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  193 Notes Unless otherwise noted, all archival sources are at the Yellowstone National Park Archives, a division of the National Archives, Gardiner, Montana. Abbreviations used in the endnotes AHC Gale W. McGee Collection, Accession #9800, American Heritage Center, University of Wyoming, Laramie IWL Izaak Walton League Collection (CONS 41), Conservation Collection, Denver Public Library, Denver, Colorado LVE Livingston (Mont.) Enterprise NACP National Archives, College Park, Maryland NPAB National Parks Association Bulletin NPS National Park Service TWS The Wilderness Society Collection (CONS 130), Conservation Collection, Denver Public Library, Denver, Colorado USDI United States Department of the Interior YCR Yellowstone Center for Resources files, National Park Service, Mammoth Hot Springs, Wyoming YNPL Yellowstone National Park Research Library, Gardiner, Montana Notes to Preface: A Place Called the Thorofare Thoreau, “Walking,” Atlantic Monthly 9 (June 1862), 56:657–674. 1 Always spelled that way today, without the u, g, and h found in the more common word. 194 NOTES 2 Peter Nabokov and Lawrence Loendorf, Restoring a Presence: American Indians and Yellowstone National Park (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 2004): 36; and Lee H. Whittlesey, Yellowstone Place Names (Gardiner, MT: Wonderland Publishing Co., 2006), second edition, revised. 3 Gary Ferguson, Hawks Rest: A Season in the Remote Heart of Yellowstone (Washington, DC: National Geographic, 2003). In most ways, the critique is well deserved; indeed, Ferguson omits discussion of packstock trampling around campsites, an impact I have often observed in the Thorofare. Ferguson, however, also fails to mention that outfitters perform a lot of the trail maintenance that the underfunded US Forest Service would otherwise be unable to do. See days six and seven for more discussion of outfitter use of packstock in the Thorofare. 4 See, for example, Paul Schullery, Searching for Yellowstone: Ecology andWonderintheLastWilderness(Boston:HoughtonMifflin,1997); James A. Pritchard, Preserving Yellowstone’s Natural Conditions: ScienceandthePerceptionofNature(Lincoln:UniversityofNebraska Press, 1999); Chris Magoc, Yellowstone: The Creation and Selling of an American Landscape, 1870–1903 (Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1999); Aubrey L. Haines, The Yellowstone Story, rev. ed., 2 vols. (Niwot, CO: Yellowstone Association for Natural Science, History, and Education, in cooperation with the University Press of Colorado, 1996); Susan G. Clark, Ensuring Greater Yellowstone’s Future: Choices for Leaders and Citizens (New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2008); Alice Wondrak Biel, Do (Not) Feed the Bears: The Fitful History of Wildlife and Tourists in Yellowstone (Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 2006); Richard A. Bartlett, Yellowstone: A Wilderness Besieged (Tucson: University of Arizona Press, 1985); and Mary Ann Franke, Yellowstone in the Afterglow: Lessons from the Fires (Mammoth Hot Springs, WY: National Park Service, 2000). 5 The University of Washington Press in Seattle has published a remarkable series of books providing a comprehensive history of wilderness preservation in America, including James Feldman, A Storied Wilderness: Rewilding the Apostle Islands (2013); James Morton Turner, The Promise of Wilderness: American Environmental Politics since 1964 (2012); David Louter, Windshield Wilderness:   NOTES 195 Cars, Roads, and Nature in Washington’s National Parks (2010); Kevin R. Marsh, Drawing Lines in the Forest: Creating Wilderness Areas in the Pacific Northwest (2010); John Miles, Wilderness in the National Parks: Playground or Preserve (2009); Mark W. T. Harvey, Wilderness Forever: Howard Zahniser and the Path to the Wilderness Act (2007); and Paul Sutter, Driven Wild: How the Fight against Automobiles Launched the Modern Wilderness Movement (2005). Complementing these are Daniel Nelson, Northern Landscapes: The Struggle for Wilderness Alaska (Washington, DC: Resources for the Future, 2004); and Doug Scott, The Enduring Wilderness: Protecting Our Natural Heritage through the Wilderness Act (Golden, CO: Fulcrum Publishing, 2004). 6 Perhaps the most thorough but succinct exploration of wilderness meaningsmaybefoundinThomasR.Vale,TheAmericanWilderness: Reflections on Nature Protection in the United States (Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 2005), 11–40. Others who explore them include William Cronon, “The Trouble with Wilderness; or, Getting Back to the Wrong Nature,” in Uncommon Ground: Rethinking the Human Place in Nature, ed. William Cronon, 69–90 (New York: W. W. Norton & Co., 1996); Max Oelschlaeger, The Idea of Wilderness: From Prehistory to the Age of Ecology (New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1991); Michael L. Johnson, Hunger for the Wild: America’s Obsession with the Untamed West (Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 2007); Paul Schullery, Searching for Yellowstone, 1997; Roderick Nash, Wilderness and the American Mind, 4th ed. (New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2001); Wallace Stegner, The Sound of Mountain Water: The Changing American West (Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1985); Frederick Turner, Beyond Geography: The Western Spirit against the Wilderness (New...


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