publisher colophon

Index

Note: Page numbers in italic refer to illustrations.

Abrahams, Roger, 16n, 46, 69, 181

Ādivāsī, 2, 811, 92; bhojalī and, 37; ḍālkhāī and, 52; marriage and, 48; suā nāc and, 24, 7879, 85, 94, 95 (table), 102103, 184185

Aghariya, 40

Ahir: candainī and, 133, 136141, 149, 151; women, 138n. 19, 141n. 14

Akashvani, 102103, 151152. See also All India Radio

Alha Kand, 132, 141n. 16

All India Radio, 102, 151, 183, 185186

Analytic genres, 15, 20

Anderson, Benedict, 178

Asceticism, 65

Audiences, 3, 11, 18, 2021, 61, 108, 112, 152, 177, 179, 182, 184185; bhojalī and, 42, 182; candainī and, 133, 136, 141143, 146, 151, 153155; ḍālkhāī and, 5253, 55; epics and, 133134; indigenous, 15; jāvdrā and, 182; kathānī kūhā and, 24, 108110, 113, 116128, 152, paṇḍvānī and, 163, 166167, 170, 172, 174175; performers and, 112, 115119, 183; radio, 102; suā nāc and, 24, 7779, 82, 8485, 88, 9495, 184; women as, 60, 78, 110, 146, 172, 174175

Auspiciousness, 36, 77, 9394, 101

Awadhi, 67

Babb, Lawrence, xvin. 2, 28n. 1, 3536, 4748, 5152, 73, 142n. 17

Bābū, 114

Bad songs. See Burī gīt

Badone, Ellen, 20n, 180181

Bagheli, 67

Bāhak, 14, 60n, 105, 107n. 5, 116, 129, 178; defined, 333

Bahū, 86

Bailey, F. G., 8n. 5

Bakhtin, M. M., 163

Bārahmāsā, 5354, 5657

Barths, Fredrik, 180n. 1

B11

Bathua, 134, 144, 147, 149

Bauman, Richard, 15, 1617, 21, 69, 108n. 6, 110, 112n, 133

Bawan Bir, 150

Beck, Brenda E., 139

Ben-Amos, Dan, 1516, 1819, 105

Bhajan, 12, 27, 109, 173174, 179, 183

Bhakti, 174176

Bhāv; 38, 165, 172, 176

Bhim, 79n. 2

Bhinjwar, 79n. 2, 80

Bhojalī, 14, 1921, 23, 2649, 50, 73, 112, 179, 182 (table); defined, 11; performance text transcriptions, 325328; regional variations, 23, 27, 2946, 180; ritual friendship in, 8, 2021, 23, 2729, 34, 3740, 4546, 183; social organization and, 4648, 181183

Bhojali Dai, 30, 33, 36, 39, 41, 4546

Bhojalī gīt, 20, 27, 2945, 46 (table), 48, 58

Bhunjia, 8n. 4

Binding: female, 7273; male, 73

Binjhwar, 8n. 4

Bīṛī, xvi, 27, 42, 78, 110, 172

Blackburn, Stuart H., 131n, 132n. 3, 133, 160n. 6

Blessings, 78, 84n; by married women, 39; in suā nāc, 8384, 9394, 101102, 184

Bose, Nandini, 153

Brahma, 140

Bride-price, 1011, 48, 100

Briggs, Charles, 16, 22n. 16, 23

Burī gīt, 23, 50, 5559, 7475, 178

Camar, 143144, 149

Canaini, 136n. 5

Canda, 136n. 5, 138140

Candaini, 134135, 144, 146150, 166168

Candainī, 3, 14, 20, 24, 69, 72, 104, 116, 130, 131155, 157, 179, 184; defined, 12; paṇḍvānī and, 163170, 173; performance context and, 104, 133, 136, 142, 145146, 151152, 154155, 185; performers, 60n, 105, 113, 133, 136, 141146, 153154, 165

