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Index

AAA-class, 149, 152, 153, 154, 155, 156, 158, 177, 180

Acacia, U.S. Coast Guard buoy tender, 110

Ace, Str., 65

Acme Steamship Company, 90. See also Wolvin fleet

Adams, George W., schooner, 27

Adirondack, Str., 139

Alaska, Str., 41

Alexander, M/V Prin, 181

Algoma Central Marine, 99

Algoma Central Railway, 112

American Bulk Shipping, 125

American Ship Building Company, 86, 88, 90, 95, 103, 114, 120, 127, 128, 136, 139, 144, 145, 146, 148, 152, 153, 154, 158, 159, 160, 172, 173, 180, 181, 185, 189, 193, 195, 201–04

American Steamship Company, 59, 60, 75, 78, 85, 90, 118–19, 133, 139, 149, 152

American Steel and Wire Company, 85

American Steel Barge Company, 47–49, 88

America, tug, 74

Amersand Steamship Company, 152

Amoco Indiana, Str., 138

Anchor Line, 32, 40, 41, 42, 43, 48, 64. See also Erie and Western Transit Company

Anchor wells, 40, 128

Anderson, Str. Arthur M., 149, 165–66

Andrews, Str. Howard F., 120

Andrews, Str. Matthew, 125, 169

Antiva Shipping Company, 42

Appolonia, 175

Aquarama, Str., 161

Arch construction, 92

Arched braces. See Braces

Argus, Str., 93

Armco, Str., 154

Ashtabula, OH, 123, 139

Aspin, Robert, 34

Atlantic Dealer, Str., 172

Atlantic Refining, 172

Atwater, Str. William C., 92, 129

Augsbury, Frank, Jr., 177

Aurora, tug, 27

Australasia, Str., 10

Automobile carriers, 64–66, 70

Avafors, M/V, 166

Ayer, Mary D., schooner, 35

 

Babcock, Washington I., 58, 59, 84–85

Baie St. Paul, Str., 176

Bailey, Captain F. A., 97

Bailey Brothers Ship Building, 26

Barge. See Consort

Barker, James R., 203–04

Barker, M/V James, R., 195–200

Barker, Str. Kaye E., 204

Barney, D. N., 19

Bartelme, Str. Michael J., 70

Bay City, MI, 53, 85, 86, 97, 105, 193

Bay Ship Building, 80, 173, 199

Beasley, Norman, 10

Braver, sloop, 14

Belgium, Str., 132

Benfri, M/V, 166

Bennett, William James, 17

Berge Stahl, M/V, 206

Berra, Yogi, 58

Berwind, Str. Edward J., 129

Bessemer, Str. Sir Henry, 69–71, 73

Bessemer Steamship Company, 50, 68–69, 72, 73, 74, 75, 78, 80, 81

Bessemer steel, 37, 39

Beta Lake Steamship Company. See Continental Grain Company

Bethlehem Shipbuilding, 152, 158, 161, 172, 173

Bethlehem Steel, 66, 102, 108–12, 113, 139, 171, 190

Between decks, 40–41, 60

Bewick, Charles, 32

Billboard lettering, 132–33

Bishop’s arches. See Braces

Black Bay, Str., 176

Black Friday storm. See Storms

Block, M/V E. J., 150

Block, M/V Joseph L., 172

Block, Str. L. E., 132

Blough, M/V Roger, 189, 194

Blythswood Ship Building, 176

Boilers, 60

Boland and Cornelius. See American Steamship Company

Bothwell and Ferris, 22. See also Unloading systems

Boundbrook, Str., 174

Bowen, Dana Thomas, 10

Bow thrusters. See Thrusters

Boyer, Str. Willis B., 124–25

Braces, 18–19, 29

Bradley, Carl D., 136

Bradley, Mrs. Carl D., 136

Bradley, Str. Carl D. (1917), 135. See also Str. Irvin L. Clymer

Bradley, Str. Carl D. (1927), 10, 134–43, 146, 204

Bradley Transportation Company, 134–44, 154

Bramble, U.S. Coast Guard buoy tender, 110

Brawn, Dewitt, 63

Breech, Str. Ernest R., 155

Breeches buoy, 87

Brewster and Company, 46

Bridge cranes, 93. See also Unloading

systems Bridge wings, 123

Brown, Alexander, 34

Brown, Harvey, 24, 119

Brownell, Str. George F., 45

Brown Hoist, 34, 82. See also Unloading systems

Browning, Str. L. D., 70

Browning, Str. T. H., 70

Browning, Str. Troy H., 152

Browning, T. H., Steamship Company, 70

Brunswick, Str., 32

Bryan, Captain Roland, 139, 142

Buckeye, barge, 155

Buckeye Steamship Company, 74

Buffalo, NY, 16, 40

Buffalo, Str., 114–15

Buoys, 63, 64

 

