Seigneur, 12–13, 145, 154

in Cohen’s writings, 11–13, 56, 190

definition of, 12, 215n. 25

in Le Livre de ma mère, 88

in Mangeclous, 66

in Solal’s reaction to Gamaliel’s bar mitzvah charge, 22–25.

See also identity duality and dissonance

divine child, 16, 41–42

“documentary hypothesis,” 217n. 8

doubling. See identity duality and dissonance; masking

dreams, as mourning, 119–20

Dreyfus Affair, 4, 23, 25, 48, 93, 203, 216n. 11

Drumont, Edouard, 149, 191, 201

ear, floating in jar, 131–32

economic acumen, of Jews (See avaricious Jew); in Joseph and Solal stories, 48–49

ecritoire morbide, 115–19

Egypt, Cohen’s time in, 5

Esther, story of, 37, 50–56, 137

and Cohen’s narratives, 3–4, 36, 37, 54–56, 66, 137

estrangement. See pariahization/isolation

The Ethics of the Fathers (Pirke Avot), 18–19

Europa, 70–71, 163–65

European identity: of Cohen, 33, 102–3

of Solal, 22–23, 67–72

European woman, 4, 12–13, 84, 110–11

in Berlin underground episode, 134–35.

See also Adrienne de Valdonne; Ariane; Aude

Ézéchiel (character), 192–95, 198–201, 204, 205

Ézéchiel (Ezekiel) (Cohen), 6, 8, 32, 49, 87, 190–211

analysis of, 192–99

characters of, 192, 193–95

and Cohen’s marginality, 207–11

father-son narrative in, 196–98

misreadings of, 201–4

plot of, 195–96

politics of, 200

reception of, 6, 8, 190–91, 201–7

setting of, 192–93

Faiz, Faiz Ahmed, 86

fantasy(ies), 4, 10, 222–23n. 3

of feminine love, Ariane’s, 171, 223n. 11

of feminine love, Solal’s, 120–22, 171–72

regressive, in Le Livre de ma mère, 120–22

father-son narrative(s): Albert Cohen-Marc Coen, 91–92, 99; Ézéchiel-Solal, 196–98, 205–6

Gamaliel-Solal, 15, 16–25, 44, 68–69, 72

in Joseph story, 44

for Solal, 205–6

feminine love: Ariane’s fantasy of, 171, 223n. 11

Ariane-Solal, 121–22, 174–76

Ariane-Varvara, 156–57

with mother, Cohen’s fantasy of, 120–22

Finkielkraut, Alain, 203, 216n. 18

Fort! Da! game, 43, 61, 198

Freud and, 218n. 17

France: Cohen’s estrangement from, 25, 27, 29–34

Cohen’s love for, 26–28, 33, 203–4

as context for Cohen’s writings, 3–4

Jews/Jewish life in, xiii, 25–26, 203, 208–9, 216n. 18, 224n. 8

resistance to Cohen’s work in, ix–xiv, 1–2, 33, 207–10

La France libre, 7

French language, Cohen and, 27, 29–30

Freud, Sigmund, writings of, 6

eyes and castration in, 219n. 1

Fort! Da! game in, 218n. 17

mourning in, 221n. 13

Gallimard (publishing house), x, 6, 7, 8, 87

Gamaliel (character), 16, 22, 23, 41

and Aude, 75–76

bar mitzvah charge to Solal, 16–25

in Château Saint-Germain, 72, 75–76

and Jacob/Joseph story, 44, 46

and Marc Coen (Cohen’s father), 92

priestly Judaism of, 17–23

and Solal’s apostasy, 68–69, 72

and Solal’s double life, 38, 46

Gary, Romain, 17, 216n. 17

Geneva, Cohen’s time in, 5, 8

German orchestra conductor (Serge) (character), 184, 185

Solal’s jealousy of, 167–69

“La Geste des Juifs” (The epic of the Jews), 7, 10, 164

Gide, André, xii, 88, 208–9, 225n. 22

Gilman, Sander, 206

Girard, René, 213n. 5

Gnosticism, and Gamaliel’s Judaism, 19, 21

Gopnik, Adam, 52–53

Goss, Marianne, 7, 8

grandmother, in Ariane-Solal escape fantasy, 171–72

Hadassah, 50, 53. See also Esther

Haman, 49, 51, 55, 62, 63, 132, 137, 139

Hebraism, Cohen’s promotion of, 21–22

Hebrew, Sibony’s definition of, 218n. 29

Hebrew Bible, “documentary hypothesis” of, 217n. 8.

