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401INDEX

Abingdon, Lord: Burke as cited by, 139-40

and Fox’s East India Bill, 132, 133, 134, 135-37, 144, 161-62

Montesquieu as cited by, 135-36

Abington, Frances, 18, 19

The Aerostatick Stage Balloon, 20-21, 22

afterpieces, 14

Alexander the Great: as referenced in eighteenth-century satirical prints, 174-77

Alexander, William, 12

Althusser, Louis, 132, 133-35, 139, 143-44, 145-56

Altick, Richard, 372-73n40

American colonies, 3, 10, 43-44

American Constitution, 3

American Revolution: Burke’s speeches on, 117-18

impact of on the British Empire, 2, 3, 23, 117-9, 121

Anderson, Benedict, 22

Andrew, Donna, 52, 294, 369n26

Aravamudan, Srinivas, 360n6, 382n47

aristocracy, dissipation of, 72-73, 76, 82, 105, 114, 121

Asian subcontinent: British interests in, 3, 10. See also East India Company; Indian colonies

Astley, Philip, 321

Astley’s Royal Amphitheatre, 267, 296, 312, 341, 355

The Siege and Storming of Seringapatam, 314, 326, 342, 344-48

Tippoo Saib’s Two Sons, 329-30

Tippoo Sultan; or, The Siege of Bangalore, 320-21, 324-25

autoethnography: theatre as, 11-21, 22, 28, 73, 350

and recognizability of character, 11-12

Ayr Bank, 51

Bach, J. C., 18

ballooning, 15-16

as vehicle for satire, 20-21, 362n31

Bank of England, 52

The Bankrupt (Foote), 56

Banks, Sir Joseph, 77-78, 81, 111

Barrell, John, 363n48

Bayly, C. A., 298

Beatson, Alexander, 341

Beauchamp, Lord, 162

Begam, Bahu, 200, 216-17

Begams of Oudh (Awadh), 168

Burke’s speech on, 201-4

desexualization of, 213

eroticization of, 219-20

and Hastings’s impeachment, 200-221

as mothers, 210

Sayers’s portrayal of, 214-18

Sheridan’s speech on, 200, 201, 204-13

Bickerstaff, Isaac: sexuality of, 17-19;

The Sultan; or, A Peep into the Seraglio, 17-18, 126

biopower, 29, 88

Blumenbach, Johann Friedrich, 37

Boaden, James, 18

Bolla, Peter de, 234, 241-42

Bolton, Betsy, 153, 378n33

Bolts, William, 46, 368n13

bonds: Clive’s manipulation of, 53

manipulation of in The Nabob, 61-62

Bougainville, Louis-Antoine de, 103, 104

bourgeoisie, 134-35

Bowen, H. V., 122

breasts, as signifier of maternality, 188-89, 210, 381n39

Brewer, John, 40, 261, 268

Bristow, James, 322

British Constitution: and Hastings’s impeachment, 166, 239

incursion of the common law on, 25-26

as invoked in the debate over the East India Bill, 137-38

Montesquieu’s view of, 132-35

in The Nabob, 63

British Empire: challenges to, 23

constitutional crises faced by, 23-24, 27

corruption in, 5

and the French Revolution, 119-20

impact of the American Revolution on, 2, 3, 23, 118

as norm for judging other cultures and societies, 38

objectives of, 87-88

paternalism of, 314, 326-27, 329-30, 332

shift in public opinion regarding, 269

theatrical allusions to, 65-66. See also East India Company

British identity: as affected by the American Revolution, 118

Bromwich, David, 162, 352

Brunton, Anne, 301-2

Buffon, Comte George-Louis Leclerc de, 37

Bunbury, Henry William, 285

Burgoyne, General John, 50

Burke, Edmund, 4, 9, 10, 46, 352

on the American Revolution, 117-18

Appeal from the New to the Old Whigs, 143

on the beautiful, 183

and the Begams of Oudh, 201-4, 205-8, 214-18

on the British Empire, 43

as depicted by Dent, 179, 190-99, 205-6, 279

as depicted by Gillray, 181, 195-99

as depicted by Sayers, 130-31, 179, 180, 194-95, 196, 214-17

and the East India Company, 122-23, 127-28, 165-66, 182-83, 193-94, 316

on execution, 184-85

on the French Revolution, 119-20, 188

and Hastings’s impeachment, 25, 26, 118, 119-20, 144, 159, 165-66, 167, 168, 177, 182, 185-88, 189-94, 222, 229-33

on John Howard, 162-63

and the middle classes, 307

A Philosophical Enquiry into the Origin of Our Ideas of the Sublime and the Beautiful, 183-86, 196, 381n39