Cadillac, Str., 102

Calcite, Str., 89, 135, 136

Calcite Plant, 134, 142

Calloway, Str. Cason J., 149

Cambria Steamship Company, 105

Cambria Steel Company, 105

Campbell, Captain Neil, 97

Campbell, Str. J. A., 188

Canada Steamship Lines (CSL), 126–30, 131–33, 170, 174, 176

Canadian Dredge and Dock, 99

Canadian General Electric, 175, 176

Canadian Hunter, Str., 176

Canadian Vickers, 175

Canallers, 23, 94, 169; numbers of, 63, 169

Cargo Carriers, 64

Cargo holds, 91–92, 191

Carlingsford, schooner, 32

Carl, Str. George M., 125

Carnahan, Str. Paul H., 162, 172, 180

Carnegie, Andrew, 88

Carnegie Steel, 83

Carrington, M. D., 26

Carrington and Casey, 27

Carryore, 176

Cartier, Jacques, 128, 175

Cascade, tug, 76

Cavalier, Robert. See La Salle

Cedarville, Str., 142

Centurion, Str., 55–57

C4-S-A4-class, 152, 161

Chamberlain, Str., 10

Champion Ore Hoist, 34

Channel system of construction, 59

Chaplin, Sarah, 117

Chemung, Str., 45–46, 53

Chicago, tug, 27

Chicago and Milwaukee Transportation, 50

Chicago, IL, 44, 47, 50, 55

Chicago Shipbuilding, 53, 58, 59, 88, 95, 101–02, 114, 159

Chicago World’s Fair, 47, 49, 50

China, Str., 41

Chi Ping Steamship Company, 46

Chisholm, Str. William, 34

Chiwawa, Str., 173

City Line. See American Steamship Company

City of Cleveland, Str., 64

City of Detroit, Str., 32

Civil War, 22, 63

Clairton Steel, 121

Clamshell buckets, 82. See also Unloading systems

Clarion, Str., 41

Clarke, Str. Philip R., 149, 152, 153, 154, 156, 188

Cleveland-Cliffs Iron Company, 104, 119, 124–25, 129, 133, 152, 154, 155, 158–62, 173, 177, 203

Cleveland Iron Mining Company, 52

Cleveland, OH, 22–23, 29, 31, 90, 139

Cleveland Ship Building Company, 36, 37, 39, 52, 64, 75, 76, 86, 88

Cliffs Victory, Str., 152, 157–62

Clymer, Str. Irvin L., 143

Cochrane, Admiral, 158

Codarus, Str., 41

Collingwood Shipyard, 176

Collins, Mrs. E. R., 97

Columbia, brigantine, 21

Columbian Exposition. See Chicago World’s Fair

Columbian Whaleback Steamship Company, 50

Columbia Star, M/V, 203

Columbia Transportation Company, 70, 129, 133, 139, 149, 164, 174, 177, 203

Columbus, Str. Christopher, 47–51, 96

Comeaudoc, Str., 170

Compagnie Nationale De Navigation, 176

Composite hulls, 32

Cl-class, 161

Connelly, Captain Thomas, 108–09

Consolidation Fuel Dock, 108

Consorts, 24–25, 27, 48, 79–80; numbers of, 63

Constellation, Str., 18

Constitution, barge, 61, 97

Continental Grain Company, 70, 74

Cooper, Captain Jesse, 165–66

Coralia, Str., 67–71, 72, 73

Corey, Str. William E., 95–99, 107, 169

Cornelia, Str., 98

Corrigan, James and Mitchell, 55

Cort, M/V Stewart J., 115, 119, 160, 189–93, 206

Coulby, Harry, 97–98

Coulby, Str. Harry, 132

Courses, upbound and downbound, 112

Coverdale, William H., 131

Crane vessels, 70

Crawford, Str. George C., 114–15

Crawley, Captain Arthur, 108–09

Crescent City, Str., 98

Crete, Str., 82

Crosby, tug, 98

Curry, Captain S. S., 54

Curry, Str. S. S., 54–57, 59

 

Davidson, Str. James, 115

Davie, George T., shipyard. See Davie Shipbuilding and Repair

Davie Shipbuilding and Repair, 42, 103, 131, 174, 175, 176, 178, 184

Davis, Captain A. H., 81

Davis Lock, 187–88

Davis Works, 188

Deadweight tonnage, 207

DeCosta, Str., 42

Defoe Ship Building, 193

DeGraff, Str. LeGrande S., 114

DeLancey, M/V William J., 200, 201–05

DeLancey, William J., 203

Delta Shipbuilding Company, 88

Detroit Dry Dock Company, 32, 52–53, 54, 58, 72, 88

Detroit Edison, 160, 162, 204

Detroit, MI, 122, 123

Detroit Red Wings, 174

Detroit River, 22

Deveraux, Str. J. H., 34

Dickens, Charles, 18

Dickson, Str. William B., 104

Diesel propulsion. See Motor vessels Dobson, Arthur, 109–10

Doghouse cabins, 33, 34, 69, 70, 73, 85

Donnaconna, Str., 128–29

Doolittle, Sylvester, 18

Dows, David, schooner, 26–28, 29

Drake, Captain Marcus, 40

Druckenmiller, Str. B. W., 119

Dry docks, 58

Duluth, MN, 48, 49, 86–87, 92, 95, 96, 118

Dunham, Captain J. S., 56

Dyer, Str. George H., 135

 

