publisher colophon

674

Adams, John, 830

Addison, Joseph, 187

adepts, 200, 415, 471–72, 475

citadels for soul, 172

in civic culture, 498

Jesuit, 772

manipulate influence of stars, 668

millennial role of, 427

and the occult, 174

and performance, 457

secret lives of, 204

throne, 505–6

Adventurous Simplicissimus, The (von Grimmelshausen), 223–24

Africans, 402, 575, 609–16, 674, 806

Alan of Lille, 229

alchemist-artisan, 416

alchemist-physician, 255

alchemists, international community of, 472

alchemy, 126, 188, 199

and Amerindian wars, 467

Arabic, 181, 417, 479

British-American experiments on frontier, 466–69

and celibacy, 675–77

chameleons, 696

and commerce, 457, 701

crucible, 211, 379, 385

in early Virginia, 470

and Hapsburg court, 457

and hidden qualities of silver, 182

Jabirian, 182

legends, 494

libraries, 457, 465

manual operator in, 277, 455

and medicine, 476

middle eastern, 434

and millennium, 177

narratives, 435

and Palatine lions, 342–43, 380

patronage and, 423

of politeness, 576

and prima materia, 466

and psychology, 483

public demonstrations of, 141–42, 179, 183

and pulverization, 330–35

and purification, 47

and putrefaction, 307, 335, 370, 404–5

rose, 394

and sacred violence, 577

and self-sacrifice, 398

sexual failure and, 334

still, 468

sublimation and, 289

subtiliation process in, 612

and subtraction, 576–77

sulphuric waste in, 606, 621

sword of separation, 377

and transmutation, 3, 177, 183, 305, 472, 899

tropes in, 477

ultima materia in, 304

white matter and, 466

Allers, John, 654

almanacs, 671–73

ambiguity, 255

in artifacts, 747

and artisan-preachers, 213

in désert, 459

and intentionality, 192

of sacred knowledge, 422

secrets of heart, 885

sexual, 542

Amboise, Treaty of, 24

Ames, William, 474

Amico, Leonard N., 81

Amish, 202

Anabaptism, 176, 196–203, 285, 834, 869

anagrams, 422, 505–6

anastomosis, 379

Anderson, William, 223

Andrews, Edward, 783, 786

Andrews, Germanicus, 784–85, 787, 795, 815

Andrews, Samuel, Jr., 783, 786–88, 816

Andrews, Samuel, Sr., 784

Andros, Edmund, 828

angels, evil, 447–50

Anglicization, 408, 548, 716–17, 760–62, 780

animal: fortresses, 163

holes, 311

symbolism, 75–76, 81–82. See also symbolism

anthropomorphism, 340, 668

Antichrist, 213, 515, 525

Antinomian Crisis, 454

Antiochus IV Epiphanes, 301

antiquarianism, 476, 523, 600, 919

Apocalypse, 117, 148, 238, 516, 621. See also Revelation, Book of

Apocrypha, The, 677

apothecaries, 167, 184, 207, 415

apprenticeship: contracts, 321, 735, 804–5

and French-Quaker convergence, 786

in England, 546–47, 556

Arcère, Louis-Etienne, 15–35, 51

Arcère, Marc-Antoine, 161

Archaeologia, 320

archangels, the four, 447–50

archeology, 49

of Connecticut, 476

and earthenware, 354

of Saintonge, 316–20, 354–86

of Virginia, 469–70

Ariès, Philippe, 62

Aristotelianism, 181, 479, 488, 497

armchair(s): Chester-Backus family, 731–33, 748

physician’s, 253, 372, 507, 772

Van Cortlandt family, 729, 739

veneration of, 245

Arminianism, 474, 483, 516, 519, 531

Arnald of Villanova, 181–83

Ars memoriae, 628; See also Art of Memory

artisan-adepts, 219, 701

artisan-alchemist, 64

artisanal security, 1–2, 52–99, 108–65, 178–87, 207–35

classical model and, mobility and, 71

geo-mancy and, 773

in God, 433

and international Protestantism, 434

material-holiness synthesis and, 67

new modes of, 140

noblesse d’épeé versus, 453

novelty and, 695

preparation of the soul and, 62

Saybrook project and, 451–59

and visual perception, 4. See also sûreté, artisanal

artisan-preachers, 168–69, 213–20, 239, 527

in Saintonge, 207

artisan(s): Adamic, 211–12

artificiality, 66–74

early modern attitudes toward, 215–17

chest makers, 184

ghettos in London, 555

God as, 878

in Hartford, Connecticut, 246

as hero, 203, 211

Hogarth’s “oppressed tradesman,” 687–94

ingenius, 249

interregnum in Saintonge, 112, 163–70, 187

literacy among, 168

master, 603, 920

as mediators, 341, 453, 613

metaphysical, 277

millennial, 177–78, 304

mobility of, 2, 49, 124, 168

natural, 75–76, 226, 350–55

Paracelsian, 173

reformers in Saintonge, 1–2, 44, 214–18, 755

artisan sans letters 167, 186–90

Artista, Elias, 177, 303

asceticism, 65, 113, 216, 573

astrology, 55, 178, 255

astronomy, 252

Aubrey, John, 485

Augustine, St., 70, 86, 173, 511, 612

Augustinian order, 127

Aumier, Jean, 318

Austin, Major Jonathan L., 275

authoritarianism, 55, 255, 454

autodidacticism, 62, 124, 193

automata, 551, 567–69, 586

Avicenna (ibn-Sina), 187

Azazel, the archangel, 449–51

Bacon, Francis, 135, 181–85, 358, 494

The New Atlantis, 428

on Paracelsus and experimentalism, 412, 481–89

Baffin, William, 470

Baif’s Academy of Poetry and Music, 635

Baird, Charles W., 764

Bakhtin, Mikhail, 192

Ball, J.N., 541

baptisms, 85, 198, 734

barber-surgeon(s), 167, 184

Barbot, Amos, 22–24, 30, 35, 39

Barthes, Roland, 257

Baudouin, Pierre, 828–30

Bauman, Richard, 894–95

bawns, 458, 468

Bayard, Nicolas, 803

Beaver, John, 585

bed(s), French, 547–49

Begon, Michel, 763–64

Behmenism, 195, 477

being: and appearance, 559–74

chain of, 674

in earth matter, 299

Belanger, Ive (Eves Bellangeé), 814

Bell, John, 811

Bellanger family, 814

Bellanger, Nicholas, 814–15

Belleng, Michael (pseud. Frenchman of Hempstead), 814

Benedict, Philip, 129

ben Isaac, Solomon, 479

Berger, Jean, 881

Bergier family, 882

Bergin, Joseph, 161

Bernard of Trier, 181

Bernhard, Duke of Saxe-Weimar, 234

Bernheimer, Richard, 231

Bernigeroth, Johann Martin, 671–72

Berry, Richard, 804

Berton, Barthélemy, 52–58, 98, 108, 148–50, 189;