Candainī gīt, 20, 142146, 154

Candainī nācā, 20, 143146, 165, 183. See also Nācā

Candi Mata, 135

Cassette tapes, 60n, 151, 172n. 15

Castes, 812, 14, 102; bhojalī and, 33, 182; candainī and, 130, 141146, 151, 155; ḍālkhāī and, 51; Hindu, 136; javārā and, 182; kathāni kūhā and, 109; mahāprasād and, 67; paṇḍvānī and, 165; See also Jāti and specific names

Celā, 105, 116

Chedi, 6

Chhattisgarh, 312; candainī and, 133155; culture of, 811, 136; as folklore region, 1112, 157, 179

Chhattisgarhi (language), 68, 13, 20, 154, 180

Christians, 107, 129

Cinema. See Films

Claus, Peter, 17, 20n

Coccari, Diane, 137

Cohen, Anthony, 180

Cohn, Bernard, 10n

Communication channels: in bhojalī, 32; in suā nāc, 24, 78, 85, 92, 9495, 101102, 184

Communication model, 22

Cows, 100101

Crooke, William, 92

Dadariyā, 12; defined, 11

Dāl, 4243

Ḍālkhāī, xix, 14, 18, 23, 45, 47, 49, 5076, 178179, 184; defined, 333; performance text transcription, 328329; Song of Subanbali and, 5973, 118

Ḍālkhāī gīt, 50, 5259, 75

Damayanti, 156175

Dange, A. S., 9

Darba, 157158

Darśan, 27, 35, 60, 106n. 2

Daśharā, 8, 52n. 1

Dasharath, King, 39

De Lauretis, Teresa, 74

Devī gīt, 38n

Dhamtari, 2, 11, 102, 152, 170, 185

Dhārī, 130n

Dharma, 51

Dhobi, 11

Dicing, 72, 148, 167168; candainī and, 69; ḍālkhāī and, 68; paṇḍvānī and, 161163

Dimmitt, Cornelia, 104n

Disguise, 3, 6871; in candainī, 148, 167; kathānī kūhā and, 126127; in Song of Subanbali, 74

Dīvālī, 102

Donations: in suā nāc, 78, 8185, 88, 102. See also Gifting

Doniger, Wendy, 104n, 165

Doordarshan, 158

Dowry, 1011, 48, 100

Draupadi, 72, 167

Dube, Amritlal, 86, 100

Dundes, Alan, 20n, 22n. 17

Durga, 55, 79n. 2, 137, 139, 140n. 11, 150

Durgā pūjā, 136, 145

Duryodhan, 72, 167

Dvarpa, 161

Egnor, Margaret, 139n

Elwin, Verrier, xivn. 2, 79, 86, 93, 100, 124125, 136, 147, 149

Entertainment, 62, 104, 152; candainī as, 136; ḍālkhāī as, 60; kathāni kūhā as, 118119. See also Manorahjan

Epics, 131132; caste and, 136141; regional, 141150. See also Candainī; Paṇḍvānī

Ethnic genres, 1516. See also Indigenous genres

Ethnicity, 151

Family hierarchy, 86, 98

Family relationships, 91, 99, 147

Female. See Women

Fernandez, James, 75

Fertility, 86, 9294; bhojalī and, 3839, 41, 4446, 48; ḍālkhāī and, 52; suā nāc and, 78, 83, 101

Festivals, xviii, 8, 19, 21, 151n, 184; candainī and, 135136; goddess, 28, 34, 37, 38n, 40; women’s, 36. See also specific names

Films, 144, 153155, 184

Fine, Elizabeth C., 32n. 8

Folklore communities, 2, 12, 15, 2021, 2425, 50, 75, 77, 101102, 163, 180186; candainī and, 132133, 142n. 18; kathānī kūhā and, 104105, 108, 119, 129; levels of, 177180

Folklore festivals, 25, 152

Folklore genres, 2, 11, 1518, 25, 76, 112, 179, 181, 183184. See also Performance genres