Eastern Lake Carriers, 175

Eastland, Str., 162

Economic Development Commission, 104

Ecorse, MI, 117, 121, 123, 136

Eddy, Str. Selwyn, 54

Eddy-Shaw Transit, 53, 54

Edenborn, Str. William, 85–88, 98

Edith, schooner, 48

Edna G., tug, 98

Elizabeth II, Queen of England, 163

Ellwood, Str. Isaac L., 85–88, 97

Elmglen, Str., 120

Elmore, Str., 56

Emerillon. Str., 175

Empire, Str., 19–20

England, Str. R. W., 86

Eprouvette mortar, 86–87

Ericsson, John, 18

Erie and Western Transit Company, 32. See also Anchor Line

Erie Canal, 16, 23

Erie Marine, 189–94

Erie, PA, 27, 119, 189, 193

Erie Railroad, 43, 46

Erie Railroad Transit Line, 40

Escanaba, MI, 34

 

Fairbairn, Str. Sir William, 72–74

Fairfield Ship Building, 175

Fairless, Str. Benjamin, 139

Falk, Str. Leon, Jr., 162, 172, 180

Farrell, Str. James A., 145

Federal Operating Company, 46

Ferbert, Str. A. H., 139

Filbert, Str. William J., 114–15

First Union Trust and Savings Bank, 50

Fisher, Captain George, 145–48

Fitzgerald, Str. Edmund, 163–68, 164–68, 169

Fleming, First Mate Elmer, 140–42

Flying bridge, 55, 65, 70, 73, 79, 123–24

Ford, Henry, 113, 185

Ford, M/V Benson (1924), 185

Ford, M/V Henry, II, 149, 155, 185, 205

Ford, Str. Benson (1985), 156, 204

Ford, Str. William Clay (1953), 154, 156, 166, 177

Ford, Str. William Clay (1984), 173–74, 204

Ford Motor Company, 154, 155–56, 161, 173, 174, 177, 203

Forest City, Str., 24–25. See also Forest

City, tow barge Forest City, tow barge, 24–25. See also Str.

Forest City Fort William, ONT. See Thunder Bay, ONT

Frankcliffe Hall, Str., 178–81

Franklin Steamship Company, 125, 176

Frantz, Str. Joseph, 129, 149

Fraser, Str. Leon, 139

Fraser-class, 132, 139

Fraser Shipbuilding, 51, 171

Freighters of Fortune, 10

Freight rates, 34, 65, 72

Frick, Str. Henry C., 97–99, 169

Fritz, John, barge, 79–80

Frontenac, sailing vessel (1678), 13, 14

Frontenac, Str. (1816), 15, 16

Fulton, Robert, 15

Fulton, Str. Robert, 73–74

 

Gamma Lake Shipping Company. See Continental Grain

Gartland Steamship Company, 149

Gary, Str. Elbert H., 95–99

Gary, IN, 113

Gates, John W., 85

Gates, Str. John W., 84–86, 88

General Mills, 104

German, Str., 98

German-American Petroleum Company, 128

Gilbert, Str. W. H., 53

Gilcher, Str. W. H., 37

Gilchrist Transportation Company, 93

Girdler, Str. Tom M., 152

Gladiator, tug, 98

Glaukauf, tanker, 128

Glenmohr, Str., 131–33

Globe Iron Works, 31

Globe Shipbuilding Company, 29, 31, 32, 34, 39, 53, 60, 67–69, 80, 88

Globtik London, M/V, 206

Gloxinia, 178

Gogebic Range, 52

Golder, Str. Harvey D., 128

Goodrich, A. W., 50

Goodrich Transportation, 50, 51

Gott, M/V Edwin H., 199

Goudreau, Str., 133

Graham, S. E., tanker, 173

Grande Hermine, Str., 175–76

Grand Marais, MI, 37

Great Lakes bulk freighter, 23–26, 147

Great Lakes Engineering Works, 66, 117, 121, 123, 129, 136, 139, 153, 154, 164, 171

Great Lakes Navigation Company, 131

Great Lakes Steamship Division, 102, 108–12, 171, 189–93. See also Bethlehem Steel

Great Republic, clipper ship, 30

Great Western, Str., 17, 19

Great Western Railroad, 20

Greene, Str. Edward B., 154, 161

Gridley, Captain Charles, 64

Griffon, sailing vessel, 14

Gross tonnage, 46

Gulf Oil, 173

Gulfoil, Str., 173

Gull Island Reef, 97–98

 

