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216 Introduction 1. For more about the motivations that drove Union soldiers to enlist, see McPherson, For Cause and Comrades; Wiley, Life of Billy Yank; Mitchell, Civil War Soldiers;andGallagher,TheUnionWar.Foracounterargumentassertingtheimportance of slavery as a motivator, see Manning, What This Cruel War Was Over. 2.Theriseof thisstereotype,andtherewritingof Reconstructionhistoryingeneral, is described in Foner, Reconstruction, 294–96, 608–10. 3. Van Buren was the brother of James’s stepmother, Eliza. In addition to Van Buren’s book (Jottings of a Year’s Sojourn in the South, or, First Impressions of the Country and Its People; With a Glimpse at School-Teaching in That Southern Land, and Reminiscences of Distinguished Men), he authored scores of articles for Michigan’s pioneersociety,coveringsuchtopicsaseducation,politics,andtemperance.VanBuren’s correspondence (including James King’s letter of March 30, 1863, appearing later in this book) is preserved at University of Michigan’s Bentley Historical Library. 4. For more about the history of courtship in America and on the related themes discussed herein, see Rothman, Hands and Hearts. For the growing acceptance of romantic love at mid-century, see pp. 103–4 in that work. 5. The details of everyday life for a Union soldier are covered extensively in Wiley, Life of Billy Yank. 6. For more on the wartime evolution of Northern opinions on race, see McPherson,“Slavery Must Be Cleaned Out,” chap. 9 in For Cause and Comrades; and Mitchell, Civil War Soldiers, 117–30. 7. Michigan’s role in the war is the subject of Richard Bak’s A Distant Thunder and Jack Dempsey’s Michigan and the Civil War. The thousand-page opus Michigan in the War, compiled by John Robertson and distributed free of charge to the state’s Notes R Notes to Pages 5–9 · 217 Civil War veterans, remains a treasured source. Published Michigan Civil War letters, diaries, and memoirs exist, but in relatively limited numbers. Some examples are Ely, Diary of Captain Ralph Ely of the Eighth Michigan Infantry; Edmonds, Memoirs of a Soldier, Nurse, and Spy; Kimball, Among the Enemy; Mayo, Civil War Letters of Perry Mayo;Paddington,Dear Sarah;Sears,For Country, Cause and Leader;Willcox,Forgotten Valor; Wilterdink, My Country and Cross; and Wittenberg, At Custer’s Side. 8. The best published sources for the 11th Michigan Infantry are Thornton, When Gallantry Was Commonplace, and Diary of Ira Gillaspie. Thornton’s regimental history is a solid effort but has become dated in its battle narratives, due to the wealth of scholarship published on the Western Theater in recent years. Gillaspie’s diary represents an excellent primary source but lacks annotations, offers only a cursory introduction, and stops early in 1863. An excellent master’s thesis on the regiment, “The Road to Murfreesboro,”was authored by Wayne C. Mann at Western Michigan Universityin1963,butthatworkcoversonlytheperiodfromtheregiment’sorganization through the Battle of Stones River. 9. For more about the postwar lives of Civil War veterans, including discussion of the challenges faced by disabled veterans, see Marten, Sing Not War; Logue and Barton, The Civil War Veteran; and Nelson,“Empty Sleeves and Government Legs: The Ruins of Men,” chap. 4 in Ruin Nation. 1. Drum and Fife 1.BenjaminKingservedinCaptainHenryPowers’scompanyfromMay21through June 21, 1832. The 120 acres he purchased is located in present-day Three Rivers, on the southwest corner of Broadway Road and U.S. Highway 131. Silliman, St. Joseph in Homespun, 129–30; Van Buren,“Deacon Isaac Mason’s Recollections,” 5:399­ –400; Barnett and Rosentreter, Michigan’s Early Military Forces, 153, 197. 2.Morrison,King Genealogy,7;Silliman,St. Joseph in Homespun,130;Riker,Revised History of Harlem, 784–90. 3. Benjamin and Martha (Wetherbee) King had eight children in all, but three of them died young, and their names are unrecorded. James was their sixth offspring. Eliza’s family was among the earliest settlers of Battle Creek.Her mother,Olive Jay,was descendedfromFoundingFatherJohnJay.King,“AnotherPioneerGone,”10:184;Portrait and Biographical Record of Kalamazoo, 645–46; American Biographical History, 62. 4.This house stood for 150 years before suffering demolition in favor of a hardware store.King,“AnotherPioneerGone,”10:184;Silliman,St. Joseph in Homespun,129;James W. King,“Stranger Than Romance,” n.d., p. 1, James W. King Collection, 1861–1903, Western Michigan University Archives and Regional History Collections (hereafter cited as King Collection). 5.“James W. King,” 2; Portrait and Biographical Album, 267; “Opinions of James W. King,” Three Rivers (Mich.) News Reporter (hereafter cited as News Reporter), Oct. 15, 1903, photocopy in the King Collection. 6...


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