publisher colophon

Index

abortion, 193, 199200, 204, 20812, 235

Adorno, Theodor, 31

Adotevi, Stanislas, 69n

aesthetics, 4, 8, 29, 41, 55, 57, 65, 104, 245

Africa, 26, 90, 94, 105, 11013, 12425, 16690; myth and reality of, 167, 170, 172, 17677, 18183, 18788

Algeria, 11, 21, 24, 90, 190, 194206

alienation, 33, 14751, 15966, 171, 17677, 18889. See also under self

Allan, Lewis, 163

anamnesis, 88n, 118, 123n, 154, 22225, 230. See also memory

Andrews, William L., 100

Angelou, Maya, 16, 18, 2027, 170, 24748; Gather Together in My Name, 13135, 14144, 156, 162; The Heart of a Woman, 132, 13943, 16466; I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings, 85, 9095, 13064, 174, 200; Singin’ and Swingin’ and Gettin’ Merry Like Christmas, 13343, 15056

Anozie, Sunday O., 72

anthropology, 26, 94, 99, 1026, 11015, 11920, 126

Antilles, 26, 16872, 176, 18790, 246

Apollo, 22627, 235, 240

Apuleius, 59

Arachne, 244

Arenberg, Liliane K., 156

Ariadne, 77, 227, 240, 244

Aristotle, 40, 63

Arnold, A. James, 69n

Artaud, Antonin, 194n

Athena, 15, 244

audience, 82, 9596, 13033, 156, 16066, 174. See also reader

Aufhebung, 223, 225

Augustine, 3, 78, 1926, 79, 125; Confessions, 1920, 23, 3132, 3567, 75, 7880, 8387, 156; feminist revision of, 32, 133, 196, 210, 21013, 248; as literary predecessor, 53, 22526, 244, 248

autobiography, 21, 154; Afro-American, 100, 144, 155, 158, 170; and fiction, 23, 25,92, 117, 13034, 13843, 15255, 15859, 17374, 19193; and literature, 13035, 13843, 15255, 159, 174, 19697; spiritual, 3839, 45, 4850, 79, 100, 196; theories of, 85, 92, 98102, 197n, 2056; traditional, 25, 37, 97, 211. See also self-portraiture; “truth”

autoethnography, 99100, 108, 122, 248

Bacon, Francis, 222

Baker, Houston A., Jr., 1056, 115n

Barthes, Roland, 28, 83, 1089, 125n, 13738, 21112, 222

Bartholomeo, Fra, 81

Baudelaire, Charles, 28n, 207, 213

Baxter, Reverend Richard, 13940

Beaujour, Michel, 45, 51, 64, 80, 85, 96, 11011, 12022, 126, 22122, 22527, 234

beauty, 4043, 48, 51, 5457, 6263, 75

Bellegarde-Smith, Patrick, 6

Benjamin, Walter, 109

Bergman, Ingmar, 78

Bernal, Martin, 11819

Bettelheim, Bruno, 194n 2056

Bible, 24, 3640, 44, 50, 5354, 6063, 75, 148, 150, 154

Bildungsromane, 95, 174, 221

binary systems: in Augustine, 3540, 5253, 65; in criticism, 31, 38, 40, 46, 65; deconstruction of, 56, 10n, 18; and domination, 5253, 6768, 16972, 176, 185; dualism, 3536, 137, 172, 242; in Humbert, 221, 22735; racial, 10n, 109; rejection of, 3640, 68, 109; and third term, 6, 2224, 6768, 77, 162, 17576; in Western culture, 22, 6566, 235. See also dialectics; Manicheanism

birth, and rebirth, 75, 114, 137, 15456, 167, 19296, 223, 240, 242. See also conversion; death; maieusis; procreation

Blanchot, Maurice, 3

Bloch, Ernst, 110n

Blondel, Eric, 239

blood, 2324, 194n, 195, 198, 200, 2025

Bloom, Harold, 17n

Boas, Franz, 99, 102n, 115

body: of Christ, 48, 80; female, 1112, 33, 94, 196, 2026; geographical, 90, 199206; vs. mind, 33, 66, 124, 14546, 196; physical and literary, 20, 32, 4041, 66, 68, 7486, 90, 196, 226; and “skin disease,” 23741; and trust, 13536, 146. See also procreation

Boileau-Despréaux, Nicolas, 197

Booker, John T., 184n

bourgeois, 168, 175, 17879, 188, 193, 208, 238

Brabant, Claude, 246

Brazil, 12n

bricolage, 8, 157

Britain, 71, 2067, 21213

Bronte, Charlotte, 159

Brooks, Peter, 200, 213n

Brown, Peter, 31

Burke, Kenneth, 38, 4647, 51, 5456

Butler, Samuel, 216

Butterfield, Stephen, 144

canon, 7, 21, 37, 19596, 213. See also literary tradition

Cardinal, Marie, 16, 2027, 190; Les Mots pour le dire (The Words to Say It), 24, 29, 85, 90, 93, 95, 135, 185, 192206, 248