publisher’s device, 669, 700

Berton, Paul, 53

Best, Captain Thomas, 417–18

Bèze, Théodore de, 45, 54–55

Bible, 296–97, 406, 417

New Testament, 477

Old Testament, 477, 514

Bickley, William, 795

billeting, 533–34

birth, 195, 333–36, 398

Bizet, Tristan de, 208

Blackloism, 486–90, 498

blacksmiths, 816–19, 826

Blandin, Amateur, 19

Blin, Peter, 657–59

blindness: and insight, 209, 288

spiritual, 675–78

blood, 267–68, 496, 525

Bloom, Harold, 67

Bocquet (Bokée), Marie, 828

Bodin family, 812

Bodleian Library, 253, 491

body: astral, 342

of Christ, 511–13

corporate, 875

decomposition of, 153–54, 327–35

and discipline, 65–76, 100–112

and distillation process, 156, 330–37

inner/outer, 197–217

King’s two bodies, 536

reborn, 210–11

sitting, 265–72

transformation of, 327–35

Böhme, Jakob, 195–99, 210, 326–43, 477, 604

astrological thought, 259

Aurora, 200, 226, 243, 675

and diaphanousness, 238, 310

half-dead nature and, 238, 895

on mouth and speaking, 237–38, 897

in Paracelsian tradition, 194–96, 210

in Quaker thought, 194, 404, 894

and Trinitarian-ism, 203, 382–383

vision of a pewter vase, 325, 896–97

on warmheartedness, 268–69

Bomier, Francis, 810

bone(s), 308

of Adam, 513

putrefied, 465

book(s), 53, 187, 205, 255, 436

alchemical, 463–70

bindings, 491

collecting, 442, 462, 657

inscriptions, 422, 461, 505–6

mobility of, 470, 504

patronage, 461–70, 491

presentation copies, 461–62

of secrets, 615, 645

small-format editions, 190, 459

trade, 189, 423–36, 461, 526

title-page borders, 227–29

Bordeaux, 111, 115, 208

parlement of, 26

Bossy, John, 876, 891, 899, 203, 217

Boston, Massachusetts, 500, 715–18

Boudet, André, 167

Bouhier, Magdalena, 735. See also under Bouyer

Bouyer, Jean, 813

Bouyer (Boyer) family, 813

Bownas controversy, 833–36

Bownas, Samuel, 800, 833–38

Bowne, John, 778–816, 827–30, 844, 858–74

Bowne, Samuel, 801, 811, 813, 823

Bowne House, Flushing, 259, 778, 816

Boyle, Robert, 181, 412, 490

Bradford, William, 402, 800, 833–35

Bradshaw, John, 510

brain(s), 375, 644, 676

Brakenhoffer, Elie, 162

Brandhuber, Wolfgang, 198–99

Braudel, Fernand, 894–901

Brazil: Huguenot colonization of, 133–35, 147

Indians in, 467 (see also Tupinikin Indians)

