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293 Index | Boldface numbers refer to figures and tables. adulthood: emerging, 10–11, 144, 156; expedited (see expedited adulthood ); transition to (see transition to adulthood) Akerlof, George, 242n38 Alexander, Karl, 1–4, 124, 149 Anderson, Elijah: campaign for respectability , 242n37, 243n43; Code of the Street, 66; ethnographies of low-­ income communities, 245n12; “old heads,” significance of, 242n35; the “street” terminology used by, 115, 236n46, 238n7 Arkes, Jeremy, 247n34 Arnett, Jeffrey, 10, 125, 144 availability heuristic, 199 Avery, Christopher, 11, 145 Baltimore Housing Mobility Program (BHMP), 185, 257n19 Baltimore youth: characteristics of the sample of, 64–66; exposure to trauma, 54–56; image of, popular vs. reality revealed in research, xiii–xvi; life in the public housing projects, 24–27; methodologies for studies of (see methodology); neighborhood poverty rates for, 35, 38; neighborhood poverty rates for MTO youth, 37, 39; on the path to college, 119– 24; parenting practices and, 42–48; policy agenda addressing the needs of (see policy agenda); stories to counteract poor sources of information about, 199–201; study of (see Moving To Opportunity (MTO) program, study of) Bandura, Albert, 244n57 Beck, Ulrich, 249n14 Becker, Gary, 13 Becker, Howard, 211, 217 Beginning School Study, 1–2 Bernstein, Basil, 13–14 Bertrand, Marianne, 150 Bielby, William, 242n40 Bloome, Deirdre, 234n35 Bourdieu, Pierre, 13 Boyd, Melody, 87, 208, 211, 264n26 Brice-­ Heath, Shirley, 14, 231n24 Briggs, Xavier de Souza, 242n41, 256n16, 263n13 Brooks, David, xiv–xv Brown v. Board of Education, 198 Burdick-­ Will, Julia, 236n47, 257n22 Burton, Linda, 250n21 Bynner, John, 248n12 Canada, Geoffrey, 189 Carter, Prudence, 231n27, 246n26 Cartmel, Fred, 249n14 294      Index Cherlin, Andrew, 149, 252n18 Chetty, Raj, 13, 36, 57–58, 259n61 Clydesdale, Timothy, 230n11, 239n11 Coates, Ta-­ Nehisi, 246n32 Coleman, James, 41 College Coach Program (CCP), 194–95 community colleges, 195–96 community development strategies, 188–90 Cooley, Charles, 243n42 Corinthian College, 174–75 Cote, James, 248n7 cultural capital: dominant and nondominant , distinction between, 231n27; linguistic, 231n24; social reproduction and, 13–14 Darrah, Jennifer, 103–4, 131, 213, 221 DeBlasio, Bill, 255n2 DeHaan, Laura, 239n15 denominator neglect, 198–99 Desmond, Matthew, 237n2 Deutsch, Nancy, 238n4 Dickovick, Alessandra Del Conte, 206 disconnected youths, 183 Dobbie, Will, 259n50 Duckworth, Angela, 7, 69–71, 121, 241n25 Dunbar, Paul Laurence, 76 Duncan, Arne, 197 Duncan, Greg, 205–7, 213, 263n6 Dynarski, Susan, 174 Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC), 197, 233n25 Edsall, Thomas, 200 education: arts education and extracurricular activities, funding cuts for, 87, 190–91; college attendance, income and, 259–60n61; college completion , benefits of, 193; college enrollment rates, 251n12; degree attempted by youth with a high school diploma or GED, 154; educational status of youth with a high school diploma or GED, 155; expedited adulthood, college and, 144– 45; intergenerational change in outcomes , 40; neighborhood effects and intergenerational outcomes, 39–40; policies addressing issues of (see postsecondary landscape, changing the); poor-­ performing schools, conditions in, 95–96; poor schools as risk factor for the street, 111; postsecondary (see postsecondary education); remedial, 196, 261n85; social reproduction and, 14; undermatching of disadvantaged youths and colleges, 11, 145, 194 emerging adulthood, 10–11, 144, 156 Entwisle, Doris, 1–2, 124 Erikson, Erik, 10, 238n10 Ethel Lawrence Homes complex, 187– 88 expedited adulthood, 11–12, 192–93; downshifting in, 16, 138–44; downshifting in, case studies of, 126–38; four-­ year colleges and, 144–45; labor market entry in, 146–53; mechanisms pulling youth down in, 140– 42; policies addressing issues of (see policy agenda); postsecondary education in (see postsecondary education ); trauma and pressures leading to, 125–26 family background: social reproduction and, 2; the street, as risk factor in getting “caught up” in, 100, 111, 117–18; trauma experienced by parents , children’s well-­ being and, 236n52; undertow from, 124, 126– 38. See also parenting practices Fegley, Suzanne, 239n16 Forgotten Half, The: Pathways to Success for America’s Youth and Young Families (William T. Grant Foundation Commission on Work, Family, and Citizenship), 153–54 Index      295 Fryer, Roland, 259n50 Furchtgott-­ Roth, Diana, 260n79 Furlong, Andy, 249n14 “gainful employment” rule, 197 Gautreaux, Dorothy, 202–3 Gautreaux Program, 202–4 gender: impact of the Moving To Opportunity program on children, differences based on, 204–5, 207; labor market entry/postsecondary education and, 147; the street, as risk factor in getting “caught up” in, 98– 100 Giddens, Anthony, 249n14 Goering, John, 40, 263n13 Goffman, Alice, 218 Goffman, Erving, 139 Graham, Martha, 121 Gray, Freddie, xiii–xiv, 68 grit: definition of, 68; identity projects and, 68–72, 83; leveraging, 16; significance of, 7–9 guns...


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