Folklore groups, 2, 177178, 180181, 186

Folklore regions, 15, 178180; Chhattisgarh as, 1112; Phuljhar as, 1215

Folktales, 12, 62, 70, 105; kathānī kūhā and, 24, 104, 119128

Forts, 56, 13. See also Garḥ

Frame stories: kathānī kūhā and, 114, 117, 120122, 124, 126, paṇḍvānī and, 169, 172n. 16. See also Interpretive framing

Furer-Haimendorf, Christoph von, 12n

Gānā, 1; defined, 334

Gaṇés caturthi, 2629, 136, 145

Ganesh, 2627, 28n. 1; mūrti, 2627, 34, 42, 45

Ganga, 30, 36, 44

Gara, 52

Garḥ, 56. See also Forts

Garh Phuljhar, 13

Garh Rivan, 134135, 142

Garuda, 63

Gaura, 103

Gaurā, 14, 36, 38, 46 (table), 151n, 168, 186; defined, 11; goddess possession and, 8081, 103, 183; suā nāc and, 7881, 94, 102103, 185

Gaurā gīt, 36, 38

Gāyak, 143n. 20

Gender roles, 3, 148, 167, 182 (table); in Song of Subanbali, 65, 68, 72

Gennep, Arnold van, 74

Genre. See Ethnic genres; Folklore genres; Indigenous genres; Performance genres

Geographical setting. See Regional identity

Ghāṭ, 34n. 10; defined, 334

Gifting, 8283, 102103, 184. See also Donations

Gīt, 1, 20, 186; defined, 334. See also Songs; specific types

Gluckman, Max, 75

Goddess possession, 112; in bhojalī, 23, 3440, 46, 181183, gaurā and, 8081, 103, 183; hair and, 58n, 73, 148n. 26; in javārā, 3536, 181182

Goffman, Erving, 108n. 6

Gold, Ann Grodzins, 28n. 2, 30n, 32n. 7

Gond, xvi, 8n. 4, 1113, 40, 116, 170, 179; suā nāc and, 79, 102103, 185

Gondwana, 12n

Goodwin, Charles, 23

Gossen, Gary, 16

Grierson, George, 140n. 11

Gumperz, John J., 15

Haihaya, 6

Hair, 57n, 58, 73, 148n. 26

Halba, 8n. 4

Handelman, Don, 69, 72n. 13, 75n. 16

Hansen, Kathryn, 68

Hanuman, 80n. 2

Hardi Garh, 134

Henry, Edward, 17, 183n. 4

Hiltebeitel, Alf, 156, 167

Hindi (language), 68

Hinduism, xvii, 136, 139

Hivale, Shamrao, 79, 93

Holī, 8, 17, 23; ḍālkhāī as, 5059, 184

Homo, 14, 27, 34, 42, 4647, 50, 58, 73

Hymes, Dell, 15, 22, 62, 178

Hypergamy, 48, 86, 94

Identity. See Regional identity; Social identity

Impotence: in candainī, 150

Inclusivity, 180181

Indigenous genres, 12, 1525, 46, 105, 177, 186; ḍālkhāī as, 59

Initiation traditions, 47; ḍālkhāī as, 7375. See also Puberty rites

Instruments. See Musical instruments

Interpretive framing, 3, 15, 2021, 2324, 27, 104, 112n, 186; bhojalī and, 27, 2930, 3334; candainī and, 24, 154; epics and, 133; Song of Subanbali and, 62; suā nāc and, 78, 82. See also Frame stories

Intertextuality, 1618, 20, 23, 27, 73, 163, 173

Inversion. See Reversal

Jacobson, Doranne, 9n. 6, 47, 99n. 12

Jagannath, 14

Jakobson, Roman, 2122

Jamuni, 140

Janmāṣṭamī, 29

Jason, Heda, 132n. 3

Jāti, xv, xvii, 8, 129, 185; female, 95. See also Castes

Javārā, 3436, 38, 46 (table), 181182 (table); defined, 11

Javārā gīt, 3536, 182

Jay, Edward, xivn. 2, 29n

Jayasi, Malik Muhammad, 92n

Jewelry, 8, 132, 144, 158, 166

Jhūpnā, 81, 103

Kahānī, 20, 186

Kalar, 33

Kali, 161162, 168

Kamar, 8n. 4

Kathā, 20, 105, 132, 172, 186

Kathānī kūhā, xviii, 19, 2425, 104130, 152, 178179; performance text, 252324, 331332