Reflections on the Revolution in France, 119-20, 143, 188-89, 231, 298-99

on sound, 184

spectacles as trope in satires of, 189-92, 214

“Speech at the Guildhall, in Bristol, Previous to the Election (1780),” 162

“Speech on Fox’s India Bill (1783),” 185, 193-94, 201-4

“Speech on Opening of Impeachment of Warren Hastings (1787),” 186-87, 189, 238-39

on the sublime, 183-84

Thoughts on the Cause of the Present Discontents, 136, 139-40, 144, 162

Burney, Frances, 24, 27, 117, 156

allusions to Evelina in Diary of, 252-54

on Burke’s prosecution of Hastings, 229-33, 245-49

on Fox’s speech on the Benares charge, 234-41, 242-44

on Hastings’s impeachment trial, 222-57

as Molière’s old woman, 235-37, 247-49, 254-55

and William

Wyndham (Windham), 228-29, 235, 236, 243, 244-54

Butler, Judith, 34

Calcutta, India: celebratory performances in, 326-28

Campbell, Gina, 253

Cantemir, Prince Demetrius, 213-16

captivity narratives, 318-19, 333

Carlson, Julie, 205, 211, 212

Caroline, Queen, 196

Carracioli, Charles, 276

Cavendish, Lord Frederick, 137

characters: and caricature, 282-84, 292-93

recognizability of, 11-12, 148

in The Nabob, 13, 42, 44, 55-56, 65-66, 67, 68-69

in Such Things Are, 153, 157

Charter Act of 1813, 38

Chesterfield, Lord, 153, 157, 378n37

Choudhury, Mita, 362n31

Clark, Anna, 193

Clark, Peter, 35, 116

class identity: anxieties about, 72-73

in eighteenth-century Britain, 8-9

manifestations of, 288-89

and the minuet, 285-87

and private credit, 53, 73

racialization of, 13, 87, 114, 308-9, 310. See also middle classes

Cleveland, Augustus, 387n15

Clive, Lord Robert, 44, 45, 47-50, 165-66, 260, 269, 336

allusions to in Foote’s The Nabob, 55, 58, 60

contemporary representations of, 276-77, 278

defense of Indian career in Parliament, 47-50

clockwork armies, 321-23

clothing: and the performance of civility, 103, 109

as synonymous with personhood, 91, 283-84

Cobb, James. See The Humorist; Ramah Droog; or, Wine Does Wonders

Coke, Sir Edward, 263

Colley, Linda, 120, 270

Collingham, 265

Colman, George (The Younger): as author of prologue and epilogue to Starke’s The Sword of Peace, 31, 278-80, 281, 293-94, 295, 296-97