brazilwood, 141, 234

Breeste (Bresteade), Simon, 808

Brewster, Jonathan, 466–69

Brewster, William, Sr., 466

bribery, 212

bricolage, 527, 688

Brieux, Eugène, 319

Brigflatts Friends’ Meeting House, Cumbria, Wales, 823–24

Brooke, Greville, 454–55

Brooklyn, New York, 500, 722–23

brothers-in-law, 815

Brouage, France, 26, 160, 639

Brown, Edmund, 514

Browne, Sir Thomas, 358, 482

Brucioli, Antonio, 54

Bruno, Giordano, 193, 267, 634

De umbris idearum, 633, 645, 655, 669

Buckingham, George Villiers, 1st Duke of, 482–83, 487, 525–43, 761, 790

as art collector, 549–53

assassination of, 483, 518, 521

Calvinist attacks on, 517–20, 524–28, 536, 560

as counterfeit, 516–20

as beautiful if corrupt effeminate, 494, 516–17, 551

at Île de Ré, 41, 158, 483, 530

Bureau, Thomas, 764

Burling, Benjamin, 804

Burling, Edward, III, 811

Burling, Edward, Jr., 796–811

Burling, Edward, Sr., 800

Burling, Elias, 800

Burling, Elias, Jr., 801

Burling, James, 804

Burling, John, 800

Burling, Mary Lawrence, 811

Burling, Sarah, 811

Burling, Thomas, 804–5

Burling family, 799–800, 803

Burling Slip, New York (city), 797

Bynum, Caroline Walker, 64, 121, 334

cabinets of curiosity, 391, 655

Cabot, Sebastian, 919

Caesar, Julius, 915

Callot, Jacques, 585

Calvin, Antoine, 324

Calvin, Jean, 54, 126, 190–91, 211–16, 324

and Anabaptists, 197

attacks Nicodemites, 100–102, 169

and Philibert Hamelin, 106–12

Institutes, 45, 56, 85

on Neoplatonism, 101

on Paracelsian-ism, 101

refuge in Ferrara, 56

on Seneca, 72

supports colonization of Brazil, 136, 428

Calvinism, 164–70, 474–520, 796, 856

and Quakers, 796

Cambridge Platonists, 204, 479

Cambridge University, 185

Cameron, Euan, 106

Camillo, Giulio, 635

Camisards, the, 318

camouflage, 76–86

candlelight, 663, 681

cannibalism, 135, 154–55, 591

Cardale, Thomas, 834–35

Carmelite order, 494

Carra, J. L., 273

Carré, Ezekial, 743

carving: botanical, 657

“boyes and crown,” 753

heliocentric, 254–72

stone, 229

cataracts, 678–82

Catholic(s), 58, 160–76, 473–90, 522–46, 914

Cato, Marcus Porcius, 186–87

Cauriana, Philippe, 23

Céard, Jean, 185

Celcus, Aulus Cornelius (pseud. Cicero medicorum), 188

Celestine order, 108, 208

Cellini, Benevenuto, 337–39

Ceylon, Island of, 122–124

chair(s): in Analysis of Beauty (Hogarth), 587

black, 741

Boston makers, 713

caned, 728, 748–50

carved crest rail, 730, 749, 760

construction, 725–26, 759

as elemental tree, 383–86

French prototypes, 257, 726

grand, 721–28

grotto, 257, 266

from Huntington, Long Island, 820–23, 820

n.128

hybrid forms, 724–66, 820–23

leather, xvii, 67, 223, 257, 711–66

in Nature, 385

physician’s, 242–72

polite, 761

rushes for seats, 741

semiotics of, 751–60

sgabellos, 726

structural analysis of, 725–28, 757–60

three-legged, 247, 922

“Turkey-worke,” 719

turning patterns, 728–59

upholstered, 585, 714, 720

Channel Islands, 231–32, 813

Chapelot, Jean, 316, 340, 355–56, 365

Charente River, 280–85, 304, 628

chariot, 66, 603, 620

charisma, 48, 894

Charles de Lorraine, fourth duc de Guise, 601, 898

Charles I (king of England), 43, 482–84, 503, 516–25, 540–54

Charles II (king of England), 494, 504

Charles IX (king of France), 81, 117, 183, 399, 467

ceremonial entrance into La Rochelle, 32–34

ceremony of attainment, 17

gamesmanship by, 38–39

La Rochelle’s gift to, 15–42

and tour of France, 15–16, 524

Charlesfort, South Carolina, 138

Charles Stuart, 912

Chartres Cathedral, 229

Château d’Usson, 883, 896

Chaucer, Geoffrey, 595

Chauveton, Urbain, 136

chemical millennium, 297, 311, 392

Cheron, Louis, 563

chest(s): board, 264

of drawers, 841, 844

Flanders, 263–64

Chester County, Pennsylvania, 265–701, 777

Child, Dr. Robert, 436, 455, 467, 471

children: child-men, 212

commit violence, 119–20

dancing, 444

in fortresses, 168

of God, 294, 515

Hogarth’s crying boy, 676–700

likened to apprentices, 322

orphans, 168

of philosophy, 180, 444

and primitive church, 168

in Rosicrucian mythology, 365–69

China trade, 479–80

chiromancy, 194

Chiswell, Anthony, 785

Christ: associated with poverty, 166

body of, 513

ecstatic suffering of, 65

forces of, 515. See also Jesus

Christian IV (king of Denmark), 508

Christianus, Hermes, 242

Church of England, 408, 483, 838, 886

church of Notre Dame de Cougnes, La Rochelle, 392

church of Saint-Barthélemy, La Rochelle, 148

church of Sainte-Marguérite, La Rochelle, 149

church of Saint-Etienne, Îl de Ré, 223, 739, 751–53

church of Saint-Sauveur, La Rochelle, 148, 390–92

circle: of culture, 166

Gnostic, 506

golden, 218

sacred, 429

squared, 431

Circle of Urinary Colours, 252–54

circumcision, 396

civil wars of religion, France, 16–19, 59, 238, 553–65, 913

and Palissy’s security program, 199, 285

clay, 303, 362, 376, 477, 922

Clay, John, 781

Clement, Augustine, 828

Clement, Bastien, 827–29

Clement, Charles ye Cooper (a.k.a. Clement the Cooper), 827

Clement, James, 816, 827–36, 853, 873

Clement, John (Jan), 827–29, 832

Clement, Richard, 828–30

Clement, Samuel, 816, 839–56, 840–48, 853, 877

Clement family, 816–32

Clement VIII, Pope, 193, 890

clock(s), 258–62, 566–67, 588, 610

clockwork universe, 566–70

Clopton, Thomasine, 520

Cockaigne, land of, 203

code(s): alchemical, 578

bibliographic, 190

words, 771

Cognac, France, 104, 115, 139, 341

coitus interruptus, 608–9

Coke, Sir Edward, 518, 528–38, 919

Collardeau, Savary, 208, 217, 238–40

Colles, Christopher, 910–11

Colloquy of Poissy, 17

Colnett, John, 484

Colonna, Francesco, 286–89

colportage, 108–10, 167

Comenius, Jan, 455

comets, 479–80

commerce, 460, 499, 552–66, 665, 917

and alchemy, 611

with Amerindians, 437

and backcountry exploration, 466

and credit, 797

facilitates intercolonial communication, 714–36

knowledge of natural things and, 702

in prints, 687–88

communication: soulish, 514, 773, 898

through material culture, 714–15, 754–66

compagnon(s), 76, 107

compass, 252, 363

competence, 67–68, 466

composite forms, 222–24, 342, 739–53, 770

comte de Frontenac, Louis de Cuade, 404, 764

comte de Pontchartrain, Louis Phélypeaux, 763–65

concatenation, 69–73, 96

concealment, 161–68, 211, 369, 532. See also covertness

