My special thanks go first and foremost to the many individuals who supported me through my graduate studies and early career as an assistant professor. My parents, Roger Boyd, Beverly Rude, and Bert Rude, have always buoyed me up during times of doubt. Their encouragement over the years made my goals in an uncertain academic climate seem reachable. At Purdue University, my dissertation advisers, Leonard Neufeldt, Susan Curtis, Cheryl Oreovicz, and Robert Lamb, deserve my deep appreciation for their careful reading and their invaluable feedback. Their advice and encouragement made an incalculable difference. I also wish to thank my fellow graduate students, especially Rebecca Saulsbury, Gwen Tarbox, Tom Pendergast, and Jacob Jones, who were supportive comrades in arms. At the University of New Orleans, my current home, I wish to thank all of my colleagues, who have offered support and encouragement in many thoughtful ways. I am grateful to count among my friends the extraordinary Rachel Kaul, Michelle Byrne, Stephanie Stanley, and Lauren Fox, all of whom have spurred me on over the years and provided encouragement for my work. Paul Rioux’s companionship and affection have centered me and given me the joy of my life. This book is very much about women’s struggles to preserve their ambitions and individuality without sacrificing love and companionship. I feel fortunate to have found such a relationship with Paul.
Many friends and colleagues devoted their time, energy, and expertise to reading drafts of chapters or even the entire manuscript. I am grateful for their willingness to take time out of their very busy lives to give me much-needed feedback; their comments were always useful and encouraging. My special thanks to Susan Curtis, Catherine Loomis, Gary Richards, Nancy Easterlin, John Hazlett, Rebecca Saulsbury, and Lisa Radinovsky. To Sharon Dean, who generously read a large portion of the manuscript and offered encouragement and advice, I am particularly grateful. Other members of the Constance Fenimore Woolson Society, especially Kathleen Diffley, Cheryl Torsney, Caroline Gebhard, and Kris Comment, provided valuable support and guidance over the years. At an early stage in the process of finding a publisher, Nina Baym, Leonard Neufeldt, and Susan Curtis were very kind to read drafts of my book proposal and to offer suggestions. Attendees at the New Frontiers in Early American Literature conference at the University of Virginia in 2002 enthusiastically responded to my ideas, asked valuable questions, and gave me the motivation I needed at a crucial stage.
I cannot fully express the extent of my gratitude to Robert J. Brugger, Melody Herr, the anonymous reader, the editorial board, and the faculty board at the Johns Hopkins University Press for finding value in my work and recommending its publication. I also appreciate the efforts of Carol Ehrlich, my manuscript editor, whose thoroughness and expertise made this a more polished book. For financial assistance, I am grateful to the Purdue Research Foundation and to the College of Liberal Arts and the English Department at the University of New Orleans.
For permission to reprint images or quote from materials in their collections, I am grateful to the following archives and libraries: Department of Manuscripts, Huntington Library, San Marino, CA; Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Yale University, New Haven, CT; Beverly Historical Society, Beverly, MA; Boston Public Library, Department of Rare Books and Manuscripts, Boston, MA; Houghton Library, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA; Concord Free Public Library, Concord, MA; American Antiquarian Society, Worcester, MA; Western Reserve Historical Society, Cleveland, OH; Manuscripts Division, Department of Rare Books and Special Collections, Princeton University Library, Princeton, NJ; Rare and Manuscript Collections, Carl A. Kroch Library, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY; Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Butler Library, Columbia University, New York, NY; New York Public Library, New York, NY; Shelley Collection, Rare Books, University Libraries, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA; Clifton Waller Barrett Library, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA; and Abernethy Library, Special Collections, Middlebury College, Middlebury, VT. For help in acquiring the materials I needed for illustrations, I wish to thank Elizabeth Lewis. And photographer Harriet Bloom was a godsend; for her generous flexibility I am thankful.
Portions of chapters 1 and 4 first appeared in an earlier form in the journal American Studies as “‘What! Has she got into the “Atlantic”?’: Women Writers, the Atlantic Monthly, and the Formation of the American Canon” (39, no. 3 : 5–36); © 1998 Mid-American Studies Association. A portion of chapter 4 appeared in Constance Fenimore Woolson’s Nineteenth Century: Essays, ed. Victoria Brehm (Detroit: Wayne State University Press, 2001), as “Anticipating James, Anticipating Grief: Constance Fenimore Woolson’s ‘“Miss Grief.”’” I am grateful for permission to republish these passages.