Blue-Beard, 332

Inkle and Yarico, 265-66, 272

colonialism, British, 88, 266

rationales for, 39, 40-41

as represented in Omai, 74, 103-4

as represented in The Sword of Peace, 271-72

resistance to, 117, 120

commedia dell’arte: and ethnography, 76

Omai as, 93-94, 100-108

Constitution. See American Constitution; British Constitution

Cook, James, 39

apotheosis of in Omai, 75, 82-86, 89, 101, 113-14

curiosities collected by, 96

voyages of as depicted in Omai, 74-76

Webber as illustrator for, 90-91

cooperation, Marx’s concept of, 28-29

Cornwallis, Lord, 31

caricature of, 318

as embodiment of paternal virtue, 275, 326, 329-30

military actions in India, 260, 267, 269, 270, 313, 325-26, 336

and the Permanent Settlement, 297-298

theatrical allusions to, 272, 273, 273-76, 296, 339

costume: Loutherbourg’s designs for Omai, 86, 90-92, 111

in The Nabob, 69

in Ramah Droog, 339-40

in The Sword of Peace, 284-85

Courtwright, Paul B., 390n48

Cowley, Hannah, 117

Cox, Jeffrey, 373n52, 388n19

Crespigny, Mrs., 301, 302

cross-dressing, 111, 116, 154, 338-40

Dalrymple, William, 40, 265

Dance, Nathaniel, 79

Daniell, Thomas, 336, 337, 340

Daniell, William, 336, 337, 340

al-Daula, Asaf, 200, 201, 209

al-Daula, Shuja, 200-201

Daula, Siraj-ud, 45, 246

Davenant, William, 129

De Landa, Manuel, 321-22, 323, 356, 398n1

Dening, Greg, 13, 74, 371n10

Dent, William, 22

The Grand Pitch Battle, 279

The Long-Winded Speech, 205, 206

No Abatement, 190-92, 214

The Raree Show, 172-82

De Quincey, Thomas, 351

despotism: in colonial India, 166

Charles James Fox accused of, 126, 136-37

of George III, 126, 130-31, 137, 140, 141-42

in Inchbald’s Such Things Are, 126, 146, 148-49, 155, 160

as masculinity, 124

Montesquieu on, 27, 126-27, 130-33, 141

signs associated with, 41

Devonshire, Duchess of, 137

Dibdin, Charles, 18

Dibdin, Thomas, 342, 344

Diderot, Dénis, 104

difference, origins of, 37

Dirks, Nicholas B., 297

disciplinary power, 28

diwani, 43, 45

Donkin, Ellen, 14

Dow, Alexander, 46

Dryden, John, 129

dueling, 294-95, 296

Dundas, Henry, 165

East India Bill (1783), 20-21, 23, 122, 182, 255

Burke’s comments on, 193-94, 201-4

constitutional crisis associated with, 144, 145

defeat of, 129-30, 142, 43

opposition to, 126, 127-29, 132, 133, 134, 135-37

East India Company, 2, 7, 40, 350

and anti-Company discourse, 276-81, 282

anxieties associated with, 45-46, 315-16

Burke’s concerns about, 122-23, 165-66, 316

corruption associated with, 4, 47-50, 165

financial problems of, 23, 52, 120-21

as governmental agent, 3, 4, 43, 45-46

as hybrid of business, government, and military, 4, 122, 123-24, 199, 262

legislation affecting, 121, 122

military actions of, 260, 261, 269-70, 271, 274-75, 317, 322

theatrical allusions to, 16, 20-21, 24-27, 65-66, 127, 157, 271, 272. See also Hastings, Warren, impeachment trial of

Edgeworth, Maria, 117

effeminacy, 41, 154, 276, 339

Eidophusikon, 96-97

Elliot, Gilbert, 168-70

elocution. See oratory

empire, defined, 2. See also British Empire

“An Epistle from Mr. Banks, Voyager, Monster-hunter, and Amoroso, to Oberea, Queen of Otaheite,” 77-79, 109

ethical spectatorship, 36

ethnography: and commedia dell-arte, 76

and pantomime as manifested in Omai, 74-75, 101, 113-14. See also autoethnography

Fabian, Johannes, 74

family as instrument of government, 15

Fatal Curiosity, 15

Favart, Charles Simon: Soliman II, 17

Ferguson, Frances, 189

Figueira, Dorothy M., 300

Foote, Samuel, 17. See also The Bankrupt; The Nabob

Fordyce, Alexander, 44

allusions to in Foote’s Nabob, 55-56, 64, 68-69

bankruptcy precipitated by, 51-55;

and Falkland Island affair, 54, 369n32

as macaroni gambler, 68

Foreman, Amanda, 137

Foucault, Michel, 5, 8, 88, 268

concept of governmentality, 1-2, 15, 26

on the early modern state, 267

on race and power, 28, 29, 262-63

on regulation of the body, 121, 313, 315

on sexuality, 30, 88-89

Fox, Charles James, 9, 117

and Mrs. Armstead, 219-20

Burney’s remarks on, 234-41

compared to Cromwell, 135-36

“death” of, 143, 144

and the defeat of the East India Bill, 140-42, 143

as depicted by Dent, 179-81, 192

as depicted by Sayers, 127-28, 130-31, 179, 216-17

East India Bill proposed by, 20-21, 23, 27, 122, 126, 127-28, 205

and Hastings’s impeachment, 25, 26, 27, 119, 175-77, 179-81, 224-26, 239-41, 242-44

