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Glossary AAAQ—A framework set out by the Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights to ensure that aspects of health facilities, goods, and services are to be made available, accessible , acceptable, and of adequate quality for the entire population on the basis of nondiscrimination .1 The same framework has been applied to other rights under the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights. civil and political (CP) rights—Human rights concerning individual autonomy and participation in government, defined in international law by the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) and other treaties; for example, the right to life, equality before the law, and freedom of expression.2 Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (CESCR)—The treaty-based body of independent experts established in 1985 to monitor the implementation of the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights by its states’ parties.3 Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW Committee)— The treaty-based body of independent experts established in 1982 that monitors the implementation of the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women.4 Convention Against Torture—A multilateral treaty promulgated by the United Nations in 1984, which entered into force in 1987, to ensure that no person shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.5 ConventionontheEliminationofAllFormsofDiscriminationAgainstWomen(CEDAW)—A multilateral treaty promulgated by the United Nations in 1979, which entered into force in 1981, to ensure the equality of economic, social, cultural, civil, and political rights of women.6 Convention on the Rights of the Child—A multilateral treaty promulgated by the United Nations in 1989, which entered into force in 1990, to promote the economic, social, cultural, civil, and political rights of children.7 Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD)—A multilateral treaty promulgated by the United Nations in 2006, which entered into force in 2008, to promote, protect, and ensure the full and equal enjoyment of all human rights and fundamental freedoms by persons with disabilities.8 cost-effectiveness analysis (CEA)—A form of economic analysis that compares the relative costs and effects (or outcomes) of two or more plans of action.9 294 Glossary cost-utility analysis— A form of cost-effectiveness analysis in which the outcomes are valued in terms of utility or quality, using nonmonetary units such as the quality-adjusted life year (QALY) or the disability-adjusted life year (DALY).10 disability-adjusted life year (DALY)—A measure of overall disease burden, expressed in number of years of life lost because of ill-health, disability, or early death.11 disaggregated data—Data that has been broken down, or is possible to break down, into smaller, specific subgroups with the same identifiable criteria (for example, sex, nationality, or ethnicity).12 distal cause—Upstream societal influences that shape downstream (proximate) exposures, thereby affecting population health.13 economic, social, and cultural (ESC) rights—A group of human rights concerning the workplace , social security, family life, cultural life, and access to an adequate standard of living , among other things, defined in international law by the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights and other treaties; for example, the right to health, housing, and education.14 emergency obstetric care (EmOC)—Emergency care given to pregnant or laboring mothers in case of major complications. This care includes six signal functions for basic services and two additional signal functions for comprehensive services.15 general comment or general recommendation—The format by which each human rights treaty body publishes its interpretation of the content of human rights provisions. The Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination (CERD) and the CEDAW Committee refer to their general comments as general recommendations.16 Gini coefficient—A measure of income inequality of a nation’s residents, defined as a ratio with values between 0 and 1, with values approaching 1 representing greater inequality within a nation.17 Gini index—The Gini coefficient multiplied by 100, with 0 representing perfect equality and 100 representing perfect inequality.18 Human Rights Committee—The treaty-based body of independent experts that monitors the implementation of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights by its states’ parties.19 Human Rights Council (HRC)—The charter-based “inter-governmental body within the United Nations system responsible for strengthening the promotion and protection of human rights around the globe and for addressing situations of human rights violations and make [sic] recommendations on them.” This body replaced the former United Nations...

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Additional Information

ISBN
9780812292190
Related ISBN
9780812247749
MARC Record
OCLC
932320523
Pages
336
Launched on MUSE
2016-01-01
Language
English
Open Access
No
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