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319 Index African Americans: economic issues and, 62–63, 244n7; Scottsboro Boys, 61– 83, 242n1, 245n18; and youth organizations , 7. See also racial issues Allen, Jay, 181 Allphin, Herbert, 71 Altbach, Philip G., 54, 293n30, 295n48 American Civil Liberties Union, 45 American Council on Education, 128 American Dream: African Americans and, 63; Harlan County miners’ strike and, 23–24; McMichael on, 203; youth organizations and, 10, 37–39 American Federation of Labor (AFL), 67, 140, 245n17 American Federation of Teachers, 58 American Student Union (ASU), 5, 228; and American Youth Act, 146; and AYA, 137–39; and AYC, 97–99; and economic issues, 146; and education, 151–53; and elections, 145; end of, 192, 226; establishment of, 57–58, 85– 86, 102–2, 112, 115–16, 118–19; and funding issues, 148–49; ideology of, 6; Lash and, 118–20, 289n134, 297n63, 304n150; and leadership struggles, 194–96, 200–1, 289n134; membership of, 293n16; National Executive Committee , 75, 119–20, 153; and NYA, 135; and racial issues, 72; and Spanish Civil War, 168–69; values of, 7–8, 73, 120–21; and war debates, 173–74, 176, 179–82, 186–87, 194–96, 200– 1, 213, 217 American Youth Act, 137–45, 147, 150– 51, 158, 204, 214, 216, 229 American Youth Commission, 128, 147–48 American Youth Congress (AYC), 5, 228, 273n127; and American Youth Act, 139–41, 143, 146; and ASU, 97–99; and auditorium affair, 219–21; and CCC, 126; and China, 179; and Citizenship Institute, 201–6; communism and, 88, 94–95, 100, 185, 215–16, 256n65; Creed of, 65–66, 184–85, 290n144, 296n54; and education, 216, 276n174; and elections, 218–19; end of, 192, 205–13, 226; establishment of, 57–58, 85–86, 88–97, 253n15; and funding issues, 148–49, 273n121; and HUAC, 295n53, 296nn56–57; Lash and, 213–17, 221–22, 302nn107,113; and leadership struggles, 213–17, 221–22; membership of, 96; Model Congress, 146–47, 150–51; and New 320 Index Deal, 129–30; and NYA, 133, 135; and racial issues, 65, 81, 245nn17,29, 246nn30,36; and Spanish Civil War, 165, 168; and unemployment, 26; values of, 7–8, 95–96; and war debates, 176, 179–80, 182, 184–85, 209–10, 214; Williams and, 159 Antioch College, 152 anti-Semitism, 77–79, 249nn92,96 appeasement, 170, 179, 183, 218 Association of College Editors, 51 Association to Save the Children of Spain, 168 athletes, African Americans, treatment of, 67–68 Atkinson, Edward, 68 Austria, 177 authoritarianism: and Reed Harris affair, 40–60. See also fascism Ball, Norman, 25 Bates, Ruby, 250n101 Beard, Charles, 112 Bednarz, John J., 73 Bell, Daniel, 3, 54, 99, 102, 121, 253n19, 308n198 Bell, John D., 21 Bell, William, 7, 74 Bendiner, Bob, 236n93, 287n101 Bennington College, 152 Berle, Adolf A., 10, 167, 177 Bethune, Mary McLeod, 76, 270n61 Blum, Léon, 260n106, 263n178 Blunt, David, 65 Boas, Franz, 233n9 Bogard, Miriam, 256n65 Borough Park Community Council, 135 Bowers, Claude G., 90 Brax, Ralph, 13, 34, 109, 253n19, 294n30 Brinton, Crane, 261n128 Britain. See England Browder, Earl, 36, 55, 89, 92, 145, 185 Brown, Richard R., 75, 133 Browning, Edward, Jr., 38 Brown University, 110 Bryan, Ernest R., 103 Burke-Wadsworth Bill, 217 Burnham, Louis, 214–15 Butler, Nicholas Murray, 43–46, 60, 113 Cadden, Joseph, 133, 154, 160, 199f, 209, 300n92; and communism, 295n52; and HUAC, 198–200, 296n57; and leadership struggles, 186, 202, 206–7, 211–12, 219–20; Rawick and, 256n65; and Spanish Civil War, 168; and war debates, 217 Callahan, William, 243n2 The Campus, 13–14, 48–50, 58, 68–70, 78–79, 166, 173 capitalism: Depression and, 27; Harris and, 41–42; and radicalism, 34; youth critiques of, 2–3, 37 Carmody, John, 219 Caro, Robert, 278n219 Carter, Dan, 62, 242n2, 250n102, 251n104 Catholics, and Spanish Civil War, 175–76, 280n10, 285n80 Central Bureau for Young America, 87–90 Chalmers, Allan Knight, 250n96 Chamberlain, Neville, 195 China, 164, 169–70, 177, 179, 216 Citizenship Institute, 158, 191–92, 201–6, 299n84 City College of New York (CCNY): and peace, 109–10, 110t–11t; and racial issues, 67–69; and religion, 8; and Spanish Civil War, 168–69, 173, 179; and student rights issues, 47–50, 58; and war, 102–3; and youth leaders, 3 civics. See democratic education Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC), 64, 95, 126–27, 257nn69,71; cost effectiveness of, 149; end of, 310n3 civil liberties: auditorium affair and, 219– 21; Reed Harris affair and, 46–47 class issues...


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