as sexual deviant, 129-30

as Shylock, 224-26

“Speech on the Benares Charge (1787),” 175-77, 234-36, 239-40

on wars against India, 260-62. See also East India Bill

France, military engagement with, 352, 399nn14-16

Francis, Philip, 166, 191, 278, 297, 380n3

French Revolution, 7, 119-20, 143, 298-99, 352, 379n45

Furneaux, Tobias, 79, 106

gambling, as emblematic of excess, 54, 67-70, 284, 292-93

Garrick, David, 18, 67, 110

gender. See masculinity; sexuality; women

Gentleman, Francis: The Dramatic Censor, 18

geographical morality, 214-15, 232-33, 238-39, 246, 251

George II, 328

George III, 2, 5, 23, 24, 78, 196

depicted as despot, 130-31, 137

and the East India Bill, 128-29

Fox’s remarks on, 239-40

jurisprudence under, 156-57

and opera glass, 174, 224

as subordinate to Hastings, 171, 172, 199, 224

George, Dorothy, 172-74

Genest, John, 395n57

Gibbon, Edward, 44

Gillray, James, 22, 194

A Bow to the Throne, 172, 174

Camera Obscura, 195-99, 204

The Coming on of the Monsoons, 317-318

Impeachment Ticket, 181

A Sale of English Beauties in the East Indies, 291-92

Gilroy, Paul, 28

Glyn and Halifax, 51

Gould, Eliga, 118

governmentality: changes in, 23

of the East India Company, 4, 123

Foucault’s concept of, 1-2, 15, 29

women’s perspective on, 24, 117. See also sovereignty, imperial

Graham, Dr., 20

Great Chain of Being, 37

Green, Katherine, 378n30, 378n33

Grenville, George, 140-41, 367n4

Grosrichard, Alain, 132, 137, 142, 148, 155

Guha, Ranajit, 298

Habermas, Jürgen, 34

Haider Ali, 23, 270, 316, 322

Hall, Catherine, 361n14, 363n56

Hamlet (Shakespeare), 198-99, 341

Handel, George Frideric, 328

Hastings, Warren, impeachment trial of, 13, 31, 116-17, 118, 120, 122-23, 124, 165-70

as addressed in eighteenth-century theatre, 24-27, 127, 157, 272, 278-80, 294

and the Begams of Oudh, 200-221

Burke’s role in, 25, 26, 118, 119-20, 144, 159, 165-66, 167, 168, 177, 182, 185-88, 189-94, 222, 229-33, 245-49

as described in Burney’s Diary, 222-57

Fox’s role in, 25, 26, 27, 119, 175-77, 179-81, 224-26, 234-41

masculinity and femininity as deployed in, 221

and The Merchant of Venice, 223-26

as raree show, 172-82

as represented in prints, 166-67, 171-77, 189-92, 194-99, 205-6, 214-17, 220-21, 223-24

seating arrangements at, 171-72

theatrical aspects of, 166-67, 168-70, 180-81, 218-20, 222-23, 235-38, 249

women as observers at, 24-25, 124, 169-70, 212

Hawkesworth, John: An Account of a Voyage round the World, 77-79, 81, 93, 100, 103, 108-9

Hays, Mary, 117

Hazlitt, William: and Indian jugglers as emblematic of world-historical situation, 352, 353-58

Hindu society, 285. See also Indian colonies; suttee

Holophusicon, 92, 96

homoeroticism, 17-18

homosociality, 24, 35, 116-17, 149, 211, 280

Hook, James, 223-26

Howard, John, 148, 156, 157-61, 162, 163

The Humorist (Cobb), 223, 226-28, 230

Ibrahim, Sayyad, 394n36

impersonation, 30

Impey, Sir Elijah, 200, 201, 205, 213, 218-19

Inchbald, Elizabeth, 24, 27, 117

and Bickerstaff’s The Sultan, 18-19, 126

and India, 126

The Massacre, 379n45. See also The Mogul Tale; or, The Descent of the Balloon; Such Things Are