Condé, Louis de, 17–18, 128, 140, 149

congelation, 309–11

conjunction, 307, 360, 439, 771

astral, 406–8

intertwined volutes, 359, 374

of macrocosm and microcosm, 379–83, 395, 431, 480

Conklin, Israel, 822

Conklin, Jacob, 822

Connecticut Charter, 504, 867–68

Connecticut Colony, 500–503

Connecticut Historical Society, 246

connivance, 857, 868

connoisseurship, 712

conscience, liberty of, 497, 857, 874

Constantinople, Turkey, 417–34

consumption, 356, 552–59, 564–77, 617

container(s), 214–15

contemplation, 172, 277, 402

convergence, 204

alchemical experience and, 823–26

artisanal, 571, 816

Huguenots and Quakers in New York, 718, 860, 892–905

New York leather chair and, 748–66

as nonverbal spiritual intimacy, 203, 860, 893–98

of spirit and matter, 171–204, 242–76, 277–386, 767–76, 823–908

conversion, 105, 137

Cooley, Francis, 830

cooperage, 215

Coornhert, Dirck Volkhertsz, 398–400

Copernican paradigm, 174, 250–59, 610

copulation, 616

Cornbury, Gov. Edward Hyde, Viscount (later earl of Clarendon), 762–65, 838

corpuscularianism, 181–82, 495

corruption: of ancient knowledge, 477

and deception, 213

in La Rochelle, 451

of secure places, 145

Cortelyou, Jacques, 722

cosmology, 82–92, 119–21, 146–92, 473, 525

ceramic, 82, 357–66

costume, 265, 275, 343, 403, 829

of humiliation, 204–41, 403–4

Cotgrave, Randle, xxxiv, 77

Council of Trent, 677

counterfeit, 333, 558, 705

Counter-Reformation, 218, 410, 508

cour du Carrousel, Paris, 49

court cupboard(s), 649–65

Court of Wards and Liveries, 415

courtyarded dwellings, 455–59

Coutant family, 160, 745–46

Couturier, Henri, 870

Covenant, Ark of the, 167

covertness, 86–99, 100–124, 204–41, 497–507, 767–905

Cozzens, Eleanor, 780

craft: microcosmic, 426

secrets, 61, 321

Cranach, Lucas the Elder, 227, 397

Cranach, Lucas the Younger, 396

crapulence, 574, 609, 623

creolization, 732–38, 743–49

Crespin, Jehan, Actes des martyrs, 101, 112, 895

Cresson, Rachel, 814

Cresson, Susanna, 787–88

Cresson family, 788, 815

Croll, Oswald, 268

Basilica chymica, 462–63, 475

Cromwell, Oliver, 419, 482–97, 503–504, 558

Cromwell, Richard, 504

Cromwell, Robin, 497

cross: Maltese, 442, 589–90, 658–63

St. Andrews, 256

St. George’s, 441

crown: of alchemical conjuction, 370–71, 681

of leaves, 222

of thorns, 392, 627

crystal ball, 311–12

cuckold, 216–23

Cudworth, Ralph, 479, 496–97

culture: artisanal, 561

circularity of, 192–93, 166

Cummings, Abbott Lowell, 817, 828

d’Aguesseau, Henri, 755

d’Albret, Jeanne, 149

d’Angoulême, Marguerite, 106

d’Aubigné, Théodore Agrippa, 61, 71–72

d’Aviler, Charles-Augustin, 728

d’Espagnet, Jean, 498, 543

Enchiridion physicae restitutae, 505–7

d’Este, Hercule II, duke of Ferrara, 54

d’Harriette, Benjamin, 805

Daniel, Book of, 176, 277, 300–301

da Vinci, Leonardo, 74, 848

Davis, Natalie Zemon, 901

de Baïf, Jean-Antoine, 282–89

de Bèze, Théodore, 17, 190, 324, 624

Histoire ecclésiastique, 106–7

on “savages” in Saintonge, 110

de Bizet, Tristan, 114

de Blégny, Etienne, 853

de Bry, Johann Theodore, 443–46, 577, 594–98, 625–29

De macrocosmi structurae, 364–69

de Bry, Theodore, 136

in Frankfurt, 343

Grands Voyages, 280

pattern books, 654

de Bry family, 447

de Coligny, Admiral Gaspard, 133, 139–49

De Geomantia (Fludd), 593–618, 623–31, 674–707

de Gheyn, Jacques the Younger, 266–67

de Guise, François, 553

de Haize, Jean, 38

de Harvengt, Philippe, 302

de Jacopo Rosso, Giovanni Battista, 441

de Jarnac, Guy Chabot, 32, 38

de la Boissière, Claude, 113

de Lancey, Stephen, 762

de La Plain(e), Nicolas, 735, 787–88, 795. See also Delaplaine

de La Plaine, Christain, 814

de La Plaine, Marie, 734, 815

de la Ramée, Pierre, 412

de la Reau, Léonard, 637

De La Tour, Georges, 663–64, 679–81

de La Tourette, Alexandre, 180

de Launay, Bastien, 93–95

de Léry, Jean, 132–69, 184–94, 467, 528

de Lorraine, François, 601

de Lorris, Guillaume, 183

de Mayerne, Theodore, 494

de Mazières, André (pseud. “de la Place”), 113

de’ Medici, Cosimo, 171

de’ Medici, Cosimo, III, 544

de Médicis, Catherine, 15–16, 28, 45–46, 49, 51, 141, 289, 467

de Meung, Jehan, 183

de Monchenu, Marie, 55

de Navarre, Henri, 149

de Navarre, Marguerite, 56

de Nort, Odet, 24, 39

de Nyse (Denys) family, 844

de Parthenay, Anne, 54–56, 106

de Passe, Crespin the Younger, 843

de Pons, Antoine, 53–57, 105–8, 180

de Rapin-Thoyras, Paul, 914–15

History of England, 527

de Ronsard, Pierre, 29

de Sá, Men, 145

de Saint Aubin, Augustin, 274

de Saussure, Ferdinand, 686

de Sourdis, Henri, 161

de Stolcenberg, Daniel Stolcius, 371–72

de Toiras, Jean Marshal, 420

de Tyard, Pontus, 290

de Villegagnon, Nicolas Durand, 138–45

de Vries, Jean Vredeman, 262

Dean, James, 299–302

death, 61, 158, 225, 398, 537

in alchemical transmutation, 210, 335, 450, 666, 681

deception, 184, 212, 276, 574. See also covertness

decomposition, 320–39, 621–23

Dee, John, 478, 505, 577

Monas hieroglyphia, 366, 381, 461–62, 634

“monas” symbol, 462

Defoe, Daniel, A Journal of the Plague Year, 562

Delaplaine, Joshua, 735, 792–808

Delaplaine family, 787–95, 815

Delaplaine, Elizabeth, 788

Delectable Garden (Palissy), 347–51

Demeter, 221. See also Flora

demography, 554

demons, 81, 633

des Brousses, Charles Guitard, 114

Descartes, René, 181, 489–90

désert, 44, 217, 286, 339

assemblies, 165–69, 192, 572

desire, 68, 162, 575, 606

desks, 258–62. See also escritoire

Deuteronomy, 166–68, 427

devination, 600

Dey family, 812

dialogue, 67, 188, 423, 619, 860

Dictionarie of the French and English Tongue (Cotgrave), xxxiv, 77

diffusion, 192–203, 258

Digby, Sir Kenelm, 445–518

di Giorgio, Francesco, 74

Digges, Sir Dudley, 438

Disbrowe, Nicholas, 246–47

discipline, 63–65, 126–32, 154–57

Discon, Alexander, 645–47

Discours admirables (Palissy), 243–45, 458–59

discourse: artisanal, 163, 744, 776, 897

of molded pottery, 386

disease: of the skin, 493

winds of, 865

disguise, 204–41, 414, 517. See also covertness

disinternment, 366–75

dissimulation, 111, 116, 217, 418

artisanal, 207

shape-shifting and, 142, 905. See also covertness distillation, 85, 176–82, 214, 314, 331

