I am grateful to the American Association of University Women, the American Council of Learned Societies, the Swarthmore College Faculty Research Fund, and the National Endowment for the Humanities for supporting my research on this project. I also thank Cynthia Baughman, Margaret Berg, the Cornell University Graduate Feminist Reading Group 1982–85, Terrence Holt, Elsie Michie, Beth Newman, Andrea Sununu, and Melissa Zeiger for all their help and support. I offer my sincere gratitude to Bernhard Kendler of Cornell University Press and the series editors, Shari Benstock and Celeste Schenck, for their ongoing assistance and consideration. I am especially indebted to Neil Hertz, Mary Jacobus, and Harry Shaw for their guidance in the early stages of this project and to Deirdre David, Susan S. Lanser, and Mary Poovey for their careful attention to the final drafts of my manuscript.
Chapter 2 appeared, in an earlier version, as “Romance Revised: Charlotte Lennox’s The Female Quixote,” in NOVEL: A Forum on Fiction, 18, no. 1 (Fall 1984). Copyright NOVEL Corp. © 1984. Reprinted with permission. A portion of chapter 3 appeared as “An Early Romance: Motherhood and Women’s Writing in Mary Wollstonecraft’s Novels,” in Romanticism and Feminism, ed. Anne K. Mellor (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1988). A portion of chapter 4, which came to substantially different conclusions, appeared as “Dickens’s Streetwalkers: Women and the Form of Romance,” in ELH 53 (1986), copyright © 1986 by Johns Hopkins University Press; another portion appeared as “Women in White, Men in Feminism,” in The Yale Journal of Criticism 2 (April 1989), copyright © 1989 by Yale University.