See also biblical narratives

Hertzberg, Arthur, 211

Holocaust. See Shoah

hysterical Jewess, 106, 107

identity duality and dissonance: of Cohen, 33, 102–6, 112

in Cohen’s works, 10, 13, 14, 22, 34

in Esther narrative, 53–55

of Josephic figure, 45–46

in Le Livre de ma mère, 90–91

in Mangeclous, 61–62, 66

messianic vocation and, 42

of Solal, 13, 14, 22–25, 37, 42, 54, 55, 67–72, 82–83, 84, 125–26, 153–54

and suicide, 11. See also masking

Intergovernmental Agreement on Refugee Travel Documents of October 1946/The Refugee Travel Title (Cohen), ix, 8

In the Penal Colony (Kafka), 2, 118, 127

International Conventions Relative to the Status of Refugees of the 28th of July 1951, 8

International Jewish Legion/Jewish Foreign Legion, 7, 56, 218n. 44

International Labor Organization, 6, 101

interviews, of Cohen, 8, 209, 214n. 13

isolation. See pariahization/isolation

Israel, xiv, 210, 224n. 12

Israélite(s), 15, 46, 55, 149, 203–4, 210

and Ézéchiel, 204, 205, 207

I-Thou relationship, 222n. 7

Jacob, 39, 40

and Gamaliel, 44, 46

Jérémie (character), 87, 194–95, 200, 201, 204

as surrogate for Solal, 194–95, 197–98

Jesus Christ, 85, 127–28, 132

Louise Coen as, 122–23

Solal as, 182–88, 189

Jewish activism, Cohen’s career in, 5–6, 7–8, 56, 103

Jewish Agency for Palestine, 7–8

“Jewish catastrophe,” 210–11

in Belle du Seigneur, chapters 93 and 94, 147–54

as core theme of Cohen’s work, xi–xii, xiv, 2–4, 11, 24–25, 209–10, 213n. 3

and Ézéchiel, 195, 202

and masochism, 211

and suicide, 11, 209–10, 211

Jewish-Christian relationship: architectural spaces reflecting, 72–74

and resistance to Cohen’s works, xii–xiii

Jewish Foreign Legion/International Jewish Legion, 7, 56, 218n. 44

Jewish law. See the Law

Jewish woman, 13

in Aude’s descent to cellar, 76–81

hysterical Jewess, 106, 107.

See also mother/maternal figure; Rachel (mother of Solal), Rachel the dwarf

Jews: ambivalence toward, as Cohenian theme, 4, 12, 20–21, 70–72, 81–82, 104, 126, 138–41, 147, 150–54, 197, 209

avaricious, 49, 193–94, 198–99, 200

in cellar of Château Saint-Germain, 72–85

Cohen’s feelings toward, xii–xiv, 103–4, 106, 112, 147

of Corfu, 4–5, 216n. 12

deformity/deformation of, 20–21, 81–82, 130–31, 138–39, 193, 198–99, 221n. 3

“disloyalty” of, 47–48

in France, xiii, 25–26, 203, 208–9, 216n. 18, 224n. 8

French discomfort with, and ignoring of Cohen’s works, xi–xiv

Israélites, 15, 203–4, 205

massacre of, in Solal, 24–25, 216n. 12

portrayal of, in Ézéchiel, 6, 49, 192–200

predicament of (see “Jewish catastrophe”); reaction to Ézéchiel, 6, 191, 204, 205

Solal’s feelings toward, 12, 20–21, 67–72, 78, 81–85, 104, 126, 132–35, 137–39, 140–41, 150–54, 197–98, 222n. 14.