Caribbean, 4, 6, 26, 105, 170, 18788, 217, 246

Catholicism, 42, 50, 56, 223, 230

Ceres (Demeter), 117, 128

Certeau, Michel de, 165

Césaire, Aimé, 15, 6773, 171, 176

Césaire, Ina, 177

Chambers, Ross, 131, 15354, 214, 223

Chatman, Seymour, 184n

Christ, 48, 60, 230; Anti-, 20, 74, 84, 226; death of, 22326; imitation of, 20, 56, 67, 78, 80n, 22526; in Nietzsche, 74, 76, 8082, 87

Christianity, 3637, 5657, 6465, 7282, 226; Nietzsche on, 32, 65, 74, 80, 87, 23839

Clifford, James, 99

Club Med, 217

Cohn, Dorrit, 182, 184n

Colette, 137

Colish, Marcia, 52n

colonialism, 105, 107, 118; and colonized mentalities, 7, 21, 9496, 110, 17577, 18082, 18789, 205, 223, 23738; critiques of, 107, 193, 21819; histories and legacies of, 3, 1113, 24, 6768, 7273, 109, 112, 166, 176, 179, 181, 18893, 199213,. 21719, 223; in Humbert, 19193; and identity, 8; and language, 23, 2427, 179, 204; and métissage, 9, 11, 94; and the métropole, 2, 11, 26, 2034, 209; and mothers, 2016; neo-, 73, 167; post-, 8, 245; and racism, 107, 208, 22627, 23638. See also domination; emancipation

community, 1079, 14751, 15658, 16264, 23738, 243. See also culture; See also under self

Condé, Maryse, 16, 2127, 33, 69n 24648; Heremakhonon, 2, 6768, 90, 9496, 16690

confession, 17489, 210212. See also under Augustine

Conrad, Joseph, 207, 213

conscience malheureuse, 175

conversion: revision of model, 32, 74, 8081, 175, 180, 196, 201; spiritual, 4262, 65, 79, 8687, 211, 22526

Cooper, John C., 42

Corneille, Pierre, 213

Courcelle, Pierre, 59

criticism (literary), 7, 17, 71, 173: antimodels of, 19596, 2036, 232, 23536, 244; and maieusis, 19596; reductive, 19, 28, 31, 3640, 4547, 65, 68, 132, 24748

Cuba, 15, 188

Culler, Jonathan, 157n

culture(s), 1, 27, 16869, 245; and alienation, 9195, 153, 17677, 18889; and anthropology, 99109; Hurston’s approach to, 11322; vs. nature, 33, 66, 137, 21718, 23940; Nietzsche’s view of, 33, 82, 153, 21718, 221; Western, 45, 36, 68, 70, 72, 172. See also community. See also under diversity; domination; language; métissage; race

Damballah, 111

Darwin, Charles, 1720, 207

Darwinian theory, 18

Dash, J. Michael, 4n

daughter(s): failed, 187

death, 19, 5457, 7778, 12028, 23637; and birth, 75, 80, 114, 244; and conversion, 44, 4950, 5457; of embodied self, 4950, 56, 7879; sacrificial, 94, 22627, 240, 24344; suicide, 13, 24, 205, 24347. See also under mothers

death wish, 48, 234

decadence, 7479, 82, 174

Defoe, Daniel, 13033, 13843, 216

de Gaulle, General Charles, 168n

de Lauretis, Teresa, 8

Deleuze, Gilles, 24, 71, 182, 206n, 21819, 240

Demeter (Ceres), 11718, 123, 132n

Demetrakopoulos, Stephanie, 132n

Derrida, Jacques, 3, 8n, 37, 71, 77, 82, 87, 149n, 219, 222, 243n, 244

Descartes, René, 79

Détienne, Marcel, 1415, 18

dialectics, 22, 73, 8285, 19293, 227

dialogic imagination, 2

diaspora, 72, 90, 109, 112, 119, 166, 169, 171, 181

Dickens, Charles, 133, 15253

difference, 16, 100, 120, 12325, 221, 24m; acceptance of, 193, 198203, 240, 24648; negation of, 22, 21112; sexual, 5263, 191, 195, 198203. See also diversity; gender; race

Dionysus, 20, 69, 77, 8384, 88n, 227, 231, 235, 2

disease, 19, 45, 7683, 21718, 23741

disfigurement, 12627

displacement, 46, 104, 119, 157, 171, 181, 205

diversity: affirmation of, 5, 27, 94, 23436, 24041, 24546; biological advantages of, 1718; cultural, 1056, 19193, 21213, 21721, 22632, 24648; as political strategy, 58, 18, 16970, 190n. See also difference; métissage

