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24 1914-1919 Men Support the Cause From the early days of the Texas suffrage movement, men were members of local and state associations and lent support to the cause of votes for women. Some, like S. P. Brooks, president of Baylor University, anticipated that women would be voting allies in reform causes, especially prohibition. In an address before the Waco Equal Suffrage Association, he expressed the hope that enfranchised women would close the saloons. Others, such as A. Caswell Ellis, a University of Texas professor, advocated suffrage for women in the name of democracy and simple justice. In a pamphlet issued by the National Woman Suffrage Publishing Company, he explained why woman suffrage should be a man's cause too. Ellis also compiled and edited The Texas Democrat, a newspaper suffrage supplement issued under the auspices of the Texas Equal Suffrage Association during the campaign for a state suffrage amendment in 1919. DOCUMENT* SOME PHASES OF WOMAN SUFFRAGE BY S. P. BROOKS PREPARED BY REQUEST AND READ BEFORE THE WACO EQUAL SUFFRAGE ASSOCIATION, WACO, TEXAS APRIL 30, 1914 . . . If one asks why women want to vote we answer it by asking: Have they not come to feel the comradeship of intelligence and social responsibility of their brothers? Are they not the equals of their brothers and do they not want a square deal? Do they not know some things as well as the men and some things better than the men? The home with its food and furniture and clothes and modern mechanical contrivances is not to-day a thing apart from law and government and daily social activities as in the olden days. Concerning these things the women can speak at the polls. Her children not only may go to school but must go in most states. Concerning the children the women are most competent to advise the law-makers. Modern cities, with old sins exaggerated; modern tenements, with lack of normal bodily *From: S. P. Brooks, "Some Phases of Woman Suffrage/7 30 April 1914, pp. 9-12,16-17, 20-21. S. P. Brooks Papers, The Texas Collection, Baylor University. 138 DOCUMENTS 139 Dr. A. Caswell Ellis was a University of Texas professor who played a leading role in thefinalphase of the struggle for woman's right to vote. He edited The Texas Democrat, a suffrage newspaper that circulated during the 1919 campaign for the state amendment. (Courtesy Barker Texas History Center, The University of Texas at Austin.) 140 CITIZENS AT LAST comforts for health and happiness; modern crowded thoroughfares, where no child can play—all present problems which women can help to solve. Does anybody doubt that women want to vote when they go upon the streets of the cities and see the degradation wrought by saloons? Does anybody doubt that woman suffrage will keep alive the prohibition question as long as saloons exist and segregated vice thrives? Is there anybody that is ignorant of the fact that where woman suffrage has been adopted saloons have decreased? Wherever it has been voted upon, as recently in Michigan and Wisconsin, breweries and saloons and their paid advocates were a unit in the cry of the hurt and debasement voting would bring to the wives and mothers of our land. Women have voted only once in Illinois, and yet as a result there were immediately reported to be in that state 1000 fewer saloons. Gamblers curse woman suffrage, as the pimps of harlots, to the shame of the race. No wonder the drink business cries out against women voting, for after Utah "in 1911 passed a statewide local option law, 110 cities went dry and only 18 went wet, and out of these 18 so-called cities, 16 were mining camps. Every county in Utah but one is now dry." This is but a sample of many in the various states where equal suffrage exists. It is said that if women vote they are meddling in politics. Just so it is said of preachers and teachers and business men. Just so it has been said of decent conservative men from the days when ballots took the place of bullets. But time is a healer of wounds and an adjuster of many a fault. Preachers and teachers and bankers and other business men are now taking part in the politics of the country as never before. This is well. If for no other reason, it is well to effect the political dominance of the breweries, distilleries, gamblers and...


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