Kaushalya, Queen, 39, 45, 63

Kavyopadhyaya, Hiralal, 7n

Kawar, 8n. 4

Kewat, 11

Khalsā, 5

Khedkar, V. K., 137n

Khel, 20

Kissā, 12

Kolta, 2, 3, 59, 80, 109

Koyal, 86n, 111

Krishna, 29, 56, 58, 90n, 137, 140, 172

Kśatriya, 137, 141

Kurmi, 11

Lakshmi, 24, 65n, 77, 83, 93, 99n. 12, 100, 102

Laṛiyā, 7, 13

Linguistics, 68, 13

Literacy, 25, 75, 102103, 133, 155, 178, 183185

Lorik, 134144, 147150, 167168

Lorikī / canainī, 136138

Lutgendorf, Philip, 156

Mahabharata, 12, 72, 79n. 2, 119, 141n. 15, 156, 161, 167, 169; televised version of, 25, 159, 163n, 170

Mahāprasād, 40, 67, 126127, 169170. See also Ritual friendship

Maikā, xvii, 11, 8586, 91, 9394, 95 (table), 99100

Majari, 134, 138140, 149

Majedār, 159

Maṇḍalī, 109, 173, 175, 183n. 3

Mandelbaum, David G., 137

Mangla Devi, 55, 62, 63

Mangoes, 9293

Manorahjan, 60, 104, 136, 152. See also Entertainment

Marar, 157

Marital status, 3940, 177, 183. See also Unmarried girls; Women: married

Marriage, 8, 30, 4141, 46, 48, 54, 58n, 65n, 8586, 98; arranged, 86; candainī and, 151; ḍālkhāī and, 74; rituals, 7273. See also Wedding

Mass media, 25, 75, 102, 178, 183, 185; candainī and, 133, 151152, 154155. See also Radio; Television

Mātar; 11, 84n, 142, 145

Menez, Hermina, 132n. 3

Miller, Barbara, 910

Mills, Margaret, 69

Mṛdaṅg, 43

Muṅg, 43

Mūrti, 28n. 1, 29; Ganesh, 2627, 34, 42, 45

Musical instruments, 19, 52, 113, 143, 152, 158; paṇḍvānī and, 158, 163165, 174. See also Tambūrā

Nācā, 20, 113, 143146, 154155, 165, 182, 186

Nagy, Gregory, 21n. 14, 132n. 2

Nai, 11

Nal (Nala), 156175

Narayana Rao, Velcheru, 146n, 176

Narratives, 1921, 60, 64, 69, 74, 105, 113, 116119; candainī and, 133, 144, 165166; epic, 131133; kathānī kūhā, 106107, 120123, 125128; oral, 75; paṇḍvānī and, 165166, 174; rituals and, 51, 73; Song of Subanbali and, 188; suā nāc and, 86102

Nāṭak, 186

Nauṭaṅkī, 68

Navrātri, 34, 35

Naya Theatre, 153154

Nelson, A. E., 56, 13

Offerings: ḍālkhāī and, 52, 55; food, 44; javārā and, 36. See also Sacrifice

Okely, Judith, 51

Oral traditions, 12, 14, 44, 55, 79, 92, 133134, 140, 147, 163; bhojalī and, 4548

Orissa, 6, 7, 13, 47, 106, 142n. 18; as folklore region, 179

Oriya, 2, 3, 69, 13, 40, 42, 47, 178; ḍālkhāī and, 52, 59; festivals, 60n; suā nāc and, 80, 85, 95

Paḍdana, 17

Padmavati, 92n

Pān, 69, 148, 167

Pandey, S. M., 136141, 150

Paṇḍvānī, xvi, 20, 2425, 104, 131, 143n, 146, 156176, 184; defined, 12; performance context and, 104, 157, 163, 185; performers, 60n