Djebar, Assia, 248

domination: cultural, 56, 121, 16971, 17677, 202; and denial, 2, 16970; and Diversion, 16972, 185; through education, 2, 82, 188, 23738; and language, 23, 2627, 16065, 179, 202, 204; political, 181, 2023; political, as personal, 16, 27, 94, 144, 171, 17578, 18182, 187, 193, 199206, 213, 246; resistance to, 67, 16, 24, 26, 155, 16972, 191, 206, 237, 247; and self-determination, 26, 15960, 16869, 172, 177, 18789, 2016; and survival strategies, 1718, 131, 133, 15657, 16266, 170, 192, 232, 236; war, 24, 108, 199206; Western, 219, 227, 240. See also colonialism; emancipation; racism; slavery. See also under other

Douglass, Frederick, 144

Dumont, René, 247

Dürer, Albrecht, 81

Durham, Carolyn A., 197

emancipation, 142, 169, 181, 18991; hysteria as, 24, 202, 206; and métissag, 9, 29, 24548; by retrieving the past, 7, 66, 113, 192; and writing, 21, 91, 96, 146, 189, 199202, 213

essentialism, 5, 89, 15, 7980, 98n, 101, 107, 169, 210, 245, 247. See also negritude

ethnicity, 90, 99, 110, 248

ethnography, 99100, 104, 112, 115

Europe, 11, 7075, 82, 105, 107, 168, 17577, 181

Eve, 92

exegesis, 3739, 47, 50, 6364

exile: in Condé, 168, 175, 180, 190; in Humbert, 209, 22425, 233; in Hurston, 121; spiritual, 45. See also diaspora

experience, 91, 100, 11218. See also life

Fanon, Frantz, 6773, 97, 10510, 118, 176, 186n, 223, 247

fantasy: in Angelou, 15860

fathers, 7577, 193, 197; and naming, 88, 14142

Faulkner, William, 13, 213

feminism, 89; and autobiographical theory, 9293; as model of reading, 19, 28, 2036, 24748; and Western domination, 21819. See also under Augustine

Fischer, Michael M. J., 11011n

Fleishman, Avrom, 92

folk traditions: in Angelou, 13233, 15266, 212; in Hurston, 95, 98, 100105, 1078, 11317, 12122

form: and content, 97103, 114, 132, 163; genealogy of, 12829

formalism, 91

Förster-Nietzsche, Elisabeth, 71

Foucault, Michel, 20

France, 11, 71, 90, 94, 168, 170, 178, 18788, 191, 194, 2035, 22425, 246

Freud, Sigmund, 66, 194n, 205, 223, 233 239

future, 26, 88, 17273, 18690; utopian, 27, 88n, 94, 110, 190, 220, 24548

Gandhi, Mohandas K., 207

Gasché, Rodolphe, 71, 194n

Gates, Henry Louis, Jr., 1, 127

Gautier, Théophile, 1112n

Geertz, Clifford, 2, 29, 103

Gelley, Alexander, 114

gender: and autobiographical genre, 92; and culture, 35, 29, 32, 5253; de-construction of, 19; and métissage, 9, 16; politics of, 245; problematics of female authorship, 9196, 13538, 14041, 14546, 22223, 244, 24748; sexism, 2, 19193, 219. See also difference; woman

geneaology, 90, 98, 101, 111, 12729, 167

Genette, Gerard, 37

genre, 21, 29, 85, 9192, 95, 130, 22225, 244

Germany, 7071, 8182, 113

Gilbert, Sandra M., 118n

Gilman, Sander, 5

Gilson, Etienne, 51

Giovanni, Nikki, 137

Glissant, Edouard, 45, 8-ion, 14, 2627, 67, 96, 16972, 185, 190, 24546

Gobineau, Count Arthur de, 10

God: in Angelou, 139, 147, 15255, 164; in Augustine, 3132, 3567, 7879, 87, 15053, 156; as Eternal Phallic Mother, 4445, 56, 86; as Mahāmāyā, 138n; maternal dimensions of, 32, 36, 4445, 56, 86; in Nietzsche, 7576, 83, 87; as transcendent Other, 32, 67, 15053, 196

Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von, 8182

Gordimer, Nadine, 248

Gould, Stephen J., 238n

Guadeloupe, 21, 95, 174, 178, 18890, 217

Guattari, Félix, 182, 206n

Gubar, Susan, n8n

Guillen, Nicolas, 15

Guinea, 174

Haiti, 12, 105, 110, 188

Harlem Renaissance, 95

harmony, 3541, 65, 23435

Harris, Marvin, 12n

Head, Bessie, 248

hearing, 50, 5759, 6263, 8287

Heidegger, Martin, 108

Hemenway, Robert, 98, 1034, 113

Heraclitus, 20, 109, 113

heroes, 24, 174

heroine, 175; picaresque, 90, 13233, 14143, 15657, 164, 176; revised role of, 25, 85, 91, 9495, 21315, 22122

hierarchies, 3639, 4849, 5253, 6263, 67,152

Hindu culture, 20810, 223, 230

history, 99; allegories of, 26, 95, 13032, 150, 15455, 168, 17482, 18789, 199206; “Aryan model” of, 111, 119; and determinism, 28, 107n-10, 116, 248; dominant discourses of, 73, 21617; and memory, 11729; and mothers, 11721, 12829, 170; revision of, 16768, 17677. See also origins; past