Hogarth’s sign of, 699, 703

in Quaker convergence experience, 825

tears representing, 676

diversification, 738, 798

Dobbs, Betty Jo, 489–92

Dominican order, 107, 208

door(s): church, 571

double, 624

half-open, 665, 698, 700–704

on Hog Lane, 697–704

narrow (to salvation), 626–28

prospect, 262–64, 371

in Theater of the World, 674

-ways, 644

wide (to perdition), 626–28

Doric column(s), 258–62, 371

dove, 365–66, 589

dovetails, 264

Downing, Emmanuel, 411–15, 423, 557

Downing, Joshua, 416

Downing, Lucy Winthrop, 411

Downing family, 414

dragonnades, 565

Drake, Sir Francis, 136

drama, 278, 416

Drebbel, Cornelius, 419

Drexel, Jeremias, 658

Heliotropium feu conformatio, 399–401

du Cerceau, Jaques [Androuet], 74

du Haldes, Jean-Baptiste, 479

du Plessis-Mornay, Philippe, 136

du Puy, Lena, 812

du Puy family, 812

Due Repulse (vessel), 417–18

at siege of Île de Ré, 410

Dumaresque, Nicholas, 720–21

Dunning, G. C., 320

Dupuy, John, 806

Durand Family, 745

Dury, John, 455, 498

Dutch West India Company, 503, 712, 856–57, 873

eagle(s), 365, 399

Eamon, William, 615

earth, 83, 119, 217–22, 259, 312–23

ages of, 155, 176, 509, 578, 619–24

art of, 316–86

bowels of, 296–98, 602

figures, 570

holes in, 405

kiln analogy, 705

obstetric processes in, 222–26, 311–37, 392–408, 696

pits in, 307

spirits, 238, 292

earthenware, 49, 58, 315–81, 440–41, 657–99

in Hogarth’s Noon, 606, 611, 621, 700, 703

in Hogarth’s paintings, 571

Italian majolica, 324

medallions, 49, 274

Eastchester, New York (state), 803

East Haddam, Connecticut, 501

East Indies, 122–24, 430

eau-de-vie, 214, 341

échauguette(s), 637–44

Edgell, Simon, 468

Edict of Fontainebleau, 129

Edict of Nantes, 554

revocation of, 2, 43, 526, 719, 750

Edict of 1646 (Massachusetts), 501, 714–18

Edict of Toleration (1562), 18

Edit d’Amboise, 17, 114, 553

Edit de Blois, 114

Edit de Compiègne, 114

education, 186–92, 320–37

Edwards, Jonathan, 474

effects, doctrine of, 289–90

effeminacy, 483, 542

effluvium, 586, 696

invisible, 585

egg(s): alchemical, 379

representations of nesting hen, 369

Eglise des Grecs, London, 565, 578, 587, 612

Egyptian obelisk, 629, 683

Eisenstein, Elizabeth, 899

Elderkin, John, 247–49, 269, 466

element(s), 185, 224

air and fire, 374, 399

Allegory of Water (Palissy), 221–22

fifth, 174, 298, 335, 683

vulnerability to, 331

water, 222, 312, 341–61, 399. See also earth

elemental tree, 380–96

Elias, Norbert, 61

Eliot, Sir John, 519–29, 540

elixir: great, 502

red, 466–68

Elizabeth I (queen of England), 522, 525, 919

assassination attempts, 538

secured nation, 526

status of upholsterers under, 548

Elizabeth of England, princess (wife of Elector Palatine of Bohemia), 342

Elizabethskirche, Marburg, 225

Ellison, John, Sr., 736

emblemata: astrological, 668

on Leddell sundial, 912

of manual philosophy, 916

in portrait of Ezra Stiles, 480

useful to artisans, 182

Emmanuel College, Cambridge, 415, 497

emulation, 322, 545, 711–66, 910

enamel work: buttons, 322

Limoges a center of, 52, 322

on silver, 342

Endicott, Governor John, 919

in Pequot War, 863

endurance, 285, 293, 627. See also patience

enemies, 76–86, 190, 211, 238, 531

England, 516, 525, 531–34, 634

ancient constitution, 524

anti-Catholicism in, 519, 532–34

Elizabethan projectors, 136–38, 523–43, 557–61

fear and insecurity in, 541

French refugee population in, 554–55

imperial wars, 906–7

Interregnum, 203, 423

king’s council, 482, 525

local craft ordinances, 545–49

medieval revival in, 634

mercantilism, 718

politeness in, 559–60

power of royal favorite, 529–30, 541

Restoration and colonies, 867

riots against foreign artisans, 545–46, 556

woolen industry in, 411, 557

Enlightenment, 9, 195, 665

enthusiasm, religious, 125–70

entombment, 366–75

entropy, 236, 666

Ephrata Cloister, Pennsylvania, 74, 469

eschatology, 209, 296, 305

and alchemy, 190

bodily attitudes in, 402

chairs and, 350

Paracelsian, 176

and quietism, 404

in St. Paul, 450

of waiting, 314–18, 402–408, 450, 631

Escopus Creek, New York (state), 789

escritoire(s), 722–23. See also desks

Esopus Indians, 789

Essenes, the, 201–2

Essex County, Massachusetts, 436

Estienne, Charles, 458

estincelle(s), 439

Etienne, Charles, Maison Rustique, 458–59

Eucharistic piety, 511

Eusebius of Caesarea, 479

Evelyn, John, 482

Everad, John, 823

exclusion, 149–51

execution: by beheading, 574

by strangulation, 112, 169, 211

exegetics, 189, 284, 511

Exodus, Book of, 399, 878

experience, 134, 188, 198, 257, 628–35

and inexperience, 606–13

manual, 192–204, 463

and perception, 329, 623, 665, 676

primacy in Paracelsian science, 143–47, 187, 279

and sacred violence, 696

school of, 432–33

in shadows, 692

experiment(s): cobalt, 472–73

with glass kiln, 328

reenactments of xearlier alchemical, 476

thought, 433, 478

eye(s): bodily, 675, 680

geomantic, 874

glasses, 275

of the imagination, 384, 629, 644, 669, 675

inexperienced, 671

inner, 680

wide open, prophetic, 225–33

soulish, 173

spiritual, 605

veiled, 678–82

factory, alchemical, 456–57

failure, sexual, 333–39

faith: justification by, 63, 173

revelation of, 161

Familists, 199, 207. See also Anabaptists

family: craft networks, 203, 557

government analogy, 919;

“piece,” 918–23

Faneuil, André, 763–65

Faneuil, Benjamin, 559, 718, 728–29, 762–65, 785–86

Faneuil, Jean, 763–65

Faneuil and Company, 764–65

Faneuil family, 715–18

fauteuil, 731

fecundity, 222, 404, 442, 704

Feke, John, 781–83, 787–88, 816–17

Feke, Judith, 801

Feke, Robert, 780

Fell, Margaret, 893

Felton, John, 521

Ferdinand II (Emperor of Holy Roman Empire), 508

fermentation, 181–83

Fernando Alvarez de Toledo, duke of Alba, 553

Ferrara, Italy: Calvinist court at, 287

conversion of Santongais nobility at, 54–56, 106, 184

Ferris, Jeffrey, 801

Ferris, John, 801–3

Ferris, Mary (West), 801

Ferris, Phebe, 801–3

feuillu, 220, 225–31, 275. See also Green Man; wild man

Ficino, Marsilio, 171–74, 180–83, 291, 386, 496–92

Epistolae, 172

and Hypnerotomachia poliphili, 287

Theologia platonica, 172, 291

De vita libri tres, 172

filial piety, 245, 474

finial(s): in New York chair design, 723–24

turned, 585

fire, 179, 201–202, 222, 323

alchemical, 175, 363, 437

“build with the destroyer,” 48, 200, 304, 333, 450

“invisible,” 602–8, 622

fish, 215, 363, 681–82

Fishers Island, Connecticut, 500

Fitch, Thomas, 580, 715–17, 736–37, 786

Flamel, Nicolas, Hieroglyphical Figures, 466

flashes, 48, 210, 325. See also estincelles; sparks and flashes.

Fleetwood, Colonel William, 517

flesh: accidents of, 606–14

corruption of, 188

fleur-de-lis, 231, 750–51

Flora, 221, 286, 443.

Florence, Italy, 171–74, 433

Fludd, Robert, 437, 462, 478, 767–76, 899

Ars memoriae, 675

Calvinist adaptation of Bruno of, 634

Circle of Urinary Colours, 255

collaboration with Joahnn Theodore de Bry, 577

cosmological prints influence artisans, 365

“Enemies Invading the Fortress of Health,” 431, 451, 608

in France, 601, 767–76

“De geomantia,” 593–618, 623–31, 674–707

Hogarth’s cryptic references to, 577

influence on John Winthrop, Jr., 252–53, 413, 462

Integrae naturae, 82, 607–10

Integrum mor-borum mysterium, 252, 447

Internal Principle of Terrestrial Astrology or Geomancy, 768–76, 825

Katholikon mediocorum katoptron, 252, 608

De macrocosmi historia, 593–97

memory images in household things, 650–65

De naturae simia, 593, 610

De praeternaturali, 589

and Protestant natural philosophy, 770

and Quaker inner light, 860, 897–98

and Rosicrucianism, 414, 631

“Science of Pyramids,” 445–46, 583, 595

and sexual desire, 604

and siege of La Rochelle, 450

and soulish knowledge, 860

“Sound Man,” 450–51

and story of Tobias and the angel, 683–84, 770

De technica microcosmi historia, 593–97, 602

“Theater of the World,” 457, 624–32, 891–92

theory of convergence, 775–76

Utriusque cosmi, 607, 628

Flushing, Long Island: Census of 1698, 831

Friends’ Meetinghouse in, 776–87

as nexus of Quaker migrations, 802

Patent challenged by Stuyvesant, 858, 869, 872

relationship with New Amsterdam/New York (city), 808–11

Flushing Remonstrance, 787–88, 876–77, 884–97

Folion, Nicolas (pseud. de la Vallee), 39

folklore: in Connecticut, 472–74

and critique of fortification, 72

in the Golden Legend, 216

and historical origins, 501

and lay religiosity, 164

Jean de Léry’s debt to, 135

Paracelsus’s debt to, 191, 279

and practice, 192–93

in Saintonge, 632

therapies from, 463

Fones, Thomas, 415

Fontaine, John, 711, 723, 761

Ford, Thomas, 826–27

Fordham, New York (state), 803

Forman, Benno M., 548, 712, 743, 747–49

forms (benches), 823–26

Fort Coligny, Brazil, 136–45

Forth, Mary, 433

fortress(es), 91–98, 124–47, 349–69, 450–59, 536

critique of, 68–76, 168

at Magdeburg, 224

in mollusks, 76–99

of patience, 366, 397

strategy, 68–76, 421

Fort Saybrook, Connecticut, 864

fossil(s), 305–10

Foster, John, Almanack, 250–52, 261, 672

fountains, 346

Fowler, Will, 826

Fox, George, 788, 800, 848, 891–96

Foxe, John, Book of Martyrs, 101

fragmentation, 47–48, 60–70, 119, 155–56, 611–21;