See also anti-Semitism; Judaism

Joseph, story of, 14, 39–50, 56–57

in Cohen’s work, 3–4, 36

concealment and identity duality in, 45–46

and “disloyalty” of Jews, 47–48

divine-child

motif in, 41, 42

and economic acumen, 48–49

as exilic Jewish motif, 37, 46

political dimension of, 44–47

and “Purim in Geneva” (Mangeclous), 37–38, 56, 60–66

as sacrifice that saves, 45

and Solal’s pariahization, 146

Solal’s story as parallel of, 14, 22, 37, 40–50, 188, 189

and the Valorous, 41, 43–44

Joseph and His Brothers (Mann), 14, 45

Joseph the Provider (Mann), 35, 56–57

“Le Jour de mes dix ans” (My tenth birthday) (Cohen), 25

Joyce, James, 40, 186, 223n. 20

Judaism: Aude’s views of, 74–76, 81–82

biblical narratives of, 36–56

as “catastrophe” (See “Jewish catastrophe”); Cohen’s attempts to correct, 21–22

in Cohen’s works, xiii, 36–37, 209

concealment in, 38–39, 45–46

on creation and beauty, 18–19, 21, 215n. 3

exilic, 11, 21–22, 36–37, 46

in Ézéchiel, 201–2

of Gamaliel’s bar mitzvah charge, 16–25

Joseph story and, 14, 46

the Law in, 12, 13, 16–21, 22

Law transgression in, 38–39, 46, 50, 53

“mysticism” of, 202, 204

pragmatism and survival in, 38–39, 53, 217n. 10

Purim’s role in, 11

Shabbath in, 99.

See also anti-Semitism; Jews

Juif, vs. Israélite, 15

justice, in Gamaliel’s Judaism, 17, 19–20

kaddish, 114, 220, 221n. 15

Kafka, Franz, 2, 118, 125, 126, 127

Kaplan, Alice, 211

Kauffmann, Judith, 43, 214nn. 17 & 23, 217n. 4, 218nn. 16 & 32, 219n. 12, 224nn. 5 & 22, 225n. 6

Kessel, Joseph, 87

Klein, Melanie, writings of, 13

mourning in, 221n. 13

regression analysis in, 221n. 16

language: changes in vocabulary, 215n. 30

French, and Cohen, 27, 29–30, 31

the Law (Jewish): in Gamaliel’s bar mitzvah charge, 16–21

Solal’s ambivalence toward, 12, 13, 22

transgression of, in biblical narratives, 38–39, 46, 50, 53

League of Nations: as metaphor for domination, 163

Solal’s ouster from, 145–46, 149–50

lesbianism, of Ariane, 156–57, 166

Lessing, Theodor, 206

Lévinas, Emmanuel, 210

turn toward ethics of, 211

literary career, Cohen’s, 6–9, 86–88, 115–16

Le Livre de ma mère (Book of my mother) (Cohen), 1, 8, 10, 13, 86, 88, 158, 198

and Ariane-Solal relationship, 170

escape fantasy in, 171–72

and Ézéchiel, 198, 199

family history in, 91–94

mother-son relationship during adulthood in, 102–12

mother-son relationship during childhood in, 91, 93–98

mourning of mother in, 112–23

opening passages of, 89–91

and Rachel the dwarf narrative, 139–40

Shabbath scene in, 98–101

London, Cohen’s time in, 7–8

love of neighbor, in Gamaliel’s Judaism, 19–20

Luftmenschen, 206

The Magic Mountain (Mann), 166, 220n. 14

male sexuality: Ariane’s contempt for, 160–67

and political domination, 163

Solal and, 164–65, 167–68

Malraux, André, ix

Mandel, Arnold, 87

Mangeclous (character), 10, 57, 58–59, 78

Louise Coen’s utterances assigned to, 94

in “Purim in Geneva” chapter (Mangeclous), 60–61, 63–65. See also the Valorous

Mangeclous (Naileater) (Cohen), 7, 9, 10, 32, 57, 58–59, 86, 87

Josephic theme in, 37–38

“Purim in Geneva” chapter, 56–66

Mann, Paul, 215n. 24

Mann, Thomas, 14, 35, 40, 45, 49–50, 56–57, 66, 220n. 14

Mariette (character), narrative of, 174–76, 183

Marks, Elaine, 1, 217n. 5, 225n. 24

Marrano (crypto-Jew)/Marranism, 14, 215n. 30

as Jewish motif, 37–38, 45–46, 52, 53

psychology of, 54–55

Marseille, Cohen’s life in. See childhood, Cohen’s

Marteaux, Jacques, 205

masculine, in Gamaliel’s Judaism, 19.

