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xviii Acronyms ASSAF Aid Organization for Refugees and Asylum Seekers in Israel ARRA Ethiopian Administration for Refugees AU African Union AUC African Union Commission AU.COMMIT African Union Commission Initiative against Trafficking BRO Beja Relief Organisation COIE Commission of Inquiry on Human Rights in Eritrea DSM Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders EC European Commission EEPA Europe External Policy Advisors ERN Eritrean nakfa EU European Union HGDEF Acronym in Tigrinya for PFDJ ICC International Criminal Court ICT information and communication technology IDP internally displaced people IES-R Impact of Events Scale-Revised IGAD Intergovernmental Authority on Development IGAD-RCP IGAD-Regional Consultative Process IMT International Military Tribunal IOM International Organization for Migration ISIS Islamic State (also known as ‘ISIL’, ‘IS’, ‘Daish’, ‘Daesh’, and ‘Islamic State group’) NGO non-governmental organisation NUES National Union of Eritrean Students NUEW National Union of Eritrean Women NUEY National Union of Eritrean Youth OAU Organisation of African Unity xix OHCHR Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights OPM Office of the Prime Minister (Uganda) PFDJ People’s Front for Democracy and Justice PTSD post-traumatic stress disorder R2P responsibility to protect RSF Rapid Support Forces SDG Sudanese pound UK United Kingdom UN United Nations UNGA United Nations General Assembly UNHCR United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees UNHRC United Nations Human Rights Council UNICEF United Nations Children’s Fund UNSC United Nations Security Council US United States YPFDJ Young People's Front for Democracy and Justice Eritrean exchange rate (as at 27 December 2016): Official rate: USD 1 = ERN 20 Black market rate: USD 1 = ERN 55 Market rate: USD 1 = ERN 100–1201 Sudanese exchange rate (as at December 2016): USD 1 = SDG 6.39 1See Chapter 3 for a full explanation of these rates. xx ...


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