restricted access Acknowledgments
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Acknowledgments A scholarly project that has spent as many years in gestation as this one owes far more intellectual debts than its author can ever fully acknowledge . To the many colleagues, friends, and institutions that I cannot enumerate here, you have my deepest gratitude. Portions of the research for this book were supported by grants from many organizations. Cortland College, the University of Washington, Tacoma , and the University of Georgia provided travel grants and research grants. Grants, stipends, and research fellowships from the National Endowment for the Humanities, the Iowa Historical Society, the Virginia Historical Society, the Radcli√e Institute for Advanced Study at Harvard University, and the New York African American Institute added substantially to my ability to explore important archival collections. Finally, a major three-year grant from the Spencer Foundation was crucial in completing the work, allowing me and my assistants to spend months working in dozens of collections from Texas to Maine. The material support of these organizations is gratefully acknowledged. However, they bear no responsibility for any views expressed here. Literally hundreds of librarians and archivists across the country, from small, local history collections to large state libraries and university archives , graciously answered questions, located fugitive files, delivered trolley loads of manuscripts, and o√ered invaluable suggestions. Most must remain unnamed here, but I particularly o√er my thanks to Roland M. Baumann, archivist at Oberlin College, who welcomed me each time I visited the college and patiently answered dozens of subsequent letters. Donaly Brice of the Texas State Archives located crucial material that had never been catalogued. A special thanks, too, to Gwen Henderson, archivist , Guilford College; Patricia J. Albright, archivist, Mount Holyoke College Library; Emory S. Campbell and Veronica Gerald of Penn Commu- xxii Acknowledgments nity Center; Catherine Schlichting, curator, Ohio Wesleyan University Historical Collection; and Patricia and Lloyd Paterson of the Iowa Yearly Meeting of Friends. The Patersons not only made previously unexamined records available but also transcribed one important document for me before I arrived and provided co√ee and congeniality during my stay. I was the fortunate recipient of unsolicited information and historical documents from strangers who heard of the Freedmen’s Teacher Project. Among others, Judith Hillman Paterson and Barbara Sellers Darden sent photographsanddocumentsfromancestorswhohadworkedwiththefreed people. Frances Karttunen and Barbara White o√ered primary source documents and the results of their own research to enrich my understanding of teachers from Nantucket. Perhaps most extraordinary were the o√ers from Linda Breaks and Elizabeth P. Marlowe, descendants of Ellen Murray, to visit their homes and examine rare family papers and photographs of Murray’s fifty-plus years of teaching at St. Helena, South Carolina. Many colleagues from around the country added their wisdom and grace to this e√ort. Ann Du√y, Susan M. Yohn, Polly Welts Kaufman, Carleton Mabee, Kathy Kerns, and Afua Cooper shared material from their own research. Sandra Boyden O’Neal spent hours organizing the first iteration of the database that became the Freedmen’s Teacher Project. Russell Irvine gave me access to his remarkable collection of material on early black college graduates. Derrick Alridge, Elliott Barkan, Paul McBride, Margaret Nash, Judkin Browning, and John Inscoe read portions of chapters and o√ered invaluable advice. In the final four years of the project, an unrivaled group of undergraduate and graduate research assistants— Rebecca Lane, Regina Barnett, Mary Ella Engel, Christina Davis, Melanie Pavich, Drew Swanson, and Michele Lansdown—gave hundreds of hours of dedicated work, but more importantly gave their enthusiasm and ideas to the project. It owes its current form to them. My thanks, too, to my many colleagues who, over the years, have patiently listened to conference papers , o√ered criticisms, and encouraged me as I struggled to rethink this project and locate new material, among them Ann Short Chirhart, James D. Anderson, Wayne Urban, Daniel Perlstein, Valinda Littlefield, Barbara Finkelstein, Stephen Kneeshaw, Richard J. Altenbaugh, William J. Reese, Rob Levin, and Linda Eisenmann. The last thing one says in any communication is usually the most important . That is particularly true in this case. This book may never have been completed if it were not for my most loyal but unsparing critic, Amy Rolleri. Ferocious organizer, chief research assistant, unfailing muse, and best friend: you are my inspiration. ...