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237 notes prologue 1. Portions of this book’s story were first published in Arri Eisen, “What Buddhist Monks Taught Me about Teaching Science,” Chronicle of Higher Education 58, no. 13 (November 18, 2011): B20, http://chronicle​ .texterity​ .com/chronicle /20111118b​?folio​=​B20​#pg20. chapter 1. are bacteria sentient? 1. Arri Eisen and David Westmoreland, The Living Staircase (Dubuque, IA: Kendall /Hunt, 1998). 2. Nikhil Malvankar, Joanne Lau, Kelly Nevin, Ashley Franks, Mark Tuominen, and Derek Lovley, “Electrical Conductivity in a Mixed-Species Biofilm,” Applied and Environmental Microbiology 78 (2012): 5967–71. 3. Elaine Patterson, John Cryan, Gerald Fitzgerald, R. Paul Ross, Timothy Dinan, and Catherine Stanton, “Gut Microbiota, the Pharmabiotics They Produce and Host Health,” Proceedings of the Nutrition Society 73 (2014): 477–89. 4. Michael Bailey and Christopher Coe, “Maternal Separation Disrupts the Integrity of the Intestinal Microflora in Infant Rhesus Monkeys,” Developmental Psychobiology 35 (1999): 146–55. 5. Graham Rook, Charles Raison, and Christopher Lowry, “Microbiota, Immunoregulatory Old Friends and Psychiatric Disorders,” in Microbial Endocrinology: The Microbiota-Gut-Brain Axis in Health and Disease, ed. Mark Lyte and John Cryan (New York: Springer, 2014). 6. Nicole Gerardo and Alex Wilson, “The Power of Paired Genomes,” Molecular Ecology 20 (2011): 2038–40. 7. Margaret McFall-Ngai and Edward Ruby, “Symbiont Recognition and Subsequent Morphogenesis as Early Events in an Animal-Bacterial Mutualism,” Science 254 (1991): 1491–94. 8. Lynn Margulis, “The Origin of Plant and Animal Cells,” American Scientist 59 (1971): 230–35. 9. Eisen, “What Buddhist Monks Taught Me.” 238 notes to chapter 2 chapter 2. life, death, and sacrifice Epigraph sources: Kitta MacPherson, “The ‘Sultan of Slime’: Biologist Continues to Be Fascinated by Organisms after Nearly Seventy Years of Study,” News at Princeton, January 21, 2010. Charles Darwin, The Descent of Man (New York: American Dome Library, 1901), 179. 1. John Bonner, The Social Amoebae: The Biology of Cellular Slime Molds (Prince­ ton: Princeton University Press, 2009). 2. Ana Paula Sousa, Alexandra Amaral, Marta Baptista, Renata Tavares, Pedro Caballero Campo, Pedro Caballero Peregrín, Albertina Freitas, Artur Paiva, Teresa Almeida-Santos, and João Ramalho-Santos, “Not All Sperm Are Equal: Functional Mitochondria Characterize a Subpopulation of Human Sperm with Better Fertilization Potential,” PLOS One 6 (2011): e18112. 3. R. John Aitken, Jock Findlay, Karla Hutt, and Jeff Kerr, “Apoptosis in the Germ Line,” Reproduction 1441 (2011): 139–50. 4. Trisha Gura, “Reproductive Biology: Fertile Mind,” Nature 491 (2012): 319–20. 5. Aitken et al., “Apoptosis in the Germ Line.” 6. Ibid. 7. Melissa Pepling and Allan Spradling, “Mouse Ovarian Germ Cell Cysts Undergo Programmed Breakdown to Form Primordial Follicles,” Developmental Biology 234 (2001): 339–51. 8. Qin Yan, Jin Ping Liu, and David Li, “Apoptosis in Lens Development and Pathology,” Differentiation 74 (2006): 195–211. 9. M. Suzanne and H. Steller, “Shaping Organisms with Apoptosis,” Cell Death and Differentiation 20 (2013): 669–75. 10. Veronica Del Riccio, Minke Van Tuyl, and Martin Post, “Apoptosis in Lung Development and Neonatal Lung Injury,” Pediatric Research 55 (2004): 183–89. 11. Deepak Raj, Douglas Brash, and Douglas Grossman, “Keratinocyte Apoptosis in Epidermal Development and Disease,” Journal of Investigative Dermatology 126 (2006): 243–57. 12. Cheryl Gatto and Kendal Broadie, “Fragile X Mental Retardation Protein Is Required for Programmed Cell Death and Clearance of Developmentally-​­ Transient Peptidergic Neurons,” Developmental Biology 356 (2011): 291–307. 13. David Dupret, Annabelle Fabre, Màtè Dàniel Döbrössy, Aude Panatier, José Julio Rodríguez, Stéphanie Lamarque, Valerie Lemaire, Stephane H. R Oliet, Pier-Vincenzo Piazza, and Djoher Nora Abrous, “Spatial Learning Depends on Both the Addition and Removal of New Hippocampal Neurons,” PLOS Biology 5 (2007): 1683–94. notes to chapter 3 239 14. Ibid. 15. Brian Dias and Kerry Ressler, “Parental Olfactory Experience Influences Behavior and Neural Structure in Subsequent Generations,” Nature Neuroscience 17 (2014): 89–96. 16. Ibid. 17. Drew Westen, Pavel Blagov, Keith Harenski, Clint Kilts, and Stephan Hamann , “Neural Bases of Motivated Reasoning: An fMRI Study of Emotional Constraints on Partisan Political Judgment in the 2004 US Presidential Election,” Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience 18 (2006): 1947–58. 18. Laura-Ann Petitto and Kevin Dunbar, “Educational Neuroscience: New Discoveries from Bilingual Brains, Scientific Brains, and the Educated Mind,” Mind, Brain, and Education 3 (2009): 185–97. 19. Hyung Don Ryoo and Andreas Bergmann, “The Role of Apoptosis-Induced Proliferation for Regeneration and Cancer,” Cold Spring Harbor Perspectives in Biology 4 (2012): a008797. chapter 3. how did life begin? Epigraph source: Theodosius Dobzhansky, “Nothing Makes Sense Except in...


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