See also male sexuality; phallic order

masking: in Berlin underground episode (Belle du Seigneur), 137–38

Book of Esther and, 50–56

in Jewish tradition, 38–39, 45–46, 53–55

in Le Livre de ma mère, 90–91

and Purim, 51–54

in “Purim in Geneva” chapter (Mangeclous), 61–62, 66

in Solal’s seduction of Ariane, 142.

See also identity duality and dissonance

masochism, 11, 31, 211

of Solal, 12, 43–44, 78–79, 84, 149–50, 152

massacres, of Jews, 24–25, 216n. 12

Mattathias (character), 57, 60, 61, 63, 78

matter. See creation/matter

de Maussane (character), 42–43, 44, 203–4, 206, 217n. 5

McGaha, Michael, 46, 218nn. 26 & 30

Mehlman, Jeffrey, 211

memories, and mourning, 118

messianic predestination, in Solal/Joseph story, 41–42

Michaël (character), 57, 60, 61, 78

Miernowska, Eva, 32–33, 217n. 21

misogyny, 12–13, 84

in Gamaliel’s Judaism, 18, 19

of Solal, 18, 84, 92

Molly Bloom (character in Ulysses), 178, 186, 223n. 20

Montaigne, Michel de, 55

Mordecai, 39, 50, 51, 52, 62

mother/maternal figure, 4, 13, 106–9, 198

and Ariane, 169, 170

mourning of, 109–12

Rachel, wife of Jacob, 42

and Rachel the dwarf, 131–32

regression to, 117, 120–22

for Solal, 23–24, 42, 220n. 18.

See also Coen, Louise

mourning: of Cohen for his mother, 109–12

dreams as, 119–20

memories as, 118

regressive fantasies as, 120–22

writing as, 112, 114, 115–18

moustache, as metaphor, 168–69, 170

Mr. Mani (Yehoshua), 14, 210, 217n. 10

“mysticism,” in Ézéchiel, 202, 204

Nadab (character), 79, 80

nails, as metaphor, 126–28

narcissism: of Cohen, 89, 93

in Gamaliel’s Judaism, 19

of Solal-Ariane double, 143–45, 153, 174, 176, 223n. 14

nature/natural order, 12, 16, 20, 91–92.

See also phallic order

Notebooks 1978. See Carnets 1978

The Odyssey (Homer), 40, 190, 196

old age, Cohen’s, 9

origin, 69, 85

Ô vous, frères humains (O you, human brothers) (Cohen), 8, 10, 30, 97–98

and Belle du Seigneur, 147

street hawker’s assault on Cohen in, 15, 25–34, 105

Pagnol, Marcel, 87, 88, 220n. 2

pain, 89, 90

and writing, 118

pariahization/isolation: of Ariane, 95–96

of Cohen, as child, 25, 27, 29–34, 94–98

of Cohen, by street hawker’s assault, 15–16, 25–34

in Le Livre de ma mère, 89, 94–98

from material and beautiful, in Gamaliel’s Judaism, 19

of Solal, 22, 32, 95–96, 145–54

Paroles juives (Jewish words) (Cohen), 21, 32, 36, 86, 103

Pascal, Blaise, 69, 208

passeur, 45, 181, 218n. 29

the Passion: in Ariane-Solal narrative, 178, 182–87, 189

in Berlin underground narrative, 128, 139

as Cohenian motif, 122–23

La Peau de chagrin (Balzac), 126, 129

phallic order, 222n. 3

Ariane’s fantasy of escape from, 171, 223n. 11

Ariane’s hatred of, 157, 162–63, 165

moustache as symbol of, 168–69, 170

Solal’s fantasy of escape from, 171–72.