Hackett, Captain Robert J., 24

Hackett, Str. R. J., 24–26, 29, 34, 59, 114, 123, 147, 180, 181, 191, 197, 207

Halco. See Hall Corporation

Hale, Dennis, 108–11

Hall Corporation, 175, 178, 179, 182–83

Halter Marine, 193

Hamiltonian, Str., 175–76

Hanna, Coralia, 67

Hanna, L. C., 67

Hanna, M. A., Company, 90, 105, 125, 129, 152, 154, 155, 156, 172, 199, 203, 205

Hanna Mining Company. See Hanna, M. A., Company

Harbor Beach, MI, 110, 112

Harby Steamship Company, 46

Hartwell, Str. Fred G., 125, 129, 176

Hatch covers, 65, 92, 129–30, 158–59, 191

Hatch cranes, 158–59

Hatches, 91–92, 191

Hawgood-Avery Transit, 54

Heimbecker, Str. H. C., 99

Henderson, Str. George G., 120

Hennepin, Str., 135–36

Heron B., Str., 103

Heron Bay, Str., 103

Hiawatha, Str., 48

Highway 16, M/V, 66

Hill, James J., 80

Hill, Str. James J., 85–88

Hogframes. See Braces

Hogging, 29, 30. See also Sagging

Hollyhock, U.S. Coast Guard buoy tender, 141

Homer, Str. Arthur B., 109, 171

Honey Hill, Str., 172

Hoover and Mason Company. See Clamshell buckets

Hopkins, Mark, 55

Hotel Pontchartrain, 122

Houghton blockade. See Str. Douglass Houghton

Houghton, Str. Douglass, 80–82, 98

House, Str. Francis E,. 114–15

Howe, Str. Louis McHenry, 152

Hoyt, Colgate, 48

Hoyt, Str. Colgate, 48, 49

Hoyt, Str. Elton, 2d, 161

Hulett, George, 82–83

Hulett unloaders, 82–83, 93

Hull 1173. See M/V Stewart J. Cort

Hulst, Str. John, 138, 139

Humphrey, Muriel, 199

Humphrey, Sen. Hubert H., 199

Humphrey, Str. George M., 154

Huron Barge Company, 92

Huron Cement, 128, 161, 162

Hurson Line, 50

Hutchinson, Albert, 182

Hutchinson and Company, 173

Hydrus, Str., 93

Hyundai Heavy Industries, 206

 

Iglehart, Str. J. A. W., 162

Illinois, Str., 21

Illinois Steel Company, 34

Imperial Edmonton, Str., 174

Imperial Oil Company of Canada, 128, 174

Imperial, tanker, 128

Impoco, tanker, 128

India, Str., 41

Indiana Harbor, IN, 202

Ingalls Ship Building, 119

Inland Steel, 144–50, 171–72

Integrated tug-barge. See M/V Presque Isle

Interlake Company, 92

Interlake Steamship Company, 92–94, 119, 124–25, 138, 139, 154, 155, 174, 177, 195, 199–200, 201–04

International, Str. The, 100

International Harvester, 113

International Multifoods, 104

Inter Ocean Transportation, 53

Interstate Steamship, 56

Iron ore: freight rates, 72, 80; mining, 52;

tonnages, 22, 52, 151, 161, 188, 203

Irvin, Str. William S., 138, 139

Irvin-class, 139

Isherwood, Sir Joseph W., 127

Isherwood system, 127–29

 

Jack, Str., 65

Jackes Shipping, 175

Jackson Iron Company, 24

James River Reserve Fleet, 151–52, 157–58

Jantar, tug, 99

Japan, Str., 41

Johnston Transportation, 64

Johnstown, Str., 161

Jones, G. W., Shipbuilding, 19

Jones and Laughlin Steel (J&L), 119, 121

 

Kaizer, Captain Henry, 145–46

Kearsarge, Str., 59

Kelley, Captain Henry T., 106–08

Kerr, Str. William B., 114–16

King, Str., 65

King, Str. Willis L., 76

Kinsman Enterprise, Str., 177

Kinsman Independent, Str. (1966), 114–15

Kinsman Independent, Str. (1988), 155–56, 177

Kinsman Marine Transit, 35, 99, 103–04, 114, 120, 149, 177, 181, 193

Koral, tug, 99

Korean War, 151–52, 161

Kyes, M/V Roger M., 196

 

Labrador Steamship Company, 94

Lachine Canal, 169, 170

Lackawanna Steamship Company, 92

Lafayette, Str., 98

LaFollette Act, 129

Lake Carriers’ Association, 89, 112, 129, 188

Lake clippers, 26

Lake Shore Railroad, 20

Lake Shore Stone Company, 135

Lakes Shipping Company, 174

Lake survey, 63

Lake Transit Company, 53

Lake Winnipeg, Str., 176

Lamont, Str. Thomas W., 103

Landon, Fred, 10

Land, Str. Scott E., 152

La Salle, Sieur de, 13–14

Lauzon, QUE, 131, 178

Lawrencecliffe Hall, M/V, 182–86

Lawson, Thomas W., schooner, 30

Lawson, Str. A. T, 119–20, 193

Leecliffe Hall, Str., 175, 181

Leetsdale, Str., 66

Lehigh, Str., 41

Lehigh Valley Transportation Company, 49

Leitch Transport, 175, 176

Lemoyne, Str., 13 1–33, 136

Length between perpendiculars (LBP), 10, 11

Lengthening, 39, 90, 159, 171

Length overall (LOA), 10, 11

Leopold, Str. N. F., 145, 150

Life rafts, 142

Lightfoot, Gordon, 168

Lighthouses, 63

Lightships, 63

Lignum vitae, 19

Lime Island fuel dock, 109

Lind, Jenny, schooner, 23

Litton Great Lakes, 149. See also Litton Industries

Litton Industries, 119, 124–25, 189–91, 193–94

Livingstone, William, 83, 89

Livingstone Channel, 62

Loading docks, 22, 34

Loading tables, 60

Loadline, 10, 11

Local 5000, United Steelworkers, 174

Longitudinal arched braces. See Braces Lorain, OH, 75, 85, 86, 88, 90, 114, 128, 136, 139, 144, 146, 152, 154, 160, 172, 173, 181, 185, 189, 195, 196, 199, 201–02