Panka, 11

Pārā, xvi

Pardeś, 86

Parmar, Narayanlal, 8, 100

Parrot dance. See Suā nāc

Parrots, 9293, 95

Parvati, 11, 36, 60, 72, 79, 103, 106n. 2, 150

Patharla, xv, xvii, 105, 109, 119

Pativratā, 139, 162, 166167

Patrons, 104, 183; of candainī, 144, 153; of paṇḍvānī) 171; of suā nāc, 7778, 8085, 88, 94, 95 (table), 102103

Performance competitions, 25, 157

Performance contexts, 1112, 1618, 20, 23, 62, 104105, 180, 183; bhojalī and, 27; candainī and, 104, 133, 136, 142, 145146, 151155, 185; changing, 76, 184; ḍālkhāī and, 50, 5456, 59, 178, 184; kathānī kūhā and, 104105, 108109, 119129, 185; paṇḍvānī and, 104, 157, 163, 185; private, 12, 24, 62, 108, 120125, 185; public, 18, 24, 62, 78, 101, 105, 109, 119, 122125, 128129, 145n. 22, 146, 157158, 183; rāg and, 30; suā nāc and, 7779, 9394, 95 (table), 184

Performance genres, xv, 1314, 21, 151, 178; Chhattisgarhi, 1112, 1825, 158, 160; female, 77, 141n. 14, 146, 175; shastric, 25, 160, 162, 167, 170, 173176

Performance mediums, 112113, 115116

Performance style, 18; of candainī, 141146, 166; of kathānī kūhā, 107110, 112, 121, 128129; of paṇḍvānī, 160, 163166, 170, 175; of Ramayana, 156

Performance traditions, 12, 14, 18, 51, 133, 153, 160

Performers, 3, 11, 16, 1921, 25, 76, 152, 177, 179, 182; audiences and, 112, 115119, 183; candainī and, 60n, 105, 113, 133, 136, 141146, 153154, 165; Chhattisgarhi, 18, 153; female, 3, 60, 116, 146, 152, 158, 166, 181, 183; itinerant, 107108; kathānī kūhā and, 24; male, 1, 3, 130n, 143146, 181, 183; nonprofessional, 12, 24, 113, 119121, 128, 136, 145; paṇḍvānī and, 163, 165, 170176; professional, 1, 14, 24, 60, 104130, 136, 143, 146, 178, 183; semiprofessional, 62, 113, 116, 143; suā nāc and, 24, 94, 185

Phulan Devi, 68

Phuljhar, xv, 3, 1215, 2224, 179; language, 7; women and, 9

Pili Bai, 29, 31

Possession. See Goddess possession

Prasād, 28, 29, 39n, 40n. 16, 4344; in bhojalī, 2729; in javārā, 3536; in Ramayana, 39

Professional singers. See Performers: professional

Puberty rites: female, 4748; male, 48n. See also Rites of passage

Pūjā, 33, 37, 45, 174

Puram, 18, 122n

Purana, 104, 106107, 119

Purdah, xvn. 4, 9

Pushkar, 161163, 168

Radha, 56, 58

Radio, 25, 60n, 102; audiences, 102; candainī and, 146, 151152, paṇḍvānī and, 146, 157; suā nāc and, 185

Rāg, 30, 36, 110; of bhojalī gīt, 30, 33, 44; of candainī, 146; of ḍālkhāī, 56; of kathānī kūhā, 111, 113; of paṇḍvānī, 163; of suā nāc, 101

Rāgī, 116, 143, 146; defined, 335; paṇḍvānī and, 163166, 174

Raheja, Gloria Goodwin, 75nn. 15, 17, 91n

Rakśā bandhan, 28

Ram, 39, 52n. 1, 6263, 90n, 110, 132, 173

Ramanujan, A. K., 18, 22, 120, 122

Ramayana, xiii, xvn. 4, 25, 39, 52n. 1, 80n. 2, 107, 119, 132, 141n. 15, 156, 184; maṇḍalī, 183n. 3; paṇḍvānī and, 170; rāmlīlā and, 12, 179; televised version of, 170

