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C O N T E N T S Preface, xiii i. Natural Features and Native Peoples, I The Coastal Plain, I The Piedmont Plateau, 4 The Mountains, 5 The Influence of Geography, 8 Geology, 8 Soil, 10 Minerals, 10 Climate and Weather, 11 Native Americans, 15 Indian Tribes,21 2. Exploration and Early Settlement, 28 French Interest, 29 Spanish Interest, 30 English Interest,33 Amadas and BarloweExpedition, 37 The Ralph Lane Colony, 39 The John White Colony, 44 Searches for the "Lost Colony,"46 Results of Raleigh's Efforts, 49 The Carolana Grant, 50 3. A Proprietary Colony, 1663-1729,53 The Carolina Charter of 1663, 53 Beginning Government, 55 Concerns over Land, 60 Culpeper's Rebellion, 63 Seth Sothel's Excesses, 66 Gibbs's Rebellion, 68 Extended Settlement, 69 Religion in the Colony,75 Gary's Rebellion, 75 Tuscarora Indian War,77 Piracy,81 Expansion to the South, 83 The Proprietors SellTheir Shares, 84 4. Royal Government, 87 Imperial Conflicts, 88 Difficulties of the First Royal Governor,89 A Compromising Governor,91 The GranvilleDistrict, 93 Colonial Wars,96 VIII Cont 5. Colonial Society and Culture,1729-1776,104 Growth and Expansion,104 Highland Scots, 106 Scots-Irish, 108 Germans, 109 Moravians, no Welsh, 112 Blacks, 112 Orders of Society, 113 Housing, 116 Food, 118 Public Accommodations and Entertainment, 119 Religion and Churches, 122 Schools and Education, 127 6. Colonial Economy: Agriculture, Trade, and Communication, 131 Agriculture, 131 Livestock, 135 Forest Products, 135 Transportation and Communication,138 7. Sectional Controversies in the Colony,143 The Albemarleversus the Cape Fear, 144 The RegulatorMovement,146 A Decade of Dispute,160 The RoyalProclamation of 1763, 161 Parliamentary Actsof 1764 and 1765,161 The Stamp Act Resisted,162 The Non-Importation Association,166 The Last RoyalGovernor, 167 Edenton Tea Parry, 169 First ProvincialCongress, 171 Second ProvincialCongress, 772 Mecklenburg Resolves,176 Third ProvincialCongress,177 Battle of Moore's Creek Bridge, 180 9. Attaining Independence,182 The First Call for Independence, 183 Fourth Provincial Congress Adopts Halifax Resolves, 183 Fifth Provincial Congress DrawsUp a Constitution, 185 Weak State Government, 188 Loyalist Activities, 189 State Finances,189 Military Concerns,190 The War Moves South, 192 Steps to Victory, 197 viii 8. IX Contents A Free State,207 Unsettled Conditions, 208 Factionalism, 209 Treatment of Loyalists,211 Creating a New State Capital, 211 Foundations for the Future, 214. Plans for a National Union, 2/7 The State of Franklin, 219 A New National Government, 221 The Federal Constitution Rejected, 225 II. A Jeffersonian Republic, 228 The Federal Constitution Accepted, 228 North Carolina and Washington's Administration, 250 Rise of Republicanism, 234 Money and Banking, 238 The "Walton War," 239 War of 1812,241 12. A State Asleep,245 The State's Dismal Outlook, 245 Causes of Backwardness,247 Farm Conditions and Migration, 249 Economic Conditions and Sources of Revenue, 250 Political Conditions, 250 13. The Vision of Archibald D. Murphey, 253 Murphey's Preparation for Leadership, 253 The Literary Fund,258 Internal Improvements, 260 The State Hires an Engineer, 263 Call for Constitutional Reform, 26s 14. The Constitutional Convention of 1835,267 National Issues and North Carolina Politics, 267 Rise of the Whig Party, 270 Demands of the West,271 The Convention,276 15. The Whig Era, 1835-1850,282 Many Prompt Improvements, 282 Railroads, 285 The North Carolina Railroad,288 Common Schools Established, 290 War with Mexico, 292 Concern for the Unfortunate, 292 10. X Contents 16. A Change in Midstream, 300 The Democrats Prevail on Suffrage Issue, 300 Educational Progress,305 17. The Economy and Antebellum Society, 308 Tobacco, 310 The Gold Boom and Iron, 311 Manufacturing, 315 Higher Education, 317 Reading, Writing, and Religion,320 18. The Coming of the Civil War,328 The Balanceof Power: Slave and Free States,331 The Hedrick Affair,334 The Banning of a Book, 335 Political Dissension in 1860,339 The Roots of Secession, 345 19. The Civil War, 349 Comparison of Resources and Aims, 350 Troops and SuppliesRaised,352 Troops, 356 MilitaryActivity, 356 Emancipation Plans, 360 The War in Eastern North Carolina, 361 Activity in Western North Carolina,363 Blockade-Running, 364 Split Loyalties,366 Around-the-World Cruise of the Shenandoah, 370 Sherman's Coming, 372 Battle of Bentonville, 375 Fort Fisher, 375 The Surrender at the Bennett Farmhouse, 377 20. A State Made New,380 Presidential Plans to Restore the Union, 380 Reaction to a Constitution Rejected, 382 Military Rule, 386 A New Constitution, 392 Ku Klux Klan Appears, 394 North Carolina Returns to the Union...


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