India Act of 1784, 274

Indian colonies, 44

blurring of cultural lines in, 271-72

military actions in, 260-62, 274-76. See also East India Company; Mysore Wars

Indian jugglers, Hazlitt’s essay on, 352, 353-58

Inkle and Yarico (Colman), 265-66, 272

Ireland, theatrical allusions to, 331-32, 334-36

Irish rebellion, 32, 314, 319

island, as trope for the nation, 147, 359n1

Jacobinism, 299

Jacobite rebellion, 328

Jacobitism, 263

Jafar, Mir, 58, 246

Johnson, Samuel, 236, 240-41, 245, 246, 254-55, 257

Joppien, Rudiger, 79, 92, 93

Joseph, Betty, 389n37

Judas Maccabeus (Handel), 328

Kaeppler, Adrienne, 96

Kamchatkan scenes: in Omai, 94-95, 98, 99

Kames, Lord, 37

Kasim, Mir, 246

Kensington Gardens: as represented in Omai, 93-94, 95, 100, 102

Khan, Muhammad Reza, 246

King-in-Parliament: significance of, 2-3

sovereignty of, 43, 122

during time of social change, 5

Kingston, Duchess of, 169

Koehn, Nancy F., 23, 44, 46, 119, 122

Kunzle, David, 285

Kwint, Marius, 392n2, 397n85

language: and empire, 240

and national character, 241-42, 245

Le Mierre, Antoine, 299, 303

Lenman, Bruce P., 269

Lever, Sir Ashton, 90, 92, 96-97

Lew, Joseph, 385-86n10

libertinism, 110-11, 114

liberty, English concept of, 37-40, 278

Licensing Act of 1737, 13-14, 177

Lilburne, John, 263

Loutherbourg, Philippe Jacques de, 13, 74

drawings by, 91

museum of, 96-89. See also Omai; or, A Trip round the World

Lynch, Deidre, 282-83, 381n39

macaronis, 50-51

feminine apparel of, 67

as satirized in Foote’s The Nabob, 67-70

Macauley, Catherine, 117

Macbeth (Shakespeare), 192

Fox’s allusion to, 260-62

Mackintosh, William, 387n13

Mai: and English society, 79-82, 105-7, 112. See also Omai; or, A Trip round the World

Makdisi, Saree, 375n10

Mangalore, Treaty of, 260

Mani, Lata, 300

Mann, Horace, 50

Marie Antoinette, 189

Marmontel, Jean-François: Contes Moreaux, 17

Marsden, William, 378n30

Marshall, P. J., 25, 193, 209, 220, 222, 281, 326-27, 352

Marx, Karl, 28-29

masculinity: consolidation of, 267

despotism as, 124

and Hastings’s impeachment, 221

Irish, 338-40

military, 265-66

in Starke’s The Sword of Peace, 271

women’s perspectives on, 117

“Masquerade Extraordinaire,” 218-20

McCann, Andrew, 381n36

McCormick, E.H., 371n16

Mehta, Udah, 39

Merchant of Venice (Shakespeare): as analogous to the Hastings trial, 223-26

Merry, Robert “Revolution,” 301

middle classes: Burke’s concerns about, 307

as social force in imperial England, 7-9, 13, 42, 82, 101, 114, 163, 276, 340

Middleton, Nathaniel, 193, 200, 201, 205, 208-9, 221

military, British: clockwork armies as used by, 321-23

reform of, 31, 274-75, 313-14

military action: as aspect of sovereignty, 261-62

East India Company’s engagement in, 260, 261, 269-70, 271, 274-75

as manifested in the theatre, 267-68, 314, 320-21

military spectacles, 312, 355

celebrating Cornwallis’s victory, 313, 314, 330-31

cultural difference as manifested in, 324

and cultural memory, 340-48

in India following Cornwallis’s victory, 326-28

Irish characters as used in, 331-32, 335-36, 338-40

modernity versus antiquity as manifested in, 322-23, 347

The Mogul Tale; or, The Descent of the Balloon (Inchbald), 14, 15-17, 18-21, 22, 27, 126, 127, 146, 161