LTV Steel, 201–04. See also Republic Steel Lucas, 14

Lusitania, Str., 46

 

McAllister, Helen, tug, 99

MacArthur Lock, 187–88

McCarthy, T. J., Steamship Company, 64

McCurdy, Str. Merle M., 104

McDougall, Captain Alexander, 47–49

McGiffin, M/V J. W., 149, 195

McKay, Captain George, 72

McKee Sons, Str., 152, 161–62

Mackinaw, U.S.C.G.C., 110

McSorley, Captain Ernest, 165–68, 180, 181

Madeira, barge, 98

Mahoning, Str., 41

Maia, barge, 69, 98

Maine, tug, 129

Mallory, George B., 40, 60

Manby. Str. Aaron, 31

Manila, barge, 98

Manitowac County Museum Society, 51

Manitowac Shipbuilding, 51, 154, 171

Manitowac, WI, 50, 51, 137

Manola, Str., 98

Mansfield, J. B., 10

Maricopa, Str., 107

Marina, Str., 98

Marine, Str., 10

Marine Angel, Str., 152

Marine Consultants and Designers (MC&D), 188–89, 192

Marine Engineers Beneficial Association, 174

Marine Review, 187

Marine Robin, Str., 151–52

Marine Salvage, 74, 99

Mariposa, Str., 53

Maritana, Str., 53

Maritime-class, 60, 139

Marjanne, M/V Hilda, 166

Marquette, MI, 22

Marquette Range, 52

Maryland Shipbuilding, 173

Maryland, Str., 53

Masters, Irvine U., 23

Mataafa, Str., 86–87, 97–98

Mataafa Cigars, 87

Mather, M/V Samuel, 204

Mather, Samuel, 58, 69, 72, 203

Mather, Str. William G., 104, 129

Mathiott, Str. E. G., 56

Mauthe, Str. J. L., 154, 155, 177

Maxine, Str., 99, 100

Mayes, Watchman Frank, 141–42

Mayflower, Str., 20

Medusa Cement, 128

Medusa Challenger, Str., 128–29

Menihek Lake, Str., 169

Menominee Range, 52

Merchant, Str., 32

Merida, Str., 55–57

Merle H., barge, 74

Merritt-Chapman and Scott, 80

Mesaba Steamship Company, 92

Mesabi Miner, M/V, 199

Mesabi Range, 52

Meteor, Str., 51

Metropolitan Iron and Land Company, 54

Michigan, Str., 16–18, 19, 31–32

Michigan Central Railroad, 20–21

Michipicoten, Str., 99

Middle Neebish Channel, 80–82

Middletown, Str., 162, 172–73, 177, 180

Midland magazine, 124

Midland, ONT, 131, 132

Midland Ship Building, 131

Miller, Str. Governor, 138, 139

Mills, Str. William M., 114

Milwaukee Dry Dock Company, 88

Milwaukee, WI, 50

Minch, Captain Peter G., 35, 36–37

Minch, Philip, 32–35

Minch fleet, 31–38

Minch, Str. Philip, 70

Minnesota-Atlantic Steamship Company, 65

Minnesota Steamship Company, 53, 56, 58, 69

Misener Transportation, 125, 169, 181

Mitchell, Str. Samuel, 128

Mobiloil, Str., 173

Montrealis, Str., 175

Moody, Captain Charles, 50

Moore, Olive, tug, 155

Moore, Str. C. W., 61

Moore McCormack, 203–04

Morden, Str. W. Grant, 126–30, 131, 185

Morgan, J. Pierpont, 113

Morgan, Str. J. Pierpont, 101–04, 107, 169

Morgan, Str. J. P., Jr., 107

Morrell, Str. Daniel J., 37, 102–03, 105–06, 108–12

Morse, Jay, 58

Morse, Str. Samuel F. B., 10, 78–80, 83, 107

Motor vessels (M/V), 18 4–85

Mount Mansfield, Str., 152

Munson, Str. John G., 140, 149, 154, 155, 156

Murray Bay, Str., 170–71

Mutual Transportation Company, 67, 68, 72, 75

Myers, Captain Albert, 36–37

 

Nanfri, M/V, 166

Nanticoke, ONT, 99

Nasmyth, James, barge, 74, 86, 98

National Packing Company, 113

National Steel, 154, 155, 156, 172, 176, 199

Navigational charts, 63

Nebraska, Str., 23

Neebish Island, 80, 82

Nelson, Str. William, 28–29

Neschanic, U.S.S., 172–73

Nettleton, Str. A. E., 99

Net tonnage, 46

Newberry, Oliver, 18

Newberry and Dole, 16, 17

New Orleans, LA, 193

New York and Erie Railroad, 40

New York Central Railroad, 21

New York Yankees, 181

Nicholson-Universal Steamship Company, 65, 69, 152

Nicolet, Str., 149

Nims, Charles K., schooner, 27

Nina, 47

Nivose. Str., 176

Nixon, Richard M., 163

Noronic, Str., 145

Norris, Bruce, 174

Norris Mine, 54

North Carolina, tug, 74

Northern Steamship Company, 80

Northern Wave, Str., 82

North Land, Str., 82

North Pine, Str., 94

North Star, Str., 80, 82

North Tonawanda, NY, 114

North West, Str., 80

North West Company, 14

Northwestern Mutual Insurance Company, 164, 165

Northwestern Transportation Company, 24, 119

Notre Dame Victory, Str., 152, 157–58

Nye, Str. H. B., 98

 

