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List of Figures and Tables


Figure 1.1 Limits on Contributions to Parties from Various Sources

Figure 1.2 Limits on Contributions to Candidates from Various Sources

Figure 1.3 Per Capita Fundraising by State Parties, 2012 Elections

Figure 2.1 Ideology of Registered Voters, State Donors, Federal Donors

Figure 2.2 Issue Positions of Donors and Other Adults

Figure 2.3 Donor Ideology Based on Giving to Candidates versus Parties

Figure 2.4 Proportion of Donors Who Give to Parties, Candidates, or Groups, Based on Their Ideology

Figure 2.5 Donor Perceptions of Party and Candidates, Based on Donor Ideological Self-Placement

Figure 2.6 Contributions to Parties Based on State Contribution Laws (2010)

Figure 2.7 Limits on Candidate Donations and Polarization among Party Donors (2010)

Figure 3.1 Source of State Legislative Candidate Funds for 2005–2006 Elections

Figure 3.2 Expected Contribution Patterns among Four Types of Donors

Figure 3.3 How Parties and Groups Distribute Their Funds across the Ideological Spectrum (1996–2010)

Figure 3.4 Proportion of All Funds Received by Different Types of Candidates (2005–2006)

Figure 3.5 Fundraising Sources for Incumbents (2005–2006)

Figure 3.6 Fundraising Sources for Challengers (2005–2006)

Figure 3.7 Fundraising Sources for Open-Seat Candidates (2005–2006)

Figure 3.8 Relationship between Incumbent Ideology and Proportion of Funds Coming from Different Sources (1996–2010)

Figure 3.9 Effects of Party Contribution Limits on Candidates’ Fundraising Portfolios

Figure 3.10 Relationship between Ideology and Candidate Reliance on Party Funds (2006–2010)

Figure 4.1 State Legislator and District Ideologies

Figure 4.2 Ideological Distribution of Legislators in States With and Without Limits on Party Fundraising/Contributions

Figure 4.3 Ideological Distribution of Legislators in Professional State Legislatures With and Without Limits on Party Fundraising/Contributions

Figure 4.4 Partisan Ideological Overlap in States With and Without Party-Centered Campaign Finance Laws (1996–2008)

Figure 4.5 Projected Levels of Polarization Based on Party Finance Limits

Figure 4.6 Average Increase in Polarization in Professional Legislatures Based on Laws Limiting Party Contributions/Fundraising (1997–2007)

Figure 5.1 Independent Expenditures Relative to Total Contributions in States Depending on Party Contribution Laws (2010–2012)

Figure 5.2 Independent Spending by Groups in States With and Without Party Limits (2006–2012)

Figure 6.1 What Goal Is Most Important for Campaign Finance Reform? Average Rank Ordering of Preferences among Respondents (Scale: a high of 1 to a low of 5)

Figure 6.2 Support for Contribution Limits to Candidates for Different Types of Contributors


Table 1.1 Comparing Per Capita Contributions to Parties (2011–2012 Election Cycle)

Table 1.2 Comparing States With and Without Limits on Political Parties

Table 2.1 Campaign Donors versus American Adults

Table 2.2 Characteristics of Donors in States with Low Contribution Limits versus No Limits

Table 3.1 Differing Priorities of Political Donor Groups

Table 3.2 How Parties and Groups Distribute Contributions

Table 3.3 Factors Affecting Where Incumbent Senators Receive Campaign Funding

Table 4.1 Average Legislative Polarization and Change (1997–2010)

Table 4.2 Models Estimating Effects of Campaign Finance Limits on Polarization in State Legislative Chambers (1993–2013)

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MARC Record
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