and reunification, 514

of war, 203

France, 15–51, 189, 236–38, 319, 545–65

France, Anatole, 319

Franciscan order, 107, 147

François I (king of France), 128, 338, 635

François II (king of France), 16–17

Frankfurt, Germany, book market in, 189, 471

Franklin, Benjamin, adopts rustic persona, 273–75, 560

and American natural philosophy, 242

association with electricity, 273

Autobiography, 912

and Hogarth, 699

Oeuvres de Bernard Palissy dedicated to, 272–76

Poor Richard Improved, 672–73, 912

Poor Richard’s Almanack, 186, 259

Freemasonry: and apocrypha, 679

constitution, 665

first written histories, 632

and William Hogarth, 633

in London, 577

mysteries of, 689

operative, 632

William Preston, 666

Royal Arch masonry, 627–32

speculative, 632, 666, 675–76

French, John, 463

French Church of New York (city), 402, 734

French Prophets, 477

early theatricality of, 578;

quietism and Quakers, 404

Frenchtown, East Greenwich, Rhode Island, 742

friendship, 423, 435–36, 572

Friends’ Meetinghouse, Flushing: alteration history, 779–80

architectural brackets, 816–23

building contract, 778–79

construction of forms (benches), 823–26

deed for land, 827

interior construction, 826–27

fripperers, 556

Frobisher, Martin, 136

frogs, 379–80

frontier, 457, 857

and natural philosophy, 243

Frye, Northrup, 297

furnace: alchemical, 468

Cellini’s mastery of, 338

glassmaker’s, 308–9, 330

prison as alchemical 402–6

furniture, 247–56, 580, 847–54, 739

Hannah Barnard’s cupboard, 651–57

baroque, 846

in British-American coastal trade, 713–16

coastal Connecticut, 232, 743–47

dowry, 653

French court, 649

inlay, 263

library, 466

scorch marks on, 663

and textile storage, 651–53

the urban problematic, 723

vertical symmetry in, 725

in Windsor, Connecticut, 657–63

gabelle, 105, 128

Galenic medical tradition, 184–87, 279

Galileo, 135, 243, 868

garden(s), 55, 74, 282–94, 345, 627

medicinal, 457

Gardiner, Lieutenant Lion, 453, 863–65

Gemozac, France, 107, 208

genealogy, 192, 209, 491

Genesis, Book of, 44, 176, 211, 296, 878

artisan God in, 423

Geneva, Switzerland, 41–45, 109–12, 135, 879

genitals, 334, 371

genocide, 409

geode(s), 310–14, 349, 891

geography: human, 203, 461, 766

mystical, 255, 438

geology, 141, 200, 348

growth of diaphanous stones, 304, 353, 394

geomancy, 593–600, 616, 770–71

anima in, 678

and Christian universalism, 605, 773–76

and cultural convergence, 774

dots, 595, 602–23, 676, 699, 771

filiae in, 597

and human geography, 699

imaginatio in, 602, 608

matres in, 595–97

mens in, 602–33, 678, 772

“mixed composition” and, 602, 671, 770, 776

and multicultural urbanity, 774

nepotes in, 597

practice of, 768–76

projection in, 600, 617, 769

in Quaker experience, 825

in refugee history narratives, 772

role of spiritus intellectualis, 623, 675

rules of, 595

servant in, 603

as social theory, 601, 774

testes in, 597

and the treasure chest, 623–24. See also terrestrial astrology

geometry, 431, 586

geomorphology, 295–97, 681. See also subaerial denudation

Gerbier, Balthazar, 549–50, 761

gestures: of arms spread, 371

of waiting body, 402

ghetto, artisan (London), 544–61, 665–66

Ghost, Holy, 209–11

gift(s): books as, 438, 462

Pierre Bourdieu on, 40

of Sir Kenelm Digby’s library, 470

to kiln, 331

making, 50

medallions, 49, 274

municipal (La Rochelle), 15–42

sundials as, 910–11

Gilbert, Ann, 806

Gildersleeve, Henry, 859–60

Gillam, Henry, 812–13

Gillam family (or Guillam, Guillaim, Guillaume), 232, 813

Ginzberg, Carlo, 63, 219, 860

on Giordano Bruno, 888

and folklore, 901

on the ineffable, 192–93

glassmaking, 167, 310, 322, 330

mechanization of stained, 321

painting on, 220

painting and pottery glazes, 104

pontil, 254

glaze(s): ceramic, 214

diaphanous, 348–49

enamel, 313

polychrome, 355

Glorious Revolution, 231, 404, 528, 885, 912–15

gluttony, 573–74

gnomon, 588, 621, 906–7, 921

God: armor of, 450–51, 459, 879

as artisan, 74–76, 90, 282, 293

in book form, 505

emanation of, 475

emulation of, 282

heart of, 211

hidden intentions of, 604

light of, 211, 261

man as image of, 233

in Nature, 47

Old Testament, 679

omnipotence of, 194

perfection of, 298

as revealer of secrets, 300

soulish inspiration by, 290

spouse of, 408 (see also Sophia); throne of, 266

Godwin, Joscelyn, 449

Gohory, Jacques, 178–83, 287–89, 339, 635

gold, 182, 253

potable, 179, 468

Golden Fleece, 384, 399, 676, 683

Golden Legend, 216

golden rule, 202

goldsmith(s), 342

Golius, Jacobus, 434

Gonzaga, Aloysius, 904

Gooch, William, 714

Görlitz, Germany, 194

Gospels, the, 144, 202

grace: Fall from, 101

light of, 178

prelapsarian, 513

grammar, 684–87, 757–61

graphite, 467

Great Awakening, 473

green: cabinets, 358

glazes, 356

and natural fecundity, 85

on Saintonge pottery, 357

seeds, 359

and spiritualism, 195

tree spirits, 396

Greene, Jack P., 759

greenery: as camouflage, 220

as clothing, 235–39

in Palissy’s Allegory of Water, 222

in Palissy’s Delectable Garden, 353–54

in tableaux vivants at La Rochelle, 34

and torture of heretics, 206–41

Green Man, 223–30, 358. See also feuillu; tête de feuilles; wild man

Gregory III, Pope, 139

grid and points, 312

Grigg (Griggs), Thomas, 811–13

Griggs, George, 812

Griggs, John, 812

Griggs family, 813

grotesque, the, 185, 223, 336

Groton Manor, Suffolk, England, 158, 411, 464, 476, 515

grotto, 49–55, 266, 347

Guanabara, Brazil, 135–42

Guicciardini, Francesco, 54

guild(s), 62, 264, 556

Guildhall, London, 556

Guise family, 17, 27, 553, 898

Guy, Michel, 19

Hakluyt, Richard, 136

Hale, J. R., 71–72

Hall, David D., 474

Halley’s Comet, 176

Hamelin, Philibert, 102–10, 129, 187–237

as artisan-preacher, 57, 108–11

execution and artisanal interregnum, 111–12, 120, 164–68

homely preaching style, 217

and martyrologists, 56, 64, 112, 895

and Nicodemism, 108–12

Palissy sponsors among artisans, 56, 109

preaches heresy at Arvert, 110–11

Hampden, John, 518–19

hand(s): and change in nature, 192–204

potter’s, 606

Hannaway, Owen, 268, 278, 416, 463

Hanoverian dynasty, 912

harmony: of all authors, 424, 481

as Neoplatonic program, 173, 288–90

Hart, Edward, 872

Hartford, Connecticut, 868

Treaty of, 867