Holiday, Billie, 163

Holloway, Karla, 119

Homer, 157, 165

Hoodoo, 104, 11013, 117, 120, 124, 158, 188

Hughes, Langston, 107, 155

humanism, 79; and métissage 4, 1617, 212

Humbert, Marie-Thérèse, 8, 16, 18991; A l’autre bout de moi, 2, 2127, 52n, 8386, 9096, 145, 19294, 20844, 248

Hurst, Fannie, 123, 126n

Hurston, Zora Neale, 16, 18, 2127, 13032, 152; as artist and athropologist, 1036, 11415, 11920, 128; Dust Tracks on a Road, 66, 85, 90, 94129, 17071, 248; “Isis,” 111, 117; Jonah’s Gourd Vine, 111, 117; Moses, Man of the Mountain, 111, 128; Mules and Men, 104; Their Eyes Were Watching God, 12021

Huxley, Aldous, 216

I, 185, 192, 194; “anti-moi,” 174, 176, 189

identity: cultural, 18890; dualities of, 7478; and

tissage, 89, 1416; mimetic, 82, 84, 90; plurality of, 8182, 22223, 230. See also negritude; “race”

ideology: critique of Western, 73, 102n; oppositional, 18385

individualism, 174, 194, 210, 227, 231

intellectuals, 3, 17677, 18788, 245

Iser, Wolfgang, 192

Isherwood, Christopher, 125

Isis, 11112, 11720

Jacob, François, 12n

Jacquard, Albert, 12n

Jahn, Janheinz, 142

Jamaica, 188

Jameson, Fredric, 221, 245

Janus, 83, 89, 219, 226

Jardine, Alice, 21819

Jauss, Hans, 39

Jehlen, Myra, 209n

Johnson, Barbara, 197

Johnson, James Weldon, 155

Joubert, Jean-Louis, 235n

jouissance, 45, 48, 58, 83, 13738, 15253

Kaufmann, Walter, 71, 240

Kent, George E., 134

Khatibi, Abdelkebir, 222

Klossowski, Pierre, 71

knowledge: Western monolithic modes of, 16, 22, 24

Kofman, Sarah, 4n, 71

Kristeva, Julia, 27, 4445, 48, 83

Lacan, Jacques, 83, 223, 233; Lacanian Imaginary, 172

Laforest, Edmond, 13, 24, 245

language(s), 87, 92, 99, 222; and alienation, 167, 17980, 248; “confusion of tongues,” 2, 24748; constative, 131, 15761n, 166; as critical tool, 16, 2327, 4647, 13839, 18081, 223, 244, 24748; and culture, 35, 8, 2122, 70, 247; and death, 149, 200201, 2045; dominant, 16, 1920, 180, 23738; duplicity, 13031, 13843, 150, 158; as empowerment, 15965; failed communication, 175, 17980, 18587; God’s word, 39, 4449, 60, 63, 151; heteroglossia, 2, 24; and métissage, 16, 2122, 25, 28; mother tongue, 12, 19, 22, 24, 27n, 156, 244; oral and written, 14, 1921, 2429, 99, 1034, 127, 15060, 245; and patriarchy, 14749, 17980; performative, 131, 149, 15761; and race, 1214; and silence, 23, 20, 50, 15053, 162; as sin, 4363, 14851; standard and vernacular, 12, 25, 29n, 9596, 13334, 15159; vernacular, 106, 128, 223. See also jouissance; signifying; speech

Lara, Oruno, 185n

Leclerc, Annie, 191

Leiris, Michel, 222

Le Pen, Jean François, 11n

Lévi-Strauss, Claude, 8, 10, 157

life: affirmative principle of, 6870, 7879, 108, 242; fluidity of, 1045; and literature, 104; Western fallacy of, 181

literary tradition: alienation from, 14041, 19697; dominant, 95, 21619; in-ternalization of “laws” of, 19699; women’s revision and creation of, 25, 32, 53, 66, 7576, 7981, 84, 9196, 100102, 120, 12829, 143, 196, 201, 21015, 226, 248. See also under métissage

literature: Afro-American, 25, 95, 98n, 100, 144, 155, 158, 170; as “life line,” 13334, 14347, 150; role/function of, 173; as sin, 5356. See also under autobiography