Rāmcaritmānas (Tulsidas), xiii, 163, 170, 172, 176

Rāmlīlā, 12, 55, 109, 113, 165166, 179

Rāmsaptah, 170, 184

Rath yātra, 14

Raut, 11, 84n. 130n. candainī and, 134, 136, 141145, 150, 165; women, 149

Rāut dohā: defined, 11

Ravan, 52n. 1

Rawat, 11. See also Raut

Regional identity, 181; bhojalī and, 3132; can-dainī and, 24, 131133, 151152; kathānī kūhā and, 120121; paṇḍvānī and, 24, 131, 156, 160

Regional variations, 179180; in bhojalī, 23, 27, 2946, 180; in candainī, 133155; in kathānī kūhā, 106n. 3

Repertoire, xiv, xviii, xix, 23, 1116, 25, 27, 106, 167, 177179, 183, 186; kathānī kūhā, 104106

Reversal, 6869; in ḍālkhāī, 5052, 7475; in Song of Subanbali, 6265, 7374

Reynolds, Holly Baker, 48, 139n

Rites of passage, 51, 7274. See also Puberty rites

Ritual friendship: in bhojalī, 8, 2021, 23, 2729, 34, 3740, 4546, 183; in javārā, 35; of married women, 40n. 17, 45; paṇḍvānī and, 169170; in Song of Subanbali, 67, 70. See also Mahāprasād

Rituals, 21; of fasting, 75; marriage, 7273; and narratives, 51, 73; pilgrimage, 28n. 2, 30n; South Asian, 65n; sponsors of, 34

Ṛṣi (rishi), 60, 161, 169

Sabar, 52

Sacrifice, 39, 60; animal, 36. See also Offerings; Yagya

Sahu, 166167

Sambalpur, 13

Saṅgvārī, 143

Saraipali, 13

Sarasvati, 154, 173

Sarla Devi, 55, 6163

Śāstra, 159160, 169

Sasurāl, xvii, 9, 24, 41, 68, 8586, 9294, 95 (table), 9899, 101, 174

Sat, 139, 166

Satnami, 143145, 150, 165

Saunra, 40, 52, 59

Sawar, 8n. 4

Sax, William S., 156

Sears, Laurie, 133

Seedlings: in bhojalī, 23, 27, 29, 33, 3538, 40, 44, 48, 181182; in javārā, 35, 181182; in pilgrimage rituals, 28n. 2, 30n

Sevā, 3537, 42, 174, 182

Sexual hierarchy, 93

Sexuality: in bhojalī, 4344, 46; in ḍālkhāī, 5658, 75; holī and, 51; in suā nāc, 91

Sharma, Ursula M., 9n. 7

Shastric. See Performance genres: shastric

Sherzer, Joel, 16

Shitala, 137

Shiva, 11, 36, 60, 72, 79, 103, 150

Shukla, Dayashankar, 86

Shulman, David, 156, 162

Shuman, Amy, 15

Simhana, King, 56

Singers. See Performers

Sirco, 106, 113, 119

Sita, 132, 166, 175n

Śivrātrī, 8

Smith, John D., 156

Social categories, 2021, 4648, 73, 78, 181183

Social groups, 3, 17, 24, 57, 151, 181; in suā nāc, 85, 9394, 100, 184185

Social hierarchies, 5960, 181; in ḍālkhāī, 51; in suā nāc, 85, 9394

Social identity, xvii, 3, 8, 1718, 2325, 45, 186

Social organization, 2022, 25, 75, 177; in bhojalī, 4648; of genres, 180181, 186

Son Sagar (Tanvir), 154

Song of Subanbali, 25, 5051, 5973, 106n. 2, 116, 118, 167n. 14; performance text, 189251, 330331

