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235 APPENDIX A Historical Seawomen This list of seawomen born before 1900 who appear in this book is intended to aid the reader in keeping track of names that are often similar and sometimes the same. When I have dates, I have included them. To protect their privacy and also because they are too numerous, I have not included seawomen born in the twentieth century. Names are alphabetized by given name, in Icelandic fashion. Anna Björnsdóttir grew up on a farm at Sydri-Gardshorn near Dalvík in North Iceland, and worked at sea in the late 1700s and early 1800s for her father, who was known for demanding hard work of everyone. He chastised Anna for not rowing hard enough when she was heavily pregnant. Anna Hákonardóttir was one of the women who drowned with Gudrun Jónsdóttr when their boat capsized at Dritvík in 1820. Audur Djúpúdga came to Iceland from the Hebrides area about 874, “in charge of her boat,” and settled at Dalir east of Breidafjördur. Björg Einarsdóttir (1716–1789) grew up on a remote farm at Látraströnd, North Iceland, and was known as very strong at sea, but particularly for her brilliant poetry. She became a wanderer in her forties, receiving food and lodging in exchange for poetry. Bóthildur was a slave woman from the Saga period who rowed so strongly, and spoke so cleverly, that she saved the saga hero Gísli’s life. 236 Appendix A Brandthrúdur Benónýsdóttir (b. 1831) was a respected seawoman in the Borgarfjördur Eystri area of East Iceland, known particularly for her weather-reading skills. She was also a poet and lived most of her life with her brother Magnús. Dýrleif Einarsdóttir (b. 1870) lived in the area of Skagafjördur, North Iceland. After her husband became disabled, she sustained her entire family for decades through fishing, teaching her young sons sea skills and going to sea as a family enterprise. Elín Ólafsdóttir had a reputation as a strong woman and good at sea. She was one of the people who drowned in Breidafjördur, in a boat with Foreman Magnús Magnússon in 1833. Gudbjörg Jónsdóttir went into labor while working at sea in the mid1800s with her husband Árni (or Jón, depending upon the account) Jónsson and had the child directly upon reaching shore. They lived on a farm at Múlasveit, north of Breidafjördur. Gudlaug Gunnlaugsdóttir was one of five sisters who fished from the Bjarnareyjar islands of Breidafjördur in the early 1900s at a time when many were moving from the islands and the fishing was changing. Gudlaug Thorvaldsdóttir was born about 1683 in the Stokkseyri area, and began going to sea with her father when she was a young teen. She came to notice because her father brought a successful case against a man who sexually assaulted her when she was about twelve—although the case was not fully resolved until she was twenty—and still fishing with her father. Gudný Hagalín (1878–1952) fished as a teen from the island of Flatey with her father, but was later stopped from this and other activities by her aunt. She was also the great-grandmother of current-day seawoman Inga Fanney. Gudný Pálsdóttir was the daughter of Foreman Páll Einarsson, and survived when their boat at Dritvík capsized in 1809. Gudný Sigrídur Magnúsdóttir worked as a farmhand seawoman from the late 1800s in the West Fjords. She was known as a good seawoman, and also for her ability to run over mountains and along the sides of cliffs. She was also a good friend of the poet Magnús Magnússon. Appendix A 237 Gudrídur Pétursdóttir (1793–1869) was a respected seawoman of the Breidafjördur area who generally took the helm when fishing with her husband. She was also able to compose poetry while working at sea. She and her husband were both apparently considered colorful people about whom many stories were told. Gudrún Einarsdóttir (1814–1911) fished for many years and had many adventures in the Breidafjördur area and at Dritvík. Her daughter, also a seawoman, was Gudrún Torfadóttir. Gudrún Eyjólfsdóttir was a seawoman who drowned in a storm...


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