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70 curtain for a house. When found, it covered apparently a wooden board which possibly was in grave association. The large diameter of the warp distinguishes Trait 244 from Trait 210. This trait is based on the occurrence at Dover Mound, Mason County, Kentucky (Site Ms0 27). CONCLUSION The Dover Mound is surely an Adena site. There are listed for it 58 traits out of a possible 244 which are descriptive of Adena. The radiocarbon dates 2,650-2,169 ± 175 years available from this site place the probable occupancy at Dover before 700 B.c. and extending down to about l00 B.c. Thus, this occupancy lay within the early to middle Adena periods. The excavation revealed no postmold pattern of any house structure. The burials, for the most part, were laid in graves prepared with tree bark instead of the elaborate logtomb burials so characteristic of late Adena. It is significant that the copper bracelets made of thin rolled copper sheets, characteristic of Adena, should occur in the lower and early strata at this site. The later graves, in the upper strata, have many copper bracelets made of heavy bent copper bars. These are unique to Adena but are common among Hopewell graves in Ohio. Again, animal masks, as represented by two cut cougar (mountain lion) jaws found below the chin and on both sides of the man's face, link Adena and Hopewell cultures at this mound. One expanded bar "gorget" or atlatl weight was found lying alongside the right arm of a six-foot man, opposite his right hip joint. This, together with the strip of wood also in burial association , is additional evidence for the use of the spear thrower by the Adena. As far as is now known, these spear-thrower weights have not been located with any Hopewell remains. In addition, a piece of matting described as plain-twined with a large warp was found. This is a new trait for Adena. It certainly appears possible that these Adena people at the Dover site may have adopted these new copper bracelet techniques and other items by contact through trade and travel from their Hopewell neighbors at Chillicothe, fifty miles up the Scioto River, which comes into the Ohio River just sixty miles upstream from the Dover Mound. We note also the occurrence of mica crescents and large unworked sheets of mica, which likewise link the Dover Mound with Hopewell traits. Another unique uncovering at the Dover Mound was the finding of a crematory place or pit (in situ) which contained the comingled calcined, bony remains of at least four individuals, two adults and two children. With one of these persons was the bony remains of a wildcat and some other unidentified pieces of bone, probably part of a medicine bag. The significance of this find is amplified in Webb and Baby 1957, p. 75. The study of the skeletal remains buried in the mound revealed some of the tallest individuals known to Adena. Many of these skeletons could be measured for length as they lay undisturbed in their graves. One very well preserved male skull was recovered, and some of the others portrayed striking features of deformed skull vault, nose, mouth, and chin. The measurements and other descriptions of the skeletal morphology definitely relate these Dover Mound people with those from other Adena sites in Kentucky. A new total Adena series, compiling all the metrical and classified feature data for adult skeletons, has been presented. BIBLIOGRAPHY BABY, RAYMOND s. "Hopewell Cremation Practices," in Ohio Historical Society, Papers in Archaeology, no. 2. (Columbus, 1954). CLIFT, G. GLENN. History of Maysville and Mason County. (Lexington , Ky., Transylvania Printing Co., 1936). coLLINS, RICHARD H. History of Kentucky. (Covington, Collins & Co., 1874). GRIFFING, B. N. (comp.). An Illustrated Atlas of Mason County, Kentucky . (Philadelphia, Lake, Griffing and Stevenson, 1876). NEUMANN, GEORG K. "Archaeology and Race in the American Indian," in James B. Griffin (ed.), Archaeology of Eastern United States. (Chicago, University of Chicago Press, 1952). 71 ...

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Additional Information

ISBN
9780813165141
Related ISBN
9780813155630
MARC Record
OCLC
900345039
Pages
80
Launched on MUSE
2016-01-01
Language
English
Open Access
No
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