Hartlib, Samuel, 419, 455, 498, 502

Hartman, George, 497

Harvard College, 455

Harvey, William: association with Robert Fludd, 768

attending physician of James I, 537

dissection of heart, 451

Harvey’s dedication of De motu cordis to Charles I, 539

politics of his natural philosophy, 267–68

treats wounded from Ile de Ré, 538

hatchels, 788

Hauser, Arnold, 560

heart: cannibalism of, 155

English, 483, 517, 524, 542, 561

of fortress, 451

of God, 211

and hidden knowledge, 43–44, 268, 885

and Holy Spirit, 400

impurity leads to blindness, 676

King’s, 42, 539

location of soul, 257, 512

origin of the Word, 237

and patience, 399

pierced and flaming, 881

for sectarians, 512

sun analogy, 226

symbolism, 41–44

and universal spirit, 245–72, 505–15

heat, 331, 395

heaven: light of, 396

throne of, 260–61

vault of, 261

Hebrew, 477–80

Hedrick, Elizabeth, 494

heliocentricism, 250–59

heliotropism, 379, 399–401,658–63

Henri II (king of France), 17, 30, 81, 128, 553

Henrietta-Maria (queen of England), 484, 525

Henry IV (king of England), 548

Henry VII (king of England), 919

Hercules, 28–29

Herendeen, W. H., 283

heresy: Cathar, 102

infection of, 153, 755–57

isolation and, 214

prosecution of, 4, 111, 128–32, 519

space allowed for, 877

hermaphrodite, 307, 330–34, 370–71, 597, 604

hermeticism, 682–84

Hervey, Admiral William 417–18

heterodoxy, 4, 17, 198, 410, 476

in, Holland, 856

Calvinist, 514, 849

colonial leadership feared, 859

criticized as innovation, 528

Dutch authorities wink at (oogluijckinge), 857

as illness, 153, 755–57, 876

intolerance of, 514

and latitudi-narianism, 131

perception of, 875

hexagon, 632

hidden: life, 210–26

piety, 63

transcripts, 51

hieroglyphs, 290, 428, 466

Hilayreau, Jean, 161

Hinchman, Sarah, 831–32

Hinshaw, William Wade, 830

historiography, 2

Huguenot, 39, 89, 120, 527, 915

history: artisanal, 107, 313–16

craft of, 191

and memory, 187, 290

painting, 618

and Paracel-sianism, 176

Hodgson, Robert, 859, 869

Hogarth, Richard, 685

Hogarth, William, 562–707

academic training, 563

alchemical themes in, 577

The Analysis of Beauty, 568, 580–86

Anecdotes, 684–92

“Bathos,” 703

and copyright disputes, 687

covert knowledge in, 565, 623, 689, 892

earthenware pitcher in Noon, 581, 699

English ceramic industry and, 698

on experience, 691

on fluctuation and taste, 580

and Fludd’s “De Geomantia,” 632–707

and Fludd’s memory systems, 684–88

and Benjamin Franklin, 698

and Freemasonry, 631

and French refugee secrets, 563, 698

his French shop engravers, 563

his grammar of art, 684–87, 698

and Integrae naturae (Fludd), 609

“Of Intricacy,” 580–83

knowledge of Paracelsianism, 685

line of beauty, 580–91, 854

and modern painting, 695

moral questions in Noon, 693, 696–99

on natural simplicity, 691

painting as “dumb show,” 694

Palissian subjects, 774

and Palissy’s fecundity dishes, 698

and Palissy’s writings, 685, 692, 698

and persona of oppressed tradesman, 618, 631, 687–94

on primacy of visual language, 685–94

on Protestant art, 694–95

reactivates Fludd, 605, 774, 617

his representation of stranger, 585–88

spectatorship in, 578, 706

street languages in 573–74, 589, 632, 706

Holbein, Hans, the Younger, 220–21

homme etfemme, 383–85. See also hermaphrodite

Homo sanus (Fludd), 447–53

homunculus, 120, 576

honor: artisanal, 333, 355

spiritual, 100–24, 321

Hooke, Robert, 615

Hooker, Thomas, 474

Hopkins, Samuel, 474

Hostilis munimenti salutis invadendi typus (Fludd), 447–53

Hotman, François, 527–28

hourglass, 588–89

House of Commons (1628), 508–43

Howell, James, 494

Howes, Edward, 409–10, 425, 438, 507–15, 607

“Mysterium,” 428–30

and Northwest Passage, 431, 437

and philosopher’s stone, 437

on plain writing, 645

publishes A Short Arithmetick, 424

on religious moderation, 454

requests map of Long Island, 458

role as clerk, 830

and Rosicrucianism, 414, 424

his secret codes, 421

seeks John Winthrop, Jr.’s alchemical patronage, 422

on spiritualism, 454

as John Winthrop, Jr.’s book supplier, 423, 471

and scientific instrument supplier, 423

Hudson, Henry, 470

Hudson River, New York (state), 438, 503

Hudson’s Bay, Canada, 438

Huett, Caspar, 788

Huguenot(s), 26, 52–54, 139, 874, 914

artisans in coastal Connecticut, 231–32, 741–47

artisans in Saintonge, 52–124, 316–86

as bricoleurs, 44–52

chair makers in New York (city), 711–66

colonization project, 138–39

compared with Jews, 276, 755

corpus on American colonization, 132–41, 583

craft networks in London, 544–61

craftsmen represent wild man, 231–41

as crypto-Catholics, 546, 559

and cultural hybridity, 56, 711–905

historiography, 89, 120, 526–28

inspirés from southeastern France, 204, 215

in Long Island Sound region, 231–32, 741–47

in New Amsterdam/New York, 404, 712–66

nouveaux convertis, 160

preachers, 56, 168–69, 218

slavery in Mediterranean, 402–404

humanism, 54, 283, 289, 476

civic, 273

and evangelism, 54

Hume, David, 528

Huntington, Long Island, 820

Hutterites, 201–3

hybridization, 142–44, 163, 231, 398, 489

in The Adventurous Simplicissimus (von Grimmelshausen), 751–54

alchemic, 223–25

of craft networks in New York, 711–905

of joinery techniques, 711–66, 799, 804–26

Hymes, Dell, 894

Hypnerotomachia poliphili (Colonna), 287–91

ibn Ezra, Abraham, 479

ibn Hayyan, Jabir (pseud. Geber), 181–82

iconoclasm, 59, 115, 148–49, 280, 741

iconography: Germanic, 176

and meaning, 442

as political discourse, 369

a posteriori status of, 704

identity, 162, 212–18, 299, 478

ideology: country party, 186

Paracelsian, 171–78

Ile d’Arvert, France, 105, 207

Ile de Ré, France, 41–43, 71, 223, 410–32, 739–41

Buckingham’s behavior at, 483

casualty figures disputed, 535

sailors’ letters from, 483

Ile d’Oléron, France, 208

Ile of Rue, 409–10, 437–59, 507. See also Ile de Ré imagination, 245–72

improvisation, 163, 815

impulse, 586, 603

in turning patterns, 754–60

industriousness: in alchemical process, 309–10

and artisanal security, 240–41

of earth, 298

Hogarth harnasses to ingenuity, 687

and the manual arts, 172

in nature, 90

and sunlight, 588

and time, 907

of tiny builders, 98, 156

infallibility, 486–90

infection, 167, 218

informants, ethnographic, 129, 317