Songs, xiii, 2, 17, 19, 21, 28; bhajan, 179; of bhojalī, 21, 2745, 180181; of candainī, 20, 142146; of ḍālkhāī, 23, 50, 5259, 75, 178, 184; devotional, 107; of javārā, 181; of kathānī kūhā, 113115; of paṇḍvānī, 165166, 173175; of suā nāc, 78, 94101; wedding, 12, 30, 174; women’s, 32n. 7, 151. See also Gīt

Sopher, David E., 10n

Srinivas, S. M., 137

Suā nāc, 3, 14, 24, 76, 77103, 112, 146, 179, 181; dance tradition, 78, 7994, 101; defined, 11; and gaurā, 7881, 94, 102103, 185; performance contexts of, 7779, 9394, 95 (table), 101103, 184185; performance text transcription, 329330; performers, 24, 94, 185; song tradition, 78, 94101

Subanbali. See Song of Subanbali

Supernatural power: in candainī, 139; in Song of Subanbali, 66

Suraj Bai, 146

Swayamuar, 161162, 168, 172, 174

Sweeney, Amin, 21n. 15

Swynnerton, Charles, 128

Talāb, 160

Tambūrā, 158, 164165, 171, 172. See also Musical instruments

Tanvir, Habib, 153154, 157

Tapas, 65

Tedlock, Dennis, 32n. 8

Television, 25, 60n, 184; candainī and, 146, 151152, 154; Mahabharata version on, 25, 159, 163n; paṇḍvānī and, 146, 157

Teli, 11, 33

Thakur Dev, 79n. 2

Theater, 153154

Thompson, Stith, 67, 70, 119

Tijan Bai, 146, 157158, 166, 172n. 15

Tribes, 8, 179. See also Ādivāsī; specific names

Tulsī, 42n, 47n. 21, 89

Tulsidas, 163, 172174

Unmarried girls, 20, 2728, 34, 42, 47n. 22; and bhojalī, 14, 23, 27, 3649, 180181; and ḍālkhāī, 23, 45, 5059, 7375, 178, 184; and suā nāc, 81

Upanayana, 48n

Uttar Pradesh: and candainī, 133155

van Buitenen, J. A. B., 160161

Vandanā, 6263, 110, 112, 115, 119, 154

Vansatti, 137, 139

Varma, Ritu, 146, 158, 172n. 15

Varma, Shakuntala, 89, 91

Varṇa, 137

Veiling, 9

Verbal traditions. See Oral traditions

Verma, Rajendra, 6, 8n. 4, 9, 11

Video halls, 143, 155, 183184

Vīhā gīt, 12, 30, 174175

Vīrāṅganā, 68, 74

Virhā, 137

Vishnu, 39

Vrat kathā, 12, 75, 118

Wadley, Susan, 17, 19, 30, 48, 72n. 14, 113n, 131

Weaver, Thomas F., 5

Wedding, 29, 104; rituals, 39; songs, 12, 30, 174175. See also Marriage

Wills, C. U, 6

Women, 3, 25, 42n, 70, 75, 167; as audiences, 60, 78, 110, 146, 172, 174175; bhojalī and, 23, 27, 3637, 39, 4546, 180; candainī and, 139142, 146149, 151; dicing and, 72, 167; javārā and, 3435; in labor force, 910; married, 39, 40n. 17, 4546, 48, 5152, 8586, 139, 181; performers, 3, 60, 116, 146, 152, 158, 166, 181, 183; songs of, 32n. 7, 151; status and role of, 811, 48, 74, 136; suā nāc and, 24, 78, 80, 9395, 99103; wedding songs and, 1

Yadav, 137138

Yadav, Laloo Prasad, 138n. 8

Yadav, Mulayam Singh, 138n. 8

Yagya, 6062

Yellow Woman, 29, 41

Yudhishthira, 161, 163, 167, 169, 172n. 16

Zamīndār, 5, 13, 120n

Zamīndārī, 5, 1213

Additional Information

ISBN
9781501722868
Related ISBN
9780801432064
MARC Record
OCLC
1057696840
Pages
345-354
Launched on MUSE
2018-04-06
Language
English
Open Access
Yes
Creative Commons
CC-BY-NC-ND
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