Lyotard, Jean-François, 64, 192n

madness, 20, 26, 19495, 200, 2036

Mahāmāyā, 138

maieusis, 87, 135; female reappropriation of, 19596

Malcolm X, 142

Manicheanism, 18, 24, 3540, 44, 56n-57, 68; in Condé, 169, 172

Marti, José, 15

Martinique, 167, 186n, 188, 217

Marx, Karl, 245

Marxism: critique of, 23132, 23536

masks, 84, 162, 212, 21618, 231, 23536,242

materialism, 80, 83, 86, 90

Mauritius, 67, 21, 25, 90, 18990, 20446

Medded, Abdelwahab, 248

Memmi, Albert, 11, 118, 223

memory, 45, 43, 45, 11011, 118, 22425, 229; loss of, 4951, 55, 60, 223. See also anamnesis

metaphysics, 37, 65, 210 métis, 1415, 18, 165; Mētis (wife of Zeus), 1415

métis, 1215, 21, 176, 20715, 222, 225, 237

métissage: aesthetic, 29; cultural, 45, 12, 26, 12829, 15559, 170, 189, 19193, 20813, 21921; definitions of, 4n, 6, 8, 1315; as degeneration, 910, 1617, 175; as egalitarian interaction, 38, 1516, 29, 67; female text as, 95, 213, 233n, 248; hybridization, 910, 1617, 187, 189, 19394; of literary traditions, 1518, 95, 13035, 13843; miscegenation, 911, 14, 157, 176, 18789; negation of, 912, 67, 73, 212, 227, 23033, 23637, 243; political, 612, 15, 26, 29, 190, 21819; pratique de, 4, 96, 190, 245; as privileged difference, 193, 240; and race, 916, 77, 15657, 194, 20814, 22627, 232; as reading practice, 78, 68; of religious traditions, 20810, 21920, 230; and transculturation, 1516, 26, 67, 170; as transformation, 15, 18, 26, 6768; webmaking as, 22833; writing as, 3, 16, 19, 36, 69, 9596, 106, 213, 22021, 230, 244, 246. See also diversity; “race”

Miller, Christopher, 28n

Miller, Nancy K., 29n

mimesis, 33, 82, 84, 90, 122, 169, 185, 24546. See also under other mirror, 67, 80, 120, 169, 177, 221; aenigma, 52, 64, 125, 211; as allegory, 11921; collective as, 115, 125, 127; non-Western construct of, 21012; and the past, 111, 11721, 12829

mise en abyme: of reading process, 32, 3940, 5965, 19899, 223

modernism, 21819; post-, 1617, 115

Montaigne, Michel Eyquem, Seigneur de, 3, 54, 76n, 8485, 93n, 109, 125n, 222, 229n

More, Thomas, 216

Morejón, Nancy, 1516, 67, 171, 190, 24546

Morrison, Toni, 136

Moses, 111

mother(s): Africa as, 112, 12425, 16768, 171; and daughters, 115, 11819, 12225, 12829, 13238, 14041, 16162, 199205, 209, 21415, 23638, 241, 243; death or loss of, 5457, 66, 94, 11112, 11625, 12829, 193, 229; Eternal Phallic, 27, 4445, 56, 86; matrilinealism, 132; and motherland, 2046, 22930; nature as, 125, 193, 199200; and writing, 23, 2627, 11621, 12425, 12829, 13637. See also procreation

Motin, Marie-France, 247

music, 63, 8687, 13437, 140, 147, 152, 23435

myth(s): creation of new/empowering, 13637, 189, 193, 200, 215, 244; debilitating, 121, 17071, 189, 193, 218; of islands, 6, 21618, 221, 244; and reality, 13132, 167, 172, 181, 220; and self-portraiture, 122, 14950, 155

mythology, 95, 11123, 128

Naipaul, V. S., 207

names, 13839, 150, 158, 222, 24142, 244

naming, 8788, 13842, 150, 158, 199200

Napoleon Bonaparte, 81

narcissism, 48, 59, 67, 123n, 168, 211, 227, 241

Narcissus, 123

narrative: as access to “transparent mind,” 18286; authority, 4346; dialectic of effect and response, 19293; and journey, 11416, 12021, 125, 21213, 222, 227, 23031; oral, 15866

narrative structure, 9394, 155, 248; of Augustine, 23, 3165, 235n37; and death, 201, 22526, 235n; layers, 2122, 25, 22122; and linearity, 85, 97, 104, 127, 222, 225

narrative techniques: binary correspondences, 221, 22530; dédoublement, 194n, 219; direct free thought, 179, 18485; direct speech, 179, 183; displacement, 46, 104; embedding, 5965, 112, 153, 159, 21415; free direct discourse, 95, 182; free indirect speech, 108, 184; indirect discourse, 182; interior monologue, 173, 175, 18286; mise en abyme, 5965; repetition, 13940; situational self-reflexivity, 131, 15354, 214, 223; topos, 8586, 90, 97, 103, 14445, 19293, 21620, 229, 22730, 234. See also voice

narrative time: and durée, 173, 178, 185

nationalism: 19, 7073, 8182, 95, 102n, 105, 107, 190, 218, 245

Nazis, proto-, 70

negritude, 8n, 15, 6873, 105, 177, 247

Nehamas, Alexander, 71

Néraud, Jules, 216

Ngaté, Jonathan, 171

Nietzsche, Friedrich, 78, 16, 1927, 6390, 97, 10910, 135, 149n, 21618, 221; Ecce Homo: 1920, 3133, 6590, 153, 226; as literary and philosophical predecessor, 6973, 175, 213, 22224, 24245, 248. See also Apollo; Dionysus; Zarathustra