Office of Defense Mobilization, 151

Ogden, Str. Francis B., 18

Oglebay-Norton Company, 70, 174. See

also Columbia Transportation Division Olds, Str. Irving S., 139

Oliver Iron Company, 95

Onoko, Str., 29, 31–38, 54

Ontario, Str. (1817), 15, 18, 19

Ontario Paper Company. See Quebec and

Ontario Transportation Company Oregon Shipbuilding Corporation, 157

Oswego, NY, 18

Our Son, schooner, 28–29

Owego, Str., 43–46, 53

Owen, Str. Ira, 98

 

Package freighters, 39–40

Paisley Steamship Company, 70

Palace steamers, 20–21

Palik, Jon, 173

Palmer, George, 136

Panama Canal, 113

Panama Canal Act, 46

P&H Shipping, 118, 120

Papachristidis, Phrixos B., 175–76

Papachristidis Company, 175

Papyrus, Str., 42

Paterson, N. M., and Sons, 170

Peacock, Str., 17

Peavy Steamship Company. See Wolvin fleet

Peck, Captain Elihu M., 22–26, 114, 123, 147, 181, 207

Peck & Masters Ship Building, 23

Penney, J. C., 113

Penn, John, 19

Pennsylvania, Str., 87

Pennsylvania, U.S.S., 18

Pennsylvania Railroad, 40, 43

Perkins, Str. George W., 95–99, 169

Peterson, Andrew, 119

Petite Hermine, Str., 175–76

Pickands, James, 58

Pickands Mather and Company, 58, 59, 60, 62, 69, 72, 92–94, 201, 203

Pic R., M/V, 74

Pic River, barge, 74

Pilkey, Str. William B., 70

Pillsbury, 104

Pilothouses, 19, 124

Pinta, 47

Pintsch-type buoy. See Buoy

Pioneer Challenger, Str., 172–73

Pioneer Steamship Company, 173

Pipe Line Tankers, 174

Pittsburgh and Lake Erie Railroad, 122–23

Pittsburgh Steamship Company, 60, 62, 68, 69, 70, 74, 75, 80, 82, 86, 88, 90, 92, 95–99, 102, 103, 104, 105, 107, 114–15, 133, 138, 139, 141, 144, 145, 149, 152, 153, 154, 156, 189, 199–200

Playfair, James, 131–32, 185

Plymouth Rock, Str., 20–21

Poe Lock (1896), 187–88

Poe Lock (1971), 169, 173, 185, 204

Poe, Orlando, 52

Poker fleet. See Minnesota-Atlantic Steamship Company Pontiac, Str., 52

Pope, Str. E. C, 53, 54, 64

Port Arthur, ONT. See Thunder Bay, ONT Port Arthur Ship Building, 174, 178

Port Credit, ONT, 99

Port Weller Dry Docks, 174, 176

Post, Str. G. G., 110

Powell, Jennie Jewell, 95

Powell, L. W., 95

Power Corporation of Canada, 176

Power steering. See Steering gear

Presque Isle, M/V, 119, 143, 193–94, 196, 206

Propellers, 18–19

Providence Shipping, 99

Provident Steamship Company. See Wolvin fleet

Pulcer, Captain Peter, 164

Pusey and Jones Co, 51

 

Quebec and Ontario Transportation Company, 74, 103

Queen, Str., 65

Queen of the Lakes, Str., 38

Quetico, Str., 174

 

Range lights, 63

Ream, Str. Norman B., 102–04

Record, tug, 48, 49

Red Wing, Str., 174

Rees, Str. W. D., 64–66

Reiss Steamship Company, 56, 139

Reknown, Str., 35, 128

Republic, Str., 90, 94

Republic Steel, 119, 124–25, 152, 160–61

Reserve, Str., 154

Reserve Mining, 188

Revenue Service. See U.S. Coast Guard

Richelieu, Str., 127

Richter, Walter, 76–77

Ridgetown, Str., 99

River-class, 102

River Rouge, MI, 129, 139, 154, 164

Robinson, Str. T. W., 135, 136, 142, 143

Rockefeller, John D., 48, 49, 68, 72, 73, 78

Rockport Steamship Company, 136, 137

Roebling, John A., barge, 79

Roech Transports, 120

Roen Steamship Company, 80

Roesch, M/V William R., 174, 181, 196, 197

Rogers, Str. Henry H., 102–03

Rogers City, Str., 142

Rogers City, tug, 136

Rogers City, MI, 110, 134–42

Rouge Steel. See Ford Motor Company Russel, Elizabeth, 123

Russel, John, 123

Ryerson, Edward L., 171

Ryerson, Joseph T. and Son, 171

Ryerson, Str. Edward L., 150, 171–72, 174, 180

 

