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Glossary

ādivāsī

literally, original inhabitants; tribal; castes with tribal origins, such as the Gonds

bābū

term of address for distinguished person; title of respect

bāhak

Oriya performer who sings, drums, and dances for “each of the thirteen festivals”

bahū

daughter-in-law; often used as term of address by members of the extended family other than the mother- or father-in-law

bImages gīt

songs sung by cowherding Raut caste to accompaniment of large bamboo flutes

bhajan

devotional song

bhakti

religious devotion

bhāv

emotion; character or quality

bhojalī

nine-day festival celebrating the bhojalī goddess in her form as sprouts/seedlings

bīṛī

hand-rolled cigarettes made from leaves and cheap tobacco; many ādivāsī castes in Chhattisgarh make a living by picking these leaves from the jungle and rolling the cigarettes; often pronounced and transcribed bīḍī

burā/burī

“bad”; obscene

candainī

regional Chhattisgarhi epic whose heroine carries the same name, Candaini

celā

disciple; in performance, accompanying a lead singer/dancer

dāī

Chhattisgarhi term for mother

dāl

pulse; lentil

ḍālkhāū

festival of reversal for unmarried girls, celebrated in Phuljhar

darśan

auspicious sight; one “takes darśan” of a deity in worship of a mūrti

daśharā

festival celebrating Ram’s defeat of the demon Ravan

devī

goddess

dharma

religious duty; proper action

durgā pūjā

festival honoring the goddess Durga

gānā

song

gaṇés caturthī

festival honoring the deity Ganesh, the elephant-headed god who removes obstacles

garḥ

fort

gaurā

ādivāsī festival celebrating the marriage of the god Shiva and the goddess Parvati

gāyak

lead singer, often accompanied by disciple or other singers

ghāṭ

bank of a river or tank where people go to bathe, wash clothes; landing place

gīt

song

holī

spring festival of reversal, during which colored water or powder is sprayed/applied on friends or passers-by

homo

Oriya girls’ repartee song/game tradition

jāti

regional, endogamous caste group, in which one’s position is fixed by birth

javārā

nine-day goddess festival, in which goddess is honored in form of seedlings/sprouts

kahānī

story

kathā

story; often with implications of a ritual/religious story, such as vrat kathā (stories told at ritual fasts)

kathānī kūhā

Oriya professional storyteller

khel

game

kissā

story, tale

kos

measure of distance, approximately two miles

kaśtriya

warrior caste level/vama

lākh

100,000

laāiyā

form of Chhattisgarhi spoken on the borders of Chhattisgarh and Orissa, highly influenced by Oriya

lok gīt

folk song

lok sāhitya

folk literature

Mahabharata

[mahābhārat] pan-Indian epic tradition whose central story recounts the struggle over succession to the throne of Ku-rukshetra, resulting in a great battle between the Pandava and Kaurava cousin-brothers; Sanskrit version attributed to sage Vyasa; Chhattisgarhi orally performed variant called paṇḍvānā

mahāprasād

ritual friend or friendship, formed by exchanging prasād from a ritual

maikā

woman’s home of birth; literally, “mother’s place”

majedār

amusing; pleasant; pleasing

maṇḍalī

small group; singing group

manoraṅjan

entertainment; amusement; recreation

mātar

festival celebrated by cowherding Raut caste

mṛdaṅg

type of drum

muṅg

type of pulse/lentil

mūrti

image; specifically, image of a deity

nācā

dance-drama

nāṭak

drama

navrātri

auspicious period of nine days, one in the spring and one in the fall, during which the goddess is worshiped

pān

betel leaf

paṇḍvānī

Chhattisgarhi performance genre of the Mahabharata (name taken from the five Pandava brothers)

pārā

neighborhood

pardeś

foreign country

pativratā

literally, one who fulfills her vows to her husband; a woman who is faithful to her husband

prasād

food offerings to deity, distributed to worshipers after pūjā

pūjā

ritual of worship in which the deity is served in various ways (offerings made of water, food, flowers, etc.)

purana

[purāṇ] a Sanskrit or regional-language religious text that records the “old stories” of ancient days; a principal source of Hindu mythology

rāg

melodic structure; tune

rāgī

literally, one who keeps the rag; accompanist to lead singer

Ramayana

[rāmāyan] pan-Indian epic tradition that recounts the life and deeds of the hero-god Ram, including his batde against the demon Ravan, who had abducted Ram’s wife Sita; Sanskrit version composed by the sage Valmiki; Hindi version composed by poet Tulsidas as Rāmcaritmānas

Rāmcaritmānas

a Hindi (Awadhi) sixteenth-century devotional version of the Ramayana written by the poet Tulsidas

rāmlīlā

dramatic performance of Ramayana

ṛṣi/rishi

sage; ascetic

saṅgvārī

literally, companion; accompanist to lead singer

śāstra

authoritative religious text

sasurāl

woman’s home/village of marriage; home/village of woman’s in-laws

sat

literally, truth; honor, virtue

sevā

service; sevā karnā, to serve

suā nāc

parrot dance; ādivāsī female harvest dance and song tradition

talāb

tank; reservoir

tambūrā

stringed instrument used to accompany singer; characteristic instrument for paṇḍvānī performance

tapas

ascetic practice; penance

tulsī

sacred basil plant representing the goddess

tyohār

festival

vandanā

invocation

varṇa

one of four hierarchical caste levels (brāhmaṇ, kśatriya, vaiśya, śūdra)

vīhāgīt

wedding song

yagya

standard Hindi yajImagea; sacrifice, ritual offering

Additional Information

ISBN
9781501722868
Related ISBN
9780801432064
MARC Record
OCLC
1057696840
Pages
333-336
Launched on MUSE
2018-04-06
Language
English
Open Access
Yes
Creative Commons
CC-BY-NC-ND
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