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149 Appendix A Survey Instrument 1. Each individual has personal values, qualities, and convictions that define the person. Which qualities and individual attributes are important to you? Please underline or circle those values and convictions from the qualities listed below that resonate with you or those principles that you believe in the most. Safety Decency Benevolence Wealth Gratitude Hospitality Humanism Civil peace and concord Kindness Trust Welcoming attitudes toward other ethnicities and nationalities Competitiveness Spirituality Individualism Care for children Care for parents Loyalty Love for motherland Courage Peaceful coexistence Independence Openness Social discipline Mutual collective assistance Submissiveness Risk-taking Freedom Fame Moderation Harmony Happiness Social justice and equality Compassion Tolerance Industriousness Vanity Honesty Honor Respect for older people 150   Appendix A 2. How important are the following components of social life? Place a check mark in the column that corresponds to your answer. How Important Are the Following to You? Very Important Important Not Very Important Not Important at All Decline to Answer Family Friends Free time Politics Private property Free education Guaranteed right to employment Free medical care Religious freedom Opportunity to serve the interests of the state and society 3. The table below contains several possible directions for public policies in Kazakhstan [Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan]. Place check marks next to those national goals that you, personally, believe should be prioritized by the government in the next five years. Next, identify the top five priorities and rank them using the numbers 1 through 5.1 Goals and National Priorities over the Next Five Years Rank Order Protecting territorial integrity and independence Ensuring national security and stability Ensuring peace in the country Deepening market reforms Strengthening individual rights and freedoms Strengthening interethnic and interfaith concord Combating extremism, organized crime, and terrorism Combating trafficking in drugs and humans Strengthening freedom of mass media Consolidating democratic institutions and fully implementing democratic principles Attaining high economic growth Bolstering state defense Improving material well-being of citizens Strengthening the rule of law Supporting civil society Reforming the administrative system and improving qualifications of state servants Reducing corruption Resolving ecological problems and problems with water management Survey Instrument  151 4. Below is a list of various political systems. In your opinion, how effective are these political systems in resolving the problems or accomplishing the goals you identified in the previous question? Political System How Effective Is This Political System in Resolving State Problems? Very Effective Effective Ineffective Unable to Resolve Problems Communist Democratic Socialist Islamic Authoritarian Military Any political system that is capable of maintaining order in the state 5. Democracy has firmly entered the lexicon of peoples and governments around the world. Despite everyone’s familiarity with the term and the frequency of its use, it is still a highly contested concept. Several characteristics , institutions, and processes associated with democracy are listed below. In your view, which of the following attributes constitute the indispensable bases of democracy? Institutions and Processes of Democracy Is This an Indispensable Attribute of Democracy? Free and fair elections Checks and balances Separation of powers Representative parliament Multiparty system Political and civil rights Independent mass media Political opposition Market economy Multiple forms of ownership Educated citizenry Professional political elite Democratic culture and mentality Mechanisms of studying public opinion Local self-governance Channels of communication between voters and political elites 152   Appendix A 6. In your opinion, which of the following institutions that operate in Kazakhstan [Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan] correspond to your understanding of a “democratic institution”? How Does This Institution Correspond to Your Understanding of a “Democratic Institution”? Corresponds Exactly Corresponds Does Not Correspond Does Not Correspond at All Don’t Know Family Mahalla (Uzbekistan) Kurultai (Kyrgyzstan) Labor groups Local organs (Khokim [head of local administration in Uzbekistan]; Akim [head of local administration in Kazakhstan]) Muftiate/church Mass media Parliament (Zhogorku Kenesh in Kyrgyzstan; Majilis in Kazakhstan; Olij Majlis in Uzbekistan) President Ombudsman 7. Do you think the following actions violate your human rights (yes or no)? Yes No Constraints and demands imposed by your immediate social circles, including kinship groups and family Requirements to follow local, communal, and family traditions Honoring seniority and giving priority to opinions of older people Constraints on your ability to exercise individual freedoms and rights that are consistent with culture, ethical norms, and mentality of the population Survey Instrument  153 8. The table below contains a list of assertions, opinions, and statements. Place a check mark in the column that corresponds to your personal position (agree or disagree). In conclusion, please answer several demographic questions: What...


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