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Index Abbeville, S.C., 104 Aberdeen, Miss., 159 Abolitionism and African American education in the South, x, xi, 108–15, 155–56, 158, 179. See also Antislavery Abolitionists, teachers as, xii–xiv, xix, 88, 109, 110, 117, 160, 196 (n. 57), 230 (n. 109) Adams, Emily, 69 Adams, Henry, 21 Adams, Sam, 70 Adams, William H., 169 African Americans: and postwar advancement, xiii, 28; response to freedom, xvi, 2, 19, 150, 153, 171–72; demand for education by, 2–4, 6, 8–10, 15–16, 28, 57, 149–50, 154, 174–75; agency of, 3, 18–23, 156, 174–76; perceptions of education, 8–12; aspirations of, 13, 19, 152; as teachers, 17–51; northern, education of, 19– 20. See also Literacy, African American; Students , southern African American; Teachers of the freed people—Northern African Americans as; Teachers of the freed people— Southern African Americans as African Civilization Society, 126 African Methodist Episcopal Church, 47–48, 171 Aiken, S.C., 90, 93 Aiken Improvement Society, 93 Albany, Ga., 97, 100 Alcorn Agricultural College, 41, 204 (n. 58) Alexander, Louisa L., 37, 38 Alexandria, Va., 4, 21, 22, 27, 38, 40, 79 Alfred, Caroline, 4, 97, 100 Allen, William F., 143 Alvord, John W., 2, 89, 132, 144, 194 (n. 31) Alvord, Julia, 89 Ambush, James, 21 Ambush, Joseph, 21 Amelia Court House, Va., 95 American Advent Mission Society, 86 American Baptist Free Mission Society, 41, 111, 230 (n. 110) American Baptist Home Mission Society, 86, 96, 116 American Freedman, 48 American Freedmen’s Union Commission, 28, 57, 87 American Missionary, 48 American Missionary Association, xvii, 25, 28, 36, 37, 38, 40, 45, 79, 84–116 passim, 125, 143, 144, 147–48, 191 (n. 10), 199 (n. 17), 226 (n. 53) American Tract Society, 114, 124–25, 126 Americus, Ga., 68, 164 Amherst College, 84 Andover Theological Seminary, 84 Angelica, N.Y., 167 Anson Co., N.C., 62 Anthony, Cynthia, 100 Antiliteracy laws, 15, 196 (n. 65) Antislavery, 109–11, 115. See also Abolitionism, and African American education in the South Appeal to the Coloured Citizens of the World, 15 Armenianism, 107 Arms, Charles, 32 Armstrong, Mary Ann, 213 (n. 25) Armstrong, Samuel Chapman, 91, 120, 123, 128, 131, 224 (n. 29) Ashmun Institute, 21 Atkinson, Matilda M., 106 Atlanta, Ga., 164 Atlanta University, 26, 41, 89, 224 (n. 29) Atwater, Horace C., 33, 34 Atwell, Cordelia Jennings, 153 Auburn, Miss., 169 Augusta, Alexander T., 41 Augusta, Ga., 3, 25, 30 Austin, Emily L., 90, 91 Austin, Susan A., 103 Austin, Tex., 70, 96 302 Index Austin, William P., 103 Avery Normal Institute, 29, 37 Babcock, Melvina A., 104–5 Bainbridge, Ga., 79, 100 Baker, Alma, 109 Baker, Carrie, 103 Baltimore, Md., 4, 12, 21, 43, 114, 147 Baltimore Association for the Moral and Educational Improvement of the Colored People, 235 (n. 43) Baltimore Normal School, 145, 235 (n. 43) Banfield, Joshua Stuart, 86 (illus.) Banks, Nathaniel, 5 Baptists, 99 Barnes, Elizabeth, 95 Barnes, Sarah M., 93 Barnes Institute (Galveston, Tex.), 93 Barnetson, Edwin, 167 Barrows, Isabella C., 89 Bartee, Mosko, 25 Bartlett, Frances H., 103 Barton, Thomas B., 167, 176 Bascom, William, 89 Baton Rouge, La., 96, 168 Battey, Abby, 97 Battey, Nancy S., 142 Battey, Richard, 97 Beaird, Simeon, 21 Beals, Harvey S., 84 Beard, Edward, 21 Beaufort, S.C., 4, 91, 116, 140, 143 Beecher, Catherine, 91 Beecher, Henry Ward, 66–67 Belcher, Edwin, 159 Bemis, Luke, 84 Benedict, Julia E., 79, 80, 84 Benevolence, as motive to teach, 107 Benevolent societies. See Freedmen’s aid societies Bentley, George R., 8 Benton, Ellen L., 244 (n. 72) Berea College, 41, 89, 224 (n. 29) Berry, Martha, 21 Berry, Mary, 21 Berryville, Va., 36 Best, Mary A., 43 Beulah Normal and Theological School, 27, 41 Biddle Institute, 26, 89 Billings, Mary, 37 Billingsley, Emily H., 100 Billingsley, James G., 70 Binghamton, N.Y., 45 Bishop Payne Divinity School (Petersburg, Va.), 75 Black pride, 125–26 Blum, Edward J., 155 Bodenhamer, Isaiah, 66 Bomar, Mary, 37 Bombay, India, 72 Bond, Anna, 30 Bonham, Tex., 159 Booth, George C., 43 Bossier Parish, La., 168 Botume, Elizabeth Hyde, 4, 91, 122, 198 (n. 12) Bowers, Mary, 13, 65, 157 Bowles, George F., 163 Bowman, Edward, 159 Bowman, Sarah, 68 Bowser, James H., 39 (illus.) Boyd, Mary E. R., 61 Brackett, Nathan A., 224 (n. 29) Braden, John W., 89 Branch, Elijah C., 96 Branch Normal College (Pine Blu√, Ark.), 43, 199 (n. 16) Brandon, Miss., 164 Brazoria, Tex., 240 (n. 28...

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Additional Information

ISBN
9781469604930
Related ISBN
9780807834206
MARC Record
OCLC
966902865
Pages
336
Launched on MUSE
2017-01-01
Language
English
Open Access
No
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