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FOREWORD When Citizens at Last: The Woman Suffrage Movement in Texas was originally published by Ellen C. Temple in 1987, Texas women’s history was in the late stages of its emergence as a recognized field. Although women’s history got its start nationally in the late 1960s, the first statewide glimmer in Texas did not appear until 1981 with the museum exhibit Texas Women: A Celebration of History, which opened at the Institute of Texan Cultures in San Antonio and traveled the state for eighteen months. Brought to fruition by the Texas Foundation for Women’s Resources (TFWR), which is led by Ann Richards, among others, the exhibit made women’s history a reality for the more than one million people who saw it. Ellen Clarke Temple also helped make the exhibit possible, and after that experience, she turned her attention to the efforts of the Texas State Historical Association to include women’s history in the revision of its venerable encyclopedia, The Handbook of Texas. In cooperation with the TFWR, Temple created a research fellowship in Texas women’s history for the revision project. Graduate student Judith McArthur became the first recipient of the fellowship. In 1985, Temple persuaded historian Anne Firor Scott of Duke University to come to Texas to encourage the Handbook contributors, who were then busy researching Texas women for inclusion in such an important resource. In this energetic atmosphere, often bubbling with discoveries of once-unknown histories, Temple also brought together McArthur and Ruthe Winegarten (the independent scholar who had been research director for the Texas Women exhibit) for a special purpose: to locate and organize essential primary documents and photographs from the woman suffrage movement in Texas. The three women assembled everything into a single volume called Citizens at Last, which Temple published, making them available together for the first time Also included in the volume was the only scholarly overview of the subject, A. Elizabeth Taylor’s essay “The Woman Suffrage Movement in Texas,” originally published in 1951 in The Journal of Southern History. Modern readers will be thankful that Taylor, the first scholar of woman suffrage in the South, wrote a new piece for Citizens at Last. Her introduc- xii   FOREWORD tion is an invaluable reminiscence of her presentation, given at a major historical association meeting, of one of the first papers about woman suffrage. Taylor recalls that her interest in suffrage was considered “unorthodox ” at the time and that historians of women had neither a network nor any “collective identity.” Professor Taylor died in 1993. Anne Firor Scott contributed yet another valuable section in the book’s context-setting foreword. Here she reminds readers that the history of woman suffrage in Texas was largely unknown in the middle of the 1980s, even though that history “exhibits all the characteristics Texans are said to value: boldness, pioneer spirit, great leaders, hard work—and victory at last.” Readers, she promises, will learn much from the book. “History, as we all know, is not just something that happened in the past, but something we carry around inside our heads. We live in times requiring the most energetic, dedicated citizen involvement in public policy that has yet been seen in this country. . . . Where better than in this record to find the inspiration to achieve another high point of women’s political history?” Although Citizens at Last originally included the annotations and bibliographies readers will find here, it did not include an index; we have added one to this edition. Always an essential reference, Citizens at Last: The Woman Suffrage Movement in Texas is now more user-friendly and an especially welcome arrival for the many readers who have worn their own copies to tatters. The editors of Texas A&M University Press’s Women in Texas History series are particularly proud that Citizens at Last appears as the debut volume in its new Ellen C. Temple Classics collection. In this endeavor to make available again the formative books in the field, no better collaborator and namesake can be found than Ellen Temple—a lifelong advocate for libraries, the humanities, and Texas women’s history. Nancy Baker Jones and Cynthia J. Beeman Series Editors ...


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