See also nature/natural order

“phallus” (term), 222n. 3

“phantasm” (term), 222–23n. 3

Pivot, Bernard, 8, 214n. 13, 220n. 18

Politis, Daisy, 222n. 2, 224n. 4, 224n. 20, 227

power hierarchy. See phallic order

pragmatism, in Hebraic/Jewish tradition, 38–39

Protocols of the Elders of Zion, 47, 191, 201

Proust, Marcel, ix, 9, 203, 208

compared to Cohen, xi, 115, 149, 167

as inspiration to Cohen, 5, 9, 209, 214n. 16

Proust, Robert, 9

providence, 37, 39, 66

proximity-distance paradox, 69–70

Purim, 3–4, 37–38, 51–54, 218n. 32

and bloody ear, 132

as masochistic carnival, 11

origin of, 50–51

of Rachel the dwarf and Solal, 135–41, 153

“Purim in Geneva” (chapter in Mangeclous), 56–66

characters in, 57–60

Queneau, Raymond, xii

Rabi, Vladimir, 202

Rachel (mother of Solal) (character): and Adrienne de Valdonne, 217–18n. 15

and Rachel, wife of Jacob, 42

and Rachel the dwarf, 131

Solal’s feelings for, 23–24, 220n. 18

Rachel (wife of Jacob), 42

Rachel the dwarf (character), 106, 124–25, 126–45, 154

and Ariane, 141–45, 170, 181

and Ariane-Solal suicide, 154, 188–89

deformity/deformation of, 130–31, 138–39, 221n. 3

and her mother’s ear, 131–32

Purim with Solal, 135–41, 153

sister of, 132

tour of underground with Solal, 126–32

as vampire, 132–35

reconciliation: between Cohen and mother, 107–8

between Rachel and Solal, 137–39, 141

The Refugee Travel Title/Intergovernmental Agreement on Refugee Travel Documents of October 1946 (Cohen), ix, 8

republican reading: of Cohen’s works, 2–3, 207–11

of Ézéchiel, 201–4.

See also romantic reading

Reuben (character), 79, 80, 81

La Revue juive, 5–6, 103

Rivière, Jacques, 107

romance/romanticism, 12–13

Ariane’s rejection of, 160–62

satire of, 100–101

Solal and Ariane’s escape to, 174–76

Solal’s embrace of, 22–23

romantic reading, 213n. 5

of Cohen’s work, 2–3, 35, 36, 217n. 2

of Solal’s suicide, 11.

See also republican reading

Rosenfeld family (characters), 151–52, 153–54

Roth, Cecil, 54

Roth, Philip, 205, 211

Ruth, story of, 75

Aude’s misunderstanding of, 75–76

sadism. See cruelty; masochism; misogyny

safe, of Ézéchiel, 192–93

Salomon (character), 57, 60, 61, 62, 78

Saltiel (character), 10, 57, 59–65, 68

in cellar of Château Saint-Germain, 77–78, 79, 81

Louise Coen’s utterances assigned to, 94

Sarai, story of, 37, 38–39

Sartre, Jean-Paul, xii

Saul (character), 79, 80–81

Schaffner, Alain, 22, 216nn. 3 & 9, 217n. 2, 219n. 12, 220n. 19, 221n. 5, 223n. 21

Schorsch, Rabbi Ismar, 52

seduction, 3, 4, 28, 29, 37

by Solal, 42, 164–65

by Solal of Ariane, 12, 141–45, 160

of Solal by Rachel, 126

self-defense right, for Jews, 55–56

Sephardic Jews/Judaism, xiii, 37, 46, 210

of Corfu, 4–5

Serge (German orchestra conductor) (character), 184, 185

Solal’s jealousy of, 167–69

sexuality: Ariane’s erotic ideal, 172–73

in Gamaliel’s Judaism, 18

lesbian, of Ariane, 156–57

male, and Ariane-Solal, 160–68

and survival, in story of Sarai, 38–39

Shabbath, in Cohen’s childhood, 98–101

shivah, 112, 220, 221n. 12

Shoah, xii, 30, 36, 189

Rachel and Solal’s Purim play as avoidance of, 135–41

Sibony, Daniel, 13, 15, 16, 25, 211, 216nn. 5 & 14, 218n. 29, 219nn. 5 & 10, 220nn. 17 & 21, 222n. 7, 223n. 18

the Silbersteins (characters), 126

“the Social” (le Social), 13, 158, 217n. 1

estrangement from (see pariahization/isolation); longing for (see belonging, longing for)