Molière, Burney’s allusions to, 235-37, 247-49, 254-55

monarchy: as allied with the bourgeoisie, 134-35

attributes of courtiers, 151

devolution of into despotism, 151-52. See also despotism; George III

Montesquieu, 37

on despotism, 27, 126-27, 130-33, 141

on separation of powers, 133, 135

The Spirit of the Laws, 131, 132, 133, 137, 144, 145, 151-52, 156

theory of monarchy, 127

Moody, Jane, 177, 320, 321, 346

More, Hannah, 117

Moskal, Jeanne, 387n15, 388n19

Munro, Thomas, 311

Mysore Wars, 269-70

British atrocities perpetrated in, 316-17

British losses suffered in, 316

panoramas of, 342-44

as represented in theatrical performance, 314-15, 320-21, 323-32, 341

The Nabob (Foote), 117, 121, 135

contemporary figures as satirized in, 13, 42, 44, 55-56, 65-66, 67, 68-69

criticism of the British Empire implicit in, 65-66

criticism of private credit in, 56, 61-67, 68, 71-72

macaronis as satirized in, 67-70

Orientalist discourse in, 57, 70

structure of, 56-65

Napoleon, armies of, 321-22

Napoleonic Wars, 352, 356, 399nn14-16

nation-state: concepts of, 36

role of language in unifying, 240-42. See also sovereignty, imperial

Neal, James, Fordyce, and Down, 51

newspapers: as link between politics and theatre, 22-23

social manners as manifested in, 5-6, 10-11

theatre news in, 6, 11

al-Nissa, Sadr, 200, 209

nobility, Montesquieu’s view of, 133-34, 141

North, Lord, 127, 129, 387n15

and Fox-North coalition, 127, 165

Nussbaum, Felicity, 360n6, 388n28, 390n48

Oakes, Henry, 317

Oberea, 77-79, 81-82, 85-86, 89. See also Purea

O’Brien, John, 374n62

Okeefe, John, 13, 74. See also Omai; or, A Trip round the World

Omai; or, A Trip round the World

(Loutherbourg and O’Keefe), 13

British society as depicted in, 76

as commedia dell’arte, 83, 93-94, 100-108

as commentary on colonial conquest, 103-4

Cook’s apotheosis in, 75, 82-86, 89, 101, 113-14

Cook’s voyages as depicted in, 74-75

costume design in, 90-92, 99, 103

cultural difference as displayed in, 98-99, 105

ethnographic representation in, 74-75, 101, 113-14

London as depicted in, 76

as museological display, 96-99

paintings used as scenery in, 83-85

prostitution in, 108-9, 113

reviews of, 75, 83-84, 89-90, 98, 102-3

revisions of, 76-77, 101

set design of, 89-99

sexual deviance in, 77, 113

talisman as symbol in, 100, 102, 104, 105

oratory, 204-5

and bodily performance, 234-35, 250-51

public and private identities as manifested in, 242-44

Orde, T., 129-30

Orientalist discourse, 16-17

and the Begams of Oudh, 215–16

in Bicker-staff’s The Sultan, 19

in Foote’s The Nabob, 57, 70

Orme, Robert, 39, 40

Orr, Bridget, 129

Panna (mother of Chait Singh), 201-2

Parliament: decline of, 9

George III’s usurpation of, 130

and Hastings’s impeachment, 25-26, 116-17

sociability in, 117

patriotism: as manifested in the theatre, 320. See also military spectacles

Permanent Settlement, 267, 297-300, 311, 313

Peters, Matthew William, 83

Peyrère, Isaac la, 37

Pitt, William, 130, 140, 141-42, 143, 153, 274

Pocock, J. G. A., 2, 5, 6, 118, 265, 267

Pollilur, defeat of British forces at, 270

Porter, Robert Ker, 342

Portland, Duke of, 135, 137-39

power: forms of, 29, 117

and sexuality, 88-89

sultan as embodiment of, 125. See also despotism; separation of powers

Pownall, Thomas, 38

Prattent, T., 171, 172

print culture. See newspapers

prison reform, 148, 156, 157-61

private credit, 51-54, 350

Clive’s description of, 48-50

as critiqued in Foote’s The Nabob, 56, 61-67, 68, 71-72

and sexual deviance, 72

property: anxieties about security of, 73

British notions of, 109, 298-99

as issue in the East India Bill controversy, 128

and the Permanent Settlement, 298-99

public sphere, 34-35, 364n1

Purea, 77, 79, 111

race: concepts of, 9, 36-37

Foucault’s analysis of race war, 262-64

as means of social control, 35

miscegenation, 265, 385-86n10

recodification of, 28-29

racialization: and class, 13, 87, 114, 308-9, 310

of the Begams of Oudh (Awadh), 200

in imperial England, 76, 314

of Mai, 106-7

and masks, 107

and sexuality, 13, 72, 88, 105, 108, 264-65

racism: state-sanctioned, 28, 264. See also race; racialization