informers, 558–59, 765

Inner Temple, London, 415

Innocent X, Pope, 484, 486

innovation: acquired from refugee artisans, 545

and artisanal security, 73, 460

fear of, 892

Menocchio’s claim of, 192–94

in Remonstrance of 1628, 528

trivialized by Hogarth, 687

In patientia sauvitas, 369, 389–408, 464, 627, 847

inscriptions lapidaries, 877–86

insemination, 305, 342, 395–98

insinuation, 24, 71

inspiration, 290, 860

instauration, great, 366, 410

intendancy, 160–61

intentionality, 603, 760

interiority, 206, 576

law of God privileges, 885

intermarriage, 799–815

international Protestantism, 52–54, 136, 218

and English artisans, 515

fall of La Rochelle and, 392, 410, 487–503

and Robert Fludd’s works, 634

French Counter-Reformation and, 218

heart of, 451

and Huguenot New-World historiography, 136–37

and imprimerie of La Rochelle, 57

mystical nature of, 508–26

and New York’s old French culture, 719

security concerns of, 140, 410, 417, 421, 508

interpretation, 169–70, 888

intuition, 173, 192, 279

invisibility, 212, 436, 507, 573

Invisible College, 412–14

Ipswich, Massachusetts, 503

Ireland, 411–13, 436, 455

Irving, Washington, 712

Isaiah, Book of, 261

isolation, 402, 415, 436, 468

Jack in the Green, 220. See also feuillu; Green Man; wild man

Jacob, Margaret C., 272, 848–49

Jaillot, Père, 20

James, duke of York, 868

James Fort, Virginia, 470

James I (king of England), 231, 482, 494, 537, 558

Jamestown, Virginia, 469–70

Jandine, Charles, 810

Jansenism, 215, 503, 663, 679–80, 875

Jason and the Argonauts, 676, 683

Jefferson, Thomas, 575

jeremiad, 917, 923

Jeremiah, Book of, 570, 700, 921–23

Jesuits, 438, 486, 519, 900–904

in France, 601, 768–70

Jesus: androgyny of, 334

association with pain, 201

and philosopher’s stone, 430

Second Coming of, 369

as shop apprentice, 679. See also Christ

Jews: anti-Semitism, 887

ascetic tradition, 156

as brickmakers, 339–40

burial practices of, 677

as chosen, 167

dietary laws of, 677

dispersion of, 677

Hellenistic, 426–27

and Turks, 890

as universal strangers, 677

Joachim of Fiori, 176–77, 299, 578

Jogues, Father Isaac, 902–5

Johnson, Ben, 482

Johnson, Samuel, 886

joinery, 256, 264, 350

jokes, 375, 861

Jones, Inigo, 517, 550–51, 761

Jones, William, 810

Joseph, St., 216–17, 664, 679

Josephus, Flavius, Jewish War, 155

Jouan, Abel, 23, 30

journeying, 285, 601

Jousseaulme, Cyprien, 167

Joutard, Philippe, 215

Jove, 250. See also Jupiter Judas, 213

Judex figure, 597

Jupiter, 243

Kaballa, 417, 477

Kantorowitz, Ernst, 530

kasten, 841–44

Keith, George, 833

Kelley, Donald R., 137

Kelpius, Johannes, 469

Kennedy, Archibald, 917–19

Kermode, Frank, 68

khatt al-raml (“sand writing”), 595

Khunrath, Heinrich, 366–73

Kidwelly Castle, Camathenshire, South Wales, 320

Kieft, Willem Director-General, 857, 866, 873

Kieft’s Patent, 873. See also Flushing, patent

Kilkenny Academy, Ireland, 436

kiln(s), 141, 211, 329

King, Samuel, 478–80

Kings County, New York, 722–23, 812

Kirton, Edward, 518

Klein, Lawrence, 553–59

Knightley, Richard, 518–19

knowledge, 121, 218, 290, 565, 702

in miniature, 76–99, 627

artisanal, 135–36, 171–386

invisible, 170, 566, 678

manual, 134–36, 278

walking and, 280–86

Koyre, Alexandre, 325

Kristeller, Paul Oskar, 172

Küffeler family, 419

Küffeler, Abraham, 418

Küffeler, Johann Sibertus, 419, 503–4

La Caroline (Florida), 138–39

La Chaire, Salomon, 732–34

La Chapelle-des-Pots, France: archaeology of, 215, 316–20

containers for eau-de-vie, 340–41

exportation of pottery, 239, 386

hermaphrodite vessels, 394–96

Palissy at, 103, 280, 115–16

seventeenth-century ceramic production at, 354–86

La Rochefoucault, François de, 117

La Rochelle, France, 1–5, 18, 28, 128, 139

as alchemical matrix, 396, 421

articles of capitulation (1628), 160, 240, 482

and Atlantic world, 43, 316, 393

banishment of dissenters, 128, 151

blockade and, 419–21

Catholics in, 26, 127, 149–50, 152–59

commerce, 141, 214–15, 715–18

Consistory, 125–65, 189, 890

Corps de ville, 18, 24, 69, 126–28

Counter-Reformation in, 508–14

Cromwell’s plan to liberate, 499–503

demographics of siege, 152–58

demolition of walls (1628), 240

dynastic families, 159

early archives of, 22

echevins, 128

and end times, 410

English alliance with, 32, 37

factionalism in, 19–39, 127

fall of (1628), 389–408

as French borderland, 43, 522

and Geneva, 41–43

grandeur of, 98, 389

guilds, 151, 159, 557, 797

Hôtel de Ville, 638–39

Huguenot leadership, 24

as Huguenot republic, 41–43

as impregnable fortress, 59

infidelity of, 43

and international Protestantism, 389–408, 530

jetons, 639

lay religiosity in, 130–33

merchant oligarchy, 160–63

and militant Protestantism, 15–51

militia, 28–29, 151

municipal gift to Charles IX, 15–42

municipal schools in, 127

nouveaux convertis, 159–60

police, 737

population, 8, 151, 162, 508

porte de Cougnes, 27–40

présidial, 30, 128–30

price of wheat (1628), 155–59

and primitive English liberty, 522–26

Protestant Grand Temple, 639–44

publicans in, 167, 737

purge of 1661, 159–62, 583

Rabelais’ description of, 264

Reformation in, 15–51, 126–32

representations of, 124, 222, 389

Richelieu’s Huguenot consortium in, 159–61

royal governor of, 24–27

and Saintongeais hinterlands, 44

siege of 1572–73, 52

siege of 1627–28, 8–9, 44, 126, 152–62, 409–10; 1618

census, 151

and St. Bartholomew’s Day Massacre, 52, 553

and “strangers,” 42–43

subterranean passages in, 390

towers of, 392–93, 407

town privileges, 27–51, 128, 524

wordplay on name, 8, 40–41

la tête de feuilles, 220. See also feuillu

Labaree, Benjamin, 900

labor, 6, 209–16, 323–29, 398, 796–99, 900

manual, 198–201

and praxis, 337

and self-purification, 298

skilled, 731, 783–87

unskilled white, 807. See also travailler

laboratory, 167, 178, 457

alchemical, 483

frontier, 471

instruments, 435–36

journals, 497

in kitchens, 457

operator, 255, 497

Previous Chapter

Notes

Additional Information

ISBN
9781421427614
Related ISBN
9781421429359
MARC Record
OCLC
1048221187
Pages
1033-1058
Launched on MUSE
2018-08-15
Language
English
Open Access
Yes
Creative Commons
CC-BY-NC-ND
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