Nietzschean strategies, 21, 25, 33, 98n, 128, 196, 218, 22245 “noise,” 2224

nomadism, 121, 125, 168, 181, 190

nomad thought, 24, 68, 75, 198, 206

Norris, Margot, 33, 71, 79, 239n

Odysseus, 14

Oedipus, 75

Olsen, Tillie, 93

O’Neale, Sondra, 13

Orientalism, 11

origins, 49, 108, 128; and diversion, 16970, mythical, 9, 23, 7273, 90, 16782, 18688; severed, 112, 116, 119, 16970, 18889, 20910. See also history; past

Osiris, 117120

other, 5n, 124, 212; alienation from the, 26, 68, 84, 171, 180; domination by, 4, 32, 67, 79, 114, 16971, 246; egalitarian interaction with, 4; and the female body, 1112; identification with, 33, 171, 176; internalization of, 6768, 166, 18589; mimetic identification with, 33, 67, 82, 84, 16869, 172, 176, 18788, 23839, 243; reader as, 22, 43, 84; receptivity to, 8384, 87; self as, 65, 9394, 20812, 219, 22627, 23044; surrender to, 4348; and “third man,” 22; woman as, 5253

Other: domination by, 16971, God as, 32, 43, 5253, 56, 67, 87

Pascal, Roy, 92

past: chaos of, 88n, 22728, 231; efface-ment/erasure of, 142, 23233; eternal return, 24042; fluidity of, 22021; reactionary potential of, 89, 110, 113; recovery of, 47, 2326, 66, 9495, 10813, 11820, 15456, 170, 179, 192, 20913, 223, 227, 248; redemption of, 88. See also anamnesis; history; memory; origins

patriarchy: and the female self, 21, 91, 17980, 19091, 195, 212, 223, 243; and internalization of negative stereotypes, 21, 212; and métissage, 12, 18; and mothers, 199206; and phallic women, 118

Persephone, 111, 11723, 128

perspectivism, 89

Philomela, 14950

Picasso, Pablo, 91

Pilate, Pontius, 80

Plath, Sylvia, 213

Plato, 3, 40, 83, 87, 216

Platonism, 115, 213; Neo-, 3637, 61, 7982

plenitude: Eternal Phallic Mother, 27; originary, 72, 116, 168, 181; spiritual, 27, 63, 63, 153

Pletsch, Carl, 88n

Plotinianism, 61

Pluto, 115, 11920

poetry, 6869, 158

Procne, 14950

procreation: appropriation of, 15; in Augustine, 4445, 66; and colonialism, 1112, 199205, 212; denial of, 24344; Eternal Phallic Mother, 27, 4445, 56, 86; Nietzsche’s use of, 33, 8687, 243n-44; and war, 200206; and writing, 19, 23, 27, 33, 8690, 93, 13438, 14142, 14647, 19495, 216. See also abortion; birth; mother(s)

Psyche, 59

psychoanalysis, 223, 233; and birth of self, 19498; critique of, 175, 17879; and political oppression, 2026; and writing, 198203

“race”: and anthropology, 102n; critiques of, 19, 69, 7879, 98, 100, 102, 10610, 113; and culture, 3, 5, 1214, 29, 70, 116, 12021; fallacy of, 917, 1056, 238n; and gender, 3; and “homelessness,” 68, 7073, 208; and inferiority complex, 17879; and language, 1216; politics of, 918, 9798, 100110, 113, 245; and science, 910, 12n, 7879, 187, 189, 236, 238n; and “skin disease,” 23741. See also métissage; negritude

Rachmaninoff, Sergei Wassilievitch, 23435

Racine, Jean Baptiste, 213

racism: apartheid, 10n, 215n; critiques of, 3839, 7073, 7879, 105, 109, 219; “heterophobia,” 11; and internalization of, 3, 21, 6768, 208, 23639; and literary theory, 17; scientific, 910, 12n, 7879, 187, 189, 236, 238n; and writing, 144. See also “race”

rape, 134, 14451, 164

Raynaud, Claudine, 106n, 123n

reader: active, 18486; author, 43, 8284, 88, 18586; critic as anti-model of, 19596, 203; daughters as, 140n; embedded, 185; God as, 44, 62, 196; ideal, 32, 6062, 82, 93, 185, 19598, 203; identification, 18486; and receptivity, 28, 4243, 59, 163, 199; response, 192. See also audience

reading: alterity, 65, 87; circularity of, 70, 82; exegetical, 39, 50, 59, 6365, 93, 150; /hearing and reading/seeing, 23, 59, 6264, 8284, 88, 24748; as intentio, 46; jouissance, 28, 8384; and kenosis, 60; /loving, 65, 198; model of, found in the text, 2728, 61, 74, 8384, 93, 98103, 106, 13133, 153, 19699, 2036, 22324, 232, 24748; problematics of, 41, 46, 56, 65, 85; and (pro)creativity, 89; and redemption,

39, 47, 50, 57, 6365; and selflessness, 15253; and silence, 44, 58, 8788,

150; and writing, 39, 41, 46, 57, 65.