Sabin Lock, 187–88

Sackets Harbour Navy Yard, 15

Safety lines, 62

Sagging, 29, 30. See also Hogging

Sailing vessels: characteristics of, 18, 19, 22;

last operating, 28–29; numbers of, 18, 25, 28, 63; towing, 22

St. Clair River, 22

St. Johns Ship Building, 175

St. Lawrence and Great Lakes Shipping, 174

St. Lawrence Seaway, 163–64, 168, 169, 170, 172, 175, 183

St. Marys Falls Ship Canal Company, 21

St. Marys River, 14, 21

Salvage Monarch, tug, 99

S&E Shipping, 104, 118, 120, 155. See also

Kinsman Marine Transit Sand Products, 161

Santa Maria, 13, 47

Sarnia, ONT, 128

Sartori, M/V Christian, 141, 143

Saskadoc, Str., 94

Sault Ste. Marie, MI, 187, 203, 204

Sault Ste. Marie, ONT, 112

Savic, Str., 161. See also Str. Cliffs Victory

Schlieker-Werft shipyard, 172

Schoellkopf, Str. J. F., 180

Schooners, 19

Schoonmaker, Col. James M., 121–22

Schoonmaker, Gretchen V., 121

Schoonmaker, Str. Col. James M., 121–25, 128, 129

Schuykill, Str., 41

Schwab, Str. Charles M., 177

Scott, Str. Thomas A., 48

Screw propeller. See Propeller

Seafarers International Union, 174

Seagram, Joseph, 62

Sea Horse, Str., 15

Self-unloaders, 135–36, 143, 149, 179–80

Sellwood, Captain Joseph, 64

Sensibar, Str. J. R., 180

Shaw, Str. Howard L., 69

Shenango, Str., 117–20, 123, 193

Shenango fleet. See Shenango Furnace Company

Shenango Furnace Company, 117–19, 121–22

Sherman, Str. P. W., 56

Sherwin, Str. John, 205

Shipbuilding techniques, 90–91

Ship Owners’ Dry Dock Company, 88

Ships, numbers of, 22, 63, 89, 113, 120, 137, 139, 188, 203, 206

Siemens, Str. Sir William, 69–71, 98

Silver Isle, M/V, 181

Sincennes, barge, 127

Singer Building, 123

Smith, John, 31

Snyder, Str. William P., 117, 121, 129

Snyder, Str. William P., Jr., 98, 123–25, 128, 129

Snyder, William Penn, 117–18, 121–22

Snyder, William P., Jr., 122–23

Society for the Navigation of the Richelieu River, 127. See also Canada Steamship Lines

Soo Lighter & Wrecking, 81

Soo Locks, 14, 21–22, 29, 64, 169, 187–88

Soo River Company, 99, 118, 120

South Chicago, IL, 34, 100, 152, 180

Sovereign of the Seas, 13

Sparrows Point, Str., 161

Speer, M/V Edgar B., 199–200

Spencer, Mollie, tug, 27

Spokane, Str., 39, 64

Square-rigged sailing vessels, 19

Standard Oil Company, 128

Standard 600-footers, 101–04, 106, 114, 123, 176

Stanley, Str. Robert C., 141

Stanton, Samuel Ward, 15, 21, 36

Staten Island Shipbuilding Company, 46

Steamboats: characteristics of, 22; development of, 17, 18; numbers of, 18, 63, 89, 113, 120, 137, 139; tonnages of, 89, 113

Steel Company of Canada, 56, 74

Steering gear, 54

Steinbrenner, George, 181, 193

Steinbrenner, George M., 35

Steinbrenner, Henry, 35, 36, 114

Steinbrenner family, 103

Stelco. See Steel Company of Canada

Stephens-Adamson, 149

Sterling, Str. Walter A., 155, 161, 162, 173–74, 177, 180

Stern tubes, 19

Stewart, Harry, 37

Stinson, M/V George A., 156, 199

Stockton Collier, 180

Storms: of 1905, 61–62, 86–87, 97–98; of 1913, 62, 93; of 1916, 56; of 1926, 106–08; of 1958, 140–42; of 1966, 108–12; of 1975, 165–68

Sturgeon Bay, WI, 135, 200

Submarine stern, 59, 61

Sundew, U.S. Coast Guard buoy tender, 141

Sunek, 182

Sunrise Steamship Company, 42

Sun Shipbuilding and Dry Dock Company, 151, 153, 174

Superior, tug, 129

Superior City, Str., 75–77, 78

Superior Midwest Energy Terminal, 204

Superior Ship Building, 62, 102, 105

Superior, WI, 47, 49, 96, 204

Supers. See Fraser-class

Susquehanna Steamship Company, 42

Susquehanna, Str., 40–42, 43, 44, 46, 53, 128

Sykes, Mrs. Wilfred, 145

Sykes, Str. Wilfred, 139, 144–50, 152, 153, 159, 171, 207

Sykes, Wilfred, 145–46

 

