Index
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Index Note: “n” indicates note, “t” indicates table. Afghanistan: civil war in, 93t, 94t, 96t; and Pakistan, 4, 94t, 174–75; as rebel host, 95t, 97t; refugees from, 43, 71; and Tajikistan, 41, 94t, 111t; U.S. invasion of, 46, 52, 100n African National Congress (ANC), 114–16 African Union, 160, 172 Alliance of Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Congo (ADFL), 150–51 Allied Democratic Forces, 152 Al-Qaeda: in Pakistan, 4, 174–75; and the Taliban, 52, 100n; as transnational rebel organization, 6, 15, 173 Amin, Idi, 45, 55 Angola, 93t, 94t, 96t, 111t, 112, 153, 154 Annan, Kofi, 147, 177 anocracies, 22, 74, 79 Arias plan. See Esquipulas treaty Arias Sánchez, Oscar, 132, 134–35, 136, 144. See also Esquipulas treaty Armée pour la Libération du Rwanda (ALiR), 152, 153–54, 155–56. See also Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Rwanda (FDLR); Rwandan Armed Forces (FAR) Armenia, 12n, 68 Arusha Accords, 147 Assamese rebels, 16, 46, 66, 164 Azcona, Jose, 136–41, 144 Azerbaijan, 12n, 43 Bangladesh, 16, 17t, 45, 96t, 111t Banyamulenge, the, 148, 150–52 bargaining: and conflict theory, 23–24, 51, 170, 171; failure of, 47–50, 52, 54, 162–63; rebel mobilization’s effect on, 9, 19–20, 37, 47, 61, 122. See also conflict resolution Bermudez, Enrique, 129, 130 Bhutan, 16, 17t, 46, 164 borders: defined, 27; military functions of, 29–30, 171; of rival states, 44, 54, 62; and state power, 7, 8, 26–28, 31–32; violations of, 39, 50, 52–53, 54, 57, 101. See also sovereignty; state Botswana, 58–59 Burma, 43, 113. See also Myanmar Burundi: civil war in, 94t, 95t, 96t; Hutus in, 15, 156; and Rwandan conflict, 153, 154; and Tanzania, 111t, 112; Tutsis in, 15, 146, 148 Bush, George H. W., 125, 140, 142 Cambodia, 38, 45, 96t Carter, Jimmy, 126, 127, 128 Central African Republic, 96t, 97t, 152, 174 Central Intelligence Agency, 129, 134 Chad: civil war in, 94, 96t, 97t; Darfurese rebels in, 5, 174; Libyan invasion of, 45; and Niger, 95t, 111t, 112; and Rwandan conflict, 153; Sudanese refugees in, 41, 52 Chamorro, Violeta, 142, 143 Chechnya, 68, 167 civil conflict: and bargaining failure, 47–48; causation and the analysis of, 92, 95, 97; distinguished from civil war, 65–66; estimation model of, 75–76; ethnic groups and, 64–65, 75, 80, 85–88, 91, 167; extraterritorial bases and, 63–64, 83–85, 91, 167; measurement of, 65–69; population and, 74, 79; predicting incidence of, 80, 82; refugee diasporas and, 63, 71–73, 79, 82, 90–92, 97, 167; refugee location and, 63, 70n, 73–74, 80, 91; regime type and, 74–75, 79, 87–88; rival states and, 62, 63, 69, 77, 88–89, 166; weak states and, 62, 63, 69–70, 77, 79, 90, 166; wealth and, 70–71, 74, 77, 79, 87–88, 90. See also civil war; international conflict civil war: and bargaining, 23–24; defined, 4, 11–12, 65–66; foreign intervention in, 44, 51, 99; and international war, 9, 13, 15, 50, 60, 103, 165–66; theories of, 8, 21–23, 24, 25–26, 36. See also civil conflict Cold War: foreign rebel organizations during , 10, 12; and the Nicaraguan civil war, 124–25, 128, 137; proxy wars during, 25, 53 Colombia, 38, 52, 93t, 94t, 95t, 111t, 132 conflict incidence. See civil conflict; international conflict conflict resolution: by government victory, 55, 57–58; by negotiated settlement, 55, 58–60; and rebel demobilization, 48–49, 56, 59–60; by rebel victory, 55, 57; and regional cooperation, 20, 56, 60, 168, 173, 176–77. See also Esquipulas treaty Congo. See Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) Congo-Brazzaville, 94t, 96t, 112, 152 Contadora process, 132–34, 135, 144. See also Esquipulas treaty Contras: demobilization of, 141–43, 144, 164; extraterritorial bases in Honduras, 90, 128, 129, 130–32; extraterritorial bases in Costa Rica, 124, 128, 130–32, 133, 168; formation of, 127; and the Nicaraguan peace process, 124, 132, 135, 138–39, 142, 168–69; and refugee communities, 41, 47; and the Sandinistas, 67, 90, 124, 128, 131–32. See also Nicaragua; Reagan, Ronald; Sandinistas 196 Index Costa Rica: extraterritorial bases for the Contras in, 124, 128, 130–32, 133, 168; and the Nicaraguan peace process, 132, 133–34, 135, 143; relations with U.S., 124, 125, 130, 131; removal of Contras from, 134–35, 136, 144; and...



Subject Headings

  • Insurgency.
  • Civil war.
  • Non-state actors (International relations).
  • Transnational sanctuaries (Military science).
  • Ethnic conflict.
  • Transborder ethnic groups.
  • World politics -- 1989-.
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