In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:

vii Contents Preface to the Second Edition ix Preface to the First Edition xi 1 Origin of the Evergreen Forests 1 Conifers and the Ice Age, 1 The Advantages of Being Evergreen, 3 The Advantages of Long-Lived Leaves, 4 Enduring the Cold, 5 2 Identifying the Conifers 7 How Plants (Including Trees) Are Classified, 7 The Ten Genera, 8 The Thirty-Two Species, 15 Conifer Families, 33 3 Reproduction of Conifers 35 Pollen Cones and Pollen, 35 Pollination, 37 A Contrast between Seed Cones and Pollen Cones, 39 Vegetative Reproduction, 40 4 The Life and Growth of a Conifer 43 Wood, 43 Cut Stumps and Whole Trees, 45 Outside the Cambium, 50 Leaves, 53 Roots, 55 5 Broadleafs Growing among the Conifers 59 Broadleafs in a Harsh Climate, 59 Poplars, 61 Birches, 64 Alders, 65 viii contents 6 Two Kinds of Trees: Conifers and Broadleafs 67 Introduction, 67 The Ancestry of “Trees,” 67 The Basic Difference between Conifers and Broadleafs, 68 Gymnosperms Are Woody, 69 The Speed of Living, 70 The Architecture of Trees, 71 Vegetative Reproduction, 72 The Aroma of Conifers, 72 7 Life on the Forest Floor 74 The Soil, 74 Forest Flowers, 75 The Floor of the Boreal Forest, 78 Valuable Dead Wood and Debris, 79 Open Water, 81 8 Parasites on the Conifers 84 The Value of Rot and Decay, 84 Decay Fungi, 84 Rusts, 86 Dwarf Mistletoe, 90 9 Insects and Conifers 93 Insects as Feeders, 93 Beetles, 94 Caterpillars and Pseudocaterpillars, 97 Sawflies, 101 Bugs, 101 Parasitoids, 105 Ants and Others, 106 10 Some Mammals and Birds of the Forest 108 Food and Shelter, 108 Seldom Seen Mammals, 108 Squirrels and Their Relatives, 111 A Rodent and a Lagomorph, 113 Big Herbivores, 115 Carnivores, 117 Big Omnivores, 118 Birds, 119 11 Natural and Unnatural Interference 125 Fire, 125 Forest Succession, 129 Snow and Wind, 130 Air Pollution and Acid Rain, 134 Logging, 135 12 The Big Picture 138 Introduction, 138 Forest Regions, 138 What Controls Which Species Grow Where? 141 13 Global Warming and the Forests 143 Introduction, 143 The Physics of Climate Change, 143 How Will Climate Change Affect the Forests? 145 Fire and the Forests, 147 Insects, Lightning, Wind, and Snow (Again), 148 The Value (If Any) of Predictions, 149 Index 153 ...

pdf

Additional Information

ISBN
9780801463037
Related ISBN
9780801477409
MARC Record
OCLC
966802958
Launched on MUSE
2017-01-01
Language
English
Open Access
No
Back To Top

This website uses cookies to ensure you get the best experience on our website. Without cookies your experience may not be seamless.