Table Rock, Str., 176

Taconite. See Iron ore

Tankships, 128

Tate, Str. Ben E., 129

Taylor, Str. B. H., 135

Taylor, Str. Myron C., 142

Texas deck, 99–100

Thayer, M/V Paul, 174, 181, 196

Thompson, Joseph H., barge. See Str. Joseph H. Thompson

Thompson, Joseph H., Jr., tug, 194

Thompson, Sheldon, schooner, 19

Thompson, Str. Joseph H., 147, 151–56, 157, 160, 161, 194, 206

Thompson Transit. See Tri-State Steamship Company

Thomson, Str. A. D., 49

Thunder Bay, ONT, 88, 107, 126, 127

Thrusters, 119, 180, 191

Ting On, Str., 46

Tioga, Str., 40, 43, 44

Titanic, Str., 51

Toiler, M/V, 185

Toledo, OH, 26, 27, 88, 103, 154

Topping, Str. John A., 129, 136

Toronto Harbour Commission, 62

Tow barges. See Consorts

Towing, 22

Townsend, Str. Edward Y., 102–03, 105–12

Townsend, Str. Paul H., 161

Tregurtha, M/V Paul R., 202–04, 206, 207

Tregurtha, Paul R., 203–04

Tregurtha, Str. Lee A., 162, 174, 204

Triad Salvage, 99

Tri-State Steamship Company, 64

Trotter, Captain David, 24

Trunk, 149

Trusses. See Braces

T2-class, 172, 173

Tunnels, walking, 138–39

Turner, yawl, 76–77

Tweed, Str. William H., 40

’Tween decks. See Between decks

 

Uhrig, Str. Alex B., 56

Union Dry Dock Company, 39–40, 43, 88

Union Pipe and Machinery, 103

Union Steamboat Company, 40, 43–44, 49

United States, Str., 18

United States Steel, 60, 69, 95, 113, 114, 115, 121, 134, 188–89. See also Pittsburgh Steamship and U.S.S. Great Lakes Fleet

Unloading systems, 22, 34, 82–83

Upper Lakes and St. Lawrence Transportation Company. See Upper Lakes Shipping

Upper Lakes Shipping, 62, 82, 99, 174, 175, 176

Upper Lakes Towing Company, 154–55, 194

U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, 64, 188

U.S. Coast Guard, 63, 81, 110–12, 129, 140–42, 166–67, 193–94

U.S. Department of Justice, 120

U.S. Lighthouse Service, 63. See also U.S. Coast Guard

U.S. Maritime Commission, 56, 60, 61, 74, 1 12, 151–53, 157–58, 161, 162, 172, 174

U.S. Navy, 31

U.S.S. Great Lakes Fleet. See Pittsburgh Steamship Company

 

Valley Camp Steamship Company, 56

Van Cleve, Captain James, 15, 18–19

Vandalia, Str., 18–19, 29

Verholme United Shipyards, 173, 181

Vessel tonnages, 18

Victorious, Str., 62

Victory, Str., 59–62, 64, 97

Victory-class, 157–58

Vigor, Str. Frank E., 70

Virginia, Str., 50

Voorhees, Str. Enders, 139

Voo Yang, Str., 46

 

Walkerville, ONT, 129

Walk-in-the-Water, Str., 15, 19

Wallace, James C., 90, 127

Wallace, Robert, 73

Warner, Str. William H., 100

War of 1812, 14

Watson, Str. Ralph H., 138, 139

Webster, Str. R. E., 99

Weir, Str. Ernest T., 154–55

Welland Canal, 23, 126, 127, 163, 168, 169, 170

Wellington, 19

West, Str. Charles C., 136, 137

West Bay City, MI, See Bay City, MI

West Bay City Ship building, 95, 102, 105

Westdale Shipping, 99

Westdale, Str., 99

Western Reserve, Str., 36–37

Western Ship Building and Dry Dock Company, 88, 126

Western Star, Str., 97

Western Transit, 49

Western World, Str., 20–21

West Neebish Channel, 82, 115

Weston Transit Company, 114

Whalebacks, 48, 130

Wheeler, Frank, 78–79

Wheeler, F. W., Ship Building, 53, 54, 55, 75, 78, 85–86, 88

Wheelhouses, 124. See also Pilothouses

White, Str. Charles M., 152

White, Str. H. Lee, 162

White, Str. W. F., 135

Whitefish Bay, Str., 174

Whitney, D. C., 55

Widener, Str. Peter A. B., 102–03, 105, 139

Williamson steering engine. See Steering gear

Wilpen, Str., 117

Wilson, Captain Thomas, 39, 48, 64

Wilson Marine Transit Company, 48, 51, 64, 75, 118–20, 124–25, 129, 139, 189, 193

Wilson, M/V Charles E., 196

Windsor, ONT, 108

Winter Hill, Str., 172

Wolverine, Str., 70

Wolvin, Augustus B., 75, 85, 86, 90

Wolvin, Str. Augustus B., 90–94, 129

Wolvin fleet, 92

Woodrush, U.S. Coast Guard buoy tender, 166

World’s Fair Passenger Steamer. See Str. Christopher Columbus

World’s Fair Steamship Company, 47, 49

Wreck of the Edmund Fitzgerald, 168

Wright, Orville and Wilbur, 113

Wyandotte, Str., 135–36

Wyandotte Chemical Company, 80, 136

Wyandotte, MI, 32, 53, 58

Wyandotte Transportation Company. See Wyandotte Chemical Company

Wy Chem 105, barge, 80

 

Yin Tung, Str., 46

 

Zenith City, Str., 60–62, 64, 75

Zenith Furnace Company, 92

Zenith Transit Company. See American Steamship Company

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Bibliography

Additional Information

ISBN
9780814343371
MARC Record
OCLC
1056021956
Pages
213-220
Launched on MUSE
2018-10-08
Language
English
Open Access
Yes
Creative Commons
CC-BY-NC
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