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Index acetazolamide, 63 acoustic neuroma, 62, 179 acrocyanosis, 48–49 alprazolam (Xanax), 124, 127 Alzheimer disease, 156, 160, 164, 165 amitriptyline (Elavil), 126, 127, 138 amyloid protein, 156, 160 anterior inferior cerebellar artery (AICA) syndrome, 104–6 anticoagulants, 110 anticonvulsants, 79 antidepressants, 79, 126, 138 antihypertensive drugs, 37, 159 antiplatelet drugs, 109–10 antiviral drugs, 93–94 anxiety, 117–30, 173; BPPV and, 119; case example of, 123–24; diagnosis and lab tests for, 123–26; effect on recovery from vestibular disorders, 120–21; excessive visual dependence and, 120–21, 127; ge­ne­tics and, 118, 119, 126; lack of biomarkers for, 122, 126; MdDS and, 132, 134, 135, 139; migraine and, 121; mimics and red flags for, 129–30; self-­ treatment of, 128–29; symptoms of, 122–23; treatment of, 126, 127–28; triggers for, 128 aspirin, 105–6, 108, 109, 111 atrial fibrillation, 96, 102, 109, 110, 157 audiogram, 61–62, 78, 92 autoimmune disorders, 67, 112, 144, 148, 151, 176 autoimmune inner ear disease (AIED), 54, 66–67, 144, 173 autoimmune neuropathy, 50, 173 autonomic ner­ vous system, 34, 36, 37, 38, 49–50, 129 Ayers, Howard, 54–55 balance, 3–8, 54–55; brain anatomy and, 4–6, 31, 100, 174; inner ear and, 3, 5, 8–9, 10, 12, 54–55, 91, 175, 177, 179; long loop reflexes and, 154; Ménière’s disease and, 58, 60, 65; vision and, 163; visual dependence and, 121, 122. See also imbalance balance exercises, 95, 159, 162, 169–71 basilar artery(ies), 100–101, 103, 106; occlusion of, 111, 113 INDEX 182 benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV), 17–32, 173; anxiety and, 119; case example of, 21–22; cause of, 17–18, 19–20, 85; diagnosis and lab tests for, 20–21, 23–25; horizontal canal, 25, 27; migraine and, 19, 77; mimics and red flags for, 30–32; in older persons, 19, 77; self-­treatment of, 27–30; symptoms of, 20–23; treatment of, 18–19, 26–27, 29, 30, 31, 173, 175; vestibular neuritis and, 87 benzodiazepines, 63, 124, 127, 137–38 beta blockers, 49, 79 bilateral vestibular failure (BVF), 141–51; case example of, 145–46; ­ causes of, 141, 142–44; diagnosis and lab tests for, 146–47; historical perspectives on, 142–43; mimics and red flags for, 150–51; self-­ treatment of, 149–50; symptoms of, 141–42, 145; treatment of, 148–49 blood pressure: hypertension, 44, 45, 105, 123, 155, 158, 159; mea­sure­ment of, 41, 42–43, 46, 163; orthostatic hypotension, 33–50, ­ 177 Bradbury-­Eggleston syndrome, 34 brain: balance and, 4–6, 31, 100, 174; tumors of, 80, 125, 173. See also ­cerebellum Brandt-­Daroff exercises, 27 Cairns, Hugh, 56–57, 64, 83 calcium and BPPV, 19–20, 25 calcium channel blockers, 79 caloric test, 92, 124, 146, 147 canalithiasis, 18, 173 canalith repositioning maneuvers (CRPs), 26–27, 173 Cannon, Walter, 34 cardiac arrhythmias, 50, 109, 130, 157 cardioinhibitory phenomenon, 47 cells, 1, 174; glia, 5, 153, 155, 161, 175; neurons, 5, 153, 177; oligodendrocytes , 161–62; stem, 161–62 central ner­ vous system (CNS), 9, 174. See also brain central vestibular pathways, 10, 174; in MdDS, 133 cerebellum, 6, 10, 89, 174; blood supply to, 100–101, 103, 178; BVF vs. diseases of, 150; central positional vertigo and, 31; stroke of, 96, 101, 104, 112, 113 ce­ re­ bral amyloid angiopathy (CAA), 156–57, 160 ce­re­bral palsy, 161 cerumen, 10 cervical spinal stenosis, 164, 174 citalopram (Celexa), 126, 127, 138 clonazepam, 127, 137, 138 clopidogrel (Plavix), 109 cocaine, 128 cochlea, 2, 58, 64, 175 cochlear implant, 149 cognitive therapy, 138 compression stockings, 46, 49 computed tomography (CT), 124, 174; in BPPV, 22, 23; in small vessel ischemic disease, 160; in stroke, 89, 106, 108; in vestibular neuritis, 88, 89, 96 computed tomography angiography (CTA), 22, 108–9 congestive heart failure, 44, 50, 163 connectomics proj­ects, 5–6 Crawford, John, 142–43 Cushing, Harvey, 56, 64 Darwin, Charles, 2 dehydration, 35–36, 49, 88, 93, 105 dementia, 164, 165; Alzheimer disease, 156, 160, 164, 165; vascular, 158 diabetic neuropathy, 50, 174 INDEX 183 diagnosis, 8, 10, 20–21. See also specific disorders Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of­Mental Disorders (DSM), 122, 123 diazepam, 63, 137 diet: anxiety and, 128; caffeine in, 49, 70, 128, 163; for Ménière’s disease, 63, 65–66; for migraine, 79; for orthostatic hypotension, 44 differential diagnosis, 6, 174 dimenhydrinate (Dramamine), 63, 78, 93, 94 disequilibrium, 3, 9, 174. See...

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Additional Information

ISBN
9781421420912
Related ISBN
9781421420905
MARC Record
OCLC
964524376
Pages
208
Launched on MUSE
2016-12-10
Language
English
Open Access
No
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