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153 Index Abies, 8 Abies amabilis, 27–28 balsamea, 27 grandis, 27–28 lasiocarpa, 26–27 Adelgid, 103–104 Alder, 3, 59, 65–66 Alnus rubra, 65 Angiosperm, 38, 39, 68 Ants, 106–107 Aphid, 103, 107 Arceuthobium, 9 Aspen, 6, 32, 40, 60–62 Avalanche, 130 Bark, 11, 14, 15, 20, 21, 31, 42, 49, 50–52, 57 Bark lice. See Adelgid Bears, 118, 128 Beavers, 82 Beetles, 93, 94–97, 102, 141 Betula, 59 “Big Blowdown,” 145 Birch, 6, 59, 60, 65–66 Blue stain fungus, 96 Bracts, 12, 16, 26, 39–40 Broadleafs, 2, 4, 6, 7, 38, 43, 45, 46, 49, 54, 69, 131 Budworm, 98–99 Bugs. See Homoptera Caches, 111–112, 123 Callitropsis nootkatensis, 8, 30 Cambium, 45–46, 48, 50–52 Caribou, 115–116 Catkin, 59 Chickadee, 121 Chipmunk, 112 Chlorophyll, 53 Climate change. See Global warming Clone, 40, 64 Cones, 15, 19 Cork, 51, 52 Cottonwood, 59, 60–62 Crossbill, 119–120 Decay, 4, 30, 48, 70, 74, 78, 84–90 Douglas-fir, 8, 11, 12, 13, 29, 36, 37, 39, 48, 51, 53 Downburst, 145 Drought, 4, 52, 146 Extracellular freezing, 5, 6 Fibers, 45, 71 Fir, 11 Amabilis, 28, 72 Balsam, 26 Grand, 28 Noble, 26 Subalpine, 28 154 index Mistletoe, dwarf, 90–91 Mouthparts (insects’), 93–94, 98, 101 Mushrooms, 56–57, 112 Mycelium, 56 Mycorrhiza, 56–57, 76, 84 Nodules, root, 66 Nitrogen fixer, 65 Nootka-cypress, 13, 19, 30–31 Nurse log, 64, 65 Nutcracker, 121 Nuthatch, 121 Ovules, 35, 38–39, 68–70 Owls, 123–124 Palynology, 37 Parasites insects, 93–105 on trees, 76–77, 84–90 Peat, 78, 126, 128, 144 Pheromone, 96 Photosynthesis, 53 Picea, 2, 3 Picea engelmanni, 25 glauca, 6, 25 mariana, 25 pungens, 24 rubens, 25 sitchensis, 29 Pine, 8, 16, 17 eastern white, 3, 21, 40, 87 jack, 2, 3, 18, 20 limber, 22 lodgepole, 18, 19, 20, 49, 50 ponderosa, 20–21 red, 19 western white, 21 whitebark, 22 Pinus, 8, 16, 17 Pinus albicaulis, 22 banksiana, 2, 6, 18, 49 contorta, 18, 19, 20, 49, 50 flexilis, 22 monticola, 21, 87 ponderosa, 20–21 resinosa, 19 rigida, 20–21, 40 strobus, 3, 21, 40 Pinesap, 75 Pitch, 96 Pitch tube, 96 Fire, 125–129, 147–148, 149 Fungus, 55–57 Fungus, Velvet Top. See Polypore, Dye Galleries, beetle, 94–95 Galls, 89, 104 Global warming, 143–149 Grosbeak, 119 Ground squirrels, 112, 113 Grouse, 119, 120 Gymnosperms, 38, 68, 69, 70 Hardiness, cold, 5 Hare, Snowshoe, 114–115, 118 Heartwood. See Sapwood Hemlock, 3, 10, 11, 12, 34, 37, 40, 54, 72, 131 Eastern, 28 Mountain, 28 Western, 28 Homoptera, 93 Hypha, 55 Ice, 6 Ice age, 1–3 Ichneumon, 106 Indian-pipe, 75 Juniper, 7, 8, 13, 16, 29, 31 Eastern, 32 Rocky Mountain, 32 Seaside, 32 Juniperus. See Juniper Juniperus maritimus, 32 scopulorum, 32 virginianum, 32 Landslides, 136 Larch, 5, 9, 22–24 subalpine, 22 western, 22 Larch casebearer, 98–99 Larix laricina, 22–24 lyalli, 22 occidentalis, 22 Layering, 41 Leaves, 53–55 Lichen, 79, 116–117, 137 Lynx, 117 Marten, 117 Mineral nutrients, 51, 74, 125, 135 index 155 red, 25 Sitka, 9 white, 6, 25 Squirrel, 22, 111–112 Stamens, 35 Stomata, 53–55 Succession, 125, 129–130, 140, 147 Supercooling, 5, 6, 134 Tamarack, 5, 9, 78 Taxus brevifolia, 33 “Thuja,” 8 Thuja, 8 Thuja occidentalis, 13, 29 plicata, 13, 29, 31, 34, 41 Tolerance, shade, 130 Tracheids, 43–44 Transpiration, 44, 53, 136 Tsuga canadensis, 28 heterophylla, 28 mertensiana, 28 Vessels, 43 White-cedar, eastern, 13, 29 Wilderness, 126 Wildlife trees, 108 Willow, 59, 61 Wind, 126, 130, 131, 133 Wood, 43–50 reaction, 49 spring and summer, 46 Woodpecker, 82, 111, 119–120 Yew, 7, 9, 13, 15, 33 Pollen, 15, 35–37, 68–69 Pollination, 35–38 Polypore, Dye, 86 Poplar, Balsam, 6, 62 Population cycles, 98, 114, 117, 133 Populus, 40, 62, 64 Porcupine, 71, 113 Pseudotsuga menziesii. See Douglas-fir Rain forest, 3, 4, 31, 62, 65, 81, 86, 118, 124, 141 Redcedar, western, 13, 29, 31, 34, 41 Regeneration wave, 133 Resin. See Pitch Resin duct, 47 Ribes, 87 Roots, 55–58 Root grafting, 58, 86 Rots, 85 Rusts, 86–90 Salmon, 118–119 Sap, 43, 46, 48, 49 Sapwood, 48, 50 Sawfly, 101 Scale insects, 104–105 Shrew, 108 Sieve cells, 52 Snow, 5, 41, 64, 72, 130, 132, 147, 149 Solar energy, 145 Spiral grain, 49–50 Spruce, 2, 3, 9 black, 6...

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Additional Information

ISBN
9780801463037
Related ISBN
9780801477409
MARC Record
OCLC
966802958
Launched on MUSE
2017-01-01
Language
English
Open Access
No
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