See also mise en abyme

rebirth. See birth

redemption, 88, 151, 240; anthropological, 99; exegetic, 3739, 47, 50, 6364; literary, 32, 69, 7475, 154; spiritual, 67, 76, 78, 80

referentiality, 91, 98, 102, 104, 122, 128, 13031, 190, 193. See also “truth” religion(s): African, 188; alienation from, 14751, 155; Hurston on, 11214, 120; as subversive instrument, 155

religious traditions, 13334, 13940, 15356, 20810, 21920, 230

ressentiment, 69, 77, 82, 9697, 175, 236, 241

Retamar, Roberto Fernandez, 69n

rhetoric, 40, 45, 59, 86; of autobiography, 76, 79, 85

Rich, Adrienne, 93, 118

Ricoeur, Paul, 38, 46, 65

Rothfield, Lawrence, 43

Rousseau, Jean Jacques, 41, 82, 21617

Saint-Pierre, Bernardin de, 207, 216

Samuel, Richard, 73, 80

Sand, George, 191, 216

Sarraute, Nathalie, 91

Sartre, Jean-Paul, 175

Sayre, Robert, 220

Scharfman, Ronnie, 119, 140n

Schutte, Ofelia, 71

Schwarz-Bart, Simone, 187, 248

self: and absence, 45; alienated, 9195, 17475, 192, 240, 248; autono-mous/authentic, 68; birth of, 168, 19296; colonized, 7, 21, 9495, 110, 168, 175–77, 18082, 18789, 205, 223, 23738; and community, 47, 100, 1048, 112, 11518, 12127, 132, 14851, 153, 156, 17477, 206, 18288, 213; conversion of, 4350, 57, 64, 78; death of, 4950, 56, 7879; dichotomies of, 3839; dissimulation, 25, 74, 84, 92, 162, 232, 236, 243; divided, 32, 38, 4354, 57, 65, 8384, 92, 124, 20815, 219, 221, 22627, 241, doppelgänger, 32, 77, 89, 221; effaced, 32, 65, 67, 80, 8994, 153, 195, 198, 22526, 243; embodied and spiritual, 6566; essential, 79, 169, 210; as excluded middle, 162, 17576; figural, 99, 115; inner, 5153, 57, 60, 131, 14849, 229n; inner and outer, 4950, 21011; metamorphosis of, 219, 24044; and mirrors, 121, 21011; and mythological personae, 11112, 11523, 128; and the other, 68, 175, 246; and the past, 10911; plasticity of, 1023, 116; plural, 16, 19, 68, 8485, 103; relational, 27, 68, 94, 12426, 247. See also body; subject

self-portraiture, 85: and autobiography, 98; and death, 12028; definition of, 115, 222, 225; and emptiness and absence, 45, 12021, 22425; and fiction, 21922. See also autobiography

Senghor, Léopold Sédar, 15, 69n, 72. Serres, Michel, 2223n, 99n

Shakespeare, William, 25, 167, 191, 208, 211, 213, 216

signifying, 18, 95, 12728, 131, 158, 166

silence: reading and, 44, 58, 8788, 150; self-imposed, 14851, 163, 174, 243; and writing, 20, 26, 67, 202, 215, 220

slavery, 94, 108, 144, 16768, 176; legacies of, 16970, 18889, 207; and survival strategies, 18, 131, 15455

Socrates, 76, 87, 89, 135, 196; in Plato’s Phaedrus, 40, 83

South Africa, 6, 10n, 215n

speech: and context, 157n; loss of, 50, 116, 134, 14751; parole, 23; parole-action, 15761; parole-feinte, 15761n, 164, 166; parole-récit, 15761n, 166

Spengeman, William S., 38

Spinoza, Benedict de, 110n, 114n Stein, Gertrude, 91, 125n

Stendhal, 177, 184n

Stepan, Nancy, 9

stereotypes: internalized, 21, 166, 177, 212, 192; racial, 5n, 192; revision of negative, 9495; sexual, 5n, 174, 192

storytelling: 101, 115, 133, 15860, 200, 209, 21415

structuralism, 59, 221; post-, 1617

subject: and author, 19293; autonomous, 27; Lacanian, 233; polysemic female, 218; retrieval of the, 227; split, 92, 171, 18286; use of first person, 174, 176, 185, 189, 192, 194; use of second person, 179; use of third person, 192, 194. See also self subjectivity: stable, 22627, 243; and “truth,” 1067

surrealism, 91

Swift, Jonathan, 133, 216

taxonomy, 7, 910, 12n, 17

Tereus, 14950

text: appropriation of, 6871, 83; archi-texte, 37, 211; denotative and connota-tive layers of, 22; and illustration, 6465; inter-, 59, 133n, 163n, 184n, 213, 246; as mother, 140n; and pretext, 40, 44; Procrustean editing of, 37, 71, 107, 206; and the self, 49, 84; and “third man,” 2223; and title, 8081

