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xi The seed for this proj­ ect was planted many years ago when, as a ­ little girl, I used to hear my grand­ father Joseph Carroccia tell stories about life in Amer­ i­ ca as an Italian immigrant. In the 1930s, he made frequent trips back and forth between Italy and the United States, where he worked to raise enough money to build a home and arrange for the transatlantic passage of his wife and young ­ children, including my ­ mother. When World War II started, my grandparents had been settled permanently in Farmington, Connecticut, for a number of years and ­ were raising a ­ family. Since they­ were aliens, they ­ were subject to nighttime visits by government officials searching for contraband items. My ­ mother described ­ these dreadful incidents to me on several occasions so that I might appreciate our ­ family’s history. Many years ­ later, when researching another proj­ ect at the Harvard Law School Library, I fortuitously came across the alien ­ enemy hearing board files of Erwin Griswold, who had served on Boston’s board. I would ­ later discover that Griswold’s board rec­ ords provided the sharpest lens into the pro­ cess of selective internment, which would become the basis for my exploration of this topic. This finding triggered memories of my own ­family’s stories about their war­ time experiences and piqued my interest to find out more. When I moved to Chapel Hill in 2007 and began teaching at UNC Law School, I had the good fortune of working with Eric Muller who generously shared with me resources relevant to Italian internment that he had come across in his scholarship on the Japa­ nese American internment. He encouraged me to pursue this little-­ researched topic and offered the most valuable guidance to me from early drafts through the finish of this proj­ect. In the initial stage, my research assistants Lee Turbyfill and Caitlin Carson conducted invaluable ­ legal research for me. When I had the opportunity to turn this topic conceived from a ­ legal perspective into a broader historical proj­ ect, I benefited greatly from the expert military history knowledge of Wayne Lee and Richard Kohn, who commented on multiple drafts, as well as the suggestions of Zaragosa Vargas regarding research in ethnic history, and the thoughts of Heather Williams on the social history Acknowl­edgments xii Acknowl­edgments chapter. Kathleen DuVal gave me constructive feedback on my pre­ sen­ ta­ tion of the social profile of internees. With the help of Peter Feaver, I was able to construct an Afterword that tied the questions I asked as a historian to current issues of national security. At vari­ ous stages of developing the manuscript , I received comments and suggestions from a wide circle of scholars. I would like to thank participants in the Triangle ­ Legal History Seminar; the Triangle Institute for Security Studies New ­ Faces Conference; the Research Triangle Seminar Series on the History of the Military, War, and Society; and the ­ Legal History Roundtable at Boston College Law School for their contributions. In par­ tic­ u­ lar, I appreciate my friends and colleagues Al Brophy and Nora Doyle who inspired me with their scholarship and never tired of engaging in conversations with me about mine. In the final stage of revisions, Gary Mormino’s insightful comments improved my depiction of Italian Americans and pre­ sen­ ta­ tion of key events. At UNC Press, I am grateful to Chuck Grench for his support of this proj­ ect throughout revisions and the production of the manuscript and to Rich Hendel for the cover illustration. I would also like to thank Stacey Byrd at the UNC Kathrine R. Everett Law Library for tracking down endless books for me, and Ashley Arthur for assisting me with formatting several versions of the manuscript. During the entire course of this proj­ ect, I consulted with many archivists who led me to the original sources that are the foundation of this book. Several deserve special recognition. I am indebted to Marian Smith of the Historical Research Branch of the U.S. Citizenship & Immigration Ser­ vices for providing me with crucial materials and for patiently and cheerfully explaining some technical immigration issues to me. At the Harvard Law School Library’s Historical & Special Collections, I am grateful to David Warrington, Lesley Schoenfeld, and Edwin Moloy for generously providing me access to Erwin Griswold’s Papers and answering my inquiries . Elizabeth Gray at the National Archives at College Park helped me navigate the Italian internee...

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Additional Information

ISBN
9781469634364
Related ISBN
9781469634333
MARC Record
OCLC
1005354200
Pages
250
Launched on MUSE
2018-01-03
Language
English
Open Access
No
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