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223 Index ABC list, 30–31, 41 Acritelli, Pietro, 17 African Americans, 16, 19, 29 Ages, of internees, 46, 110, 138 Agriculture, 17, 59, 66, 117 Aircraft manufacturing, 60 Alaska, 46, 60, 157–58n7 Algiers, Louisiana, 108 Alienage, 147, 186n53. See also Citizenship Alien and Sedition Acts of 1798, 12, 160n1 Alien enemies: xv; appeals on behalf of, 92; hearings for, 4, 74–77, 80–105, 88; as pampered, 128–29; Presidential Proclamation No. 2527 and, 41–42; prisoners of war vs., 75. See also­ Enemy aliens; Loyalty Alien ­ Enemy Act of 1798, 9, 13, 41, 52, 77, 80–91, 131, 148, 155n1, 160n1, 173n46 Alien ­ Enemy Control Unit, 49, 76–78, 80, 85–87, 89, 136 Alien ­ Enemy Hearing Boards, 73–76, 81–84. See also Alien enemies; Special Alien ­ Enemy Hearing Board Alien ­ enemy program, 10, 45, 135 “Alien ­ Enemy Questionnaire,” 80 Alien Registration Act of 1940, xv, xvi, 38, 77, 98. See also Smith Act of 1940 Alien Registration Forms, xvi, 157n13 Allegiance: hearings and, 4, 73; media and, 32; pledges of, 26; renunciation of, xv, 147. See also Loyalty American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU), 24–25, 102 American Committee for Protection of Foreign Born, 125 American Federation of ­ Labor, 140 Americanization, 6, 59, 205n32 American Legion (Mas­sa­chu­setts), 128, 141 American Medical Association, 126 American Red Cross, 124. See also Red Cross Anarchists, 12–13 Andriano, Sylvester, 142–43, 179n146 Angel Island, San Francisco, California, 102, 108 Antonini, Luigi, 140, 140 Appeals: on behalf of pos­ si­ ble internees , 92; by internees, 107, 127–32 Appropriation Act, 29 Arabs, 145–46 Arizona, 61, 62 Army, 30–31, 39, 48, 50, 62 Army camps, 108–9. See also Internment camps; specific camps Arrests, 41–44 Assembly Fact Finding Committee on Un-­ American Activities in California , 20, 56–57 Assimilation, 5, 10, 15, 28, 134, 139, 143. See also Americanization Assistant U.S. Attorney, 99–100 At-­large internment, 52, 174nn58, 64 Attorney repre­sen­ta­tion, 80 Australia, internment of Italians in, 104, 195n158 Austrians, 3, 44, 104 Badoglio, Pietro, 33 Baltimore, 18 Barracks, in internment camps, 107–16, 111, 113 Baseball, 119 Basilone, John, 139 224 Index Benedetti, Umberto, 129 Bergen, Peter, 147 Berizzi, Louis, 120 Berle, Adolf, 33 Betrayal, 49 Biddle, Francis, 140; alien ­ enemy hearings and, 83; on aliens vs. ­ enemy aliens, 9; in announcement in New York of removal of Italians from alien enemy category, 71; coastal policies and, 68–69; on evacuation, 58; fairness and, 137; in FBI warrantless detentions, 41; Hoover and, 31; individual exclusion and, 64; in internment agreement, 39; on Italians, 71–72; Latin American internees and, 52; as opposed to mass internment, 3, 8, 44; and orga­ nizational memberships of Italians, 84; prohibited zones and, 60; in protection of aliens, 43, 45; and removal of Italians from alien ­ enemy category, 135; on right to counsel, 80–81; Roo­se­velt and, 2; Special Alien­ Enemy Hearing Board and, 90; War Department and, 58–59 “Black,” Italians as, 16. See also African Americans Blackshirts, 24, 94, 99 Board of Immigration Appeals, 75, 78 Boats, requisitioning of, 43–44, 70–71 Bocce, 118 Boeing (aircraft com­ pany), 60 Bolsheviks, 13 Boncompagni-Ludovisi, Prince Boncompagno, 48, 125 Bonomi, Ivanoe, 33 Borgus, H. E. N. D., 122 Boston, 27–28, 69, 76–77, 83–86, 88 Brinkley, Alan, 25 Bryan, B. M., 130 Buccellato, Frank, 67 Bulgarian aliens, 155n1, 157n6 Bund, 30 Bureau of Public Assistance, 124 Bush, George W., 145, 146 California, 6, 47, 65–66, 69–70, 134. See also Los Angeles; San Francisco; West Coast California Department of Agriculture, 66 California Farm Bureau, 59 Camp Forrest, Tennessee, 108 Camp McAlester, Oklahoma, 108 Camp McCoy, Wisconsin, 94, 102, 109, 114–15 Camps. See Internment camps Camp Upton, New York, 95 Canada, 77–78; internment of Italians in, 104–5, 195–96n160 Canadian citizenship, 78, 184n20 Caracciolo, Frank, 130–31 Car­ne­gie Hall, 36, 71 Carolo, Calogero, 99–100 Carroccia, Joseph, 69, 182n178 Carusi, Ugo, 71, 131 Casa Coloniale, 32 Catholics, 22. See also National Catholic Welfare Conference (NCWC) Cecconi, Prospero, 142 Cecil, W. J., 66 Cenacalo Club, 32, See also Il Cenacolo Censorship, 106–7, 109, 122–24, 130 Census (1890), 15 Census (1910), 15 Census (1940), 64 Chicago, 22, 35 Chieri, Pericle, 48, 92–94, 137 China, 51 Churchill, Winston, 23, 33, 35 Cipolato, Alfredo, 112, 117 Circulo 9 Maggio, 126 Circulo Francesco Crispi, 99 Citizens, naturalized, xv, 13, 31, 62–63, 69–70, 74, 133...

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Additional Information

ISBN
9781469634364
Related ISBN
9781469634333
MARC Record
OCLC
1005354200
Pages
250
Launched on MUSE
2018-01-03
Language
English
Open Access
No
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