“Third World,” 57, 11, 22, 27, 73, 193

Thoth, 111, 117, 120

time: and eternity, 38, 46, 24041; and narration, 38, 46, 65; narrative, and durée, 173, 178, 185

Todorov, Tzvetan, 133, 157, 16m Tournier, Michel, 213, 216, 221

Trinity, Holy, 62, 87

trope, 85, 222

“truth,” 22, 210; in autobiography, 79, 92, 98, 1067; of content, 1047, 12728, 163; and hyperbole, 3, 73, 83, 8889, 100102, 109, 132; vs. “nomad thought,” 24; psychoanalysis and, 198; strategies for dealing with, 95, 13032, 158, 16365. See also referentiality

Turcotte, Paul, 246

Turner, Victor, 103

Twain, Mark, 13, 159, 207

Tyler, Stephen, 115

übermensch, 69, 242

Ünheimlichkeit, 208

United States, 67, 12n, 14, 18, 24, 71, 99, 105, 107, 116, 120, 14344, 150, 168, 246

universality, 104, 21619; Nietzsche’s critique of, 79, 8485, 89, 245

utopia: in Angelou, 157; in Humbert, 218, 220, 23234, 244; Marxist, 23132; ou-topia and eu-topia, 216, 246; and political emancipation, 206, 247; topos of, 21522; and writing, 16, 27, 94, 216

Valéry, Paul, 91

Vallières, Pierre, 248

Vance, Eugene, 39

Vedanta, 138

veil, 54, 11721, 128, 13839, 170

Venus, 132n

Vernant, Jean Pierre, 1415, 18

Virgil, 5354

vision, 78, 8788; as perversion, 5759, 6263

voice(s): double, 13334, 138, 15059, 16566; plural, 106, 18288, 213, 220; singing, 14446, 150, 152

Wagner, Richard, 86

Walker, Alice, 93, 146

Warner-Vieyra, Myriam, 187

Waters, Ethel, 123, 125

Watt, Ian, 13943

Weltanschauung, 176, 185

West Indies, 167, 176, 186n-87, 21617

wholeness: through retrieval of the past, 110, 21011; spiritual and cosmic, 27, 4145, 64, 211

woman(en): and alienation, 33; and es-sentialism, 247; femininity, 5, 32, 87, 200, 21415, 227; islands as, 21618, 226, 241; and marginality, 13, 162, 2089n; metamorphosis of, 24344; as monsters, 19799; negative constructs of, 2223, 32, 5153, 66; Nietzsche on, 8687, 236; and patriarchy, 21, 91, 118, 17880, 19091, 195, 199206, 212, 223, 243. See also gender; mothers); procreation

Woolf, Virginia, 118

Wordsworth, William, 35

Wright, Richard, 144, 155

writer(s): as con artist/trickster, 16266; metamorphosis of woman, 222, 22526, 242, 244; self-denial by, 23

writing: and amor fati, 88; and the body, 7482, 85; and blood 135, 19798; and censorship, 95, 197; circularity of, 8889; and death and disease, 1920, 7481; at disjunction of past and present, 19293, 209, 213, 22425; as distentio, 4546, 61; dominant discourse; 3, 73, 166, 192, 21617, 226; écriture, 3, 226, 244; écriture feminine, 247; écriture inachevee, 222; and female performance, 14546, 149, 165; fragmentary, 85; and harmony, 235; as healing, 192, 194, 2013, 206, 242; and hearing, 8687; and literary laws, 95, 19699; and marginality, 122, 2089n; as matricide, 210; as métissage, 16, 19, 36, 69, 9596, 106, 213, 22021, 230, 244, 246; and patronage, 95, 115; and plenitude, 65; the plural self, 16, 68; problematics of, 41, 4546, 49, 56; problematics of female authorship, 9196, 13538, 14041, 14546, 22223, 244, 24748; as redemption, 32, 7475, 154; to retrieve the past, 11921, 12829, 22433; rigidity of, 3; and silence, 1920, 26, 67, 202, 215; as sin, 61, 6465; as transgression, 19798. See also under emancipation; procreation

Zarathustra, 68, 70, 76, 8184, 88, 108, 210, 21718, 231, 23742

Zeus, 1415

Zimmer, Heinrich, 138n

Zoroastrianism, 56n

Additional Information

ISBN
9781501723100
Related ISBN
9780801420917
MARC Record
OCLC
1057633853
Pages
249-258
Launched on MUSE
2018-04-06
Language
English
Open Access
Yes
Creative Commons
CC-BY-NC-ND
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