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TEXAS WOMEN IN POLITICS AND PUBLIC AFFAIRS JUDITH N. MCARTHUR Winning the vote opened the way for women to run for political office at all levels and encouraged them to continue their lobbying efforts in the state legislature. Although published studies are lacking, several good theses and dissertations have begun to explore this territory . Emma Louise Moyer Jackson, "Petticoat Politics: Political Activism Among Texas Women in the 1920's" (Ph.D. diss., University of Texas at Austin, 1980) provides a detailed account of the Women's Joint Legislative Council, a lobbying coalition of reform-minded women's groups led by former suffragist Jane McCallum. Cynthia Pendergrass Keever, "The Election of Miriam Ferguson as Governor, 1924" (master 's thesis, University of Texas at Austin, 1971) analyzes the election of the state's first woman governor; Patricia Ellen Cunningham, "Bonnet in the Ring: Minnie Fisher Cunningham and her Race for Governor of Texas, 1944" (master's thesis, University of Texas at Austin, 1985) analyzes the former suffrage leader's gubernatorial campaign with special emphasis on the newspaper coverage, and Walter Lawrence Harris, "The Life of Margie E. Neal" (master's thesis, University of Texas at Austin, 1955), examines the career of the educator and newspaper editor who in 1926 became the first woman to win election to the Texas Senate. Analytical studies are needed on nearly every aspect of women and public affairs in Texas. Ruthe Winegarten, ed., Texas Women's History Project Bibliography (Austin: Texas Foundation for Women's Resources, 1980) provides a partial survey of existing literature and identifies selected primary documents. Biographies of the women who worked for equal legal and political rights have yet to see print. Jacqueline Dowd Hall, Revolt Against Chivalry : Jessie Daniel Ames and the Women's Campaign Against Lynching (New York: Columbia University Press, 1979) is the only scholarly study of a twentieth-century Texas woman published to date. The early chapters discuss the suffrage movement in Texas and Ames's work as the first president of the Texas League of Women Voters. Rebecca Richmond, A Woman of Texas: Mrs. Percy V. Pennybacker (San Antonio: Naylor, 1941) describes the career of the only Texas woman to serve as president of the General Federation of Women's Clubs. Fannie L. Armstrong, ed., To the Noon Rest: The Life, Work, and Addresses of Mrs. Helen M. Stoddard (Butler, Ind.: L. H. Higley, 1909), combines a biographical sketch of the WCTU president and lobbyist with selections from her speeches and writings. Both books are ad238 BIBLIOGRAPHIES 239 miring, uncritical accounts. Judith Paterson, Be Somebody: A Biography of Marguerite Rawalt (Austin: Eakin Press, 1986) examines the life of the Corpus Christi attorney and president of the Texas Federation of Business and Professional Women's Clubs who filed the first sex discrimination cases for the National Organization for Women and worked tirelessly for the Equal Rights Amendment. Biographical data on most Texas women must be extracted from a variety of sources that range widely in quality and usefulness. Short biographical sketches appear in a number of composite works. The most helpful are Elizabeth Brooks, Prominent Women of Texas (Akron, Ohio: Werner, 1896); Sinclair Moreland, Texas Women's Hall of Fame (Austin: Biographical Press, 1917); and Who's Who of the Womanhood of Texas, vol. 1, 1923-24, compiled by the Texas Federation of Women's Clubs (Fort Worth: Stafford-London, 1924). All are older, undocumented dictionaries that offer brief narratives, often accompanied by a photograph of the biographee. Newer collections feature longer and more interpretative biographical essays. Ann Fears Crawford and Crystal Sasse Ragsdale, Women in Texas (Austin: Eakin Press, 1982) includes sketches of Jane McCallum and Annie Webb Blanton, the state's first superintendent of public instruction. McCallum and civil rights activist Christia Adair are also featured in a collection for young adults, We Can Fly: Stories of Katherine Stinson and Other Gutsy Texas Women by Mary Beth Rogers, Sherry Smith, and Janelle Scott (Austin: Ellen C. Temple, 1983). For quick reference the Handbook of Texas in two volumes (Austin: Texas State Historical Association, 1952) and a supplement volume (1976) supplies biographical sketches of deceased women. The entries vary from one to several paragraphs in length and include bibliographical references. An expanded six-volume edition scheduled to appear in the mid-1990s promises more extended coverage of women. Most university and large public libraries maintain vertical files that are good sources for clippings and biographical miscellany about Texas women. The most noteworthy collection is the "Texas Women, a...


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