Ramah Droog; or, Wine Does Wonders (Cobb), 32, 314, 319

elephant as used in, 333-34

plot of, 334-35

fortress as represented in, 336-37

Irish issues as addressed in, 333, 334-36, 338-40

reviews of, 332-33

set design of, 332-33, 336-37

women as depicted in, 338-40

Ramberg, Johann Heinrich, 189, 190

raree show: Hastings trial satirized as, 172-82

as trope, 177

Ray, Rajat Kanta, 165, 278

Redfield, Marc, 363n44

Regulating Act of 1773, 44, 46, 70, 165, 368n16

Reynolds, Sir Joshua, 79, 107

Richards, John Inigo, 336-37

Richmond, Duke of, 138

Roach, Joseph, 34, 261, 296, 313

Robinson, Mary “Perdita,” 20

Robinson, Nicholas K., 189

Romanticism, cultural and political forces contributing to, 349-51

Royal Circus, 312, 321

Rumbold, Thomas, 55

Russell, Gillian, 34, 35, 320, 341, 342-43

Sadler’s Wells, 312, 321, 330

Tippoo Saib; or, East-India Campaigning, 325-26

Said, Edward, 120

Samet, Elizabeth D., 385n24

Sandwich, Earl of, 79

Sayers, James, 22

Burke as portrayed by, 179, 180, 194-95, 196-97, 214-18

Carlo Khan’s Triumphal Entry into Leadenhall Street, 130-31, 179

and the East India Bill, 127, 130

Fox as portrayed by, 127-31, 216-17

Galante Show, 194-98

The Princess’s Bow Alias The Bow Begum, 216-18

A Reverie of Prince Demetrius Cantemir, Ospidar of Moldavia, 214-16

Transfer of East India Stock, 127-28

Scurry, James, 318-19, 339

Sen, Sudipta, 37, 39-40, 88, 122, 265, 298

separation of powers, Montesquieu’s view of, 133, 135

set design, 93-99, 283-84, 303-4, 329-30, 332-33, 336-37, 341-42, 345

Seven Years’ War, 43

sexual deviance: of Foxite society, 130

in The Mogul Tale, 126

in Omai, 77, 113

performance of, 315

and private credit, 72

in Such Things Are, 150-51, 161

sexuality: as aspect of political economy, 9

and class, 19, 89, 107-8, 265, 306-7

Foucault’s concept of, 29-30

interracial, 77-79, 113, 200, 265, 266, 280, 281, 296-97, 304, 308

middle-class, 82, 340

in The Mogul Tale, 15, 19

in The Nabob, 67, 72-73

in Omai, 104-5, 108-13

and racialization, 13, 72, 88, 107-8

in Ramah Droog, 338

regulation of, 125, 161

in Such Things Are, 126, 148-49

in The Sword of Peace, 277-78

in The Widow of Malabar, 305-7

Sharp, William, 96, 97

Sheen, John Charles, 316-17

Sheridan, Mrs., 187

Sheridan, Richard Brinsley, 9

and the Begams of Oudh (Awadh), 200, 201, 204-13

and Hastings’s impeachment, 26, 27, 119, 130, 168, 177, 179

Sheridan, Thomas, 241-42

Sherwin, John Keyse, 90

Siddons, Sarah, 188, 211, 223, 226, 231

Singh, Chait, 168, 201

Singh, Devi, 186

slave trade, 281, 292

Smith, Adam, 35, 36, 368-69n25

Smith, Richard, 55

sociability: conflicting modes of, 116, 124

in eighteenth-century Britain, 35

and gender as manifested in the theatre, 41

in Parliament, 117

and performance, 34-35, 351

social reforms, 271. See also prison reform

sovereignty, imperial: changing dynamics of, 2, 9-10

and the East India Company, 3, 43-44, 264-65

Fox’s remarks on, 240-41

as manifested in India, 38

military’s role in, 261-62

perceived breakdown in, 351

resistance to, 263

theatre as commentary on, 1

stadial (four-stages) theory, 37, 365-66n14

Starke, Mariana: The Sword of Peace, 30, 31, 266-67

The Widow of Malabar, 30, 31, 267

state: militarization of, 267-68. see also sovereignty, imperial

Staves, Susan, 15

Stoler, Ann Laura, 88, 262, 265, 266

Straub, Kristina, 41

Such Things Are (Inchbald), 21, 27

contemporary figures as satirized in, 153, 157

debtors as portrayed in, 160, 162, 163

despotism in, 126, 148-49, 155, 160

forgetfulness in, 149-50

and Hastings impeachment proceedings, 127

masculinity and femininity in, 154

and principles of governance, 144-46

propagation of fear in, 147-48

sexual deviance in, 150-51, 161

social relations in, 147-48

sofa as symbol in, 158-59

virtue in, 156, 161, 163

Suleri, Sara, 179, 182-83, 193-94, 220, 222, 229

Sulivan Laurence, 45, 46, 47

sultan: Fox portrayed as, 130

in Inchbald’s Such Things Are, 148-49, 150

as represented at Hastings’s impeachment trial, 212-15

Sayers’s portrayal of, 214-16

Taylor’s perception of, 125-26. See also The Mogul Tale; or, The Descent of the Balloon