Solal (Cohen), 6, 9, 32, 39, 67, 68, 158, 203–4

Château Saint-Germain episode in, 72–85, 125

Gamaliel’s bar mitzvah charge in, 15, 16–25

mother in, 107

readers’ identification with, 87–88

Solal’s identity dilemmas in, 67–72

the Valorous in, 58–59

Solal (character), 3, 6, 10

and anti-Semitism, 32, 71

anti-Semitism of, 20–21, 23–24, 150–54, 181, 182

and Ariane, 13, 84, 92, 155–89, 223n. 14

Ariane as double of, 13, 143–45, 153, 154, 155, 165, 173–77, 223n. 14

and Ariane’s German lover, 167–69

Ariane’s love for, 177–89

Ariane’s torture of, 178–83

and Aude, 18, 42, 67, 70–72, 83–85, 164

charisma for readers, 87–88

and Cohen, 10

as divine child, 16, 41–42

economic acumen of, 49

escape to Europe, 35–36, 44

escape to villa with Ariane, 174–76

European identity of, 22–23, 67–72

in Ézéchiel, 194–95, 196–98

and father (Ézéchiel), 196–98, 205–6

and father (Gamaliel), 15, 16–25, 38, 41, 44, 68–69, 72, 92, 217–18n. 15

feelings toward Jews, 12, 20–21, 67–72, 78, 81–85, 104, 126, 132–35, 137–39, 140–41, 150–54, 197–98, 222n. 14

feminine love fantasies of, 121–22, 174–76

femininity of, 173–76

Gamaliel’s bar mitzvah charge to, 15, 16–25

hiding of family in Château Saint-Germain, 72–85

identity duality and dissonance, 13, 14, 22–25, 37, 42, 54, 55, 67–72, 82–83, 84, 125–26, 153–54