Sumatra: as symbol in Inchbald’s

Such Things Are, 147, 149, 152

surrogation, 261, 313

Sussman, Charlotte, 363-64n56

Sutherland, Dame Lucy, 368n12

suttee, 300, 303-4, 305, 306, 390n48. See also The Widow of Malabar

The Sword of Peace (Starke), 30, 31, 266-67, 319

character and caricature in, 281-96

as critique of the East India Company, 271-81

public reception of, 296-97

reviews of, 277, 282, 287

Tacitus, 203

Tahiti. See Omai; or, A Trip round the World

Tasch, Peter, 362n32

Taylor, John, 125-26

Teltscher, Kate, 120, 265, 281, 316, 318, 322, 329

The Tempest; or, The Enchanted Isle (Davenant and Dryden), 129

Temple, Lord, 129, 138, 140, 153

theatre, British: audience-performer interaction at, 11, 30, 31, 35-36

as autoethnography, 11-21, 22, 28, 73, 350

as barometer of taste, 12-13

character in, 11-12

gender transformations in, 41

legislation affecting, 178

military as represented in, 267, 270-71

precinematic technologies as used in, 312

race as represented in, 31-32, 76

regulation of, 13-14

social change as manifested in, 6-7, 11, 12-14. See also military spectacles; names of specific plays

Thompson, E. P., 8, 298

Thurlow, Lord Chancellor, 171, 175-77, 196, 224, 225

Tipu Sultan, 23, 260, 269, 270, 275, 296, 340, 350

French involvement with, 321

in Mysore Wars, 317, 318

paintings of, 397n71

as portrayed in British theatre, 314, 320-21, 323-32, 341-42, 344-48, 355

as portrayed in Cobb’s Ramah Droog, 314, 333, 334

sons of taken as British hostages, 329-30, 334, 341

as threat to British, 316, 317, 322

The Ton (Wallace), 116, 305

Tone, Wolfe, 334, 340

Tuite, Clara, 34, 35

virtue: and Anglophone political theory, 5

Captain Cook as exemplar of, 76

and corruption, 73

in Montesquieu’s Spirit of the Laws, 145, 156

as portrayed in eighteenth-century theatre, 14, 156, 161, 163

Wahrman, Dror, 7, 118, 265, 307

Wallace, Lady Eglantine, 116, 304-5

Walpole, Horace, 50, 54, 61

warfare, 32

dramaturgy of, 320, 321

in India, 260-62

race as aspect of, 262-64. See also military, British; military action; military spectacles; Mysore Wars

Wazir of Oudh (Awadh), Nawab, 200, 201, 208-9, 210, 214

Webber, John, 75, 82, 90-91, 95-96, 97

Wellesley, Lord, 260, 261

Westminster Hall, 171-73, 177

as camera obscura, 198

as raree show, 172-75

Whale, John, 354

Wheeler, Roxann, 35, 283

Whig party, 3, 9, 22

concepts of liberty and property, 39-40, 360n8

disintegration of, 143-44

and the East India Bill, 138, 139, 142-43, 161-62

George III as viewed by, 130, 140

and Hastings’s impeachment, 166, 182

The Widow of Malabar (Starke), 30, 31, 267, 299

as private theatrical, 301

reviews of, 302

suttee in, 300, 303-4

Wilks, Mark, 322-23

Wilson, Kathleen, 12, 28, 36, 74-75, 86-87, 118

Wollstonecraft, Mary, 117

women: as barometers of historical progress, 12-13

at the Hastings trial, 24-25, 124, 169-70, 212

in Moslem society, 213-14

in Ramah Droog, 338-40

and social regulation, 117. See also Begams of Oudh (Awadh)

Wordsworth, William, 351

Wyndham (Windham), William, 235, 243, 249

on Burke’s eloquence, 244-47

and Samuel Johnson, 236

role of in Burney’s narrative, 228-29, 251-57

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Notes

Additional Information

ISBN
9781421427737
Related ISBN
9781421429205
MARC Record
OCLC
1048221188
Pages
401-412
Launched on MUSE
2018-08-15
Language
English
Open Access
Yes
Creative Commons
CC-BY-NC-ND
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