Jérémie as surrogate for, 194–95, 197–98

as Jesus Christ, 182–87, 189

as Josephic(-Estheric) figure, 14, 22, 37, 40–50, 188, 189, 217n. 14

and the Law, 12, 13, 22

longing to belong, 22, 95–96, 147–49

Louise Coen’s utterances assigned to, 94

love for Ariane, 121–22, 153, 169–71

and male sexuality, 164–65, 167–68

in Mangeclous, 57, 60–66

Marrano psychology of, 54–55

masochism of, 12, 43–44, 78–79, 84, 92, 149–50, 152

misogyny of, 12, 18, 84, 92

misunderstanding of Ariane, 157–58, 159–60, 162, 163–65, 167–68

and mother (Rachel), 23–24, 42, 220n. 18

name(s) of, 82, 179–80, 220n. 19

narcissism of, 72, 143–45, 153, 174, 176, 223n. 14

pariahization/isolation of, 22, 32, 55–56, 95–96, 145–54, 180–81

providence and, 37, 39

in “Purim in Geneva” (Mangeclous), 60–66

Purim play with Rachel the dwarf, 135–41, 153

and Rachel the dwarf, 125–32, 135–41, 143, 154, 170, 188–89

and romance, 22–23, 174–76

seduction by, 42, 164–65

seduction by Rachel, 126

seduction of Ariane, 12, 141–45, 160

suicidality/suicide of, 10, 11, 13, 158–59, 187–89, 205–6

suicide of, in Ézéchiel, 195, 196

“superior” branch of family of, 79–81

tour of Berlin underground with Rachel the dwarf, 126–32

Solal, Samson (character), 196, 198

space(s): Berlin underground as, 126–27

Château Saint-Germain as, 72–74, 85

paranoid, in Ézéchiel, 192

Steiner, George, 80

Strauss, Leo, 220n. 5

stream(s) of consciousness, 13, 14, 222–23n. 3

of Ariane, 160–67, 173, 174, 177–89

of Mariette, 175–77

of Solal, 145–49, 151–53

street hawker’s assault, on Cohen as child, 15–16, 25, 28–31

Cohen’s attachment to France before, 26–28, 97

Cohen’s obsession with, 31–32

Cohen’s reaction to, 25, 27, 29–34, 103

France at time of, 25–26

repetition in Belle du Seigneur, 180

repetition in Le Livre de ma mère, 105

and Solal, 147–49, 180

substitutions: in Cohen’s self-mythology, 103–4

in Cohen’s works, 217–18n. 15

suicide: of Ariane, 158, 159, 172, 183, 187–89

in Belle du Seigneur, 10, 11, 13, 141, 143, 154, 158–59, 187–89

as Cohenian theme, 4, 10, 11, 13, 209–10

Cohen’s thoughts of as child, 31

in Ézéchiel, 196, 199

“Jewish catastrophe” and, 11, 209–10, 211

of Solal, 10, 11, 13, 143, 154, 158–59, 187–89, 196, 205–6

of Solal’s lovers, 164

survival, as Jewish imperative, 38–39, 53, 217n. 10

“symptom,” 25

train, as coffin/hearse, 109, 112, 113

The Trial (Kafka), 2

Trigano, Shmuel, 35, 37–38, 44–45, 67

Tsillah (character), 79

Ulysses (Joyce), 40

Molly Bloom’s orgasmic “Yes’s” in, 178, 186, 223n. 20

underground, 73

of Château Saint-Germain, 72–85

in “Purim in Geneva” (Mangeclous), 73

Rachel and Solal’s Purim play in, 135–41

Rachel and Solal’s tour of, 126–32

United States, reception of Cohen’s works in, x, 1, 211

Valbert, Gérard, 13, 33, 36, 206, 216n. 12, 217n. 22, 218nn. 43 & 44, 224nn. 13 & 18

Les Valeureux (The valorous) (Cohen), 8, 9, 10

the Valorous (characters), 6, 10, 57–60, 70, 77

and Joseph’s brothers, 41, 43–44, 60

in “Purim in Geneva” (Mangeclous), 60–66.

See also Mangeclous; Saltiel

Varvara Ivanova (character), 156–57, 166, 177–78

Viviane (imaginary companion), 28, 29, 34, 35, 84, 94, 150, 181, 203

Voltaire, 55, 208, 211

Weingrad, Michael, 59, 224–25n. 21

Weizmann, Chaim: as character in Cohen’s fiction, 60, 63

Cohen’s service for, 56

Winter, Jean-Pierre, 155, 221n. 7, 222

women: Adrienne de Valdonne, 22, 23, 35, 67, 164, 217–18n. 15

in Berlin underground episode, 134–35

(see also Rachel the dwarf)

in Cohen’s writings, xiii, 12–13, 155

contempt for, 12–13, 18, 19, 84, 92

Europa, 70–71, 163–65

European, 4, 12–13, 84, 110–11, 134–35

fantasies of love between, 120–22, 171–72

in Gamaliel’s Judaism, 18, 19, 215n. 3

grandmother figure, 171–72

Jewish, 13, 76–81, 106, 107

Rachel (wife of Jacob), 42.

See also Ariane; Aude; mother/maternal figure; Rachel the dwarf

writing: as consolation, 89–90, 91, 93–94

as mourning, 112, 114, 115–18

“Yaourt ben Solal ben Zouli Tapis” (name), 179–80

Yehoshua, A. B., 14, 210, 217n. 10

Yovel, Yirmiyahu, 54–55

Zard, Philippe, 163, 164, 219nn. 3, & 11, 223n. 9, 227

Zeus, 164, 165–66, 169

Zionism, 103

Cohen’s career promoting, 5–6, 54, 56, 103

as represented in Paroles juives, 21–22, 103

Previous Chapter

Bibliography

Additional Information

ISBN
9781421427638
Related ISBN
9781421429106
MARC Record
OCLC
1048214936
Pages
237-246
Launched on MUSE
2018-08-15
Language
English
Open Access
Yes
Creative Commons
CC-BY-NC-ND
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